NEW YORK, NY.-
The New York Public Library
featurs over 250 artifacts from its incredible research collections in the new exhibition Celebrating 100 Years, which opened on May 14th at the Librarys landmark Stephen A. Schwarzman Building.
The exhibition a cornerstone of the Librarys celebration of the Schwarzman Buildings 100th birthday is organized by independent curator Thomas Mellins and shines a spotlight on items spanning thousands of years and representing the worlds of literature, dance, social activism, invention, exploration, religion, history and innumerable other intellectual disciplines and creative pursuits. Artifacts belonging to literary giants such as William Shakespeare, Charlotte Bronte and Jorge Luis Borges complements historically important items related to a wide variety of issues and events, from the Age of Discovery, to the creation of the Soviet Union, World War II, the Civil Rights movement and the AIDS crisis.
My primary goal in this exhibition is to show the depth and breadth of the Librarys remarkable collections, said Mellins, who previously curated an exhibition on the history of Lincoln Center at The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts. The collections constitute an irreplaceable tool for understanding our world. I hope that Celebrating 100 Years will serve as a point of entry for visitors, a glimpse into the Librarys vast holdings, occasioned by the 100th birthday of the Stephen A. Schwarzman Building.
Specific items in the exhibition include 4,300-year-old Sumerian cuneiforms among the earliest known examples of writing; John James Audubons Birds of America; some of Jack Kerouacs personal effects, including his glasses and his harmonica; Virginia Woolfs walking stick and the last entry in her diary before she took her own life; the first Gutenberg Bible brought to The United States; photographs by Diane Arbus and Vik Muniz; Johannes Keplers Mysterium Cosmographicum of 1596; Katharine Cornells makeup box; first-edition sheet music of the Star Spangled Banner; a letter from Groucho Marx; a board game from 1809 called A Voyage Round the Habitable Globe; a copy of The Wasteland by T.S. Eliot with Ezra Pounds edits; Jerome Robbins visual diary, which is made up of a series of collages and is a piece of beautiful artwork in itself; illustrations from the Bhagavata Purana; Charlotte Brontes writing desk; Terry Southerns Easy Rider script; Malcolm Xs briefcase and a personal journal written during his 1964 trip to Mecca; a ballot from the first post-apartheid election held in South Africa; photos from Ellis Island; W.W. Denslows Wizard of Oz illustrations; a lock of Mary Shelleys hair; a diary from Chester F. Carlson, the inventor of Xerox; John Coltranes handwritten score for his arrangement of Lover Man; the copy of David Copperfield that Charles Dickens used for public readings and Dickenss personal letter-opener, made out of his beloved cat Bobs paw; a 1939 New York Worlds Fair scrapbook; Ludwig van Beethovens handwritten score for the Archduke Trio; a 16th Century scroll of The Tale of Genji; an Andy Warhol silk screen; copy of Mao Zedongs Little Red Book owned by Lin Biao, Maos designated successor who was later denounced as a traitor to the nation; a costume from Ballets Russes; and etchings from Francisco Goyas anti-war print series The Disasters Of War.
A second gallery highlights artifacts connected specifically to the Librarys history, including a 1911 letter from Harry Houdini to his friend and NYPLs first director John Shaw Billings offering his complete set of Conjurers Monthly because he found the Library's magic holdings insufficient; a first edition of the book Andy and the Lion, the bronze ceremonial key from the 1911 opening of the Schwarzman Building, newspaper articles and photographs. The Librarys own Geospatial Librarian Matt Knutzen has also created a mapping video about the area where the Schwarzman Building currently sits and how it has changed over the years.
For the last 100 years, curators at The New York Public Library have used their tastes and talents to build one of the world's most renowned research collections, item by item, day by day, said NYPL President Paul LeClerc. These men and women have made NYPL the holder of history, and the exhibition Celebrating 100 Years is a fitting tribute to their efforts. Each of the 250 items selected are not only individually compelling, but shown together, tell the story of the world around us, and how it has changed over time. NYPL is the only institution in the world that always makes these collections accessible to the public, so I can't think of a better way to celebrate the 100th birthday of the Stephen A. Schwarzman Building than with an exhibition like this, shining a spotlight on what makes us so unique.
The items in the exhibition are organized into four thematic sections: Observation, Contemplation, Society and Creativity. Within each grouping, dramatic contrasts and juxtapositions are intended to create dialogues across time and space, and in so doing demonstrate the collections incredible range. For example, the earliest known copy of a letter from Christopher Columbus announcing his discovery of the Americas can be seen adjacent to photos of the Earth and moon taken from outer space by astronauts on the Apollo missions. A draft of The Declaration of Independence written in Thomas Jeffersons hand can be seen next to not only a handwritten draft of George Washingtons farewell address, but also a wallet-sized pamphlet produced by the Mattachine Society, an early gay rights organization, the title of which is What To Do if Youre Arrested.
The objects I selected reflect the concepts of range and diversity in numerous ways, including subject matter and the time and place in which the work on display was created, Mellins said. But the encyclopedic nature of the Librarys holdings can be seen in another way, as well. Most of the items in the exhibition are of clear historic or artistic value. But the inclusion of some, such as a board game or Beatles trading cards, may confound. Still other items may disturb us. But the Library does not function as our collective conscious; it is our collective memory. The Librarys collection rests upon the fundamental notion that all knowledge is worth preserving.
The New York Public Library has millions of items in its research collections, which are housed at the Stephen A. Schwarzman Building, The Science Industry and Business Library, The Library For The Performing Arts and The Schomburg Center For Research In Black Culture. Countless writers, researchers and students have used these collections in their work, including Pulitzer Prize winner Robert Caro who wrote The Power Broker and last years Pulitzer and National Book Award winner T.J. Stiles.
The New York Public Library is dedicated to preserving the history of our culture and society, said Ann Thornton, NYPLs Acting Andrew W. Mellon Director of the New York Public Libraries . Our vast collections represent the memory of mankind, and have been used to further scholarship in countless research papers, books, films, plays and so on. We are proud to share a small selection of that vast collection in Celebrating 100 Years, which highlights not only the uniqueness of the chosen items, but their historic significance and importance."