The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Sunday, November 23, 2014


Paul Klee & Cobra explored in major exhibition at the Louisiana Museum in Denmark
Egill Jacobsen, Untitled, 1942. Museum Jorn Silkeborg.
HUMLEBAEK.- The major exhibition of the autumn at the Louisiana Museum explores for the first time the relationship between the Cobra movement (1948-51) and the Swiss artist Paul Klee’s (1879-1940) works and artistic thinking. For artists like Asger Jorn, Carl-Henning Pedersen, Ejler Bille and Corneille, Klee’s art seemed to show the way forward after the war. They encountered them in publications as early as the 1930s; later came the first exhibitions in Denmark and Holland and – most significantly – the later legendary showing of more than 300 of Klee’s works at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam in 1948. Like Klee, the Danish abstract artists were seeking the directness and spontaneity of the child’s simple, powerful expression, and the discovery of children’s ability to express themselves in pictures was an important source of artistic inspiration for both Klee and the Cobra painters.

For Klee and other artists of the Avant-Garde like Wassily Kandinsky and Picasso, the work with the art of children and “primitives” at the beginning of the twentieth century opened up a whole new pictorial universe and provided crucial impulses to their emancipation from handed-down artistic conventions and traditions. No other artist – perhaps with the exception of Jean Dubuffet – worked as continuously, intensively and diversely with children’s production of images and their transposition into his artistic work as Paul Klee did. This can be seen for example from his work with the iconography of his own and his son Felix’s childhood drawings as well as in experiments like his ‘blind’ drawings from the 1920s, his radical rejection of all formal ties and his return to the unmediated emotions of childhood in the 1930s.

Forty years after Klee, as a young artist, had rediscovered his own childhood drawings, several painters in the Cobra group, including Asger Jorn, Karel Appel, Constant, Corneille and Pierre Alechinsky, similarly tried to immerse themselves in the pictorial world of children – although against a quite different historical background. The willingness to let go of the reins and look for the roots of painting that they discovered there constituted at once an artistic revolution and an existential epiphany. As Klee had done before them, both Jorn and Corneille built up collections of children’s drawings that became important sources of inspiration for them. What for Klee had been a way of gaining insight into his own artistic development took on a political dimension for the Cobra artists. Their quest for a direct, sometimes almost physical connection with reality, for example in their spontaneous and sensual treatment of colours and materials as elementary means of expression, meant that they turned their backs radically on the prevailing artistic conventions of the time.

EXHIBITION
The fascination with the primal image-making power that connects Klee with Cobra is manifested in surprising parallels and points of contact in the many works in the exhibition. By means of comparisons and contrasts the exhibition focuses on a number of key themes – children, acrobats, animals, war and masks – which typified both Klee’s and the Cobra artists’ works. As the hub of the exhibition, the large central space in the west wing of the museum where the exhibition is being shown has been transformed into a presentation platform divided into three sections that illuminate both Paul Klee’s and the Cobra artists’ approach to children’s art and its influence on their works, as well as the Cobra artists’ interpretations of Klee’s ideas and work in the post-war period.

The exhibition has been designed by the exhibition architect Anne Schnettler.

Themes of the exhibition:

Children in focus
Paul Klee immersed himself in the children’s gaze at the world and stepped into their dreams. His works deal as much with the reflectiveness of the child as with the child’s confidence and urge towards movement and play – and with the child’s seriousness, curiosity and reticence.

Cobra was also a protest against modern society and the forces that control it. The child is not yet part of this society, and for the Cobra artists the child therefore comes to stand for the definitive embodiment of the free, independent individual.

Acrobats, artistes and jugglers
Artists belong to a different world and to a certain extent represent the opposite of bourgeois society. In that respect they are related to the immediacy and freedom that is characteristic of the child. In the playful exploration of the world by acrobats, circus artistes, jugglers and dancers, Paul Klee discovers (and invents) images of motion and balance. Ill and isolated after being driven into exile by the Nazis with his physical and artistic life threatened, Klee recognized them as kindred spirits: With their bold, carefree tricks they succeed in conquering gravity and the material nature of reality.

Cobra’s fantastic creatures refer not only to human beings at play; they also forge a link with a different world, a world beyond the tangible reality that can be directly sensed. The ability to make the impossible possible – that was what Karel Appel appreciated in the circus artistes.

