The plans for Phase 1 of The Glasgow School of Art
re-development were released yesterday. Designed by Steven Holl Architects (New York) in partnership with JM Architects (Glasgow) and Arup Engineering, the new building will replace the Foulis Building and Newbery Tower on Renfrew Street opposite the Mackintosh building, and significantly refurbish the Assembly Building which houses the Students Union.
Steven Holl Architects with JM Architects and Arup were appointed last September following an international competition to design a new building for the Art School which would enhance significantly the teaching, learning and research facilities available to GSA students and staff as well as providing access to new publicly accessible spaces including exhibition galleries and the Simon Sainsbury Interpretation Centre for the Mackintosh Building. Considered one of Americas most important architects, Steven Holl is recognised for his ability to blend space and light with great contextual sensitivity, and to utilize the unique qualities of each project to create a concept-driven design. He specializes in integrating new projects into contexts with particular cultural and historic importance and has extensive experience in designing both educational and cultural buildings.
Inspired by Mackintoshs inventive manipulation of his 1909 Art School buildings plan and section to introduce and deploy light in a tremendous variety of inspiring and successful ways, the new design complements its neighbour, but moves forward using a new language of light. With well proportioned studio and workshop spaces at the core of teaching and making art, these spaces are arranged in plan and section with natural side and top light for inspiring work environments, supplemented with driven voids of light that penetrate the buildings core and deliver natural light through its depth; providing direct connectivity with the outside world through the changing intensity and colour of the sky.
These ventilated voids rising through the building also support its environmental sustainably; which is set to achieve a BREEAM Excellent rating as well as meeting the Schools own ambitious targets for sustainability.
The design unveiled is the outcome of an extensive dialogue between the Design Team and the Schools staff and students. It provides much needed studios and centralised workshop facilities, the Centre for Advanced Textiles, new digital media spaces, a lecture theatre and seminar rooms, exhibition space, a refectory for staff and students and a range of informal learning areas. The interpretation centre for the Mackintosh Building, phase 4 of the Mackintosh Conservation and Access Project is also on the site.
Our collaboration with Steven Holl Architects and theirs with JM Architects has produced a design that I am confident will deliver a world-class building for The School and for Glasgow, says Professor Seona Reid, Director of The Glasgow School of Art. An intensive design development process has produced a building which not only provides all the specific functionality that we need for our educational and research purpose but also creates an environment which will inspire all who study, work and visit there. . The inventive use of light, material and section make it a worthy companion to Mackintosh, a striking building of which we will all be immensely proud.
Steven Holl said, "The site opposite the Mackintosh Building calls for a unique, inspiring and stimulating twenty-first century architecture with a great sensitivity to light, detail, and material. The new Glasgow School of Art Building will provide contemplative space for individual creativity and thought, and spaces of collective interaction for students, staff and the Garnethill community."
The design began with the Studio space - the core of teaching and making art. Well-proportioned studio and workshop volumes are arranged in plan and section with ideal top and side light. They are adaptable with potential for individual studios to open into larger groups, and arranged with functionally adjacent support spaces in rhythm with the studio/workshop volumes. They are illuminated with north light, with shafts of warm south, east or west light. Studios are generally positioned on the north façade provided with large inclined north facing glazing to maximize access to the desirable high quality diffuse north light throughout the academic year. Spaces that do not have a requirement for the same quality of natural light, are located on the South façade (opposite the Mackintosh building) where access to sunlight can be balanced with the occupants; needs and the thermal performance of the space through application of shading or informed shaping of openings.
Centralized facilities for the GSA campus, including exhibition spaces, seminar spaces, digital media and the Window on the Mackintosh centre are located on the ground ﬂoor in a carefully considered balance that forges an identity as an academic building, for the school and students, but that also invites the public inside.
Located one level below, a 300-seat lecture theatre has direct access to the lobby as well as the centralized workshop and associated assembly spaces. Immediately above the ground ﬂoor are the school directorate and administrative ofﬁces (on the south) whilst studio space occupies the entire north side at this level and moving up through the building. The new GSA refectory is located on level 2 above the offices, bringing the entire school up and into the building on a daily basis.
Along the South elevation, at the same height as the Mackintosh main studios, there is a landscape loggia in the form of a Machair that gives the school an exterior social core open to the city. Natural vegetation with some stonework routes water into a small recycling water pond which will also reﬂect dappled sunlight onto the ceiling inside. Meanwhile inside the Driven Void light shafts deliver natural light through the depth of the building providing direct connectivity with the outside world through the changing intensity and colour of the sky.
The exterior of the building will be coated in a thin skin of matte glass referencing Mackintoshs stone skin on the 1909 building. The material, used to stunning effect by Steven Holl Architects on the Vanke Centre Chenzen, will soften the light on the Mackintosh building ensuring the studios continue to benefit from the quality of light as envisaged by the designer.
The site opposite Charles Rennie Mackintoshs masterpiece, the original Glasgow School of Art, is one of the most important in Europe, says David Dunbar president of the RIAS. It is thoroughly appropriate that an international master architect is working with an excellent local team to create a building which will serve as superb foil for the impressive building opposite. The new School of Art building is also something which will merit international acclaim and attention, giving Glasgow a new highly distinctive and prominent landmark.
It was reassuring to see the care and attention that has gone into the whole project, and the sensitive response to the site, to meet the challenges of designing opposite Mackintoshs internationally acclaimed building, says Stuart Robertson, Director of the Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society and Chair of the Mackintosh Heritage Group. I cannot wait to see the new building taking shape and I am sure it will be a great asset for the School and for Glasgow, and provide a fabulous environment for the staff and students, It will definitely be a worthy companion to the Mackintosh Building and a building of which we will all be immensely proud.