The exhibition Lifelike, on view at the Walker Art Center
through May 27, 2012, invites a close examination of artworks based on commonplace objects and situations, which are startlingly realistic, often painstakingly rendered, and sometimes surreal. This international, multigenerational group exhibition surveys over 90 works from the 1960s to the present by more than 50 artists, including Vija Celmins, Susan Collis, Keith Edmier, Fischli and Weiss, Robert Gober, Alex Hay, Kaz Oshiro, Charles Ray, and Ai Weiwei.
Lifelike examines a trajectory in art that began in the late 1960s, positioned between Pop and Photorealism, but aligned with neither. Avoiding Pops brandname flashiness and the slick urban scenes of the Photorealists, the artists in Lifelike investigate the quieter side of the quotidian, choosing potentially overlooked items or momentsa paper bag, an eraser, a waiting room, an afternoon napas subject matter. The works in the exhibition transform the ordinary into something beguiling, loaded with narrative and metaphor, and imbued with an arresting sense of humanity.
The exhibition explores the many ways artists have pursued handmade verisimilitude through a range of media, including painting, sculpture, photography, drawing, video, and three-dimensional environments. Some artists featured, such as Vija Celmins and Peter Rostovsky, paint from photographs, creating immersive surfaces that exhibit an astonishing degree of likeness and detail. Others work in sculpture, often fashioning their works from materials that belie the pedestrian nature of the subjectAi Weiweis jar of hundreds of sunflower seeds, made from hand-painted cast porcelain, or the work of Yoshihiro Suda, who creates weeds that grow from the gallery floor, carved by hand from magnolia wood. In video, artists including Thomas Demand and Jeon Joonho create moving images that at first seem familiar, but deceive us through sly use of animation. In photography, artists including James Casebere and Isaac Layman play with the hyperreal, through fabricated scenes or clever layering of images.
Conspicuously absent in most of the works in Lifelike is a reliance on technological intervention. Instead, in seemingly inverse proportion to the ease of producing goods for the marketplace, many artists are slowing and complicating their own working methods, remaking banal things into objects of fixation and desire: Catherine Murphys details of textured fabric on the seat of a chair, or Ron Muecks strikingly real sculpturedown to the last hair and poreof human subjects. Frequently these artists work from photographs, but just as often, their inspiration is the observed world, and the notion that a tangible, perhaps ephemeral object or moment can somehow be brought back to lifereinterpreted through the artists hand as re-made readymades.
To address the nuances of this subject, the exhibition presents several key conceptual sections. Common Objects gathers a group of late 1960s and early 1970s works that borrowed strategies from Pop, but rejected that movements brand-name emphasis in favor of conceptual, more process-oriented approaches to rendering their subject matter. Another section presents the notion of The Uncanny, which begins with work by a generation of artists in the 1980s and 1990s that began to reinterpret this aesthetic, with an often surreal and personal edge, such as Robert Gobers child-sized chair, resting atop a mysterious floor drain; or Charles Rays photographic portrait of himself as a mannequin. Many of these artists delve into a distinctly psychological archaeology, while others focus on a manipulation of our visual experience in nearly imperceptible ways. A third section entitled Realism into Abstraction presents a range of works displaying a sense of all-overness that invites visual immersion in surface detail and momentary detachment from the real-life subject. Handmade Sleight of Hand, the fourth section, presents work by artists who make objects that are early indistinguishable from their real-life counterparts, but made with the traditional techniques of painting, sculpture, or drawing Kaz Oshiros dumpster made of painted canvas; Susan Colliss construction debris made from silver and exotic hardwoods; or Jud Nelsons trash bag carved from Carrara marble. A fifth section, Special Effects: The Real as Spectacle, presents artists making work that engages an instant responsebe it astonishment, fear, confusion, or delightthrough their surprising size or unusual installation. This final section culminates with Robert Therriens sculpture of a gargantuan card table and set of folding chairs, installed in the Walkers Cargill Lounge.
The works in the exhibition pose provocative questions: what does it mean to be making realistic art in our current era? What dialogue does realism have with artists expanded practice in the 21st century as well as the legacies of other postwar movements? Can realism, in the context of todays wildly divergent forms, be seen as unconventional or radical?
Lifelike is one of the first museum presentations and publications to specifically gather the work of artists who have embraced the practice of meticulous recreation in their work, and have fused it with the subject matter of the everyday. In presenting recent work against a backdrop of 1960s and 1970s artists, Lifelike addresses work by several generations who have laid claim to this territory, embracing the handcrafted and the complicated in the face of technological shortcuts. In so doing, these artists have found material rich for exploration both formally and conceptually.
After its Walker presentation, Lifelike will travel to the New Orleans Museum of Art (November 10, 2012January 27, 2013), the Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego (February 24May 26, 2013), and the Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, Texas (June 23September 29, 2013).