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|The Russian feminist punk rock group Pussy Riot rattles elites in age of YouTube |
Two members of the Russian feminist punk-rock collective Pussy Riot hold their trophy after they were awarded the 1Live Krone 2012 music prize on December 6, 2012 in Cologne, western Germany. They were given the prize in the category "special award". AFP PHOTO / HENNING KAISER.
By: Stuart Williams
MOSCOW (AFP).- Within the space of less than a year a group of young Russian women in 2012 went from being almost unknown provocateurs to global superstars and a symbol of change in their country.
The Russian feminist punk rock group Pussy Riot have only a half dozen songs to their name, no recording contract, have never held a conventional concert let alone sold an album.
Yet now they are garlanded worldwide as symbols of a battle for liberty and freedom of speech under Vladimir Putin, praised by personalities ranging from Madonna to Myanmar's Aung San Suu Kyi.
Their extraordinary rise would have been unimaginable in an age before social media and video-sharing, which helped turn fringe anarchists into celebrities whose trademark multi-coloured balaclavas are now instantly recognisable.
Internet media has allowed artists to try and break censorship at home and spread their message far beyond frontiers, be it Pussy Riot or the equally prominent Chinese artist Ai Weiwei.
The most detailed examination of the Russian protest movement to emerge so far is not a book or a traditional documentary but a sequence of dozens of short Internet films called Srok (The Term) posted on YouTube and elsewhere.
The scrutiny of the protest leaders is by no means always sympathetic but the project was sufficiently explosive for investigators to last week raid the home of its director, the filmmaker Pavel Kostomarov who has now suspended the project.
--- Putin got scared? --
Pussy Riot first emerged in the autumn of 2011, initially an offshoot of the Russian street art group Voina (War) which had already won a name with subversive stunts.
Members of Pussy Riot had been involved in some of Voinas most notorious actions that have included the mock hanging of immigrants in a supermarket and a group sex session in a Moscow zoological museum.
In their first major stunt in October 2011 they showered Moscow metro passengers with pillow feathers as they sang for an equivalent of Egypt's Tahrir Square in Russia.
They took to the roof of a prison building to serenade detainees arrested in an anti-Putin protest and then in January 2012 managed to perform on Red Square singing Rebellion in Russia, Putins Got Scared and letting off pink flares.
Only a handful of people saw the protests live but the group astutely mixed footage of the performances with studio-recorded sound to create a compulsive Internet video.
Even then the combination of aggressive rap-style lyrics in Russian to a base track of thrash rock was hardly to everybody's taste.
But what happened on February 21, 2012 made them impossible to ignore.
Four members of the group, kitted out in coloured balaclavas, tights and vests managed to perform a punk prayer in the altar area of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow imploring the Virgin Mary to rid us of Putin.
The action itself was chaotic and the girls were rapidly apprehended by security. But all was recorded, the performance was edited that night with a new soundtrack and that video has now been viewed 2.5 million times on YouTube.
In a trial denounced as a throwback to Soviet show trials, three of the girls were condemned to two years in a prison camp for hooliganism motivated by religious hatred.
Images of them peering through the defendants cage in court created yet another indelible image while the trio were nominated for the EU's Sakharov prize.
One was freed on appeal but two remain in prison camps - celebrated throughout the world and a painful thorn under Putin's skin.
-- Gangnam Chinese-Style ---
A few years back, the chances of a contemporary Chinese artist becoming a global freedom icon would have been about the same as Russian punk anarchists with a taste for thrash metal.
But as global perceptions of Putins Russia have been shaped by Pussy Riot, many ideas about China are now seen through the prism of its most internationally prominent cultural figure Ai Weiwei.
Ais exuberant parody of the video Gangnam Style by South Korean rapper PSY - the most viewed YouTube video of all time - on the surface appears charming but was deemed provocative enough for it to be blocked by the Chinese authorities.
The video shows the bearded artist in a bright pink T-shirt imitating PSYs famous horse dance along with a cohort of assistants.
But in a symbol of Beijings efforts to silence him he pulls out a pair of handcuffs which are then used to dance a strange pas-de-deux with a fellow activist.
Ai, 55, has worked in numerous artistic media, including photography, sculpture, painting and architecture, but has become famous for a brand of performance art linked to political activism.
It has included a campaign to identify the children killed in school collapses during the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, which cast a broad light on poorly constructed buildings and used video of officials and police trying to silence him.
Ai disappeared into police custody for 81 days last year as activists were rounded up amid online calls for Arab Spring-style protests in China and was then fined $2.4 million in a tax evasion case.
-- Full Circle --
At a time of uprising in the Middle East and economic crisis across much of the world, art and politics mixed more uneasily than ever as artists emerged as champions of rights causes.
At the end of Iranian director Jafar Panahis 2000 film "The Circle" about the daily lives of women in Iran, a prison door slams shut on a cell containing all the main female protagonists of the movie.
The Venice Golden Lion and Berlin Silver Bear-winning filmmaker was feted across the world as one of the most original voices of the Iranian new wave.
