The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Wednesday, April 25, 2018

An aristocratic site in Bassing between independent Gaul and the Roman conquest
Jean-Denis Laffite, an acrcheologist from the French national institute of preventative archological searches (INRAP - Institut National de Recherches Archéologiques Préventives), displays coins found at the Gaulish Aristocratic excavation site in Bassing, Moselle region, discovered along the eastern TGV fast train route, during a presentation of some 1165 pieces in Metz. AFP PHOTO / JEAN-CHRISTOPHE VERHAEGEN.

METZ.- In 2010 an Inrap team excavated a 3.5 hectare site in Bassing, in the Moselle department. This research was curated by the State (Drac Lorraine) in advance of the construction of the East-European high speed train line by the Réseau Ferré de France.

Occupied for one thousand years, from 200 BC to 800 AD, this site revealed a Gallic aristocratic establishment, a Gallo-Roman villa and several medieval buildings. Numerous weapons and an exceptional monetary deposit of 1165 Gallic coins attest alone to the power of the elites of Bassing.

An aristocratic and warlike site
Between 150 and 120 BC, a vast rural establishment was built in Bassing. A large quadrangular trench, 3 meters wide, with a talus and palisade, surrounded the habitat over one hectare. Inside the enclosure wooden buildings associated with an farm and a habitation were constructed. The ensemble survived until 14 AD.

The size of the farm, the size of its trenches and the richness of the artifacts illustrate the privileged status of the occupants. Among the jewelry, there were bracelets in cobalt blue glass and a bead in Baltic amber. 123 fibulae were also present, some of which were made at the site. Metalworking was thus one of the resources of this aristocratic site at which casting, spinning, weaving and shoemaking completed the resources provided through agriculture.

Among the drinking utensils, colanders associated with wine came from Italy. The wine, imported from the Mediterranean, was a real luxury product that was consumed in large quantities, as is shown by the discovery of numerous amphorae.

The Inrap archaeologists uncovered a large quantity of Gallic and Italian military artefacts: chariot parts, a combat axe, the dagger of a Roman legionary (a pugio), arrowheads, uniform ornaments, sandal nails, horse tack of the Roman cavalry and even the metal mouthpiece of a war trumpet.

Located in the territory of the Mediomatrici, between the oppida of Divodurum (Metz) Saverne, the site of Bassing thus belonged to an aristocrat whose power was linked not only to a large agricultural exploitation, but also to his warrior status.

The conquest of the Gauls does not appear to have affected the function of the site. During this troubled period, the establishment of Bassing remained stable and prosperous, with a dense and continuous population. In 27 BC, stone was replaced by wood for the construction of buildings in the rural establishment, still situated within the Gallic enclosure.

An exceptional monetary deposit: 1165 Gallic coins
The most remarkable find at this site is an exceptional monetary deposit of 1165 Gallic coins. This treasure has been dispersed over the site since the Middle Ages by successive plowing. The archaeologists thus gradually collected the coins during the excavation.

They are composed of 1111 silver coins, 3 gold coins and 51 bronze coins. All of them were issued during the 1st century BC, and the majority just after the Gallic Wars.

One of the particularities of this treasure is that it includes silver coins. During this period, bronze coins and potins played a major role in daily exchanges, while silver was reserved for the payment of personnel linked to powerful positions. The three gold coins, which are very rare, are mediomatric, and thus local.

The two kilos of silver include different types of coins issued in several regions of Gaul. 74% of the lot originates from the Center-East of Gaul and belongs to the Sequani of Besançon, the Lingones of Langres and the Aedui of Bibracte or Autun. 14% originates from the peoples of Val de Loire, 7% from the Remi of Reims (from Belgian Gaul) and 3% from the Arverni of Clermont-Ferrand. Finally, a few specimens belong to the Segusiavi, a population near Lyon.

These coins are Gallic imitations of quinaries, a Roman silver coin with a diameter of less than 1.5 cm. North-eastern Gaul, nicknamed "the zone of the last Gaul" by numismats, distinguished itself after the conquest by the imitation of Roman coins. The last Gaul equals a half-denier (or quinaire) of the Roman Republic. This standard unit facilitated commerce between Rome and Gaul.

