The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Thursday, September 18, 2014


Teotihuacan's Emblematic Monument, The Sun Pyramid, Still an Enigma for Archaeologists
The sun pyramid is the most important building of Teotihuacan. Photo: INAH/M. Marat.
MEXICO CITY.- Although research conducted at Teotihuacan Archaeological Zone has allowed determining several of its urban features, the construction of its most emblematic monument, the Sun Pyramid, still presents enigmas, like the real significance it had for dwellers, since no historical sources exist.

M.A. Ruben Cabrera Castro, researcher at the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), tried to elucidate the sense this 65-meter building had for ancient Teotihuacan dwellers. Although information has been provided by material rests found, it is difficult to be certain about Prehispanic thought.

At the conference series at the Center of Teotihuacan Studies, part of commemorations of the centennial of the opening of the archaeological site, Cabrera recalled that recently archaeologist Jaime Delgado conducted a survey among dwellers of the Valley of Teotihuacan and urban communities near Mexico City, workers and specialists at the archaeological site: What does the Sun Pyramid Means to You?

General population manifested that it is the most important building of Teotihuacan, a monument dedicated to the Sun, a center of energy, the main attraction of Teotihuacan, something majestic, a manifestation of despotic power, a ceremonial center, a tomb, a national symbol, an enigma…for archaeologists it is the central nucleus of Teotihuacan urban system too.

Still, its original meaning is a mystery, “mainly because in Teotihuacan we don’t have well-analyzed writing; glyphs were recently found at La Ventilla neighborhood, but they are being analyzed”, mentioned Ruben Cabrera.

According to the archaeologist, “this building is for many researchers a “water mountain” or altepetl: it is known that pyramids are replicas of hills, which were conceived as water providers.

“This allows us thinking that the Sun Pyramid is related to strength, fertility, water and the underworld, from where life comes from and where humans go after death, and maybe important characters, from the point of view of Teotihuacan people”.

The tunnel constructed under this pyramid could be related to Chicomostoc, original place of the Nahua tribes that arrived to Central Mexico. “There are elements as the 4 niches found to the bottom of the cave that coincide with the 4 petal flower, symbol of Teotihuacan, which resembles the representation of cavities deeply-rooted in Tolteca-Chichimeca history”.

The subterranean tunnel is linked with the underworld and the 4 cardinal points. “We can say that everything in Teotihuacan, even its planning, repeats the quincunx (symbol that points out the directions of the universe), an idea, older than Teotihuacan groups, that goes back to Olmecas”.

In such space were found human rests, as well as Tolteca and Mexica material, groups that apparently looted the place in later ages after the abandonment of the city. It is very probable that a water spring was found in the tunnel.
The Sun Pyramid was a space of power, as the discovery of fragmented sculptures of jaguars and serpents located near it verifies, figures that probably adorned its adjacent platforms.

INAH archaeologist Alejandro Villalobos manifested that the width of the Moon Pyramid plant corresponds with the 126-meters diameter of Cuicuilco great base, which is important because it is thought that people from Cuicuilco migrated to Teotihuacan after an eruption of Xitle Vulcano near 100 AD.

As in the archaeological site located in southern Mexico City, Teotihuacan pyramids are linked to the surrounding landscape, imitating the hills.

Regarding the constructive system of the Sun Pyramid, the architect concluded that different hypotheses point out that its internal nucleus is integrated by masonry systems yet to be explored and which could have an octagonal or random sequence.

How long did it take to build the Sun Pyramid?

• It was in 1986 when the first calculations on this regard were estimated.

• It is considered that it was built by 12,000 to 14,000 persons working simultaneously, by specialized groups in each of the tasks such as loaders, water-bearers, stonemasons, quarrymen and builders.

• Working 10 hours a day, seven days a week.

• Adding up 139 years of work conducted in normal conditions.





