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Dartmouth College's Hood Museum of Art exhibits African weapons collection for first time
Ngombe people, Democratic Republic of Congo, shield, late 19th century, organic fiber, wood, paint. Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College: Museum purchase; 39.64.6960

HANOVER, NH.- Prior to colonialism in Africa, weapons served important purposes in multiple and overlapping contexts, including combat, hunting, and ceremonial activities. The Art of Weapons marks the first time that the Hood Museum of Art has featured highlights from its rich and extensive collection of African weapons. Fashioned from iron, brass, copper, bronze, animal hide, wood, and plant materials such as raffia, these objects are characterized by impeccable craftsmanship, beauty, and elegance. Some have intricate designs and geometric and linear patterns on their surfaces; others have beautifully carved anthropomorphic or zoomorphic handles. Altogether, the objects represent artistic traditions from East, West, Central, North, and Southern African sub-regions.

“The Art of Weapons exhibition explores African weapons as works of art and objects of powerful significance,” said Michael Taylor, Director of the Hood Museum of Art. “In line with the teaching mission of the Hood, the exhibition presents the cultural context and history of these objects. It demonstrates how they have passed from the hands of the craftsmen who created them to the warriors who deployed them and the Western collectors who gathered, displayed, and donated them to the College.”

“This exhibition considers the significance of weapons as purveyors of artistic traditions, sociocultural organization, and identity in traditional African societies,” explains Ugochukwu- Smooth C. Nzewi, Curator of African Art. “These objects represent the legacy of creative practices and worldviews from nearly forty cultural groups. Through its installation design and didactic emphasis, the exhibition explores cultural interpretations of masculinity and warriorhood as embodied in African weapons and Western display practices in the historical past as well as the museum’s present.”

Symbolically, weapons conveyed authority, political leadership, strength, identity, divine power, life, and death. Some were part of the insignia of royalty and were displayed in imperial courts. Because of the high value attached to certain weapons, they were used as currency for trade and commerce in several cultures in this era. With this focus on arms and armament, The Art of Weapons presents a less familiar albeit important aspect of the broader field of the classical canon in African art. It explores the narratives possessed by these weapons as extensions of cultural ideas of masculinity, warriorhood, and ideal male beauty in traditional African societies.
It also presents an important context within which to consider Western ideas of masculinity and self-presentation, as conveyed by the collection of these objects by European military officers, colonial administrators, explorers, Christian missionaries, and big-game hunters in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The Hood is delighted to offer its audiences a glimpse into these complex cultural issues, and we invite everyone to the spring and summer programming associated with the exhibition, including a gallery talk with curator Smooth Nzewi.

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