The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Thursday, July 31, 2014


Bonampak Lineage Might Have Come from Plan de Ayutla, Chiapas
Structure 13. Northern acropolis, Plan de Ayutla archaeological zone. