This years major spring exhibition at the National Gallery of Denmark
adds a new chapter to the story of Vilhelm Hammersh°i and marks the first time that a major selection of his works are shown side by side with masterpieces by some of the greatest European artists of his day.
Loneliness, intimacy, and alienation. With his timeless and universal subject matter and his unmistakable, carefully restricted palette Vilhelm Hammersh°i is one of the most important and distinctive figures in the history of Danish art. His reputation reaches farther beyond his native soil than that of any other Danish painter, and over the course of the last 15 years a number of retrospective exhibitions in Europe, USA, and Japan has firmly established Hammersh°is position as the equal of the other main artists from the period.
A loner with a wide outlook
Vilhelm Hammersh°i (1864-1916) is most frequently portrayed as a singular figure within Danish art. His narrowly confined circle of motifs particularly his characteristic interiors, many of which are devoid of people has gradually conjured up an image of an artist who lived a reclusive existence, stubbornly celebrating the small, intimate things in art as well as in life. At the same time he is often regarded as an artist who maintained a certain distance to his own time and was neither interested in nor inspired by his contemporaries. However, Hammersh°is life and work most certainly testify to an artist who was based in his own era. He entered the art scene at a time when the new and the old met and collided, and right from the outset he revolted against the prevalent stylistic norms issued by the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen. He soon began to follow his own path, dragging traditional motifs into the modern world, and on his extensive travels abroad he became familiar with the new artistic movements emerging in Europe.
A new approach
The exhibition at the National Gallery of Denmark aims to re-evaluate Hammersh°i by taking a dual-sided approach. It offers a comprehensive presentation of Hammersh°is own art, including a selection of his most important works. And it boasts very significant loans from across the world that juxtapose his paintings with paintings by some of the pre-eminent European artists of the day, including Whistler, CarriŔre, Fantin-Latour, Gauguin, Seurat, Khnopff, Puvis de Chavannes, Munch, and Bonnard. The exhibition will not only shed light on any direct inspiration that may have taken place between these artists; it also points to how many artistic endeavours shared certain traits and affinities, thereby accentuating a number of obvious parallels between Hammersh°i and several of his contemporaries, especially within the non-literary branch of the international Symbolist movement. Hammersh°i was not alone in the world, and the exhibition aims to demonstrate that several other artists of the time took similar approaches to depicting phenomena, such as atmosphere and existence, rather than narratives.
Focus areas, film, and apps
A total of 90 works make up the exhibition, which opens by identifying the most prominent motifs and themes in Hammersh°is art. These include his lonely, isolated figures, portraits of introspective characters, interiors, cityscapes devoid of people, and de-romanticised landscapes. Here, the exhibition focuses on the traits that are particularly distinctive of Hammerh°is art: the colour schemes, the brushwork, and the special atmosphere that permeates the paintings. The presentation then moves on to juxtapose Hammersh°is paintings with works by fellow artists from the same era; the resulting overlaps and contrasts place the Danish artist within an international context. The exhibition presents a range of works in carefully arranged groups to accentuate stylistic and thematic correlations and affinities within the European art scene of the day.
Comprehensive archival and photographic materials about Hammersh°i are featured prominently in the information supplied within the exhibition. The Gallery has also produced a film that relates the thoughts and concepts behind the exhibition, providing a visual flow that focuses on the associative links between various works. Prior to or after their visit, audiences can immerse themselves further in Hammersh°is universe and story via a smartphone or iPod app and via the Gallerys website.
Read more about the exhibition.
After its run in Copenhagen, "Hammersh°i and Europe" will be shown at the Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung in Munich.