On December 11, Christies
will present a magnificent selection of African and Oceanic Art, which is led by an icon of African art: a Nkundu reliquary measuring 8 feet tall. This masterpiece of Central African art formed one of the key sculptures from the famous collection of the Belgian painter Jean Willy Mestach for nearly 60 years. In addition, a superb collection of New Guinea unique miniature masterpieces from the Jolika Collection of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco will be offered at auction. Other rare pieces of exceptional provenances are also presented in this sale such as a Manyanga/Kongo nail figure and a newly discovered Baga snake. The entire sale is expected to realize 4 to 6 million.
This sale represents one of the most highly curated sales in the market in many seasons. African and Oceanic Art masterpieces abound from the Mestach iconic reliquary, two recently discovered masterpieces an important Baga snake and a magnificent Tabwa male figure, and the monumental miniatures from New Guinea from the Jolika Collection. Rich and superb provenance also surrounds this sale from historic works from the Dubouzet Collection to more modern collecting heros such as André Breton, John Hewett, Marie-Ange Ciolkowska, John Friede and Willy Mestach, stated Susan Kloman, International director of the department.
The Nkundu Reliquary
Jean-Willy Mestach, nicknamed the Eye of the Sablon in Brussels, kept this treasure for nearly sixty years. Extremely rare, there are only three other known examples, which are now preserved in the museum of Tervuren and the Musée du Quai Branly in Paris. It has also been published in numerous reference books and featured in major exhibitions, including The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), the Musée Dapper (Paris) and the Minneapolis Institute of Arts. This monumental sculpture represents all of the best elements of sophisticated African artistry and is the heart of this exceptional sale.
Under a woolen hat, worn all year long, he maintains the sense of all things, at the Sablon and throughout the world, amongst the big Tribal art family. Jean Willy Mestach, dean of collectors and the last follower of the Primitivists, is at his post on the last floor of a Gothic house in the heart of the old Brussels district. There, for almost sixty years, one of the worlds most important collections of African art was slowly assembled side-by-side the works of a painter and sculptor who is singular in nature. Both are intrinsically united in their conception by Mestachs avid curiosity and talent and knowledge; and fashioned without boundaries by attentive humor and patient accumulation, adds Pierre Amrouche, international consultant for Christies.
In the schema of figure sculpture, the heroic male nude is the dominant form. Like the Kourai and classical Greek and Roman sculpture, the Mestach Nkundu figure is a timeless representation. The artist, though unknown to us today, was a celebrated and important member of his community who was commissioned by a high-ranking noble to capture his likeness. In the nomenclature for commemorative sculpture, the noble was captured in his youthful prime he yields a weapon, his face reflects assertive determination and he towers over 8 feet tall.
The Mestach Nkundu reliquary in its reconfiguration of the human form is a type of sculpture that left a profound impression on the avant-garde of the early 20th century. The body is in metamorphoses between the naturalism of the head, the genitalia and the limbs, while cubism is literally at its core in the rectangular cavity serving as the torso, is painted in alternating layers of mineral pigment. It symbolizes a body in transition from the phenomenal world to the spiritual realm from flesh and known reality to abstraction and memory a consolidation from moving parts to monolith.
NEWLY DISCOVERED MASTERPIECE
A highly dynamic, abstract, exceptional and unique Baga snake (iestimate: 200,000-300,000) is one of the exciting discoveries of this sale. Painted in bright colors, and sinuous in form reaching 6.3 feet tall, this masterpiece was found in an attic in France. It complements the important known corpus of this rare sculpture, which resided primarily in Museum collections such as the Metropolitan Museum of New York, the Barbier-Muller Museum, the Quai Branly Museum, The Menil Collection and the Cleveland Museum of Art.
The Art of Central Africa is a major highlight of the sale, as Christies will present an Important Private European collection, estimated between 600,000 and 900,000 euros. Including an exceptional selection of works from this region a superb Yombe magico-religious figure (estimate: 100,000-150,000) of highly rare iconography and excellent condition with all of its magical accoutrements intact; a statuette Manyanga studded with nails (estimate: 100,000-150,000), and a beautiful Yoruba female figure (estimate: 30,000-50,000) from Nigeria. This collection also includes an important Pende mask also from the Democratic Republic of Congo (estimate: 40,000-60,000). Several works were featured in the exhibition Utotombo, held in 1988 at the Palais des Beaux Arts in Brussels, which is now famous and its rare catalogue a lexicon as it afforded one of the first significant public viewings of African art in the most important Belgian private collections.
The Jolika Collection
The department will also have the honor to present a group of miniature masterpieces of New Guinea from the Jolika Collection of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. These gems will be offered as a selection entitled Micromégas in a nod to Voltaires famous tale which cautions us to be wary of appearances. As Pierre Amrouche notes: Monumental or miniatures or both at the same time as seen in Micromegas the nine pieces presented here, from the Jolika Collection, confirm the excellence of John Friedes eye and the virtuosity of the artists of New Guinea.
From a photograph, these works of art can appear monumental in scale, in reality, they are enchanting sculptures which can be held in the palm of ones hand (Abelam Head, estimate: 20,000-30,000).
The Jolika Collection, named for the first letters of John and Marcia Friede's three children (John, Lisa and Karen), represents the hundreds of clans and art-producing villages throughout the island of New Guinea. Highlights of the selection in the December auction include a headrest from the Tami Islands in the Huon Gulf region of Papua New Guinea. The two highly stylized figures, realized as mirror images through the dynamic use of negative space and line, demonstrate the love of Tami artists for visual puns, as different views reveal faces of animals and transformed anthropomorphic imagery (estimate: 100,000-150,000). This headrest was one of the earliest New Guinea works of art seen in Europe, and was collected by the Hungarian anthropologist Lajos Biró in 1898-1899.
Richard Benefield, deputy director of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, states, The sale of these works of art through Christies will assure our ability, now and in the future, to preserve the Jolika Collection and to share it with the public.
To close the section of Oceanic art, several documents and objects will be offered, which were brought back from the South Pacific by Eugène du Bouzet, lieutenant of the vessel La Zélée, during the expedition of Jules Dumont dUrville to South Pole between 1837 and 1840. These objects were collected very early and come from all the visited islands from this historic journey, and have remained in the family for over 100 years.
A rare shark-man figure, also from New-Guinea, once owned by surrealist André Breton, will complement this selection of exceptional works from the Pacific Islands (estimate: 150,000-250,000).