This autumn the Scottish National Gallery
, in partnership with Groam House Museum, Rosemarkie, presents a unique display devoted to the Scottish artist often referred to as the father of modern Celtic design. George Bain was a key figure in the revival of Celtic art in the 20th century and devoted much of his life to the study of the intricate decorative designs used by ancient Picts and Celts. Demonstrating the artists great versatility, this display will feature a selection of some 55 items, including watercolours, drawings, sculptures and jewellery, as well as archival material and objects made to Bains designs. Much of the material has never have been on public display before.
George Bain (1881-1968) was born in Scrabster, in the northeast of Scotland. His family was on the point of emigrating, their ship docked in Leith Port, en route to Canada, when an encounter with a cousin convinced his father to stay in Edinburgh. Bain went on to study at Edinburghs School of Applied Art, Edinburgh College of Art, and the Royal College of Art, London before taking the post of Principal Art Teacher at Kirkcaldy High School, which he held until his retirement in 1946. Throughout his long career he exhibited frequently across Scotland, in institutions such as the Royal Scottish Academy as well as London and Paris.
Bain dedicated himself to studying the complex techniques adopted by Picts and Celts who produced intricate designs on rural stones, sophisticated metalwork and jewellery, as well as medieval illuminated manuscripts such as the Book of Kells. Bain cleverly devised mathematical frameworks that taught people the ancient principles which underlie these works, whilst still allowing for creative designs. Bains applied maxim was always Theory may inform but Practice convinces. His manual Celtic Art: The Methods of Construction is still the most influential book on this subject and has been in print continuously since 1972.
Master of Modern Celtic Art documented Bains early artistic training in Edinburgh and highlight his experimentation with printmaking and drawing techniques. Immensely detailed sketches, watercolours and prints are also on display as well as actual objects adapted from his own designs, such as the Celtic Hunting design which has featured on rugs and carpets since 1948. His manual is also on display in various editions and languages and examples of articles written by and about him also included.
George Bains beautiful craftsmanship complements the work of other artists that feature in the National collection, such as Phoebe Anna Traquair and John Duncan, who shared his passion for the Scottish Arts and Crafts movement at the start of the early twentieth century. Bains art, and in particular his teaching manual, has continued the Celtic renaissance and allows for the art form still to be practised today.