An imaginary bestiary
Animals in Paul Klee’s work are lovable, grotesquely comical creatures – small monsters that are not to be taken seriously, whose oddities and small peculiarities play ironically on (all too) human behaviour patterns. Klee’s works from his last years, however, also show the impenetrable, the mysterious aspects of the nature of the animals, and depict the threatening dimension of the instinctive and the things that human common sense cannot control.

Deliberately naive and stylized animal motifs, including birds, dogs, horses, mythical and magical creatures, are all included in the repertoire of motifs that came to characterize the Cobra artists. In their search for personal modes of expression and for their own original visual world, the Cobra artists used animals as symbols of various human qualities or as allegorical bearers of a wide range of meanings.

Childhood battles
Paul Klee’s view of childhood is far from the clichéd notion of innocence or sincerity; instead it is typified by a profound interest in children’s inscrutable and complex behaviour patterns and interrelations. For Klee the analysis of childhood becomes the key to his own identity and the inner nature of mankind. This is particularly true of his works from the years 1932-33 and 1939-40, which mark great changes in his life. Against the background of the political unrest in Germany Klee’s depictions of childhood become visions of the abyss and panoramas of destruction.

Cobra is characterized by optimism and a belief in a better world, but the artistic development of the members of the group was also inextricably bound up with the post-war years, and both politically and artistically the artists were inspired ny the experiences of the cruel war years. Several of the artists explored violence and aggression, not least Asger Jorn and Constant, who were also active as theorists. They developed dark, oppressive layers in works that dealt with the darker sides of humanity.

Masks and physiognomies
Masks conceal, disfigure and distort the human face. However, the distortion can express what lies hidden behind the surface: the compulsive, hidden and irrational in the subconscious. Klee was just as fascinated by the multifaceted nature of the mask as by its disturbing otherness.

The visual imagery that the Danes in particular brought to the shared artistic efforts of the Cobra group consists especially of the mask as a bearer of complex meanings and mythical content. The Cobra artists were convinced of the fundamental human need to create images and symbols that can be understood by everyone and provide the opportunity for direct, personal experience. The Cobra artists were not as preoccupied with the formal potential of the mask as with its magical, psychological content. For them the mask became the path to a new free space of artistic imagination, and at the same time an attempt to find a universal language that could pass this experience on to others.


Louisiana Museum | Klee | Cobra |  |




Last Week News

September 30, 2011

"Max Liebermann: Trailblazer of Modernism" exhibition at Hamburger Kunsthalle

Sotheby's New York announces a varied range of photographs for sale this October

Vasili Vasilievich Vereshchagin painting to highlight Sotheby's auction of important Russian art

The Peredvizhniki: Pioneers of Russian painting exhibition opens at the Nationalmuseum in Stockholm

Exhibition Celebrating Late Renaissance Master Perino del Vaga at Metropolitan Museum

Signature Theatre company to open Frank Gehry-Designed Signature Center in February 2012

Unique Force India Formula One 'Art Car' to go under the hammer for charity at RM Auctions

From the heart of the Cold War, advertising for a Communist future that never arrived

Contemporary Art from the Astrup Fearnley Museum at the Sao Paulo Biennial Pavilion

The Schirn Kunsthalle dedicates a solo exhibition to the Icelandic artist Gabriela Fridriksdottir

Marie Antoinette to McQueen in French fashion exhibit at the Grand Trianon at Versailles

Phillips de Pury & Co. and the Guggenheim Museum announce auction of contemporary works

Contents of Lord Glenconner's St Lucian home make 1 million+ at Bonhams

Whitney Museum awarded prestigious grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Sciences

A rare Moravian pottery owl bottle, circa 1800-1820 to highlight Bonhams sale

Syrian revolt ignites revolutionary art boom

New York artist & furniture dealer Robert Loughlin dies

Piece by piece, Afghanistan reclaims its history

Prominent Cleveland Physician's Estate to be sold by Leslie Hindman Auctioneers

The San Diego Museum of Art appoints two new Deputy Directors

September 29, 2011

Invention of the Picture, early Italian masters through Botticelli at Bucerius Kunstforum

Final section, completing rare ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead, on view at the Brooklyn Museum

Brazil: Exhibition of Brazilian art from the late modern period at Gagosian Gallery in Paris

