NEW YORK, NY.-
Capital of Capital: New York City Banks and the Creation of a Global Economy, an exhibition on view at the Museum of the City of New York
, charts the rise of the citys banks from early sources of credit for local merchants to institutions that transformed New York City into a global financial center. The exhibition features historic documents and artifacts including 19th-century examples of bank-issued money, a 1922 predecessor to the ATM, and artifacts related to the 2008 fiscal crisis.
The exhibition explores more than two centuries of New Yorks banking system, from the founding of the citys first banks after the American Revolution to the citys emergence as a leading global economic power. Along the way, the exhibition reveals how banks and the capital they amassed fueled growth of the citys stock market, the development of new industries and made New York the nations banking center by the middle of the 19th century and the financial capital of the world in the early 20th century. Moreover, visitors can see how banks became intertwined with New Yorks growing economy, changing with the city itself as it became larger, more influential, and more global in reach.
Capital of Capital unfolds in four sections, highlighting the innovations that gave each era its character the bank-issued notes that served as the nations paper currency and made possible the mercantile economy of the pre-Civil War Era; the stocks and bonds that underwrote the nations investments in industry and infrastructure in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; the new tools of consumer credit and banking that became a growth industry in the middle of the 20th century, and the derivatives and securitized assets that fueled the booms and busts of the late 20th and early 21st centuries.
Susan Henshaw Jones, Ronay Menschel Director of the Museum, said, This exhibition demonstrates that the history of New York Citys banks is, unexpectedly, very exciting, filled with twists and turns, booms and busts, and the saga continues to the present day, with newspapers filled with debate over the future of the industry.
Capital of Capital gives visitors insight into New Yorks banking history and reveal how many of the issues facing the industry today resonate back to the very early days of the city and its banks. The exhibition provides important historical context to the ongoing debate surrounding the availability of credit, the security of investments, and governments role in the banking sector. Capital of Capital also covers popular protests against the industrys power and policies and the connection between New York City and the global economy.
Citi was founded on Wall Street in 1812, and we have called New York our home ever since as we have worked to support economic progress in our home city and beyond, said Citi CEO Vikram Pandit. During our 200th anniversary year, we are excited about supporting a timely exhibit which explores the banking industrys role in transforming New York City into the financial capital of the world.
Capital of Capital has been organized by an exhibition team led by Sarah M. Henry, the Museums Deputy Director and Chief Curator and Guest Curator, Prof. Brian P. Murphy of Baruch College, City University of New York, with Jessica Lautin, Andrew W. Mellon Postdoctoral Curatorial Fellow at the Museum of the City of New York.