The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Friday, October 31, 2014


Mexican archaeologists discover 1,000 year old cemetery in the State of Sonora
Of the 25 skeletons recovered, 17 belong to minors –between 5 months and 16 years– (pictured) and 8 belong to adults.. Photo: Cristina Garcia/INAH.

Translated by Cristina Perez Ayala

MEXICO CITY.- Three hundred meters from Onvas (town), south of Sonora, archaeologists discovered the first pre-Hispanic cemetery of the region. This cemetery is about 1000 years old and is made up of 25 individuals’ burials: 13 of these have intentional cranium deformities, and 5 also have dental mutilations, a cultural practice similar to pre-Hispanic groups in the south of Sinaloa and the north of Nayarit, which had not been previously registered in this state (Sonora).

To archaeologists, the importance of the discovery is the evidence of customs that had not been registered in ancient cultural groups in Sonora: the cranium deformation (frontal occipital lobe) applied to 13 individuals of the Cemetery –Cemetery is a name archaeologists have given the site–, as well as the modifications made to the lateral pieces to give them a “V” shape.

“The area’s finding holds unique characteristics because it mixes the cultural expressions of groups from the northern part of Mexico –such as the use of shells and spiral shells originating from the Gulf of California–, with western traditions never before seen in Sonora. With this discovery, the limit of influence of the Mesoamerican people has been shown to be more extensive than what had been registered in archaeology,” emphasized archaeologist Cristina Garcia Moreno, director of the investigation project by the Arizona State University with the approval of the Council of Archaeology of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), when the data was discovered (excavation season of 2012).

Garcia Moreno said there is no other site in Sonora that has identified similar cranium and dental modifications; neither has it been found in the southwestern part of the USA which shares the cultural area with Sonora. However, “the closest cultural groups that had developed these traditions were in the northern part of Sinaloa and the Marismas Nacionales area (south of Sinaloa and north of Nayarit), and they had incorporated into their culture some western and Mesoamerican customs.”

However, she said, “the Onavas Cemetery does not belong to Mesoamerican migratory groups, but to a sedentary one which had local development and that at some point in its history came in contact with Mesoamerica and incorporated some ideas into its own culture. We are in the process of confirming (through thorough investigation) if there was a relationship between this group and those in Sinaloa and Nayarit”.

Cristina Garcia explained that the cranium deformity in Mesoamercan cultures was used for two reasons: to differentiate social groups or for rituals. The dental mutilation in the Nayarit cultures was practiced in adolescents as a rite of passage, which coincides with the findings in Sonora, where the five bodies that bear this mutilation are over 12 years old.

Of the 25 skeletons recovered, 17 belong to minors –between 5 months and 16 years– and 8 belong to adults. Investigator Garcia Moreno believes the quantity of infants and adolescents identified in the Cemetery could be an indicator of the malpractice of cranial mutilation, which might have caused their death by excessive force when the cranium was squeezed. This might be deducted from studies which will be made to the remains whose results don’t indicate their death was caused by a disease.

Archaeologist Cristina Garcia also noted that these discoveries are encouraging more investigations in the southeast of Sonora, which has been not been subjected to a great amount of research; “the northern part (desert), the northeast and the coast have been prone to more research; since the discovery of the Cemetery we know for sure the southeast is different to what had been previously known, this side is completely

Sonora | Cristina Garcia Moreno | Old Cemetery |




Last Week News

December 13, 2012

Yale University Art Gallery reopens $135 million renovated and reinstalled galleries

Scientists at London's Natural History Museum seek to solve mystery of Piltdown Man

Michelangelo's David-Apollo returns to the National Gallery of Art in Washington

AXA Equitable donates Thomas Hart Benton's epic mural "America Today" to Met Museum

Hans Christian Andersen's first fairy tale found in Denmark's national archives

Mick Jagger love letters written to American singer Marsha Hunt sold at London auction

Dallas Museum of Art's Razor by Gerald Murphy featured in U.S. Postal Services stamp collection

Bowers Museum presents award winning costumes in "Cut! Costume and Cinema"

Fine art, exquisite antiques from Southern Calif. estates highlight Don Presley's New Year's Auction

Bonhams walks on Moon as illuminating space auction reaches the stars

Leading Turkish auction house Antik A.S. to offer Osman Hamdi Bey's "A Girl Arranging a Vase of Flowers"

The IVAM reviews the iconography of the American dream in the exhibition 'America, America'

Michael Winner sale makes £1.1 million and new record for EH Shepard at Sotheby's