The money of war in a Romanized Gaul
One third of the Bassing treasure is composed of imitations with minting errors. Some representations of Gallic or Greco-Roman warriors, from helmeted Rome, have a crude style. These imitations were usually made in a context of urgency. Between the 40's and 30's BC, lacking Roman deniers, such copies were made to pay the military contingents, including the auxiliary Gallic troops enlisted in the Roman army.

During the conquest, Cesar relied on part of the Gallic elite. This nobility widely adhered to the new Roman power. Local aristocrats and their contingent warriors then contributed to the different Roman conquests.

At the beginning of the Empire, the Bassing deposit equaled one and a half years of the salary of a legionary. This large sum of money could correspond to the funds of a chief mediomatrici to pay the salaries of his troop. As military leaders, local leaders, auxiliaries of the Roman conquests, the elites of Bassing benefited from a high social status, both before and after the conquest.

Bassing | Drac Lorraine | Moselle Department |

Last Week News

December 10, 2012

Constable, Gainsborough, Turner and the Making of Landscape at the Royal Academy of Arts

Arte Primitivo announces auction of Tribal and pre-Columbian, Classical, Egyptian and Asian antiquities

National Endowment for the Humanities awards grant to Teenie Harris Archive at Carnegie Museum

Cleveland Museum of Natural History announces capital campaign, leadership team

Austrian artist Yadegar Asisi presents 360 degree panorama of baroque Dresden

Christie's sale of masterpieces formerly in the Collection of Monsieur and Madame Riahi realises $31.9 M

Indianapolis Museum of Art premieres first major exhibition focusing on the use of graphite

Christie's presents a week-long series of auctions devoted to magnificent jewels, watches, wine and design

Phillips de Pury & Co. announces highlights from its New York December Design Auctions

Japanese art exhibitions during New York's Asia Week celebrations announced

Simon Lee Gallery presents an exhibition of new work by the American artist Sherrie Levine

What is Grey Exactly? The (non-)colour grey in Swiss art from the 1960s to the present

Fiona Rukschcio retapes Yoko Ono's film "Rape" for new exhibition at the Secession

Exhibition at MICA and University of the Arts honors legendary fiber artist Lenore Tawney

Amicable settlement between auction house Lempertz and buyer of false Heinrich Campendonk painting

First institutional exhibition of works by artist Cheyney Thompson opens at Kunstverein Braunschweig

Patek Philippe dome clock by graffiti artist John "CRASH" Matos offered in Antiquorum's December auction

Seventh Asia Pacific Triennial opens in Queensland

Nightfall: New tendencies in figurative painting at MODEM Centre for Modern and Contemporary Arts

End may be sight for FBI's unloved Hoover building

December 9, 2012

Park Avenue Armory presents Ann Hamilton's first installation in New York in over a decade

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art celebrates 15 years of the Logan Collection

Industrial history brings new life to Parisian suburb just a 20-minute metro ride from the city centre

The Heckscher Museum of Art presents "Modernizing America: Artists of the Armory Show"

Tortoiseshell craftsmen adapt to new century turning out only 100 pairs of hand made glasses per year

Head of the Institute of Archeology of Belize sues over Indiana Jones crystal skull

Six and seven figure sales dominate the first three days of contemporary and modern art fair Art Miami

Georgia Museum of Art exhibits works by American painter and printmaker Minna Citron

Air de Paris exhibits works by Adriana Lara, Guy de Cointet, Trisha Donnelly and Allen Ruppersberg

Franklin Bowles Gallery in New York opens exhibition by the Spanish artist Miquel Gelabert

First major UK solo exhibition by Libyan Italian artist Adelita Husni-Bey opens at Gasworks

Recent acquisitions and a new exhibition announced at Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art

Liz Deschenes’s photographic works on view in new exhibition at Vienna's Secession

