Modern art makes a splash in Portland this summer with the special exhibition The William S. Paley Collection: A Taste for Modernism, on view May 2 through September 8, 2013 at the Portland Museum of Art
. Featuring 62 treasures from The Museum of Modern Arts William S. Paley collection, this exhibition offers a master class in the key movements and figures that revolutionized art and culture of the late 19th and 20th centuries. Some of the most important artists of the period, including Edgar Degas, Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Joan Miró, Alberto Giacometti, and Francis Bacon, are among the 24 artists whose paintings, sculpture, and works on paper grace this exhibition. The Portland Museum of Art is the only New England venue for this important exhibition.
William S. Paley (1901-1990), the media titan who built the CBS broadcasting empire, was also a passionate collector and a committed philanthropist. His embrace of new technologies in the communications industry paralleled his passion for vanguard art. He began collecting European art in the 1930s and, with the determination of a hunter and a keen eye for quality, amassed an extraordinary collection of modern art. At the same time, Paley became a catalytic force at The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), which was founded in 1929, serving variously as a patron, trustee, president, and board chairman from 1937 until his death. His leadership helped to forge the institution into one of the worlds premier museums for the display and interpretation of modern art. In one of his final and greatest acts of philanthropy, Paley donated his personal collection to MoMA. As a fitting tribute to Paleys legacy as a collector and patron of modern art, MoMA organized The William S. Paley Collection: A Taste for Modernism to share with audiences throughout North America.
The exhibition showcases Paleys deep commitment to the aesthetic and expressive power of modern art. It also reflects Paleys particular interest in the currents of French modernism, including Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, and Cubism. Among the paintings in the exhibition are his first major acquisitions, two works by Paul Cézanne: Self-Portrait with a Straw Hat (1875-76), which Paley acquired directly from the artists son; and LEstaque (1879-83), a landscape that was formerly owned by Claude Monet. There are also eight works by Pablo Picasso that trace his artistic evolution over the first three decades of the 20th century, including the masterpiece of his Rose Period, the monumental Boy Leading a Horse (1905-06), and Cubist experiments ranging from the highly faceted planes of An Architects Table (1912) to collage-inspired compositions such as Still Life with Guitar (1920).
Other modern masters included in the exhibition are Paul Gauguin, whose striking painting, The Seed of the Areoi (1892), exemplifies the artists modernist interest in revitalizing Western art by taking inspiration from his experiences in the exotic French colony of Tahiti. Several paintings by Henri Matisse present his hallmark decorative approach to composition through the use of allover patterns, flattened colors, and compressed space. André Derain challenged the traditional dictates of representation with Fauvist landscapes such as Bridge over the Riou (1906), in which he deployed color arbitrarily-making a tree trunk blue-rather than naturalistically. The drawings and paintings of Edgar Degas, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and George Rouault, and the sculptures of Aristide Maillol and Auguste Rodin encompass a diverse range of stylistic approaches to the human figure.
Paleys tastes extended beyond French modernism. A Taste for Modernism also includes examples of the realistic landscapes of American artist Edward Hopper, the surrealistic biomorphism of the Spanish artist Joan Miró, and the expressionistic distortions of Irish-born British painter Francis Bacon. While the exhibition highlights the personal vision of an individual collector, it simultaneously reflects the remarkable richness and diversity of modern art across the European and North American continents.
The North America tour (2012-2014) for The William S. Paley Collection: A Taste for Modernism includes: de Young Museum, San Francisco, California (September 15-December 30, 2012); the Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Maine (May 2-September 8, 2013); the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec, Canada (October 10, 2013-January 5, 2014); and The Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, Arkansas (February-April 2014).
The William S. Paley Collection: A Taste for Modernism is organized by Lilian Tone, Assistant Curator, Department of Painting and Sculpture at The Museum of Modern Art, New York. The exhibition at the PMA is curated by Margaret Burgess, the Susan Donnell and Harry W. Konkel Associate Curator of European Art.