RM Auctions secures upcoming sale of Texas' distinguished Don Davis Collection

The Wolfsonian-FIU receives $5 million to increase access to collection

Musical clock once owned by Egypt's King Farouk sells for £385,250

Dictionaries define success at Bonhams

Top results for Dali, Signac and Anker at Koller Zurich

Sotheby's announces first ever selling exhibition of contemporary art from central Asia and the Caucasus

Far from the Shire, a Hobbit house in Pennsylvania country

December 12, 2012

Johannes Vermeer's masterpiece "Woman in Blue Reading a Letter" travels to Sao Paulo

$6 million vase once owned by First Lady Lou Henry Hoover sells at Bonhams in San Francisco

Corcoran Trustees vote they will focus on approaches that keep the museum in the 17th Street building

Four letters by Tsar Nicholas II sold for record price of CHF 120,000 at Hôtel des Ventes de Genève

Van Gogh dazzles at Netherlands' Kroeller-Mueller; museum announced "Vincent is Back"

First U.S. Viewing of "The Jameel Prize: Art Inspired by Islamic Tradition" opens at Stanford

British artist and Turner Prize winner Simon Starling will create the Tate Britain Commission 2013

Founder of Cirque du Soleil exhibits photos taken on board the International Space Station

The Empty Quarter hosts photographer Steve McCurry's latest exhibition "Unguarded Moments"

Michael Hoppen celebrates 20 years in business with an exhibition from his collection

Zurich misplaces more than 5,000 works of art; expected to find most of the missing artwork

The prodigious son: George Maciunas returns to Cooper Union in a new exhibition

Design Miami/ reaffirms its position as the world's leading fair for collectible design with strong sales

RISD Museum closes year with significant gift to cap Radeke Restoration Project

Renovations at Civil Rights Museum move forward

The jewellery collection of the late Michael Wellby makes three times estimate in £2.8 million sale

New world record set for Howard Schleeter at Clars December 2012 fine art auction

Claudia Kleefeld's "Patterns of Nature: The Spiral and Interconnectedness" on view at LA Artcore

Man strips at Austrian art exhibition of nude men

December 11, 2012

"Cindy Sherman: The Early Works 1975-1977" opens at Centre de la photographie Genève

An aristocratic site in Bassing between independent Gaul and the Roman conquest

Art Basel Miami Beach presented premier quality works and strong programming

Winterthur announces that missing silver snuff box by Barent Ten Eyck has been located

Art auctions still soaring at Ketterer Kunst: High increases and many new customers

Exhibition in Milan explores the synthesis between colour, pictorial act, matter and form

Beauty and the beast: Roman goddesses and court dwarves at Bonhams sale

Russia's Hermitage denounces probe over modern art exhibit by Britain's Jake and Dinos Chapman

A tribute to the late Swiss artist Josephsohn on view at Hauser & Wirth in London

Early impressions by James R. Jackson on view at the Manly Art Gallery & Museum

French courts to rule in Chinese artist family feud between his third wife and his son from a previous marriage

Last King of France's ice buckets re-discovered and red-hot at Bonhams sale

Centre Pompidou Foundation appoints Sylvia Chivaratanond as the first Adjunct Curator of American Art

National Portrait Gallery presents 89 sitters in one innovative group video portrait

Painting of epic battle between British and American warships in 1813 for sale at Bonhams

Sound installation conceived by Hans Tutschku for the rooftop of the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts

Christie's New York wraps 2012 with over $163 million in jewelry auction sales

House of Illustration raises 68,750 in "What are they like?" Celebrity Auction at Sotheby's London

Pulse Miami 2012 closes with record attendance, high museum sales and sold-out booths

December 10, 2012

Constable, Gainsborough, Turner and the Making of Landscape at the Royal Academy of Arts

Arte Primitivo announces auction of Tribal and pre-Columbian, Classical, Egyptian and Asian antiquities

National Endowment for the Humanities awards grant to Teenie Harris Archive at Carnegie Museum

Cleveland Museum of Natural History announces capital campaign, leadership team

Austrian artist Yadegar Asisi presents 360 degree panorama of baroque Dresden

Christie's sale of masterpieces formerly in the Collection of Monsieur and Madame Riahi realises $31.9 M

Indianapolis Museum of Art premieres first major exhibition focusing on the use of graphite

Christie's presents a week-long series of auctions devoted to magnificent jewels, watches, wine and design

Phillips de Pury & Co. announces highlights from its New York December Design Auctions

Japanese art exhibitions during New York's Asia Week celebrations announced

Simon Lee Gallery presents an exhibition of new work by the American artist Sherrie Levine

What is Grey Exactly? The (non-)colour grey in Swiss art from the 1960s to the present

Fiona Rukschcio retapes Yoko Ono's film "Rape" for new exhibition at the Secession

Exhibition at MICA and University of the Arts honors legendary fiber artist Lenore Tawney

