From 27 June to 23 September 2012, the Städel Museum
will show the exhibition Painting in Photography. Strategies of Appropriation. The comprehensive presentation will highlight the influence of painting on the imagery produced by contemporary photographic art. Based on the museums own collection and including important loans from the DZ Bank Kunstsammlung as well as international private collections and galleries, the exhibition at the Städel will center on about 60 examples, among them major works by László Moholy-Nagy, Hiroshi Sugimoto, Wolfgang Tillmans, Thomas Ruff, Jeff Wall, and Amelie von Wulffen. Whereas the influence of the medium of photography on the classic genres of art has already been the subject of analysis in numerous exhibitions and publications, less attention has been paid to the impact of painting on contemporary photography to date. The show at the Städel explores the reflection of painting in the photographic image by pursuing various artistic strategies of appropriation which have one thing in common: they reject the general expectation held about photography that it will document reality in an authentic way.
Since two hundred and twenty works of contemporary photography of the DZ BANK Kunstsammlung have been handed over to the Städel Museum in 2008, the medium of photography features as an important new part of the latters collection. About twenty of the works transferred into the possession of the Städel Museum are presented next to another twenty loans from the DZ BANK Kunstsammlung in the show an arrangement continuing the two institutions productive collaboration.
The key significance of photography within contemporary art and its incorporation into the collection of the Städel Museum offer an occasion to fathom the relationship between painting and photography in an exhibition. While painting dealt with the use of photography in the mass media in the 1960s, todays photographic art shows itself seriously concerned with the conditions of painting. Again and again, photography reflects, thematizes, or represents the traditional pictorial medium, maintaining an ambivalent relationship between appropriation and detachment.
Numerous works presented in the Städels exhibition return to the painterly abstractions of the prewar and postwar avant-gardes, translate them into the medium of photography, and thus avoid a reproduction of reality. Early examples for the adaption of techniques of painting in photography are László Moholy-Nagys (18951946) photograms dating from the 1920s. For his photographs shot without a camera, the Hungarian artist and Bauhaus teacher arranged objects on a sensitized paper; these objects left concrete marks as supposedly abstract forms under the influence of direct sunlight. In Otto Steinerts (19151978) nonrepresentational light drawings or luminigrams, the photographers movement inscribed itself directly into the sensitized film. The pictures correlate with the gestural painting of Jackson Pollocks Abstract Expressionism. A product of random operations during the exposure and development of the photographic paper, Wolfgang Tillmans (*1968) work Freischwimmer 54 (2004) is equally far from representing the external world. It is the pictures fictitious depth, transparency, and dynamics that lend Thomas Ruffs photographic series Substrat its extraordinary painterly quality recalling color field paintings or Informel works. For his series Seascapes the Japanese artist Hiroshi Sugimoto (*1948) seems to have emptied the motif through a long exposure time: the sublime pictures of the surface of the sea and the sky which either blur or are set off against each other seem to transcend time and space.
In addition to the photographs mentioned, the exhibition Painting in Photography includes works by artists who directly draw on the history of painting in their choice of motifs. The mise-en-scène piece Picture for Women (1979) by the Canadian photo artist Jeff Wall (born in 1946), which relates to Édouard Manets famous painting Un Bar aux Folies-Bergère from 1882, may be cited as an example for this approach. The camera positioned in the center of the picture reveals the mirrored scene and turns into the eye of the beholder. The fictitious landscape pictures by Beate Gütschow (born in 1970), which consist of digitally assembled fragments, recall ideal Arcadian sceneries of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The photographs taken by Italian Luigi Ghirri (19431992) in the studio of Giorgio Morandi (18901964) copy Morandis still lifes by representing the real objects in the painters studio instead of his paintings.
Another appropriative strategy sees the artist actually becoming active as a painter, transforming either the object he has photographed or its photographic representation. Oliver Bobergs, Richard Hamiltons, Georges Rousses and Amelie von Wulffens works rank in this category. For her series Stadtcollagen (19981999) Amelie von Wulffen (born in 1966) assembled drawing, photography, and painting to arrive at the montage of a new reality. The artists recollections merge with imaginary spaces offering the viewers fantasy an opportunity for his or her own associations.
The exhibition also encompasses positions of photography for which painting is the object represented in the picture. The most prominent examples in this section come from Sherrie Levine (born in 1947) und Louise Lawler (born in 1947), both representatives of US Appropriation Art. From the late 1970s on, Levine and Lawler have photographically appropriated originals from art history. Levine uses reproductions of paintings from a catalogue published in the 1920s: she photographs them and makes lithographs of her pictures. Lawler photographs works of art in private rooms, museums, and galleries and thus rather elucidates the works artworld context than the works as such.