Today's News

October 6, 2010

For the First Time Ever, The Museo del Prado Exhibits Treasures from Its Library

Preserved Feathers and Scales of a Giant Penguin Fossil Gives Evolutionary Clues

Damien Hirst Fills the Paul Stolper Gallery with 120 Framed, Foilblock Butterfly Prints

First Exhibition in 45 Years Devoted to Renaissance Master Jan Gossart on View at Metropolitan Museum

Tiny Footprints from Poland Show that First Dinosaurs Walked on Little Cat Feet

Magnificent and Rare Collection of Mezzotints Acquired by the Art Fund for the British Museum

Record Number of Visitors this Summer for the United Kingdom's National Museums

Biennale of Sydney Announces Joint Artistic Directors for 2012: Catherine de Zegher and Gerald McMaster

Robert F. Kennedy-Owned Emancipation Proclamation Up for Auction

Nazi Praise Sparks Switzerland's Rethink of Modernist Architect Le Corbusier

Judd Foundation Announces It will Now Be Represented Exclusively by David Zwirner

Teotihuacan's Emblematic Monument, The Sun Pyramid, Still an Enigma for Archaeologists

£769,250 Achieved at Sotheby's for Rediscovered Paintings Depicting Tipu Sultan's Victory over the British

DeCordova Announces the Rappaport Endowment Fund and the Winner of the 11th Rappaport Prize

Completely Renewed, the National Museum of Cultures to Be Reopened

France 1500: Between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance at the Galeries nationales Grand Palais

New Work by Turner Prize Nominated Artist, Cornelia Parker, Loses Wing in Cuts Campaign

Sotheby's First-Ever Evening Sale of Islamic Art Realises £7 Million - Well Above Pre-Sale Expectations

Important Whistler and Old Master Prints at Swann Galleries' Three-Part Print Auction

The Onassis Cultural Center in New York Explores the Role of Heroes in Society

Portland-based Artist to Exhibit for Art For Arts' Sake Opening of the New Orleans Art Season

As 'Peanuts' Turn 60, Schulz Family Plans Future - More TV Specials and New Film

Sears Wants to Buy Back Willis Tower Sculpture Made by Alexander Calder

First Day of Historic Three-Day Attic Sale at Chatsworth Realises US$7 Million

First Kristin Baker Exhibition in an American Museum Opens at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Sidney Nolan's Antarctic Paintings on Display at the Polar Museum in Cambridge

Baba Bling: The Peranakan Chinese of Singapore at the Musée du Quai Branly

Modern Works by Artist Joan Miró Displayed at Metropolitan Museum with Dutch Old Master Paintings

Sotheby's Hong Kong Fine Chinese 2010 Autumn Sale Fetches US$52.2 Million

Rainer Fetting's "Manscapes", Painted between 1974 and 2010, on View at Kunsthalle Tubingen

Fire Virtually Destroys Southeastern England Landmark 19th-Century Hastings Pier

More than 60 Rare and Unpublished Photographs by Richard Avedon Set for Auction

Maryhill Museum of Art Announces Plans for First Expansion in 70-Year History

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Fever mounts as stunning statues found at Alexander The Great-era tomb

2.- Hi-tech underground scans reveal vast complex of monuments at Britain's Stonehenge

3.- National Geographic Museum opens exhibition featuring shark-munching Spinosaurus

4.- First major New York City exhibition to explore Vienna Actionism opens at Hauser & Wirth

5.- Elizabeth I 'airbrushed' for 18th century make-over and a bug is found in Edward VI

6.- Award winning Swedish director Daniel Fridell to direct Kalliope Films' Vincent Van Gogh biopic

7.- Comprehensive retrospective exhibition of Joan Miró's work opens at the Albertina

8.- Synchrotron radiation technology in art conservation: Science to the rescue of art

9.- Mona Kuhn's first solo exhibition in the US opens at Edwynn Houk Gallery

10.- Sotheby's announces details of its sales series for Property from the Collection of Mrs. Paul Mellon



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site