The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Monday, November 24, 2014


World Monuments Fund celebrates completion of conservation project at Angkor Wat
The sculptural friezes, which line the galleries of Angkor Wat and depict Hindu legends associated with the god Vishnu, had been damaged by water infiltration.
ANGKOR.- Bonnie Burnham, president of World Monuments Fund (WMF), today announced that WMF has completed a major conservation project at the Churning of the Sea of Milk Gallery at Angkor Wat, one of four ongoing WMF projects in the Angkor Archaeological Park being undertaken in partnership with the APSARA National Authority (Authority for the Protection and Management of Angkor and the Region of Siem Reap).

Ms. Burnham stated: “We have learned a great deal about the construction of the Angkor Wat galleries. The gallery stones were set in such a way as to create a passive, interior drainage system carved into the roofing stones that allows water many ways to escape. We added a removable, impermeable layer of lead as additional protection to secure the gallery from further damage and were able to reactivate the traditional Khmer drainage system. We also discovered that the roof was crowned by a row of finials with dancing figures standing on lotus platforms, and were able to recover enough of the original ornaments from the surrounding area to recreate the design. In a few months, these carvings will be put in place. At APSARA’s request, WMF will also create a wooden coffered ceiling for the gallery, based on research into traditional Khmer designs. This will give visitors a sense of the proportions of the interior space and, for the first time, will enable them to gain a full experience of the beauty of the Churning of the Sea of Milk Gallery.”

The sculptural friezes, which line the galleries of Angkor Wat and depict Hindu legends associated with the god Vishnu, had been damaged by water infiltration. WMF began studies on the condition of the Churning of the Sea of Milk Gallery in the early 2000s, and in 2008 presented a formal project for its restoration. The massive undertaking involved dismantling the roofing system and reconstructing it in order to prevent future water damage. In the process, each stone was cleaned, and chemical deposits present in the stones were removed.

The disassembly, cleaning, and reassembly of the roofing system provided technical expertise and training for both WMF’s team of Cambodian conservators and for APSARA’s staff. The two groups worked side by side, with WMF funding matching APSARA’s in-kind support. WMF’s budget for the project was approximately $1.2 million.

Churning of the Sea of Milk Gallery, Angkor Wat
The monumental bas-relief known as the Churning of the Sea of Milk adorns the east gallery of the magnificent Angkor Wat. A masterpiece of Khmer art commissioned by King Suryavarman II in the early twelfth century, the 49-meter-long relief recounts the creation myth, depicting devas (gods) and asuras (demons) joining forces in churning the primordial ocean, in order to release amrita, the elixir of immortality.

Beyond the threats of time and exposure to the elements, the gallery suffered from the effects of water and harmful salts penetrating through the roofing system of the galleries, and damaging the surface of the fragile friezes that cover the wall surfaces of the stately galleries that surround the temple of Angkor Wat. This conservation work has provided a prototype for repairing several kilometers of roofs that cover the other galleries. Through detailed examination, the WMF team discovered that the Khmer roof stones include an ingenious passive drainage system, giving rainwater many channels to drain from the building. This system has lost its functionality over time, but has now been restored in the Churning of the Sea of Milk Gallery.

The conservators used an innovative field-oriented GIS database to analyze and prioritize the active decay patterns. They conducted surveys and probes, along with in-situ and laboratory testing to identify the composition of the materials, treatments, and alterations over time. They documented the extent of subsurface decay, using non-destructive testing methods of evaluation, and designed a gantry crane that allows for non-destructive methods of disassembly and reassembly of the very large stone units that make up the gallery roof. They also established a detailed method of documentation that followed each stone from disassembly to conservation treatments to final reassembly.

The Angkor Archaeological Park, an immense Hindu-Buddhist temple complex, lies in the jungles of northwest Cambodia. The temples at Angkor represent the pinnacle of the Khmer civilization, which ruled most of the region between the ninth and fifteenth centuries A.D. They are considered to be among the great architectural wonders of the world. Following its peak in the twelfth century, Angkor began a long decline. By the end of the sixteenth century, only the temple of Angkor Wat was still in use. The jungle swallowed much of the ancient city, and its temples were relatively unknown to the western world until French archaeologists “rediscovered” the complex in the late 1850s. The first Western conservators at Angkor, the French made an effort throughout the next century to document and conserve portions of the temple complex, but they were forced to flee during the civil war in 1972. Many of Angkor's caretakers died under the Khmer Rouge, and Angkor went without maintenance for nearly 20 years.

In 1989, a WMF team arrived at Angkor to conduct one of the first international surveys of the damage wrought by decades of civil war and neglect, and, in 1991, WMF embarked on a comprehensive program of conservation and training at Preah Khan. Over time, this effort expanded to include the temples of Ta Som, Phnom Bakheng, and the Churning of the Sea of Milk Gallery at Angkor Wat, the famed temple that is now Cambodia’s most popular tourist destination. For more than 20 years, WMF has been helping to conserve one of the most important monumental complexes in the world, training Cambodians in ongoing conservation and stewardship of their country’s heritage, assisting APSARA in building its management capacity, and enhancing visitors’ appreciation of the religious monuments.





Last Week News

January 9, 2013

Eli Broad celebrates the topping out of his new contemporary art museum in Los Angeles

Renowned expert says art world momentum intensifies interest in collectible antique rugs

United States returns Toledo Museum of Art's smuggled sixth century BC vase to Italy

Important sculpture featured at Sotheby's New York during Old Masters Week

Artist Tracey Emin appointed CBE by Queen Elizabeth II in New Year Honours List

Bonhams to sell last Keats handrwritten poem in finest ever poetry sale

Barbara Bloom, Ernst Caramelle, Anna Craycroft, Simryn Gill & Matt Mullican at Tracy Williams Ltd.

Poland probes artist Carl Michael von Hausswolff's use of Holocaust victims' ashes

Historic New England protects mid-twentieth-century Modern house designed by Eliot Noyes

Bonhams to sell portrait of 18th century bare-knuckle fighter whose death changed boxing

Arabtec to build Abu Dhabi Louvre for $654 mn with the aim of opening the museum in 2015

Record numbers visited Tate Modern in 2012 with an increase of 9.5 percent on the previous year

Art historian Peter Hastings Falk to present "Lost and Found: The Pinajian Discovery" in New York

Portland Museum of Art completes banner year

bes-ti-ar-y: A descriptive or anecdotal treatise on various real or mythical kinds of animals

Exhibition of late works by Partou Zia on view at Art First in London

Architecture critic Ada Louise Huxtable dies at 91

Myanmar prison art tells story of repression

January 8, 2013

Iraqi archaeologists unearth sixty-six gold coins that are at least 1,400 years old

Superb private collections highlight Christie's Sale of Old Master & Early British Drawings & Watercolors

David Hockney's Egyptian Vision at auction for the first time at Christie's London

Amon Carter Museum announces the passing of their longtime president of the board, Ruth Carter Stevenson

Stolen Matisse turns up in Britain; to be returned to Museum of Modern Art in Stockholm

Exhibition of rare Islamic art from a Scottish collection opens at Bonhams in London

Roanoke's Taubman Museum of Art names Della Watkins as its new Executive Director

Pacific travel writings and fine press to highlight Bonhams Fine Books & Manuscripts Auction in February

Stunning Burne-Jones angels owned by Pre-Raphaelite muse return to the market at Bonhams

Detroit Institute of Arts names new Curator of Asian Art Birgitta Augustin to head department

Christie's to offer one of the most important collections of Albrecht Dürer's prints ever offered at auction

Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg appoints Brooke Manetti Director of Development

Norton Museum of Art names the Art Institute of Chicago's Ellen Roberts new Curator of American Art

Portraits mark political history, change of guard

Hepburn house owner loses court fight in Connecticut

ArtPlace announces America's top twelve ArtPlaces for 2013

Robots pack a punch at Morphy's $1.68M Dec. 6-8 sale of toys, advertising

New Sculpture by David Buckingham on view at Jonathan Ferrara Gallery in New Orleans

Getty Publications publishes "This is the Day: The March on Washington Photographs by Leonard Freed

January 7, 2013

Baroque painting by Sir James Thornhill at the Old Royal Naval College undergoes restoration

First major international showcase of Hong Kong contemporary art on view at Saatchi Gallery

Rare color photos of The Beatles' first U.S. tour to go up for sale at Omega Auctions

New exhibition at Sheffield's Millennium Gallery searches for true view of landscape

The Gallery at Norwich University College of the Arts presents works by Jake and Dinos Chapman

Exhibition of new work by Marc Fichou opens at the Robert Berman Gallery in Santa Monica

First one-person exhibition of work by Berlin-based artist Marin Majić opens at Marc Straus

University of Uppsala's Gustavianum Museum wants to return three Polynesian skulls

Say it Loud exhibition celebrates Norton's collection of art by African and African-American artists

Installation features two monumental birds fabricated entirely from materials harvested from construction

Group exhibition of paintings, sculpture and photographs to open at Quint Contemporary Art

Book explores the legacy of the Kashmir Shawl as seen through a single private collection

Reynolda House names former Monticello Curator new Director of Interpretive Program

British Spitfire search team arrives in Myanmar

Nation's longest running fine art fair announces 2013 exhibitors list

Design with a difference: Parsons school comes to Paris

Exhibition considers the shift in our relationship to the universe in light of recent apocalyptic predictions

Search for plane with Missoni scion intensifies: Venezuela

10 monks among 12 hurt in German monastery fire, numerous objects of art history were damaged

January 6, 2013

Never-before-seen artwork by Walt Disney Studios on view at Tatton Park Fine Arts Fair

Michener Art Museum exhibition will examine the life of Philadelphia native Grace Kelly

Spanish police seize ancient plundered vase from owner of an antique shop in El Campello

Rare Japanese painting by Furuyama Moromasa discovered in Edinburgh's Central Library collections

China developer from the southwestern city of Chongqing 'copies' star architect Zaha Hadid's design

