LONG ISLAND CITY, N.Y.- MoMA
PS1 presents a major exhibition reflecting upon the attacks of September 11, 2001, and the ways that they have altered how we see and experience the world in their wake. Eschewing images of the attacks on 9/11, as well as art made directly in response, the exhibition provides a subjective framework within which to consider the attacks in New York and their aftermath. Organized by MoMA PS1 Curator Peter Eleey, September 11 occupies the entire second floor of the museum, with additional works located elsewhere in the building and in the surrounding neighborhood. The exhibition opened on the tenth anniversary of the attacks, and will remain on view through January 9, 2012.
Since that morning, "September 11" has come to connote a broad swath of feelings and subjects that range from the personal to the national, while continuing to weigh upon the landscape of New York and its inhabitants, especially those directly affected by the attacks. Witnessed by an estimated 2 billion people, the attacks on the World Trade Center towers in New York City were likely the most pictured disasters in history, yet 9/11 remains, a decade later, underrepresented in cultural discourse particularly within the realm of contemporary art.
September 11 brings together more than 70 works by 41 artists in a range of mediums-many made prior to 9/11-to explore the attacks enduring and far-reaching resonance. Curator Peter Eleey explains, "Even though the towers are gone, we see literal and figurative echoes of them everywhere, whether in the silhouettes of two parallel trees in an Alex Katz landscape, or in the variety of ways that our culture has changed in response to the attacks that brought them down." He continues, "The street shrines and spontaneous memorials that sprung up throughout the city after 9/11 remain unrivalled for me in their commemorative power. I hope this exhibition will offer another way of thinking about what happened and reflecting on the events continued presence in our lives."
A Diane Arbus photograph of a newspaper blowing across a New York intersection at night, for example, assumes a haunting cast in the context of 9/11 (despite having been taken in the late 1950s), as does a series of pictures that John Pilson took in the World Financial Center in the late 1990s depicting intimate scenes of office life across the street from the World Trade Center towers. When Mary Lucier made Dawn Burn (1975), a video installation of a sunrise over the East River, the brightness of the sun rising in the sky scarred the cameras tube, leaving behind a dark burn in the image. The resulting installation is unsettlingly both anenactment of trauma and a representation of traumas persistence in memory.
Against the backdrop of 9/11s anniversary, September 11 features a number of works that explore commemoration and its rituals, including Susan Hiller's installation Monument (198081), which centers upon photographs of a Victorian monument erected in a London park to mark the heroism of ordinary citizens who died saving others. Harun Farockis more recent film Transmission (2007) examines pilgrimage sites that tourists feel compelled to touch-for luck, healing, or remembrance-such as the foot of the statue of the Apostle in St. Peters Basilica in Rome, and the names engraved in the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D. C. The public desire to participate in communal mourning and grief is suggested by one of Thomas Hirschhorn's street altars from the late 1990s, which has been installed for the first month of the exhibition on a street corner near MoMA PS1.
To make her audio installation The Forty Part Motet (2001), Janet Cardiff adapted a 16th-century piece of choral music, recording each member of the choir individually. The 40 separately recorded voices are played back through 40 speakers arranged in a large circle, allowing each voice to emerge distinctly as visitors move throughout the room-size installation. When the Motet went on view at MoMA PS1 in the weeks following the attacks, its joining of collective song and individual voice summoned for many visitors 9/11s distinctive combination of national tragedy and personal loss. In September 11, Cardiffs piece has been reinstalled in the same gallery where it was first presented a decade ago. Like the exhibition itself, the echoes of the Motet resounding once again in that room invite us to consider what has changed in the intervening ten years, and what history has allowed to remain substantially the same.