Amicable settlement between auction house Lempertz and buyer of false Heinrich Campendonk painting

First institutional exhibition of works by artist Cheyney Thompson opens at Kunstverein Braunschweig

Patek Philippe dome clock by graffiti artist John "CRASH" Matos offered in Antiquorum's December auction

Seventh Asia Pacific Triennial opens in Queensland

Nightfall: New tendencies in figurative painting at MODEM Centre for Modern and Contemporary Arts

End may be sight for FBI's unloved Hoover building

December 9, 2012

Park Avenue Armory presents Ann Hamilton's first installation in New York in over a decade

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art celebrates 15 years of the Logan Collection

Industrial history brings new life to Parisian suburb just a 20-minute metro ride from the city centre

The Heckscher Museum of Art presents "Modernizing America: Artists of the Armory Show"

Tortoiseshell craftsmen adapt to new century turning out only 100 pairs of hand made glasses per year

Head of the Institute of Archeology of Belize sues over Indiana Jones crystal skull

Six and seven figure sales dominate the first three days of contemporary and modern art fair Art Miami

Georgia Museum of Art exhibits works by American painter and printmaker Minna Citron

Air de Paris exhibits works by Adriana Lara, Guy de Cointet, Trisha Donnelly and Allen Ruppersberg

Franklin Bowles Gallery in New York opens exhibition by the Spanish artist Miquel Gelabert

First major UK solo exhibition by Libyan Italian artist Adelita Husni-Bey opens at Gasworks

Recent acquisitions and a new exhibition announced at Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art

Liz Deschenes’s photographic works on view in new exhibition at Vienna's Secession

Galerie Michel Rein in Paris opens exhibition by Christian Hidaka

Discovery in New England brings to light an obscure California-made motorcycle once thought 'extinct'

Grosvenor Gallery presents works by one of the greatest masters of postwar Greek art

One-time refugee from punk and sometime band member Ted Riederer exhibits at Jonathan Ferrara Gallery

Great Dam of China opens the floodgates for artist Donald Wyland

New Museum announces limited-edition wearable MP3 player featuring fifteen live performances

Michaan's Tiffany Auction produces multimillion dollar sale

December 8, 2012

Archaeologists find Maya ceramics and mural paintings in three underwater caves in Mexico

Fortuny and Wagner:Wagnerism in the visual arts in Italy opens at Palazzo Fortuny in Venice

Discovered: French and Italian archaeologists find the lost port of ancient Rome

Ringling organizes America's first comprehensive Veronese exhibition in two decades

New role for Curator Scott Rothkopf at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York

Rio bids final farewell to star architect Niemeyer with national tribute worthy of a head of state

Flowers Gallery presents a selection of photographs from Edmund Clark's Guantanamo: If The Light Goes Out

Exhibition of recent works by Giovanni Anselmo, Jannis Kounellis, Giuseppe Penone and Emilio Prini at Sprovieri

Peabody Essex Museum appoints Austen Barron Bailly as its first Curator of American Art

Former Florida Governor Jeb Bush to lead Philadelphia's National Constitution Center

Dazzling prices in £6m Bonhams Fine Jewellery Sale with over £1m for Van Cleef & Arpels brooch

If you will it, it is not a dream: Yael Bartana opens solo exhibition at Vienna's Secession

Portland Museum of Art breaks records for the month of November with Winslow Homer exhibition

Alaska reclaims missing moon rocks since 1973

Aargauer Kunsthaus opens survey of current art practices in the Canton of Aargau

Shortlist of The Art India Breakthrough Artist Award at the Skoda Prize announced

Pérez Art Museum Miami capital campaign receives $5 million contribution

Winchester rifle belonging to "Doc" Carver, partner of Buffalo Bill, to be sold at auction

Navajo child's blanket leads Bonhams $1.28 million Native American Art Sale in San Francisco

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Image of a Christ without a beard, short hair and wearing a toga unearthed in Spain

2.- Giant mosaic unearthed in mysterious tomb in Amphipolis in northern Macedonia

3.- Bonhams sale of 18th century French decorative arts to benefit Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco

4.- Paris flustered by erection of 'sex-toy' sculpture; Paul McCarthy slapped by a passer-by

5.- High art or vile pornography? Marquis de Sade explored in Orsay museum exhibition

6.- 'Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection' opens at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

7.- Greek culture minister says Elgin Marbles return a matter of 'global heritage'

8.- Vandals deflate Paris 'sex-toy' sculpture by American artist Paul McCarthy after outrage

9.- Exhibition at National Gallery in London explores Rembrandt's final years of painting

10.- 'Hans Memling: A Flemish Renaissance' opens at the Scuderie del Quirinale in Rome



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site