Comprising over 100 vintage photographs drawn from the RIBA British Architectural Library Photographs Collection, Framing Modernism: Architecture & Photography in Italy 19261965 investigates how the development of Italian Modernist architecture was recorded and shaped by photography. The exhibition is on view through June 21, 2009, at the Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art
, recently described by a UK national newspaper as the best showcase of Italian art in Britain.
Ever since its inception, photography has profoundly influenced the practice and study of architecture. This was especially true with the advent of Modernism in the 1920s which brought architecture and photography into closer alliance than ever before. Modernisms celebration of the man-made rather than the natural world not only gave new prominence to contemporary architectural and engineering feats but also greatly enhanced their status as subjects suitable for photography. The so-called New Vision engendered a more dynamic mode of photography that encouraged the use of unconventional viewpoints such as worms and birds-eye views, sudden changes in scale, dramatic tonal contrasts, radical cropping and a predilection for geometrical abstraction. In addition, Modernist architects greater and more inventive use of materials such as steel and concrete and reflective surfaces, among them glass and chromium, afforded the photographer more possibilities for dramatic expression. As a result, architectural photography was revitalized and played a key role in the dissemination of Modernist architecture.
Despite recent studies, the history of architectural photography remains in its infancy. In particular, little work has been done on the photography of Italian Modernism and this examination is intended to complement recent case studies on the Czech Republic and Hungary as well as those more general surveys. This will in turn paint a clearer picture of the often shifting but symbiotic relationship between the two disciplines.
As well as displaying original prints, the exhibition looks at the part played by photography in books and magazines such as Domus and Casabella in fostering this striking visual exploration of Modernist architecture. The projects featured encompass a disparate range of building types and among those exhibited are Enrico del Debbios Foro Mussolini, Rome (1929); the Stazione Santa Maria Novella, Florence (1935) by Giovanni Michelucci and the Gruppo Toscano; Pier Luigi Nervis groundbreaking aircraft hangars such as that at Orbetello (1940); and BBPRs Torre Velasca, Milan (1957). Alongside these major projects are significant but lesser known ones such as Nicola Mossos gem of a station at Cossato (1932) and Gherardo Bosios Ugolino Golf Club near Florence (1934).
Work by a wide range of photographers are on display from indigenous, specialist practitioners such as Ferdinando and Gino Barsotti and Giorgio Casali, who were commissioned by architects and magazines, to visiting foreign photographers such as G. E. Kidder Smith whose book Italy Builds (1955) was instrumental in encouraging a wider appreciation of Italian architecture abroad. The show also includes work by Hubert de Cronin Hastings who highlighted the virtues of Italian townscape as a model for British architects in his characteristically idiosyncratic Italian Townscape (1963).
The selection of over 100 period photographs is almost entirely from the Photographs Collection of the British Architectural Library at the Royal Institute of British Architects. These are an amalgam of vintage large prints drawn from major exhibitions held at the RIBA and others from the archive of the Architectural Press, publisher of the influential Architectural Review, which is now held by the Collection. Together these also illustrate how Italian architecture was received in Britain. Supplementing these are magazines and books from the British Architectural Library demonstrating how typography and inventive page layouts contributed to enhancing the seductive appeal of the photographs and communicating the architecture to both a professional and lay audience.
The exhibition is curated by Robert Elwall, Assistant Director, Photographs, Imaging & Digital Development, at the British Architectural Library, and Valeria Carullo, Assistant Curator in the Photographs Collection of the British Architectural Library. Robert is one of the leading writers and experts on the interrelationship between photography and architecture, and Valeria is a qualified Italian architect who has extensive experience in the fields of architecture and photography.