The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Saturday, October 25, 2014


"Beckmann & America" at the Stadel Museum highlights Max Beckmann's late works
Exhibition view. Photo: Norbert Miguletz.
FRANKFURT.- Max Beckmann’s (1884–1950) late oeuvre from the United States will be highlighted for the first time in a monographic special exhibition shown at the Städel Museum in Frankfurt under the title “Beckmann & America” from October 7, 2011 until January 8, 2012. With a total of 110 exhibits, including forty-one paintings as well as numerous drawings, watercolors, printed graphic works, and sculptures, the show offers a comprehensive survey of this important artist’s fascinating last period of life and creative production. After living and teaching in St. Louis from 1947 on, Beckmann finally moved to New York where he died in 1950. Decisive from an evolutionary point-of-view, these years in America granted the artist the right environment for a new beginning and further development.

Securing Departure from the MoMA, The Beginning from the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, as well as The Argonauts from the National Gallery of Art in Washington as loans, the Städel will be able to present three of Max Beckmann’s nine finished triptychs in its exhibition. These works are regarded as the highlights of the artist’s work. For Frankfurt am Main, where Max Beckmann lived from 1915 to 1933 and worked and taught at the Städel School, the exhibition project is of special importance: the Städel Museum boasts a rich collection of paintings, drawings, printed graphic works, and sculptures by the artist and has presented a series of exhibitions on specific aspects and periods of his oeuvre.

The exhibition is substantially supported by the Kulturfonds Frankfurt RheinMain and realized on its initiative as part of the project “The Phenomenon of Expressionism.” BNY Mellon, a global financial services company, is supporting the exhibition as Corporate Sponsor to help make these rarely-seen examples of Beckmann‘s work accessible to a broader public.

Max Beckmann ranks among the most important artists of the twentieth century. Born in Leipzig in 1884, the painter, drawing on contemporary history, mythology, and his own biography, created an oeuvre constituting one of the most outstanding productive iconographic achievements in modern art. His life and his work are closely linked with the history of Germany. In World War I he served as a voluntary medical orderly in Flanders until his emotional and physical breakdown. Impressions of the war fundamentally changed his painting. Beckmann came to focus on the brutality of everyday human relations, and the subjects of his pictures turned expressive and angular. The artist lived in Frankfurt from 1915 on where he became a professor at the Städel School ten years later. He enjoyed increasingly bigger successes in these years, which culminated in retrospectives in Mannheim, Zurich, Basel, and Paris. Beckmann, whose seemingly metaphorically encoded paintings simply fulfill the cliché of German painting, already became known in the USA through numerous solo and group exhibitions from the mid-1920s on, when his career in Germany had reached its climax. With the seizure of power by the National Socialists in 1933, his career was precipitously interrupted. He was deprived of his professorship at the Städel School in Frankfurt and emigrated to Amsterdam in 1937.

It was only after ten years in exile, which were determined by isolation, fear, and want because of the war, that he succeeded to leave Europe for America – which was what he had ardently longed for; his New York art dealer Curt Valentin had found a teaching assignment for him. When Beckmann finally arrived in America in the late summer of 1947, he was already regarded as one of the “most powerful German Expressionists,” as he was characterized in the catalogue of the exhibition “Art in Our Time,” with which the MoMA had celebrated its ten-year anniversary in 1939. Life in the New World offered the artist undreamt-of opportunities for development. This was mainly due to encounters with certain people and progressive institutions. So it was far from Europe where Beckmann was to spend his last and extremely productive period of his life. The Beckmann catalogue raisonné lists eight-five paintings dating from these three years alone. The themes chosen comprise a remarkably small number of landscapes, comparably numerous still lifes, but also portraits as well as religious and mythological subjects.

From the viewpoint of Frankfurt, but especially with the objective of establishing a historical perspective, both the exhibition and the catalogue start with the first Beckmann acquisition for the Städelsches Kunstinstitut, The Descent from the Cross from 1917. The oil painting, which the former director of the Städel Georg Swarzenski purchased directly from the artist’s studio in 1919, was confiscated by the National Socialists in 1937 and presented in the exhibition “Degenerate Art.” Today, the outstanding work is part of the collections of the MoMA in New York, from where it will return to the city on the Main for the exhibition.

This painting will be followed by works such as the first landmark triptych Departure (MoMA) or Begin the Beguine (University of Michigan Museum of Art), which – though still painted on European soil – already anticipate Beckmann’s feeling of freedom and his desire to leave his Amsterdam exile behind. When he arrived in America, Beckmann was welcomed with open arms. St. Louis, Missouri became his first place of residence in America; he stayed for two years and held a guest professorship at the city’s Washington University. With personalities such as Perry T. Rathbone, director of the Saint Louis Art Museum, his wife Euretta, and life on the campus of Washington University, it was rather an informal atmosphere that surrounded Beckmann. The encounters with people who not only helped the German artist in America, but also made friends with him, will be reflected in the presentation of a selection of very different portraits. The persons portrayed include Georg Swarzenski as well as the painter’s art dealer and friend Curt Valentin and his student and friend Walter Barker.

