NEW YORK, NY.-
In recognition of the centennial of American photographer Irving Penns birth, Pace/MacGill Gallery
is presenting Irving Penn 1950. Featuring both editorial and personal work from just a single year of Penns legendary seven-decade career, the exhibition explores the breadth of artistic vision and technical mastery of arguably the most prolific and respected photographer of the 20th century. Irving Penn 1950 is on view from May 3 through June 29, 2017.
1950 was a landmark year in the life and oeuvre of Irving Penn (1917-2009), of which he often spoke fondly. In Penns words, he was delighted by the fact that he never knew who was on the other end of a knock at the door: T. S. Eliot, a street sweeper, or a professional model.
Beginning his photographic career at Conde Nast in 1943, by mid-century Penn was deep into the development of his signature style, a formal simplicity he deftly applied to different genres with striking results. In the summer of 1950, at the behest of Vogues then Art Director Alexander Liberman, Penn traveled to Paris to photograph the fall couture collections for the first time. Using the daylight of a top-floor studio and a discarded theater curtain as a seamless, neutral backdrop, in 10 days Penn produced a series of editorial images that transformed the visual aesthetics of fashion photography. Focusing primarily on elegant Swedish model Lisa Fonssagrives whom he married in London shortly after the Paris sessions Penn showcased selected Balenciaga, Dior, Rochas, and Schiaparelli garments with a straightforward presentation and formal concentration that defied convention.
The eloquent economy of Penns fashion photographs echoed his work in portraiture that year, as the stark studio at rue de Vaugirard hosted sittings with celebrated cultural figures like Alberto Giacometti and the Parisian subjects of his Small Trades series. This significant body of work, begun in Paris in the summer of 1950 and continued in London and New York over the next year, drew inspiration from Eugène Atgets petits metiers pictures and featured full-length portraits of skilled workers bearing their occupational tools and dress. Butchers, pastry chefs, charwomen, and lorry washers alike posed against Penns mottled backdrop with the same distinguished presence as his couture models.
1950 also saw the continuation of a personal artistic endeavor which Penn undertook the year prior: black-and-white studies of tightlyframed, corpulent nudes that explore the beauty and physicality of the female form. Unconventional in both subject and composition, the series was also radical in technique, as Penn drastically overexposed, bleached, and then redeveloped his prints to create unusual, stunning tonal effects. Although these privately-produced images remained largely unpublished and unseen by the public until 1980, Penns pursuit of personal projects and his interest in experimental printmaking processes continued for the rest of his life.
Penns photography has been the subject of numerous solo exhibitions worldwide. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York recently opened Irving Penn: Centennial, a major retrospective of over 200 of Penns photographs in celebration of the 100th anniversary of his birth, which will travel to venues in Paris, Berlin, and São Paulo. Other recent exhibitions include Irving Penn: Beyond Beauty at the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C. (2015-16), which traveled to the Dallas Museum of Art (2016) and the Lunder Arts Center, Lesley University, Cambridge (2016), and is currently on view at the Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville. His work can be found in both domestic and international museum collections, including the Art Institute of Chicago; Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the Moderna Museet, Stockholm; the Morgan Library and Museum, New York; The Museum of Modern Art, New York; and the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Penn published multiple books of photographs: Moments Preserved (1960); Worlds in a Small Room (1974); Inventive Paris Clothes (1977); Flowers (1980); Issey Miyake (1988); Passage (1991); Still Life (2001); A Notebook at Random (2004); Photographs of Dahomey (2004); as well as two books of drawings. Monographs of his work include: Irving Penn (1984); Irving Penn: Master Images (1990); Irving Penn: A Career in Photography (1997); Dancer (2001); Earthly Bodies: Irving Penns Nudes, 194950 (2002); Irving Penn: Platinum Prints (2005); Irving Penn: Small Trades (2009); Irving Penn: Portraits (2010); Irving Penn: Archæology (2010); Irving Penn: Cigarettes (2012); Irving Penn: Cranium Architecture (2013); Irving Penn: Beyond Beauty (2015); Irving Penn: Flowers (2015); and Irving Penn: Centennial (2017).