The fall landscape and paintings of its trees in full glory is often regarded as uniquely American. On September 25, the Hudson River Museum
, Yonkers, opens Paintbox Leaves: Autumnal Inspiration from Cole to Wyeth, which includes nearly 100 paintings from major museums and private collections and examines the narrative of the American artists fascination with autumn.
It was the Hudson River School painters who began the tradition of seasonal landscape painting, developing the notion of an American terrain enhanced by autumn color and the emotional response it provokes. But, while autumn landscapes celebrate color and bounty, they also foreshadow the bleakness of a winter to come, acting as scenic memento mori.
There is one season when the American forest surpasses all the world in gorgeousness, wrote Hudson River School painter Thomas Cole in 1835, that is the autumnal; then every hill and dale is riant in the luxury of color every hue is there, from the liveliest green to deepest purple from the most golden yellow to the intensest crimson.
Paintbox Leaves displays 19th-century art, including that of Cole and Cropsey, Americas painter of autumn, alongside that of later American Impressionists and contemporary artists, who reinvigorated landscape painting. Their artwork lends itself to four themes: the Harvest and the Hunt, symbol of the fruitful domestication of the American landscape; the Visitor In the Landscape, reflecting mans evolving relationship with nature and tourism; the Leaf and the Magic of Color tracing artistic and scientific inquiry into the phenomena of autumn; and Autumn Abstraction, reflecting artistic influence on the depiction of natural forms.
Artists in the exhibition include: Milton Avery, George Bellows, Thomas Hart Benton, Albert Bierstadt, James Renwick Brevoort, Frederic Edwin Church, Thomas Cole, Jasper Francis Cropsey, Charles Edouard du Bois, John Whetten Ehninger, Sanford Gifford, Stephen Hannock, Marsden Hartley, Childe Hassam, Winslow Homer, George Inness, Yvonne Jacquette, John Marin, Thomas Moran, Grandma Moses, Maxfield Parrish, Robert Reid, Clive Smith, Andrew Stevovich, Worthington Whittredge, Andrew Wyeth, and Jamie Wyeth.
The exhibition includes loans from two dozen major museums and private collections. Exceptional museum loans include:
Thomas Hart Benton, Autumn, 1940. Whitney Museum of American Art Albert Bierstadt, Autumn Woods, 1886. New-York Historical Society Hugh Breckenridge, Autumn, 1931. Philadelphia Museum of Art Frederick Church, Autumn Landscape,1856. Florence Griswold Museum Thomas Cole, The Clove, Catskills, c. 1824. New Britain Museum of American Art Marsden Hartley, Autumn, 1908. University of Minnesota Frederick Childe Hassam, The Jewel Box. Old Lyme, 1906 National Academy Museum William Davis Moore, Autumn Leaves, 1875-1880. Long Island Museum of American Art Maxfield Parrish, Jack Frost, 1936. The Haggin Museum