When Beckmann moved to New York, where he started teaching at the Brooklyn Museum Art School, in the fall of 1949, he found himself immersed in a pulsating cosmopolitan milieu. He lived in the center of art which not only offered him historical treasures like those to be found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art and places such as The Cloisters, but also the opportunity to follow the day’s developments in art. Frequent shorter and longer journeys took him to the Midwest, to Chicago, to New Orleans, to Boulder, Colorado, or to California and the West Coast. The expanses of the foreign continent, which were an entirely new experience for the artist, its coasts, and the atmosphere of its “wild” landscapes, as well as the cosmos of its metropolises, became a perceptible source of inspiration for his art. His discovery of the American landscape becomes manifest in such works as San Francisco (Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt), Morning on the Mississippi (private collection), or Mill in the Eucalyptus Grove (private collection).

The exhibition in Frankfurt will present Beckmann’s late work primarily as the result of his decisive artistic attitude and unremitting work in the awareness of his own development. Beckmann remained a European painter even in America. Remarkably, he did not cease to dedicate himself to figurative solutions and his metaphoric subjects, standing his ground as a European artist of international status in his new environs despite the steadily increasing importance of US-American Abstract Expressionism and its artists like Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, or Mark Rothko. Beckmann devoted himself to exploring figuration and space, line and color, reality and metaphysics in a by and large unbroken approach. Considering Beckmann’s triptychs, his Beginning (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York) – a narratively structured recollection of his own childhood days – presents itself as the subjective counterpart to the ideationally conceived The Argonauts (National Gallery of Art, Washington). In the final analysis, Beckmann’s “American” work, which never strikes us as repetitious, reveals itself as a consistent extension of previous achievements.

Though Max Beckmann, the draftsman, also used the medium for preparatory sketches, his drawings are to be seen as independent works when considering their complexity and formal achievement. It is only to be attributed to exterior circumstances that the artist produced a conspicuously large number of drawings during his longer stay in Boulder, Colorado, for example, where he had no studio. The medium of drawing, which is relatively open compared with that of painting, offered Beckmann the opportunity to receive new impressions, but also allowed him to pursue his memories and his fantasies and to develop his imagination. Many of these drawings will be on display in the exhibition.

In the midst of his “new” life, Max Beckmann suffered a heart attack and died on a street corner near New York City’s Central Park in December 1950. His last painted pictures – Falling Man and the Argonauts (both of which are to be found in the National Gallery of Art in Washington) or Backstage (Städel Museum) – strike us as wise existential statements, as a farewell from his theater of the world.

With three thematically independent exhibitions – “Beckmann & America” in the Städel Museum (October 7, 2011 – January 8, 2012), “Max Beckmann. Face to Face” in the Museum der bildenden Künste Leipzig (September 17, 2011 – January 22, 2012), and “Max Beckmann. The Landscapes” in the Kunstmuseum Basel (September 4, 2011 – January 22, 2012) – this autumn art season offers the unique opportunity to explore Max Beckmann’s manifold oeuvre in a profound manner.

Stadel Museum | Max Beckmann | MoMA |




Last Week News

October 7, 2011

iPad Launch in Beijing Quiet, Orderly

Most extensive exhibition of Frank Stella's work in the UK to date at Haunch of Venison

Getty Museum and Getty Research Institute acquire Ed Ruscha photographs and archive

Comprehensive retrospective of the leading figure of Soviet Socialist Realism at Fundacion Juan March

Prince William V of Orange Glass Goblet expected to sell for 150,000 at Bonhams     

Architect Frank Gehry reveals new details for Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial

Park Avenue Armory unveils design for multi-year project by Herzog and De Meuron

From Renaissance to Rodin: Celebrating the Tanenbaum Gift at the Art Gallery of Ontario

Midwest collectors drive sales of important Tiffany glass at Christie's New York in December

Sotheby's New York announces annual autumn sale of important Russian art in November

Shaped by War: Photographs by Don McCullin at the Imperial War Museum in London

More than a game of marbles as Greek and Roman sculpture makes top prices at Bonhams

"Surreal versus Surrealism" exhibition on view at the Valencian Institute of Modern Art

"Hitler Killed the Duck" solo exhibition by British artist David Bailey at Scream Gallery

Sotheby's Contemporary Art/Arab & Iranian and Arts of the Islamic World sales total $16,843,460

Strong attendance and solid results at Auctions America by RM's debut fall Carlisle sale

