|In Egypt turmoil, thieves hunt pharaonic treasures; authorities scramble to prevent smuggling|
In this Tuesday, April 12, 2011 file photo, a wooden statue of Tutankhamun, right, the gilded bronze and wooden trumpet of Tutankhamun and a part of Tutankhamun's fan, left, three of four objects that were missing and returned, are displayed during a news conference in the office of Egypt's Minister of State for Antiquities Zahi Hawass, in Cairo. Taking advantage of Egypt's political upheaval, thieves have gone on a treasure hunt with a spree of illegal digging, preying on the country's ancient pharaonic heritage. AP Photo/Khalil Hamra, File.
By: Hamza Hendawi, Associated Press
CAIRO (AP).- Taking advantage of Egypt's political upheaval, thieves have gone on a treasure hunt with a spree of illegal digging, preying on the country's ancient pharaonic heritage.
Illegal digs near ancient temples and in isolated desert sites have swelled a staggering 100-fold over the past 16 months since a popular uprising toppled Hosni Mubarak's 29-year regime and security fell apart in many areas as police simply stopped doing their jobs. The pillaging comes on top of a wave of break-ins last year at archaeological storehouses and even at Cairo's famed Egyptian Museum, the country's biggest repository of pharaonic artifacts.
Horrified archaeologists and antiquities authorities are scrambling to prevent smuggling, keeping a watch on European and American auction houses in case stolen artifacts show up there.
"Criminals became so bold they are digging in landmark areas." including near the Great Pyramids in Giza, other nearby pyramids and the grand temples of the southern city of Luxor, said Maj.-Gen. Abdel-Rahim Hassan, commander of the Tourism and Antiquities Police Department.
"It is no longer a crime motivated by poverty, it's naked greed and it involves educated people," he said.
In a country with more than 5,000 years of civilization buried under its sands, illegal digs have long been a problem. With only slight exaggeration, Egyptians like to joke you can dig anywhere and turn up something ancient, even if its just pottery shards or a statuette.
But in the security void, the treasure hunting has mushroomed, with 5,697 cases of illegal digs since the start of the anti-Mubarak uprising in early 2011 100 times more than the previous year, according to figures obtained by The Associated Press from the Interior Ministry, which is in charge of police.
Related crimes have risen as well 1,467 cases of illicit trading in antiquities and 130 attempts to smuggle antiquities abroad. At least 35 people have been killed in incidents connected to illegal digs, including 10 buried alive in the southern city of Naga Hamadi in March when the hole they dug in the ground caved in. Others were killed in disputes when thieves fell out over sharing the finds, according to Interior Ministry officials familiar with the incidents. They spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to talk to the press.
Those are just the crimes that police uncovered.
In their digs, fortune hunters pick spots that are just outside major archaeological sites in hopes that treasures can be found some distance beyond their parameters. Others dig in areas set aside for future excavations by the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Egypt's top state archaeological agency.
Last month, police arrested two men who lived just behind the temple of Khnum in the southern town of Esna for illegally digging under their homes. Police said they found a 10-meter (10-yard) deep hole under the houses with hieroglyphic inscriptions dating to the Ptolemaic dynasty as well as ancient clay pots.
Farther south in the Nile-side city of Aswan, police last month arrested a government employee who also dug under his house, uncovering clay pots, an incense urn and tablets bearing images of lotus flowers.
The ministry officials said the surge reflects in part the failure of the police to fully take charge of security after they melted away on Jan. 28 last year, after deadly clashes with protesters on the fourth day of the 18-day anti-Mubarak uprising. Since then, many police have been balking at investigating crimes and pursuing criminals, whether out of resentment over the "revolution" or because of the continued lack of strong political authority.
The night of Jan. 28, thieves broke into the Egyptian Museum, located on the edge of Tahrir Square, the epicenter of the anti-regime uprising and scene of some of the bloodiest clashes between protesters and Mubarak's hated police. The robbers made off with 51 pieces that were on display of which 29 have since been recovered. The most valuable stolen piece, a statue of the Pharaoh Akhenaten, was found by a 16-year-old protester and his family returned it to the museum, the antiquities ministry said at the time.
