LOS ANGELES, CA.-
On view at the J. Paul Getty Museum
at the Getty Center from August 5 through December 14, 2014, In Focus: Tokyo features more than thirty photographs from the Museums collection that portray Japans capital city as a dense and hyperreal megalopolis.
Organized by senior curator Judith Keller and assistant curator Amanda Maddox, both in the Department of Photographs at the J. Paul Getty Museum, this exhibition includes the work of four contemporary Japanese photographers: Mikiko Hara, Daido Moriyama, Shigeichi Nagano, and Masato Seto. Their work engages with different aspects of life in Tokyo, from the citys anonymous residents and towering buildings, to its serene parks and frenzied nightlife. Shown together, the selected photographs reflect the complexity of Japanese society and the variety found in Tokyos urban landscape.
For nearly a decade, the Getty Museum has been collecting Japanese photography in earnest. This show represents the first occasion on which these works have been exhibited at the Getty. All of the works in the exhibition were purchased with funds provided by the Getty Museums Photographs Council, who generously support the expansion of the Museums collection.
We are fortunate to have had the opportunity, with the support of our Photographs Council, to acquire these wonderful works of art, now on view. The photographers in this exhibition tell very different visual stories about the city they call home, but each of them has a unique and compelling viewpoint, said Keller.
The oldest photographer in the exhibition, Shigeichi Nagano, has observed the perpetual rebuilding of Tokyo since the 1950s. He is largely recognized for his treatment of that citys ever-changing street scene, with its reconstruction both above and below ground. His images showcase the built environment in Tokyo as a melting pot of traditional and modern architecture, revealing the city as simultaneously intimate and giant in scale. Capturing residents of Tokyo as they walk the streets and perform routine activities, Nagano underscores how people interact with their surroundings and how they exist in this fast, densely-populated capital. Made within the last twenty five years, the photographs on view reveal how the urban landscape of Tokyo reflects the duality between Japans historic past and its contemporary, forward-looking ambitions.
Daido Moriyama actively seeks the underground scene in Tokyo, often focusing on the neighborhood of Shinjuku, known for its colossal train station, skyscrapers, bright neon signage, and alleyways crowded with small bars and clubs. His images represent the gritty side of the metropolis associated with yakuza mobsters, gambling houses, dive bars, and prostitution. Moriyamas photographic style, characterized in Japanese as are, bure, boke (rough, blurred, out of focus), heightens the inherent darkness and strangeness of Tokyos clandestine underbelly.
Scenes captured outdoors, in locations scattered around Tokyo, can be seen in Masato Setos series picnic. Produced between 1996 and 2005, the project depicts the hard-won leisure of local couples escaping the cramped quarters of high-rise living for the scarce green space of public parks. Representing one family, couple, or individual at a time, Seto situates his subjects in the detached reality of their own private or public space. He created what critic Hiro Koike referred to as invisible roomsplots of grass often defined by the customary plastic sheetin which intimate moments have been openly displayed and captured by the photographer.
Working primarily in Tokyos labyrinthine subway system, Mikiko Hara also creates intimate, subdued portraits of individuals or couples isolated amid the throngs of businessmen, school children, and other Tokyoites. The anonymous passersby in her photographs become captivating subjects that appear frozen in a dreamlike world, suspended in time and detached from the chaos of the city that surrounds them. The muted tones displayed in Haras printsachieved by the artist, who prints her own workconvey an intimacy somewhat at odds with the open spaces in which they occur.
All of the photographers featured in In Focus: Tokyo portray their city at human scale, says Maddox. They have managed to represent an otherwise stratified, vertical metropolis as a place we can access intimately.