Chrysler Museum of Art presents exhibition by Abstract Expressionist Mark Rothko: Perceptions of Being

Le Printemps de Septembre: Set of exhibitions open around the city of Toulouse

Swann Galleries' announces stellar selection of fine photographs for October sale

Museum of Modern Art announces the acquisition of Christian Marclay's The Clock

Artist Oliviero Rainaldi, creator of the much criticized Pope sculpture, gets second chance

Lost part of Beethoven masterpiece lives again thanks to Professor Barry Cooper's reconstruction

Muntadas presents his take on the 1980s art system at Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona

For the first time on the German auction market: A rare painting by Willem I van de Velde

Grounds for Sculpture to open "The Meadow" and Steve Tobin's "Aerial Roots"

Thomas Paul Fine Art exhibition showcases the work of the multi-talented artist Patssi Valdez

Akron Art Museum announces major gift of Paul Stankard glass

Asian Art Museum launches new brand to engage broader audience

INSIGHT: How to borrow $10 million

Portland Art Museum unveils new brand, visual identity reflects the Museum's past and future

MoMA's annual photography series highlights six emerging contemporary artists in new photography 2011

Rescue men puts Whyte's at the helm in autumn sale of Irish & British masters

VIP Art Fair to return February2012

September 28, 2011

Mexican archaeologists find human footprints in Chihuahua that may be 25,000 years old

Sotheby's London presents its strongest ever sale of 20th century Italian art

Fra Angelico and the Masters of the Light at the Musée Jacquemart-André in Paris

Odyssey Marine Exploration announces World War II-era shipwreck find

New Mexico's national monument reopens Native American archaeological sites

Museo de Arte de Ponce appoints Pablo Pérez d'Ors as Assistant Curator of European Art

Exhibition of painting and sculpture by Robert Rauschenberg at Gagosian Gallery in Paris

Doyle New York to auction the Arthur Rothstein photograph collection in October

Major exhibition that concentrates on early works by Barry Flanagan at Tate Britain

New paintings by Philadelphia-born artist Lisa Yuskavage on view at David Zwirner

United States Holocaust Museum receives $17 million gift from estate of refugee

Eight works by the world-famous artist Damien Hirst donated to ARKEN Museum of Modern Art

White Cube Bermondsey: Gallery to open new building in South London during Frieze Week

Works on paper from five decades by Maurice Cockrill at the Royal Academy of Arts

Lanskoy: A Russian painter in Paris exhibition at Lille Métropole Museum

Vancouver Art Gallery presents the work of three notable contemporary artists

Keno Auctions holds spirited sale with new younger bidders and long term buyers in attendance

Pipilotti Rist: "Eyeball Massage" exhibtion at Hayward Gallery

September 27, 2011

Israel's national museum and the web giant Google launch digital Dead Sea scrolls

Retrospective of photographer W. Eugene Smith's work on view at Martin-Gropius-Bau

Sotheby's New York to hold its first evening sale of Contemporary prints in October

High presents exhibition showcasing the distinguished Huber Family collection of American art

Exceptional British art selection highlights Sotheby's contemporary art evening auction

New York's revered Salmagundi Club announces details of October art auction fundraisers

New media and depictions of financial turmoil big focus at Moscow's Fourth Biennale

Pennsylvania's Brandywine Museum shows N.C. Wyeth's Treasure Island paintings

Property from the Estate of "The Music Man" Meredith Willson on the auction block

Metropolitan Museum launches expanded and redesigned website with more than 340,000 works of art

Indian Highway: A 360° portrait of the sub-continent and its "miracle" at Maxxi

"Ides of March" denarius sets record at Heritage Auctions Long Beach event       

New international centre for the visual arts designed by Rafael Viñoly Architects opens in Colchester

Art Miami Buys the LA Art Show

Des Moines Art Center celebrates sesquicentennial of the Civil War with new print exhibition

Historian accused in theft case seeks to sell art

Rimer Cardillo exhibition at Nassau County Museum of Art

Bonhams to sell collection of Australia's leading aboriginal artist, Paddy Bedford

Thirteen paintings and works on paper by Emilio Sanchez at Frederico Sève Gallery

IDC commissions Tim Forbes to design Distinct Commemorative Sculptures for new Interior Design Awards

September 26, 2011

Andy Warhol's headline works presented by the National Gallery of Art, Washington