Booming Asian art market shows signs of stalling

Vermont tries to save historic buildings after Irene

Spokesman says Putin's dive treasure find was staged

Dive team retrieves old cannon from Detroit River

October 6, 2011

Anselm Kiefer: Selected Works from the Grothe Collection at the Museum Frieder Burda

The Whitney Museum of American Art presents David Smith: Cubes and Anarchy

A solo exhibition at the Schirn Kunsthalle highlights Icelandic artist Erro's work

The Ashmolean Museum opens Fall exhibition: Claude Lorrain: The Enchanted Landscape

Historic alliance opens door to Academy Museum at Los Angeles County Museum of Art

An outstanding blue and white vase sets a world record for any Ming porcelain at auction

South Indian Jewelery and Iznik outperform estimates at Bonhams Indian and Islamic sale

Grayson Perry: "The Tomb of the Unknown Craftsman" at the British Museum

One of the most iconic post-modernist designs, Proust's Armchair, to sell at Bonhams

Kayne Griffin Corcoran Gallery opens with inaugural exhibition featuring work by James Turrell

Barbican Art Gallery transformed by a major exhibition on OMA: One of the most influential architectural practices

The golden age of Albanian photography and five other exhibitions at maison européenne de la photographie

Artistic Evolution: Southern California Artists at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 1945-1963

The BAT Artventure Collection Part III Realises $1,608,776

Third Prix Pictet commission, a series of over 30 photographs by Chris Jordans, unveiled

More iconic Marilyn Monroe costumes up for auction

Frank Lloyd Wright urn sells for record $772,000 at Leslie Hindman Auctioneers

Artist that influenced Tim Burton John Atkinson Grimshaw at Richard Green

Hitler Jewish annihilation letter on display in Los Angeles

October 5, 2011

Tate Modern launches a major retrospective of German artist Gerhard Richter's work

"Picasso's Drawings, 1890-1921: Reinventing Tradition" traveling exhibition at The Frick Collection

Some 200 paintings and other works from the Steins' collection at Paris' Grand Palais

Toledo Museum of Art acquires stunning masterwork by Dutch artist Frans Hals

"Vermeer's Women: Secrets and Silence" opens at the Fitzwilliam Museum

Bonhams to sell stunning JMW Turner painting of Kirkby Lonsdale Churchyard

Exhibition of portraits by Julia Margaret Cameron at Hans P. Kraus Jr. Fine Photographs

The Museo del Prado shows Goya's first documented painting for a period of six years

Walters Art Museum removes copyright restrictions on 10,000 images

Elvira Dyangani Ose appointed Curator of international art with a focus on Africa at Tate Modern

Ayyam Auctions announces sale of art and antiques of the Islamic world: The Ottoman Levant

Two Polish paintings by Julian Falat stolen and then seized in New York return to Poland

John Lennon letter on Maharishi to be auctioned at Nate D. Sanders' in Los Angeles

The last bell from the Mauretania in private hands to be offered in Maritime sale

Byzantine and Christian Museum Athens-exhibition "Within/Without Borders"

Installation by conceptual artist Lee Mingwei on view at the Brooklyn Museum

The Art of Playboy, Gil Elvgren, Golden Age greats headline Fall New York illustration art auction

Sotheby's fine Chinese painting sale bucks rocky markets

American painter Elihu Vedder's work from his journey up the Nile on view at the Hudson River Museum

Gregg Chadwick's Theater of Memory at the Monterey Peninsula College Art Gallery

October 4, 2011

Major retrospective of the work of Alighiero Boetti opens at Reina Sofía Museum in Madrid

Stunning painting by Mark Rothko on view at the Princeton University Art Museum

Photographer Harry Callahan centennial celebrated at the National Gallery of Art

German artist Gerhard Richter to illuminate Christie's Post-War & Contemporary art auction

Sales success at second Ullens Collection auction at Sotheby's in Hong Kong

Sotheby's to sell one of the most important works by Vilhelm Hammershoi to come to auction

Bonhams new "Period Art & Design" auction format set to launch in November

Exciting new exhibition: MarklinWorld, shows models of the world by 40 international artists

Christie's New York announces sale of over 150 fine musical instruments on October 14

Retrospective exhibition spanning 44 years of Niki de Saint Phalle's work at Nohra Haime Gallery

WOHA's The Met Building in Bangkok wins prestigious RIBA Lubetkin Prize 2011

Wendy Mark returns to watercolors and oils on paper in new exhibition at Jill Newhouse Gallery

National Maritime Museum reopens in Amsterdam after extensive renovation to building

Sotheby's Hong Kong Modern & Contemporary Southeast Asian paintings sale achieves 10.6 million

DeCordova announces acquisition of Dan Graham's Crazy Spheroid – Two Entrances

Los Angeles puts "PST" time stamp on art world

Bush lauds construction of presidential library

Dr. Jack Kevorkian's art, belongings to be sold

Beatles photographer Robert Whitaker dies at 71

October 3, 2011

Jeu de Paume's touring exhibition of photographs by André Kertész opens in Budapest

Exhibition shows the backbone of Moderna Museet's Marcel Duchamp collection

For the first time in 30 years, Saint Louis Art Museum reunites Monet's Water Lilies

Tayler and Fletcher to offer to the market a previously unknown work by Anders Leonard Zorn

Beyond Words: Photography in The New Yorker at Howard Greenberg Gallery

Andy Warhol Museum opens exhibition by today's foremost comic book artist: Alex Ross

Olafur Eliasson at the 17th International Contemporary Art Festival SESC_Videobrasil

Danh Vo shifts the focus of his artistic investigations to the concept of freedom at Kunsthalle Fridericianum

Stunning Portraits Reveal the Political Savvy of One of History's Most Powerful Women

John Singer Sargent's An Interior in Venice and Elizabeth Allen Marquand on view in Princeton

First major Ford Madox Brown exhibition since 1964 opens at Manchester Art Gallery

Los Angeles' latest art project is 340 tons, rock solid and costing $5 million to $10 million

The Hammer Museum presents "Now Dig This!" Art and Black Los Angeles 1960-1980

Architect Hadid's zig-zag school wins top UK prize

Sotheby's wine sale draws Asia buyers despite turmoil

Dreams for National Slavery Museum caught in bankruptcy

St. Patrick's School Library and Music Room in London wins the RIBA's 2011 Stephen Lawrence Prize

Exhibition of 19 intimate color photographs by Lori Grinker at Nailya Alexander Gallery

Legendary Audubon Paintings on Display at Daytona Beach Museum

Kansas City public art project takes on debt

October 2, 2011

J. Paul Getty Museum explores the birth of the Los Angeles art scene with a historic survey

Three men investigated over $130 million art heist from Paris' Museum of Modern Art

Exhibition of Georg Baselitz as sculptor opens at the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris

Sotheby's to offer works from the collection of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem

Epic exhibition at Metropolitan Museum reexamines African art in relation to historic figures

LACMA presents first major exhibition of mid-century Modern California design

Photographs from the W.M. Hunt Collection exhibition is largest ever for George Eastman House

Bonhams Fall furniture and decorative arts sale to feature prominent San Francisco highlights

Phillips de Pury & Company announces highlights from its October contemporary art auctions

Costa Rica reclaims artifacts from the prestigious Brooklyn Museum in New York

Museum of Science presents A Day in Pompeii: One of the world's greatest archaeological discoveries

Two New York City-themed exhibitions open this weekend at The Katonah Museum of Art

"'Something of Splendor': Decorative Arts from the White House" opens at the Smithsonian's Renwick Gallery

National Gallery of Victoria opens exhibition by the founding artists of the Western Desert art movement

Silke Otto-Knapp's first solo museum exhibition in the United States at the Berkeley Art Museum

Masterpieces of Civil War Portraiture from the Burns Collection at Robert Anderson Gallery

First major retrospective in Germany of the renowned British architect James Frazer Stirling opens

Picturing the City: Downtown Pittsburgh, 2007-2010 at the Carnegie Museum of Art

Columbus Museum of Art celebrates the Bicentennial of the City of Columbus with exhibition

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Image of a Christ without a beard, short hair and wearing a toga unearthed in Spain

2.- Giant mosaic unearthed in mysterious tomb in Amphipolis in northern Macedonia

3.- Bonhams sale of 18th century French decorative arts to benefit Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco

4.- Paris flustered by erection of 'sex-toy' sculpture; Paul McCarthy slapped by a passer-by

5.- High art or vile pornography? Marquis de Sade explored in Orsay museum exhibition

6.- 'Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection' opens at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

7.- Greek culture minister says Elgin Marbles return a matter of 'global heritage'

8.- Vandals deflate Paris 'sex-toy' sculpture by American artist Paul McCarthy after outrage

9.- Exhibition at National Gallery in London explores Rembrandt's final years of painting

10.- 'Hans Memling: A Flemish Renaissance' opens at the Scuderie del Quirinale in Rome

Related Stories



Topping-Out Ceremony at the Städel Museum, Shell for Expansion Completed

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Retrospective Opens with Copies Due to Volcanic Ash

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Retrospective Opens at Stadel Museum

Botticelli Exhibition at Stadel Museum Ends with Record Visitor Numbers

Stadel Museum Examines Works by Frankfurt Artist Who Died at Age 23

The Stadel Museum will Show the First Monographic Exhibition on Sandro Botticelli

Stadel Museum Shows Prints from Its Collection Made by Edvard Munch



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site