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Bibliothèque nationale de France examines the life of the Rothschilds in the 19th century
People visit the exhibition "The Rothschilds in France in the 19th century" at the Bibliotheque nationale de France (BnF) in Paris, two days ahead of the event's opening. The exhibition proposes to discover a wide variety of paintings, objets d’art, books, illustrations, photographs, documents from archives and collections of the Rothschild family, from the BnF and from several French institutions. AFP PHOTO FRANCOIS GUILLOT.
PARIS (AFP).- The exhibition focuses on the Rothschild story and the enlightened financiers of the 19th century. As the head of the family in France, James de Rothschild is at the centre of the display. Close to two hundred items are presented: manuscripts, outstanding paintings, archive photographs and documents. They illustrate the family’s way of life – their houses, works of art and vintage wines – as well as banking activities and family-owned industrial enterprises. The exhibition also shows how James de Rothschild, a philanthropist and cultural patron, also influenced economic and financial affairs in Europe.

James, one of the five Rothschild brothers from Frankfurt, arrived in Paris in 1812. His talent in financial affairs soon made him one of the main protagonists in the world of high finance. Inspired by him, bankers from all over the world made Paris a financial hub and a prominent centre of the industrial revolution.

By following the progress of the Rothschild family, visitors to the exhibition can discover the history of the early 19th century and how an aristocratic and rural society turned into a middle class and industrial society. This period covers the First French Empire, the Restoration, the reign of Louis Philippe, the Second French Empire and ends with the dawn of the Republic.

These bankers were businessmen who invested in industry, raw materials and transportation. As patrons, they encouraged the fine arts. As philanthropists, they supported medical research and promoted innovative town planning. Thanks to their family ties and contacts, they developed business in various countries. In the the case of the Rothschilds there were business houses in Frankfurt, London, Vienna, Naples as well as Paris.

The exhibition examines James de Rothschild, the archetype of the 19th century businessman, and other famous bankers - friends or rivals - the Pereire brothers and the Camondos. It focuses on their banking and industrial activities. James invested heavily in railways, in particular the Paris – Boulogne railway, the construction of Gare du Nord station and of the stations between the two cities. These bankers also invested in mines, foundries, Paris urbanization, and philanthropic activities such as the foundation of the Rothschild hospital.

Away from business an enlightened and cultured world is presented to visitors, a sophisticated social world within which James de Rothschild mixed with acquaintances such as Rossini, Chopin, Delacroix, Ingres and Balzac.

Depicted in Balzac’s La Comédie Humaine as well as in Stendhal’s and Zola’s novels, these real life characters who greatly influenced their times, have been immortalized in classic literature.

Presented in the spectacular Mansart gallery, the exhibition offers a rich diversity of paintings among which some outstanding loans such as Greuze’s La Laitière, the first work bought by James de Rothschild and now housed at the Musée du Louvre. Other items on display include objets d’art, books, illustrations, photographs, documents from archives and collections belonging to the Rothschild family, the Bibliothèque nationale de France, several major museums and French institutions.



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November 22, 2012

Bibliothèque nationale de France examines the life of the Rothschilds in the 19th century

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