80 outstanding 19th century French drawings from the Louvre go on view at the Morgan Library

With over one hundred loans "Picasso 1905 in Paris" exhibition at Kunsthalle Bielefeld

American artist Dan Colen's first major exhibition in Rome opens at Gagosian Gallery

Dutch and Flemish paintings on view at the Museum of Fine Arts in Saint Petersburg

The Denver Art Museum is first venue for "Robert Adams: The Place We Live" exhibition

Rijksmuseum is largest loaning institution to exhibition at Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna

Exhibition of recent work by Japanese artist and architect Yutaka Sone at David Zwirner

Major exhibition on Sam Maloof and his circle of artist friends on view at the Huntington Library

Survey exhibition of paintings and drawings by Hans Burkhardt at Jack Rutberg Fine Arts

"Combinations Described" by Bruce Nauman on view at Donald Young Gallery

NRW-Forum Exhibition by Magnum photographers focuses on war and crisis photography

Connecticut College's steel house by Winslow Ames getting chance to shine again

Two new AGA exhibitions explore pioneers of both early French photography and the frontier landscape

Docks Art Fair achieves a highly praised 3rd edition

Ohio mosque designed to blend in, not stand out

Exhibition is inspired by the concepts behind Czech author Milan Kundera's novel Slowness

FLAG Art Foundation presents two exhibitions: Art², a group exhibition and Jane Hammond: Fallen

High presents major exhibition of wildlife sculptures by artist Grainger McKoy

September 25, 2011

Lehmbruck Museum's most extensive exhibition celebrates its 100th anniversary

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Presents "Andy Warhol: Shadows"

Houston's Menil Collection Announces Return of Byzantine Frescoes to Cyprus in 2012

MFA Houston announces major Frank Stella acquisition: "Palmito Ranch" (1961), a landmark in American painting

Made in the UK: Contemporary art British art at the Museum of Art Rhode Island School of Design

Edge of Empires: Pagans, Jews and Christians at Institute for the Study of the Ancient World

Third solo exhibition by Brazilian artist Beatriz Milhazes on view at Galerie Max Hetzler

Restoration work to begin on Joan Miró mural in Wichita State University's Ulrich Museum of Art

Larry Wright appointed Managing Director of Bellevue Arts Museum in Washington

Exhibition at Victoria & Albert Museum tackles tough task: define "Postmodernism"

First Ever Museum Exhibition Showcases Giorgio di Sant' Angelo's Innovation and Influence

De La Warr Pavilion explores Andy Warhol's beliefs, lifestyle and above all, his legacy

Neuberger Museum of Art presents first ten-year survey of paintings and drawings by Dana Schutz

Des Moines Art Center exhibition explores issues of loss and extinction in Dario Robleto's work

Taglialatella Galleries announcemens two new executive positions

"Modify as Needed" at the Museum of Contemporary Art, North Miami

Newark Museum Patchwork exhibition now open

Andrew Raftery: Open House on view at the Fleming Museum of Art

New study identifies pine bush as "Stop Over" for migrating birds

Arnolfini celebrates 50th anniversary of presenting the very best in contemporary art in all its forms

National Museum of American History receives Peace Corps objects

Massachusetts library undoes century-old Twain book ban

Israel donates money for preservation of Auschwitz

Nation's largest pinball museum to open in Baltimore

Studies suggest 2 waves of ancient Asia settlement

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Greece holds breath as skeleton found in Alexander the Great-era tomb at Amphipolis

2.- Spain mourns the death of art collector Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, Duchess of Alba

3.- Meet the ancestors: Exhibition at Bordeaux gallery reveals faces of prehistoric humans

4.- Getty Foundation and partners launch free of charge online art collection catalogues

5.- Historic photos of dead Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara resurface in small Spanish town

6.- Exhibition showcases the first two 'Poesie' created by Titian following their restoration

7.- O'Keeffe painting sells for more than three times the previous world auction record for any female artist

8.- Crystal Bridges announces the departure of museum President Don Bacigalupi

9.- artnet Auctions offers a later example of Yayoi Kusama's important Infinity-Nets series

10.- 'Degenerate art' should go back to museums: German advisor Jutta Limbach

Related Stories



Louisiana Museum Presents Exhibition from the Merzbacher Collection

Pipilotti Rist Opens "Homo Sapiens Sapiens" at Louisiana Museum of Modern Art



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site