Galerie Michel Rein in Paris opens exhibition by Christian Hidaka

Discovery in New England brings to light an obscure California-made motorcycle once thought 'extinct'

Grosvenor Gallery presents works by one of the greatest masters of postwar Greek art

One-time refugee from punk and sometime band member Ted Riederer exhibits at Jonathan Ferrara Gallery

Great Dam of China opens the floodgates for artist Donald Wyland

New Museum announces limited-edition wearable MP3 player featuring fifteen live performances

Michaan's Tiffany Auction produces multimillion dollar sale

December 8, 2012

Archaeologists find Maya ceramics and mural paintings in three underwater caves in Mexico

Fortuny and Wagner:Wagnerism in the visual arts in Italy opens at Palazzo Fortuny in Venice

Discovered: French and Italian archaeologists find the lost port of ancient Rome

Ringling organizes America's first comprehensive Veronese exhibition in two decades

New role for Curator Scott Rothkopf at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York

Rio bids final farewell to star architect Niemeyer with national tribute worthy of a head of state

Flowers Gallery presents a selection of photographs from Edmund Clark's Guantanamo: If The Light Goes Out

Exhibition of recent works by Giovanni Anselmo, Jannis Kounellis, Giuseppe Penone and Emilio Prini at Sprovieri

Peabody Essex Museum appoints Austen Barron Bailly as its first Curator of American Art

Former Florida Governor Jeb Bush to lead Philadelphia's National Constitution Center

Dazzling prices in £6m Bonhams Fine Jewellery Sale with over £1m for Van Cleef & Arpels brooch

If you will it, it is not a dream: Yael Bartana opens solo exhibition at Vienna's Secession

Portland Museum of Art breaks records for the month of November with Winslow Homer exhibition

Alaska reclaims missing moon rocks since 1973

Aargauer Kunsthaus opens survey of current art practices in the Canton of Aargau

Shortlist of The Art India Breakthrough Artist Award at the Skoda Prize announced

Pérez Art Museum Miami capital campaign receives $5 million contribution

Winchester rifle belonging to "Doc" Carver, partner of Buffalo Bill, to be sold at auction

Navajo child's blanket leads Bonhams $1.28 million Native American Art Sale in San Francisco

December 7, 2012

11th annual Art Basel Miami Beach features 257 leading international galleries

Cavemen better at drawing animal movement: study by open access journal PLoS ONE

Restoration of Jacopo da Pontormo altarpiece reveals unrecorded drawing clearly visible at the top

Berlin marks 100 years since Nefertiti find with major exhibition 'In The Light of Amarna'

Italian police recover 2,000-year-old Egyptian sphinx stolen from Etruscan necropolis of Montem Rossulum

Painting attributed to El Greco smashes pre-sale estimate at Bonhams Old Masters Sale

After a 4.8 million dollar makeover, London's Charles Dickens Museum reopens

1933 King Kong three sheet brings $388,375 to set house record at Heritage Auctions

Glassblowing comes to the iPhone: VMFA and The Martin Agency launch app inspired by Dale Chihuly's artwork

Swiss contemporary art generates enthusiasm among collectors at Sotheby's

The New Art Dealers Alliance returns to Miami Beach for the 10th edition of NADA Miami Beach

Bernar Venet invited by Bugatti to create a work of art on view at the Rubell Family Collection

Aqua's 8th installment packs another powerful punch during Art Basel Miami week

Sweden's Nationalmuseum announces acquisition of photographic portraits by Hans Gedda

RISD Museum bids farewell and warm wishes to Curator Judith Tannenbaum

The Helmut Newton Foundation opens exhibition of works by François-Marie Banier and Helmut Newton

Tamara Beckwith, co-owner of the Little Black Gallery, joins Channel 4's Four Rooms

World's most important porcelain tea service sells at Bonhams for £541,250

Just discovered Scharl Portrait of Einstein up for sale for first time

December 6, 2012

Raphael's Head of a Young Apostle achieves second-highest price for any Old Master work

