The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Saturday, October 25, 2014


Archaeologists find burnt stucco floor related to astronomical event 1,350 years ago
Archaeologists from INAH found a burnt stucco floor, evidence of practices related to an astronomical event that happened approximately 1,350 years ago. Photo: DMC INAH M. Tapia.
TECOZAUTLA, MEXICO.- During the excavations in Pahu, an archaeological zone which will soon open its doors to the public in the municipality of Tecozautla, Hidalgo, archaeologists registered a burn stucco floor, evidence that its main pyramid was desacralized approximately 1,350 years ago. This coincides with an astronomical event which was thought, by its inhabitants, to be a cataclysm.

Archaeologist Fernando Lopez Aguilar, director of the site’s investigation project promoted by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH – Conaculta), informed that there was a solar eclipse at sunrise the 3rd of August in the year 650 AD.

“To these old societies, the eclipse must have represented a catastrophe which is why they made sacrifices in order to ‘keep the star alive’, since they believed the black sun or hell’s sun had imposed on their sun ‘a giver of life’. This event generated a gradual abandonment in Teotihuacan and also had repercussions in Pahu”, the investigator explained.

This phenomenon, Lopez Aguilar said, was interpreted as an omen to leading to the end of the cycle, so in Pahu they decided to desacralize the main pyramid –to the north, over the plateau where the site is located– and to dig and extract the offerings to the tutelary god. This god was probably the Old Fire God, also known as Huehueteotl, Xiuhtecuhtli or the name he was called by the Otomi people, Otontecuhtlu.

Over the remains of this construction (400 – 650 AD) they built another in a different style which was appropriate to the architecture of the Late Classic period (650 – 900 AD) in the region of Huichapan, where other settlements where distributed (this includes Pahu). The Pahu where characterized for settling over plateaus and for keeping extensive economic links. Such has been confirmed by the finding of the turquoise originated from New Mexico, the jadeite of Valle de Motagua (Guatemala) and shells from the Gulf of Mexico.

This area, according to the archaeologist, was also the scene where one of the most important myths (The Snake) of Mesoamerican culture was created. This is where the god Huitzilopochtli defeated his brothers, the Centzohuiznahua and the Coyolxauhqui.

“In the territory that goes from the Cerro del Aguila, next to Pahu, to Cerro del Astillero (towards the southeast and also identified as the mythical Coatepec), a conflict ensued which in pre Hispanic times would give this region the name ‘Teotlapan’, ‘Land of the Gods’, and which in modern day is Mezquital.”

The Pahu Archaeological Project team infers the former vision that the Otomi people contributed very little to the Mesoamerican culture “can be attributed to the dominant culture: the Mexica, although Otomi speaking villages that inhabited this place possibly since the year 400 AD, were already identified with these sacred places (Cerro del Aguila, Coatepec, among other) and hid their knowledge and their customs”.

After the archaeological work carried out in the 80’s, when a preliminary exploration of Pahu structures was done in the Valle del Mezquital Project of ENAH, and after a period of five years of uninterrupted labors (2007 – 2012), this archaeological zone is ready to open to the public. The site will have an interpretative hall which will work with a wind turbine and a solar panel, self-sustainable energy sources.





Today's News

October 25, 2012

Sotheby's exhibits highlights in Moscow from its forthcoming New York and London sales

Archaeologists find burnt stucco floor related to astronomical event 1,350 years ago

Museum of Modern Art opens six month exhibition of Edvard Munch's "The Scream"

Guggenheim conservation of Pablo Picasso's "Woman Ironing" reveals underlying painting

Sotheby's Auction of 19th Century European Art features discoveries not seen in decades

Rotterdam's Kunsthal museum art heist may be tied to Belgian cocaine bust security expert says

LACMA presents the first major exhibition to spotlight Surrealist drawing

One of the most significant private collections of Australian art for sale at Bonhams

Picasso and Gentileschi: Exciting loan from Budapest arrives at Liverpool's Walker Art Gallery

Sotheby's to sell the finest single-owner collection of original book illustrations ever offered at auction

Lesley Heller Workspace opens solo show by Devin Powers and a group exhibition

Glen Gentele appointed Director and Chief Executive Officer of the Orlando Museum of Art

In Focus: Exhibition of works by Robert Mapplethorpe opens at the J. Paul Getty Museum

Philadelphia Museum of Art showcases collages and constructions by Joseph Cornell

First exhibition in Israel of works by Friedrich Adler opens at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art

Government Auction offers superb Redmond painting, diamonds, gold coins on Oct. 28

Terra Foundation announces 2013 Academic Award, fellowship & grant opportunities

Clars to host major fine art sale: Important works from Old Masters through the 20th century

Diebenkorn's "Green" tops Bonhams $1.7 million prints auction in San Francisco

Texas-sized Charlie Thomas Collection brings $7.4 million at Dallas auction

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Image of a Christ without a beard, short hair and wearing a toga unearthed in Spain

2.- Giant mosaic unearthed in mysterious tomb in Amphipolis in northern Macedonia

3.- Bonhams sale of 18th century French decorative arts to benefit Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco

4.- Paris flustered by erection of 'sex-toy' sculpture; Paul McCarthy slapped by a passer-by

5.- High art or vile pornography? Marquis de Sade explored in Orsay museum exhibition

6.- 'Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection' opens at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

7.- Greek culture minister says Elgin Marbles return a matter of 'global heritage'

8.- Vandals deflate Paris 'sex-toy' sculpture by American artist Paul McCarthy after outrage

9.- Exhibition at National Gallery in London explores Rembrandt's final years of painting

10.- 'Hans Memling: A Flemish Renaissance' opens at the Scuderie del Quirinale in Rome



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site