Rarely seen, exquisite Renaissance manuscripts and early printed books make this a once-in-a-lifetime exhibition. Beyond Words: Italian Renaissance Books showcases over 65 Renaissance paintings hidden between the covers of rare books in Bostons libraries and museums. The works remarkable for their beauty and jewel-like colors are on view at the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum
in Boston from Sept. 22 through Jan. 16, 2017.
At the heart of the show is a remarkable trove of illuminated manuscripts from celebrated Renaissance libraries. Written, illustrated, and bound by the hands of leading artists for popes, princes, and scions of Italian dynasties, they were produced as one-of-a-kind luxury items. Complementing the painted manuscripts are books from the dawn of printing including Isabella Stewart Gardners own rare, first Florentine edition of Dantes Divine Comedy illustrated by Botticelli and the first copy of this edition to enter an American collection. Additionally, the prayer book of Pope Julius III, long thought to be lost but recently identified by curator Dr. Anne-Marie Eze during preparations for the exhibition, is on display for the first time in the United States. All of the books in the exhibition shed new light on Renaissance patrons, artists, scribes, and printers from an era when the art of bookmaking reached its pinnacle.
The Gardners show is part of an ambitious city-wide collaborative project entitled Beyond Words: Illuminated Manuscripts in Boston Collections, which is the largest ever exhibition of medieval and Renaissance books held in North America. The Gardner joins Harvard Universitys Houghton Library and Boston Colleges McMullen Museum as one of three venues that simultaneously display 260 outstanding painted and printed books selected by a team of local experts from 18 Boston institutions. Lenders to the show include the Boston Public Library, Museum of Fine Arts, and Wellesley College among many others.
Gilded Age Bostonians such as Isabella Stewart Gardner brought most of these European treasures to America. They have scarcely been seen since, even by scholars. Dating from the 9th to 17th centuries, the books are displayed thematically across the venues the Humanist Library (Gardner), the Monastic Library (Houghton), and the Laymans Library (McMullen). Their pages chart nearly a millennium in the history of European painting.
Focusing on the Humanist Library, the Gardners exhibition reveals the key role of Renaissance scholar/book-hunters in the birth of the modern book in fifteenth-century Italy. The story unfolds in four sections: Study, Library, Chapel and Press. Study introduces the concept of humanism, a cultural movement that took off in Florence around 1400. Humanists believed that by reviving classical antiquity, they would usher in a new age of peace, prosperity, culture and religion in Italy. They searched monastery libraries in Europe for forgotten ancient Greek and Roman texts, which they painstakingly copied by hand into a new type of book. Portable, legible and elaborately illustrated, humanist manuscripts are the forefathers of books we use to this day.
Library showcases relics from the magnificent libraries of Rome, Venice and other Italian states demonstrating how the humanist book aided the ruling classs displays of learning, taste, and power. In Chapel, the exhibition highlights manuscripts used for public and private devotion, including giant choir-books made for the famous monastery of San Sisto in Piacenza and an impressive array of Books of Hours. The final section (Press) reveals how the arrival of the newly invented printing press in Italy in the late 1460s transformed book production. The Venetian book trade rapidly disseminated its products to a Europe-wide public, incorporating broad margins, legible typeface and cleaner layouts that essentially remain unchanged to the present day.
Many years in the making, Beyond Words is a unique collaboration between the citys most prestigious academic and cultural institutions. It pays homage to the extraordinary visual beauty of books in Renaissance Italy, to Isabella Stewart Gardner, and to other prominent Bostonians, who brought these treasures to their city, said Dr. Christina Nielsen, William and Lia Poorvu Curator of the Collection. The most lavish manuscripts featured in Beyond Words reveal paintings on every page, constituting miniature museums. We are excited to be part of this rare opportunity to reveal these hidden artworks to the public.
To complement the broader exhibition, the Museums Vatachino gallery features Beyond Words: Gardners Literary World, a small selection of books, letters, and manuscripts related to Isabella Stewart Gardners contemporary reading habits. Gardner was an avid reader of nearly every genre, and she collected material evidence of her relationships - both imagined and actual - with the authors she admired. Through these letters and objectsa letter from T.S. Eliot, a photograph of George Sand by Nadar, a copy of The Scarlet Letter autographed by Nathaniel Hawthorneher intellectual passions come vividly to life.
The Gardner exhibition is organized by Drs. Anne-Marie Eze, former Associate Curator of the Collection, and Nathaniel Silver, Assistant Curator of the Collection.