Soon after Mubarak's Feb, 11, 2011 ouster, the officials said, a Jordanian man was caught trying to smuggle as many as 3,753 artifacts out of Egypt. These, they said, included 48 ancient Egyptian statutes, Roman Age coins and 45 pieces of jewelry dating from the Medieval years of the Islamic era.
The months that followed saw a rash of break-ins at antiquity storehouses around the country.
"At the end, it's a question of security," said Ahmed Mustafa, who until December headed a government department tasked with recovering stolen artifacts. "The robberies of the warehouses took place in broad daylight by armed thieves. Some were raided twice," said Mustafa, who now lectures on archaeology at a private Cairo college.
One of the largest warehouse thefts took place a year ago in the Sinai city of Qantara, from which roughly 800 artifacts were stolen or damaged by thieves. The pieces, according to regional antiquities chief Mohammed Abdel-Maqsoud, were mostly clay pots, bronze coins and spears dating back to pharaonic and Islamic items.
Nearly 300 of these have been recovered, he said.
Now that security has been beefed up at most warehouses, thieves have turned to digging.
Mansour Bureik, the chief archaeologist in the Luxor area, said there was little chance treasure hunters would run across gold and gems that they dream of which are found only in royal or aristocratic tombs.
But Galal Mouawad, a senior archaeologist in the Giza area, said the potential for lucky strikes exist just about anywhere in the country.
"Egyptians have over the centuries settled anywhere in Egypt until they have finally settled along the banks of the Nile," he said. "There is something valuable to be found anywhere."
Copyright 2012 The Associated Press.
May 13, 2012
Fondation Beyeler presents first Jeff Koons exhibition ever held in a Swiss museum
British artist Antony Gormley's 'suicide' statues atop central Sao Paulo roofs give fright
Pace/MacGill Gallery exhibition celebrates the life and work of Robert Delpire
Sotheby's to sell the most important portraits of the Dora Maar period to be offered at auction in France since 1998
Getty Research Institute launches free online search gateway to the world's art libraries
Ensemble of historic documents, books, letters and poems featured at Sotheby's sale Books & Manuscripts
Sotheby's London sales of Modern & Post War British art realise a combined total of £7,719,650
In Egypt turmoil, thieves hunt pharaonic treasures; authorities scramble to prevent smuggling
Major exhibition of recent works by Chakaia Booker opens at Marlborough Gallery
Personal sculptures and drawings by Jane McAdam Freud on view at Gazelli Art House
After four days of lively sales, seventh edition of Pulse New York 2012 art fair closes
Kunsthalle Mainz presents a major solo exhibition of the artist Michael Kalmbach
New York City spring art auctions at Christie's and Sotheby's abound in records
Historic battleship becoming naval museum in Southern California
Retrospective exhibition of contemporary art by Ilona Sochynsky opens at The Ukrainian Museum
Biennial art festival transforms Cuban capital
Dior exhibit traces 60 years of cinema
Estonia to open maritime museum in seaplane hangar
Most Popular Last Seven Days
1.- Neanderthals and humans were both living in Europe for between 2,600 and 5,400 years
2.- First major exhibition to explore the historical legacy of African cultural astronomy opens at LACMA
3.- Carlo Mollino's idealized vision of the female form in new book published by Damiani/Crump
4.- Tate Britain displays works by Frank Auerbach from the collection of Lucian Freud
5.- In grave robber territory, locals abuzz over Alexander-era tomb; Largest of its kind ever discovered in Greece
6.- Lambert Collection opens an ambitious project housed at the Sainte-Anne Prison
7.- Centre for Contemporary Art Singapore announces the first 18 artists in the CCA Residencies progamme
8.- Historic Kings Theatre is transformed into major New York Performing Arts venue
9.- Thirteen's American Masters Series co-produces new documentary about photographer Dorothea Lange
10.- Sotheby's New York to offer 548 Edward Weston photographs as a single lot this September
Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .
|Royalville Communications, Inc|