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Captain Scott's compass and Shackleton's sledging harness included in Christie's sale
Captain Oates Christening mug sterling silver / dated 1877 engraved ‘LEGO & May 27 1880’ with maker's mark of Charles Frederick Hancock, further marked. Estimate: £3,000 - £5,000. Photo: Christie's Images Ltd 2012.
LONDON.- Christie’s announced the forthcoming sale of a selection of art, literature, photographs and artifacts which offer poignant memorials of the lives and endeavours of the celebrated Polar explorer, Captain Robert Falcon Scott, and his contemporaries from the Heroic Age of Antarctic exploration. Offered for sale on Tuesday, 9 October 2012, the dedicated Polar section (lots 76-163) of Christie's Travel, Science and Natural History auction to be held in South Kensington is set to commemorate the centenary of Scott’s Terra Nova expedition. The auction will feature historical items relating to the Discovery (1901-1904), Nimrod (1907-1909), Terra Nova (1910-1913), and Endurance (1914-1916) expeditions.

Carried by Captain Scott on his sledging journeys, the marching compass used to navigate on both Discovery and Terra Nova expeditions is expected to fetch between £15,000 and £20,000 [lot 91]. Inscribed with ink on the cover of the leather case “Capt. ‘Discovery’ 1902”, the item was one of many, returned to Scott’s widow following his final and fatal journey to the South Pole on the Terra Nova expedition. One of a variety of scientific instruments carried by the southern party in their instrument box, Scott is reported to have had difficulties with compasses in the trying conditions of the Antarctic, as readings could be variable, writing at the time “… these compasses are not to be relied upon where the directive force is so small...”

Captain Scott’s contemporary, the charismatic Anglo-Irish explorer Ernest Shackleton (known as “The Boss”) sledged with Scott on the Discovery expedition. Shackleton’s sledging harness from his Nimrod expedition [lot 102], which helped him to achieve fame in reaching within 97 miles of the South Pole and returning to tell the tale (his life saved on numerous occasions by this very harness as he fell into crevasse after crevasse on his trailblazing ascent of the Beardmore Glacier) is expected to realise £15,000 to £20,000. With just four ponies, in lieu of dogs, and with the last surviving pony, Socks lost in a crevasse at the beginning of the ascent of the Beardmore Glacier, the majority of Shackleton's 1755 mile march to within 100 miles of the South Pole was achieved by man-hauling sledges, on foot rather than ski, with harness and alpine rope. 'Just before we left the Glacier I broke through the soft snow, plunging into a hidden crevasse. My harness jerked up under my heart, and gave me rather a shakeup. It seemed as though the glacier were saying: "This is the last touch of you; don't you come up here again." (E.H. Shackleton, The Heart of the Antarctic, London, 1909, I, p.355.) Shackleton would return south, but would never sledge up the Beardmore again.

The Antarctic landscape itself is recorded in a series of fine large vintage prints by the Terra Nova expedition’s camera artist, Herbert Ponting (“Ponko”), including a remarkable group which concentrates on climate and ice from the collection of the expedition meteorologist and physicist Dr. George (“Sunny Jim”) Simpson [lots 122-131].

Gran's famous photograph [lot 130], of the final resting place of Scott, Wilson and Bowers, was taken on 12 November 1912 with the camera [lot 139] consigned for sale by Gran’s son, Hermann Gran (estimate: £10,000-15,000). It was later printed by Herbert Ponting in a special portfolio of prints issued in commemoration of the Polar Party, and was illustrated in Scott's Last Expedition. Gran, the Norwegian ski expert taken by Scott on the expedition, was a member of the Search Party that set out to discover the fate of Scott and the Polar Party in October 1912. His diary records: `12 November: It has happened! We have found what we sought! Good God, what a twist of fate. Barely 20 km from `One Ton Depot', we have come upon the snow-covered tent with the bodies of Scott, Wilson, and Bowers. ... We buried our dead companions this morning; it was a truly solemn moment. It was moving to witness 11 weather-beaten men standing with bared heads singing…We have erected a 12-foot cairn over the graves and atop a cross made of a pair of skis [Gran's own, he would take Scott's for the return to the hut].' (T. Gran, The Norwegian with Scott, Tryggve Gran's Antarctic Diary 1910-1913, London, 1984, pp. 215-217).

FURTHER POLAR HIGHLIGHTS
• An extraordinary series of twenty-seven unpublished and hitherto unknown letters from Apsley Cherry-Garrard (“Cherry”) recalling the Terra Nova expedition from outset to tragedy expected to fetch between £50,000 and £80,000 [lot 140].

• From the epic tale of survival of the Endurance expedition: one of the expeditions medical chests (Lot 150, est: £5,000 - £7,000); a scrap of hessian cloth kept by Shackleton as a souvenir of the boat journey in the James Caird (Lot 149, est: £500 - £800); and lantern lecture slides from the collection of Thomas Orde Lees (“Colonel”), the expedition storekeeper which illustrate the terrible story (Lot 148, est: £700 - £1,000).

• A small vintage photographic print of Frank Hurley’s arresting image of the doomed and frozen ship ‘Endurance’, taken by magnesium flashlights in the Antarctic night, and kept as a precious souvenir of his days with Shackleton and voyaging South by the physicist Raymond Priestley, is recognised as one of the most famous images of the Heroic Age of Antarctic exploration (Lot 113, est: £2,000 - £3,000).

• Shackleton’s fair copy manuscript of the poem “L’Envoi” (Lot 92, est: £15,000 - £20,000), written by him on the southern sledging journey with Scott and Wilson in 1902, is one of the texts most profoundly representative of Shackleton’s spirit as an explorer: “We shall dream of those months of sledging through soft and yielding snow; The chafe of the strap on the shoulder; the whine of the dogs as they go.”

• Items relating to Captain Lawrence Edward Grace Oates (“Soldier”) include his silver christening mug (Lot 132, est: £3,000 - £5,000), consigned for sale by his great nephew Lawrence Grace Oates. Oates was born on 17 March 1880 and would perish in the Antarctic on 17 March 1912, his 32nd birthday, walking out of the tent with the immortal words, “I am just going outside and may be some time”.

FURTHER SALE HIGHLIGHTS
• A rare original Apple personal computer, now known as the Apple-1, serial number 22, offered directly from the estate of Joe Copson, a former Apple employee and estimated at £50,000-80,000 [lot 71].

• An original mercury thermometer, invented by Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in 1714 and the only remaining example in private hands, is expected to realise between £70,000 and £100,000 [lot 69].

• A previously unrecorded three-rotor enigma cipher machine, circa 1939 is on offer at auction for the first time, having been in private hands in Norway since deployment in World War II. The machine is estimated to fetch £30,000 to £50,000 [lot 70].





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