Architect Oscar Niemeyer, who recreated Brazil's sensuous curves in reinforced concrete, dead at 104

The J. Paul Getty Museum announces acquisition of Northern Renaissance masterpiece

Norton Simon Museum presents an installation of Vincent van Gogh's "Self-Portrait," 1889

Exciting new finds highlight the ongoing success of the Treasure Act and Portable Antiquities Scheme

Tate Modern's Turbine Hall to present electronic music pioneers Kraftwerk The Catalogue 12345678 live

Cleveland Museum of Art announces several recent acquisitions across all departments

Art Miami LLC to acquire vibrant Aqua Art Miami Fair in Miami Beach, now in its 8th year

"Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Prints and Objects" on view at the University of Miami Lowe Art Museum

Exhibition of Jonas Mekas' film, video and photographic works opens at the Serpentine Gallery

240 works by Honoré Daumier being shown to the public for the first time

'Peanuts' creator Charles Schulz' love letters going to auction at Sotheby's in New York

Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History to unveil largest aquamarine gem

Beatles trove offered in Heritage December event to celebrate 50 years of 'Beatlemania'

"A Universal Archive: William Kentridge as Printmaker" opens at The Bluecoat in Liverpool

Record set at Kaminski Auctions for pair of rare English glass decanters

Julian Lennon launches photo exhibit in Miami

American paintings, scarce contemporary works bring high prices at Swann Galleries' auction

Analia Saban wins Norton Museum of Art's inaugural Rudin Prize

Evolve the Gallery loans Ali: The Greatest Collection to Muhammad Ali Center in Louisville

December 5, 2012

Louvre opens $196 million branch in an abandoned coal mining town in northern France

Rijksmuseum Schiphol celebrates ten-year anniversary with an exhibition of paintings

Bellwether year for interest in Islamic art increases demand for antique Oriental carpets

New York's Museum of Modern Art to display video games starting in March 2013

Museum of Contemporary Art, North Miami is only U.S. venue for major Bill Viola exhibition

PULSE Miami 2012 art fair hosts eighty-six national and international galleries

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum names Greg Harris as President and CEO

Exceptional musical clock owned by Egypt's lavish monarch, King Farouk, leads Bonhams Fine Clocks Sale

Billboards in Times Square spread Yoko Ono's message of peace throughout the holiday season

Leading artists open exhibition at the Institute of Contemporary Arts celebrating history of Fourth plinth

Solo exhibition of works by American painter Martin Mull opens at Ben Brown Fine Arts

Design Miami celebrates its eight edition with thirty-five participating galleries

A dozen church painters from European countries seek to revamp ancient practice

Myanmar graffiti artists unhappy with new ban

Moscow Museum of Modern Art opens Aidan Salakhova's largest-ever exhibition

Bonhams Entertainment Sale to include memorabilia from acclaimed science fiction film and television series

Gallery ups prize money for BP Portrait Award 2013 as call for entries is announced

Absolut Art Bureau at Art Basel Miami Beach-Güiro: An art bar installation by Los Carpinteros

Dinosaur skull seized from Wyoming home

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- Boy and an amateur archaeologist unearth legendary Danish king's trove in Germany

2.- Exhibition at The Met illustrates what visitors encountered at The palace of Versailles

3.- Philadelphia Museum of Art opens "Modern Times: American Art 1910-1950"

4.- Exhibition at Michael Hoppen Gallery presents a cross-section of works from Thomas Mailaender's career

5.- New York's Chelsea Hotel celebrity door auction raises $400,000

6.- Stevie Ray Vaughan's first guitar drives Entertainment & Music Memorabilia Auction to nearly $2.9 million

7.- Lichtenstein's Nude with Blue Hair tops $2.4 million sale of Modern & Contemporary Prints & Multiples

8.- $6.7 million Fancy Intense Blue Diamond sets auction record at Sotheby's New York

9.- Mexico court blocks sales of controversial Frida Kahlo Barbie doll

10.- Dutch museums to conduct new research on the paintings of Pieter de Hooch

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful