The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Friday, August 22, 2014


Recently found effigy pot could indicate individual buried in funerary complex in Oaxaca
Once the piece is restored, it could reach an 80 centimeter height [31.49 inches], considering that the pot –with the personage’s shape– is 28 centimeters [11.02 inches] in diameter and 45 centimeters [17.71 inches] high, dimensions to which we must add those of the headdress. Photo: DMC INAH. H. MONTANO.
MEXICO CITY.- The exceptional effigy pot, found a couple of months ago inside a funerary temple in the Aztompa Archaeological Zone in Oaxaca, has been released in its entirety by archaeologists of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH – Conaculta). Its rich iconography could indicate to one of the personages buried in Chamber 3 of the funerary complex who is deciphered as “8 Tremor”.

This ceramic piece (which represents a human) is about 1200 years old. Apart from conserving its colors intact (red, ochre and a grayish green), throughout its body it has a series of attributes that could belong to a high ranking individual who belonged to the old metropolis of Aztompa. Aztompa is located on Cerro del Bonete and it was one of the nucleus of the metropolis of Monte Alban.

According to the description made by archaeologist Eduardo Garcia Wigueras, who is responsible for the exploration work in the funerary building, the effigy pot stands out because of the represented personage’s elaborate clothing composed of a feather cloak, a tassel necklace, earflaps and a sash.

The investigator at the INAH-Oaxaca Center recalled that inside Chamber 3 of the mortuary temple (built around 750 and 900 AD), they also found a smaller red pot with a goddess’s representation and the skeletons of two individuals, one of which is probably the one represented in the polychromatic urn.

“One of the skeletons belongs to a teenager, possibly a woman. The other skeleton is that of an adult male, his remains are characterized by the cranium deformation. In general, the burial was covered in a red pigment, same as the pot, which is why it’s possible that this individual is the personage represented in the ceramic piece known as ‘8 Tremor’”, he specified.

Another element of the effigy pot that stands out is its headdress (34 centimeters [13.38 inches] tall). The headdress represents a reptile, surrounded by feathers, with its jaws open wide. To various pre Hispanic cultures, amongst them the Zapotecans, this kind of feathered snake or earth monster, was a powerful mythical animal that contributed in the celestial sphere and the earthly one, which is why it could be linked to personages with a high political status.

Once the piece is restored, it could reach an 80 centimeter height [31.49 inches], considering that the pot –with the personage’s shape– is 28 centimeters [11.02 inches] in diameter and 45 centimeters [17.71 inches] high, dimensions to which we must add those of the headdress.

Currently INAH has made various analysis to know more about the mortuary context where the piece was found, amongst them carbon 14 and collagen tests (obtained from the skeletons), to try and determine the precise date of the construction of the tombs and the burials. The effigy vases were tested by a different method to determine the pigment’s origins.

The tombs in Aztompa (inside a 20 meters [65.61 feet] wide and 6 meter [19.68 feet] long building) have been an important archaeological finding since they represent a different kind of funerary system in comparison to the ones that were known to the Monte Alban and Valle de Oaxaca zones.

Two of the three funerary chambers –which were constructed vertically and are communicated by a small nine step stair– are decorated with exquisite mural paintings, from which geometrical figures (possible allusions to the ball game) and the color red (related to the underworld) stand out.



Today's News

January 3, 2013

Recently found effigy pot could indicate individual buried in funerary complex in Oaxaca

The Veendorp Collection: Life's work of a caring collector on view at Groninger Museum

Prolific artist and designer Leonard Beaumont rediscovered at Sheffield's Graves Gallery

French comics artist Tardi rejects top state honour; Does not want to fall under any political influence

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts to build works on paper gallery in historic landmark building

New Zealand earthquake city Christchurch puts faith in cardboard cathedral by Shigeru Ban

Florida celebrates its Spanish heritage with a series of events throughout 2013

Noted art dealer Patrick Orbe joins Morphy Auctions as fine art consultant to the company

Postal Museum launches 100 Years of Parcels, Packages, and Packets, Oh My!

The Hyde Collection receives $200,000 from Luce Foundation for O'Keeffe exhibition

Toomey Tourell Fine Art opens exhibition by Rhode Island based artist Allison Paschke

'Do-not-publish' Diana photo up for auction at RR Auctions of Amherst, New Hampshire

Royal Mail and BBC Worldwide to celebrate 50 years of science fiction series Doctor Who

New art gallery makes its debut with an exciting selection of contemporary artists

Romer Young Gallery to present Amanda Curreri: The Aunque

Polk Museum of Art to feature two new major exhibitions

Artists employ similar processes of repeated patterns to investigate infinite outcomes

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Mystery over massive Alexander the Great-era tomb unearthed in northern Greece

2.- An ancient money box containing a large rare hoard of coins found in Israel

3.- Robin Williams' portrait installed today at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington

4.- The Baltimore Museum of Art announces three new contemporary exhibitions in fall

5.- New Aspen Art Museum designed by architect Shigeru Ban opens to the public

6.- New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art launches 82nd & Fifth app in 12 languages

7.- MoMA online-only publication features new research on Pablo Picasso and Cubism

8.- Volunteers needed for massive Smithsonian digitization project

9.- Tate Britain welcomes home John Everett Millais's Ophelia and Rossetti’s The Beloved

10.- Bogart estate: Hollywood golden age icon Lauren Bacall dead at 89 in New York



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Rmz. - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site