|The First Art Newspaper on the Net
||Established in 1996
|| Sunday, November 19, 2017
|Desert 'dream' realised: Sudan pyramid hunt gets funding |
An image taken on March 18, 2014 shows the foundations of four pyramids unearthed by a French archaeological team headed by Claude Rilly in Sedeinga, 500 kilometres north of the capital Khartoum. Much of Sudan's rich archaeological heritage still remains hidden, and what has been discovered remains little known to outsiders, but an unprecedented $135 million project funded by the Gulf state of Qatar aims to change that and unearth the remains of the country's pyramids, temples and other ancient monuments. AFP PHOTO/SEDAU/V. FRANCIGNY.
By: Abdelmoneim Abu Idris Ali, and Ian Timberlake
EL-KURRU (AFP).- Little by little, the deserts of northern Sudan slowly reveal the secrets they have held for 2,000 years and more.
With wheelbarrows, pulleys and shovels, sweating labourers have unearthed the remains of pyramids, temples and other ancient monuments.
But much of the country's rich archaeological heritage still remains hidden, and what has been discovered remains little known to outsiders.
An unprecedented $135 million project funded by the Gulf state of Qatar aims to change that.
"Archaeologists had a dream that this site would attract more interest," Abbas Zarook said at the Napatan ruins of El-Kurru, about 300 kilometres (190 miles) northwest of the capital Khartoum.
He heads a Sudanese-American mission excavating the site.
Zarook said the Qatari funding, a five-year project announced in March, will support further discoveries at El-Kurru, and elsewhere.
"Without the Qatari donation, no one knows how long this knowledge would have been hidden," he said.
El-Kurru and more than two dozen other archaeological projects, spread over hundreds of kilometres along the Nile Valley, will benefit from Qatar's support, officials say.
"I don't think we will find everything hidden in five years, so we hope this funding will be extended," Zarook told journalists invited to see some of the sites that will benefit from the new funding -- the largest ever for Sudanese antiquities.
It will support projects by several foreign and Sudanese teams in northern Sudan, where the first archaeological digs took place only about 100 years ago. That was much later than in Greece or Egypt, whose pyramids are grander and much better known.
Last year, fewer than 600,000 tourists visited war-torn Sudan, where El-Kurru and other ancient cemeteries are among the few attractions.
By comparison, the much older monuments at Luxor, on the banks of the Nile in southern Egypt, have drawn millions of visitors annually.
The Napatan civilisation, which emerged after 900 BC, extended its influence north to Luxor and then briefly conquered all of Egypt.
A royal burial site, including remains of a pyramid for the powerful Napatan king Piangkhi, is part of a vast UNESCO World Heritage site that includes El-Kurru.
Zarook's Sudanese-American team is still unravelling El-Kurru's mysteries, about a century after the first excavations.
"We are trying to preserve what has been found before, and to discover what remains hidden," Zarook said at the site near a farming village.
During the excavation season which ended in March, workers removed tonnes of sand and other debris from El-Kurru's largest pyramid, which archaeologists believe was about 35 metres (115 feet) high.
It is located next to Piangkhi's pyramid, perhaps because of a family connection, said Geoff Emberling, assistant research scientist at the University of Michigan's Kelsey Museum of Archaeology.
Emberling and his Sudanese colleagues are also digging out a nearby building with more than 20 columns. They think it was a mortuary temple dedicated to the worship of a dead king.
"It's a beautiful and well preserved building, but we have not yet found conclusive evidence of the date of its construction," he told AFP.
Chance of 'major discoveries
Closer to the Nile they are excavating an ancient city wall, hoping to find the settlement which was associated with the royal cemetery.
"Sudan presents some interesting and rewarding opportunities for archaeologists now. In some ways we know less about the archaeology of the Middle Nile and surrounding areas than about other major ancient civilisations, and there are real opportunities to make major discoveries," Emberling said.
El-Kurru includes strikingly preserved hieroglyphics but the site is guarded only by a lone policeman.
That is typical for Sudan's archaeological heritage in the remote desert, where the stonework of some relics has collapsed, and there are no explanatory signs to assist visitors.
