The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Tuesday, July 16, 2019


The Wine of Saint Martin's Day by Bruegel the Elder now on display at the Museo del Prado
The definitive attribution to Pieter Bruegel the Elder of The Wine of Saint Martin’s Day represents one of the most important discoveries in many years with regard to the oeuvre of this artist, a figure of even greater importance than Quintin Massys and Joachim Patinir, the two other leading Flemish painters of the 16th century.


MADRID.- The Museo del Prado is presenting to the public for the first time The Wine of Saint Martin’s Day by Pieter Bruegel the Elder, the leading figure within 16th-century Flemish painting. Following the recent acquisition and subsequent restoration of the painting, it will be displayed in Room D in the Jerónimos Building until 25 March. In addition to highlighting the exceptional nature of a new discovery and acquisition of a work by Pieter Bruegel the Elder (of whom only 41 paintings are known), the presentation of the painting alongside an x-ray of it and an explanatory video detailing its restoration will allow the visiting public to appreciate the key phases within its complex restoration and to assess the final results of that process.

The definitive attribution to Pieter Bruegel the Elder of The Wine of Saint Martin’s Day represents one of the most important discoveries in many years with regard to the oeuvre of this artist, a figure of even greater importance than Quintin Massys and Joachim Patinir, the two other leading Flemish painters of the 16th century. This new addition to the Prado’s collection of one of the most dazzling and complex compositions by the artist means that the Museum now possesses two works by his hand, the other being The Triumph of Death (previously the only other known painting by Bruegel in Spain), a masterpiece by the painter that was formerly in the Spanish royal collection (cat. 1393, Museo Nacional del Prado. Oil on panel, 117 x 162cm, ca.1562).

The painting is of a type known as a tüchlein, painted in glue-size tempera on a piece of unprimed linen. This was a common technique in Flanders in the 15th and 16th centuries but relatively few examples have survived. The painting is executed on a piece of very fine, regularly woven linen with a taffeta weave of a type widely used at this period to which no more than a preliminary coat of animal size was applied, in line with the normal practice for works of this kind, which were generally hung on the wall unframed. The working method is notably simple, comprising no more than one or two layers of paint as glue-size was not suitable for the application of impasto or glazes. In addition, there is very little under-drawing as such works were painted directly, alla prima.

Bruegel depicts the wine festival associated with Saint Martin's Day on 11 November when a goose was eaten and when the winter pig-killing took place. The new wine of the year, known as Saint Martin's wine, was sampled the night before the festival. The fact that the saint's day coincides with the end of the wine harvest in late autumn meant that the two events became associated, with the distribution of the free wine taking place outside city gates. As a result, and despite the presence of Saint Martin, Bruegel's painting is not a religious scene or a devotional work, nor, however, is it a genre composition. The focus of the painting is rather the celebration of the saint’s day as it took place in Flanders and the Germanic world at this period, where it acquired almost the nature of a bacchanal and was a prelude to the winter carnival. As such, it reveals an ironic tension between the charity of Saint Martin – dressed as a 15th-century patrician – and the excesses of the festival that bears his name.

The scene takes place in late autumn with many of the trees bare. Bruegel locates the events taking place outside the city gates, which recall the Porte de Hal in Brussels, and near some rural houses. The centre of the composition is occupied by a huge barrel of wine painted in a shade of red and standing on a wooden platform. Around the barrel the artist has arranged a varied crowd of figures: old and young men, women, some with children, peasants, beggars and thieves, all trying to obtain the largest possible quantity of wine. Those who have been successful and have filled their containers with wine are back on the ground while others are still clinging onto the wooden supports, lying on the barrel or leaning over perilously to catch the wine as it spurts from the barrel in whatever recipients they have to hand, including their hats and shoes. Revealing his remarkable abilities to compose and arrange all these figures (numbering around 100), Bruegel creates the effect of a human mountain urged on by greed: a veritable Tower of Babel made up of drinkers. The artist presents a deliberate contrast between the circle of figures around the barrel and the much more stable, pyramidal form of the group representing the charity of Saint Martin on the right. The composition is completed on the left-hand side by figures that reveal the effects of having drunk the wine: unlike the saint they have not been guided by virtue but have been led astray by the sin of Greed, including the figure about to vomit, the one lying unconscious in his own vomit on the ground, the two men fighting and the woman giving wine to her baby to drink.





Today's News

December 14, 2011

The Wine of Saint Martin's Day by Bruegel the Elder now on display at the Museo del Prado

Israeli parliament puts Holocaust mastermind Adolf Eichmann items on display

Storied 16th century pearl from the collection of Elizabeth Taylor makes history at Christie's

Alexander Graham Bell recordings from 1880s played on a computer at the Library of Congress

For the first time in Spain: The work of photographer Gotthard Schuh at Fundacion Mapfre

SMU Meadows School of the Arts announces recipients of third annual Meadows Prize

Palazzo Strozzi to show Americans in Florence: Sargent and the American Impressionists

White Cube Bermondsey presents artist Anselm Kiefer's "Il Mistero delle Cattedrali"

Brilliant success of the sale of Russian art and several world records for photographs of the imperial family

National Portrait Gallery, London announces Call For Entries for the BP Portrait Award 2012

Bonhams to hold San Francisco based period Art and Design auction in late January

The Word of God by Jeffrey Vallance at The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh

The Art of the Brick: LEGO sculptures by Nathan Sawaya at the Morris Museum

For its 3rd edition, Menasart-Fair becomes Beirut Art Fair

Tribeca Issey Miyake unveils new light sculpture by Grimanesa Amorós

Dana Melamed opens first exhibition at Lesley Heller Workspace

Georgia Museum of Art exhibits 30 pieces of Lycett china

Tyrannosaurus rex tooth from Montana nets $56K+ at LA auction

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Original 'Star Wars' creators lift lid on special effects challenges

2.- Lost '$170 million Caravaggio' snapped up before French auction

3.- Mansell's 'Red Five' on pole for Bonhams sale

4.- Impressionism's 'forgotten woman' shines in new Paris show

5.- Sotheby's to auction the best-surviving NASA videotape recordings of the Apollo 11 Moon Landing

6.- Exhibition explores Dutch and Spanish painting of the 16th and 17th centuries

7.- Cyprus discovers 'first undisturbed Roman shipwreck'

8.- Sotheby's unveils 'Treasures from Chatsworth' with Leonardo Da Vinci drawing, Lucian Freud portraits, and more

9.- Infamous botched art restoration in Spain gets makeover

10.- 1958 Gibson Flying V Korina played by Dave Davies to grab center stage in Heritage Auctions' sale



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez


Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org avemariasound.org juncodelavega.com facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful