A new exhibition on the 17th-century Dutch master Johannes Vermeer will explore the mysterious appeal of the women in his paintings. Vermeers Women: Secrets and Silence features 28 works by master painters of the Dutch Golden Age and four iconic works by Vermeer, including The Lacemaker from the Musée du Louvre in Paris, on show in the UK for the first time.
Women are one of the key subjects in Vermeers works: whether gazing out wistfully at the viewer, or focusing on an activity with an almost eerie calm, they possess a powerful allure. This exhibition at the Fitzwilliam Museum
is the first to focus on Vermeers domestic interiors and, by examining them in the context of paintings by other Dutch Golden Age masters, explores the enigma of these women who seem crystallised in a moment in time.
The vivid realism of these paintings provides a remarkable window into the private world of women in the 17th-century Dutch Republic. These scenes about the home seem hauntingly familiar even today: from the meditative calm of needlework, playing music, reading or simply daydreaming to such mundane domestic activities as cooking, shopping, washing and dressing, minding children, gossiping and eavesdropping. Often framed with a painted window or doorway, the viewer has the impression of having stumbled upon a private moment hidden behind closed doors.
Revealing the Dutch Golden Age ideals of the home, feminine beauty and domesticity, the exhibition also explores how artists subtly altered and augmented reality to enhance the magnetic appeal and symbolic import of these painted worlds.
At the heart of this stunning exhibition is Vermeers extraordinary painting The Lacemaker (c.1669-70), one of the Musée du Louvres most treasured works, rarely seen outside Paris and now on loan to the UK for the first time.
Complementing this painting are three further works representing the pinnacle of Vermeers mature career: A lady at the virginals with a gentleman The Music Lesson (c.1662-5) on loan from The Royal Collection; A Young Woman Seated at a Virginal (c.1670) from the National Gallery, London; and Young Woman Seated at a Virginal (private collection, New York). Joining these are 28 masterpieces of genre painting from such artists as Cornelis de Bisschop, Gerard ter Borch, Esaias Boursse, Quiringh van Brekelenkam, Gerrit Dou, Pieter de Hooch, Samuel van Hoogstraten, Nicolaes Maes, Cornelis de Man, Eglon van der Neer, Jacob van Ochtervelt, Godfried Schalcken, Jan Steen and Jacobus Vrel.
Dr Timothy Potts, Director of the Fitzwilliam Museum, commented: Vermeers Women will be a rare opportunity to enjoy some of Vermeers most ravishingly beautiful paintings of the intimacy of the Dutch household frozen moments captured in Vermeers uniquely luminous style. Although domestic scenes constitute the principal subject of Vermeers work and that of many of his contemporaries, and are one of the most distinctive and evocative aspects of Dutch art of the Golden Age, this will be the first exhibition to focus exclusively on them, and to explore their hidden significance in terms of contemporary Dutch mores.
Equally importantly, Vermeers Women will reveal the extraordinary subtlety and skill of Vermeers finest contemporaries, many of whom were far more famous than Vermeer during their lifetimes.
The exhibition is guest curated by Dr Marjorie E. Wieseman, Curator of Dutch Paintings at the National Gallery, London. A new catalogue will be accompanying the exhibition, with essays by Dr Wieseman and two other internationally recognised experts in the field, Dr Wayne E. Franits, professor and chair of the Department of Fine Arts, Syracuse University, and Dr H. Perry Chapman, professor of art history at the University of Delaware.
Vermeers Women: Secrets and Silence features works from museums and collections around the world, including the National Gallery, London; The Royal Collection; the Musée du Louvre; the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam; the Mauritshuis, The Hague; and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.