Historic Iraqi building, once Ottoman headquarters, a prison, an ice factory and a mill, gets new lease on life

Hitler statue in Holocaust site voices outrage from Poland's chief rabbi Michael Schudrich

Egypt ex-culture minister Faruq Hosni cleared of corruption and abuse of power charges

Important group exhibition "The Black Mirror" to inaugurate Diane Rosenstein Fine Art's new location

Missoni fashion house's CEO 58-year-old Vittorio Missoni on plane missing in Venezuela

Dutch artist Florentijn Hofman's giant rubber duck brings 2013 Sydney festival to life

San Jose Museum of Art to showcase contemporary Chinese photography in new exhibition

Britain's 'Secret Cinema' smashes through the screen with characters brought to life by actors

Shy US heiress left millions to library, parks

West Texas group on mission to save smokestacks

The Galleries at Moore College of Art & Design present Thomas Glassford: Afterglow

Pope to get fly-by of Rio's famed Christ statue

Library of Congress has amassed 170 billion tweets

January 5, 2013

Art Experiment opens at the Garage Center for Contemporary Culture in Moscow

TEFAF Museum Restoration Fund grants awarded to American and British Museums

Poster auction draws monster movie and pop culture fans to Swann Galleries

Five early 20th-century Spanish paintings acquired by Meadows Museum

The Henry Ford acquires major Studio Glass collection donated by Bruce and Ann Bachmann

Sotheby's London to present exhibition of British art curated by legendary 1960s gallerist Kasmin

Palm Beach Modern goes 'behind the velvet rope' Jan. 19 to auction Studio 54 archive of co-founder Steve Rubell

Vernacular albums, fine art images draw bidders to Swann Galleries' auction

Retrospective exhibition featuring the work of one of China's most dynamic artists Zhang Dali at Eli Klein Fine Art

Solo exhibition by San Francisco artist Amy Trachtenberg opens at Brian Gross Fine Art

The Origin of Nymphs by New York based artist Jeff Muhs opens at Lyons Wier Gallery

Best of the Northwest: Exhibition presents selected paintings from the Tacoma Art Museum's collection

Group show at Frank Lloyd Gallery unites seven ceramists from all over the world

Auschwitz-Birkenau sees record visitors in 2012

Arkansas Arts Center hires curator of contemporary craft and curator of drawings

The Miami International Art Fair brings art for the new year and next generation

James Capper: Divisions opens at the Yorkshire Sculpture Park

The 1815 Half Eagle: New discoveries, new monograph on storied coin from Heritage Auctions

Alan Bur Johnson and Alison Rossiter open exhibitions at Lisa Sette Gallery

Excavators head to Myanmar to find WWII Spitfires

January 4, 2013

Ancient papers discovered by chance in a cave two years ago shed light on Jewish life

Paintings hidden beneath Tudor portraits revealed through new National Portrait Gallery research

Ellsworth Kelly's series of colored paper images featured in exhibition at National Gallery of Art

Sotheby's New York Old Masters Week will be held from 29 January to 2 February 2013

Bozar Expo to present leading figures of European art: Neo Rauch, Antoine Watteau and Francis Bacon

Exhibition exploring 1,500 years of Buddhist art in Thailand opens at the Asian Civilisations Museum

From Victimage to Liberation: Works from the 1980s & 1990s by Nancy Spero opens at Galerie Lelong

Asheville Art Museum debuts two important exhibitions remembering the history of Nazi Germany

Bonhams to sell silver model of Bromley church made for renowned Kent gent

It's 'cash only' now for tourists at the Vatican; not yet complied with safeguards against money laundering

Exhibition of works spanning from 1970-2012 by Pinchas Cohen Gan on view at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art

Five free things to see and do in Lisbon: The port city on Europe's southwestern edge

Being Here: Recent work by several artists on view in group exhibition at Tim Van Laere Gallery

2013 program kicks off with cosmic light and energy show on Times Square billboards

Peru moving to protect fossils from car race

Stephen Pusey: A Way of Ending and Beginning to open at Guided By Invoices

Swedish artist Håkan Bengtsson exhibits at Galleri Lars Olsen in Copenhagen

Rare Stephen King book for auction in Maine

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Greece holds breath as skeleton found in Alexander the Great-era tomb at Amphipolis

2.- Spain mourns the death of art collector Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, Duchess of Alba

3.- Meet the ancestors: Exhibition at Bordeaux gallery reveals faces of prehistoric humans

4.- Getty Foundation and partners launch free of charge online art collection catalogues

5.- Historic photos of dead Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara resurface in small Spanish town

6.- Exhibition showcases the first two 'Poesie' created by Titian following their restoration

7.- O'Keeffe painting sells for more than three times the previous world auction record for any female artist

8.- Crystal Bridges announces the departure of museum President Don Bacigalupi

9.- artnet Auctions offers a later example of Yayoi Kusama's important Infinity-Nets series

10.- 'Degenerate art' should go back to museums: German advisor Jutta Limbach



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site