But he was given a six-year prison term and 20-year ban on making films for "making propaganda" against Irans Islamic regime. He is now under house arrest, awaiting the final verdict in his case.
Along with jailed rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh who is serving an 11-year sentence, Panahi was the co-winner of the EUs Sakharov prize this year in what the organisers said was a message of solidarity and recognition.
Panahi nonetheless still managed to make a picture -subversively entitled This is Not a Film -- about his daily secluded live which was smuggled out of the country on nothing more than a USB stick.
© 1994-2012 Agence France-Presse
|Last Week News
December 16, 2012
Napoleon's abandoned palace in Venice shines again after $3.2 million restoration
Exhibition at the Groninger Museum is tribute to the peoples and cultures of the Nordic countries
Royal Academy celebrates Diamond Jubilee with gift of 97 works on paper for The Queen
Staatsgalerie Stuttgart offers a journey through two hundred years of art history
Paris's Notre Dame, the iconic cathedral at the heart of the French capital, turns 850
Galerie Lelong announced the completion of a major new work by Andy Goldsworthy: Stone Sea
Spain's cultural treasures on exclusive U.S. tour from the Prado, Madrid, to the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
A chamber orchestra of 20 children from Paraguay play Mozart with violins made from garbage
Iconic film car, 'Rain Man' 1949 Buick Roadmaster Convertible, brings $170,500 at Heritage Auctions
New installation by Morgan Fisher reflects on aspect of new Aspen Art Museum design by Shigeru Ban
Marklin 'Chicago' glides to $264,500 at Bertoia's $1.6M sale of Dick Claus collection, Part II
Solo exhibition of new work by Kathryn Andrews opens at David Kordansky Gallery
FACT's final exhibition for 2012 is Winter Sparks, an interactive programme of works
First survey exhibition of Goshka Macuga opens at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
Visionary women launch ambitious endowment campaign with $15M in gifts
Mexico's Mayas face Dec. 21 with ancestral calm
The Centro de Arte Contemporáneo de Málaga presents recent works by British sculptor Richard Deacon
Recent ceramic works by Elisa D'Arrigo on view at The Elizabeth Harris Gallery
First major solo exhibition in Europe of Yin Xiuzhen's work opens at Kunsthalle Dusseldorf
December 15, 2012
Video art pioneer Nam June Paik stars in Smithsonian American Art Museum exhibition
Yoko Ono picks up German human rights prize at Berlin's Checkpoint Charlie Museum
Exhibition of works from the D.Daskalopoulos Collection opens in Edinburgh
A masterpiece by Sandro Botticelli previously owned by the Rockefeller family will be exhibited in Russia
Norwegian artist Matias Faldbakken opens exhibition at Wiels Contemporary art centre in Brussels
Buhl Collection brings $12.3M - Highest ever total for a private collection of photos sold at auction
Smithsonian exhibition parallels the 1863 emancipation of slaves with the 1963 March on Washington
Film in Space: An exhibition of film and expanded cinema selected by Guy Sherwin opens at Camden Arts Centre
Stedelijk Museum presents first comprehensive Mike Kelley exhibition in two decades
Six weeks after, New York City artists seek help to scrub away superstorm Sandy's stains
Rachel Whiteread's Tree of Life voted best loved work of art of 2012 in a poll of museum goers
The Greensboro Collection, Part II, headlines Heritage's FUN Event, first major U.S. coins auction of 2013
Smithsonian scientists find that for every mammal species, the rainforest holds 300 Arthropod species
Aspen Art Museum announces $2.5 million gift establishing Nancy and Bob Magoon CEO position
Invisible Exports announces the New York solo debut of work and objects by Bob Mizer
Global Philatelic Library celebrates success and expansion
SFMOMA announces 2012 SECA Art Award winners
No bidder found for letters by 'Peanuts' creator
'Casablanca' piano sells in NY for more than $600K
December 14, 2012
Mexican archaeologists discover 1,000 year old cemetery in the State of Sonora
According to scientist from the University of Oregon, fossil find challenges tree of life as we know it
Sotheby's names President and CEO William F. Ruprecht as Chairman of the Board of Directors
Man jailed for two years for defacing Rothko work in London's Tate Modern gallery
Florida won't restore rights to famed American Museum of Natural History jewel thief
Terra Foundation CEO Elizabeth Glassman awarded French Medal of Honor
80-year-old Spanish botched fresco artist sells work on eBay for charity organization
Saffronart announces its Modern Indian Art Winter Online Auction 2012 taking place on 18-19 December
Henrietta Leon Girshman's Carnet de Salon leads Bonhams Russian Literature Auction
Tate announces groundbreaking £5 million arts award for under 25s funded by the Paul Hamlyn Foundation
Indianapolis Museum of Art commissions Spencer Finch for Efroymson Family Entrance Pavilion
Spectacular British, Islamic collections headline Heritage Auctions event in New York
Beatles rock Bonhams Entertainment Memorabilia Sale; Exceptional prices achieved for Beatles items