Qatar's funding will help restore some monuments, while also protecting the fragile archaeological sites and improving information for tourists.
The National Museum in Khartoum will be modernised, and two presentation and conference centres built at Gebel Barkal and Meroe, whose pyramids and temples are on UNESCO's World Heritage list.
Claude Rilly, director of the French archaeological mission in Sedeinga, north of El-Kurru, is a world expert in the ancient Meroitic language, whose numerous inscriptions have been found in Sedeinga's tombs.
The language is little understood, and his efforts to decipher it will be another beneficiary of Qatar's support.
Since work began at Sedeinga in the 1960s, around 250 pyramids have been excavated.
The main part of the necropolis dates from 400-300 BC, at the end of the Napatan era, which was followed by the 700-year reign of the Meroe kingdom.
The deserts yielded fresh surprises during the French team's latest Sedeinga mission, which finished in December.
They found "very beautiful" architectural detail, including a mysterious, massive square block in the middle of the remains of one pyramid, Rilly said.
"We have no explanation for that", although it may have been a way of reinforcing the structure, he said.
The pyramid is one of four whose remains they unearthed at the vast necropolis last season, and which confirmed "an incredible diversity" among Sudanese pyramids that distinguishes them from their Egyptian cousins.
"No pyramid has ever been found in Sudan with this kind of architecture," Rilly said.
© 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse
May 7, 2014
Christie's Impressionist & Modern Art Evening Sale in New York achieves $285.9 Million
South African artist Steven Cohen guilty of exhibitionism for rooster-penis dance
Mexican archaeologists excavate 1,600 year-old shaft tomb in the State of Zacatecas
Heir to Nazi-era art hoard Cornelius Gurlitt dies in his apartment in Schwabing at age 81
"Playgrounds: Reinventing the Square" opens at the Museo Reina Sofía in Madrid
Hauser and Wirth's debut exhibition devoted to Anna Maria Maiolino opens in New York
Christie's spokeswoman says no plans to hold auctions in Iran Gulf resort Kish Island
Exhibition of new paintings by Pat Steir opens at Locks Gallery in Philadelphia
Lost song by Mendelssohn re-discovered among papers in America to be offered at Christie's
Acclaimed Haitian artist Philippe Dodard's exhibition opens at Frost Art Museum
Russian Art Sale including important works from fifteen private collections to be offered at Christie's
Audrey Hepburn's Givenchy hat sells at Bonhams in Los Angeles for an impressive $46,250
10,000 book installation by Yinka Shonibare MBE explores British cultural immigration
Russia's Samoilova, Soviet-era film star, dead at 80
Sotheby's Prints Sale totals $9.6 million
Desert 'dream' realised: Sudan pyramid hunt gets funding
Waverly to offer rare maps, atlases, books and ephemera in May 15 catalog auction
Catherine the Great's silver dishes that survived melting down and revolution for sale at Bonhams
Golden Age of miniatures collected by art world expert for sale at Bonhams
60 years on, pioneering painter Martin Froy returns to Leeds
Works by Sam Doyle from the Gordon W. Bailey Collection on view at LACMA
Series of short films and photography explore the purity of a single gender
Most Popular Last Seven Days
1.- Grasshopper found embedded in van Gogh masterpiece at Nelson-Atkins
2.- Scientists discover a mysterious, plane-sized 'void' in Great Pyramid in Egypt
3.- The largest collection of Viking artifacts on display in North America comes to the Royal Ontario Museum
4.- Rafael Soriano opens at Frost Art Museum FIU: Kicks off Miami's Art Basel season
5.- Cleveland Museum of Art releases new strategic plan
6.- Exhibition tells the story of the artists who fled to Britain to escape war in France
7.- Zahi Hawass criticises pyramid void 'discovery'
8.- French court to rule on Nazi-looted Pissarro painting
9.- Clark Art Institute exhibition studies less-explored aspects of Impressionist works
10.- Exhibitions in Germany and Switzerland present works from the Gurlitt Estate
Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .
|Royalville Communications, Inc|
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.