Hermes rules at largest luxury accessories auction ever: $3.2 Million
New series of works on paper, videos and a mobile sculpture by Roger Andersson at Poppy Sebire
New, purpose-built Vancouver Art Gallery will benefit entire visual arts community
Shaun Odell exhibits at Jack Hanley Gallery in New York
Sweden's ice hotel, a work of art for the here-and-now
Vatican austerity means donated nativity scene
December 13, 2012
Yale University Art Gallery reopens $135 million renovated and reinstalled galleries
Scientists at London's Natural History Museum seek to solve mystery of Piltdown Man
Michelangelo's David-Apollo returns to the National Gallery of Art in Washington
AXA Equitable donates Thomas Hart Benton's epic mural "America Today" to Met Museum
Hans Christian Andersen's first fairy tale found in Denmark's national archives
Mick Jagger love letters written to American singer Marsha Hunt sold at London auction
Dallas Museum of Art's Razor by Gerald Murphy featured in U.S. Postal Services stamp collection
Bowers Museum presents award winning costumes in "Cut! Costume and Cinema"
Fine art, exquisite antiques from Southern Calif. estates highlight Don Presley's New Year's Auction
Bonhams walks on Moon as illuminating space auction reaches the stars
Leading Turkish auction house Antik A.S. to offer Osman Hamdi Bey's "A Girl Arranging a Vase of Flowers"
The IVAM reviews the iconography of the American dream in the exhibition 'America, America'
Michael Winner sale makes £1.1 million and new record for EH Shepard at Sotheby's
RM Auctions secures upcoming sale of Texas' distinguished Don Davis Collection
The Wolfsonian-FIU receives $5 million to increase access to collection
Musical clock once owned by Egypt's King Farouk sells for £385,250
Dictionaries define success at Bonhams
Sotheby's announces first ever selling exhibition of contemporary art from central Asia and the Caucasus
Top results for Dali, Signac and Anker at Koller Zurich
Far from the Shire, a Hobbit house in Pennsylvania country
December 12, 2012
Johannes Vermeer's masterpiece "Woman in Blue Reading a Letter" travels to Sao Paulo
$6 million vase once owned by First Lady Lou Henry Hoover sells at Bonhams in San Francisco
Corcoran Trustees vote they will focus on approaches that keep the museum in the 17th Street building
Four letters by Tsar Nicholas II sold for record price of CHF 120,000 at Hôtel des Ventes de Genève
Van Gogh dazzles at Netherlands' Kroeller-Mueller; museum announced "Vincent is Back"
First U.S. Viewing of "The Jameel Prize: Art Inspired by Islamic Tradition" opens at Stanford
British artist and Turner Prize winner Simon Starling will create the Tate Britain Commission 2013
Founder of Cirque du Soleil exhibits photos taken on board the International Space Station
The Empty Quarter hosts photographer Steve McCurry's latest exhibition "Unguarded Moments"
Michael Hoppen celebrates 20 years in business with an exhibition from his collection
Zurich misplaces more than 5,000 works of art; expected to find most of the missing artwork
The prodigious son: George Maciunas returns to Cooper Union in a new exhibition
RISD Museum closes year with significant gift to cap Radeke Restoration Project
Renovations at Civil Rights Museum move forward
Design Miami/ reaffirms its position as the world's leading fair for collectible design with strong sales
The jewellery collection of the late Michael Wellby makes three times estimate in £2.8 million sale
New world record set for Howard Schleeter at Clars December 2012 fine art auction
Claudia Kleefeld's "Patterns of Nature: The Spiral and Interconnectedness" on view at LA Artcore
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December 11, 2012
"Cindy Sherman: The Early Works 1975-1977" opens at Centre de la photographie Genève
An aristocratic site in Bassing between independent Gaul and the Roman conquest
Art Basel Miami Beach presented premier quality works and strong programming
Winterthur announces that missing silver snuff box by Barent Ten Eyck has been located
Art auctions still soaring at Ketterer Kunst: High increases and many new customers
Exhibition in Milan explores the synthesis between colour, pictorial act, matter and form
Beauty and the beast: Roman goddesses and court dwarves at Bonhams sale
Russia's Hermitage denounces probe over modern art exhibit by Britain's Jake and Dinos Chapman
A tribute to the late Swiss artist Josephsohn on view at Hauser & Wirth in London
Early impressions by James R. Jackson on view at the Manly Art Gallery & Museum
French courts to rule in Chinese artist family feud between his third wife and his son from a previous marriage
Last King of France's ice buckets re-discovered and red-hot at Bonhams sale
Centre Pompidou Foundation appoints Sylvia Chivaratanond as the first Adjunct Curator of American Art
Sound installation conceived by Hans Tutschku for the rooftop of the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts
Christie's New York wraps 2012 with over $163 million in jewelry auction sales
National Portrait Gallery presents 89 sitters in one innovative group video portrait
Painting of epic battle between British and American warships in 1813 for sale at Bonhams
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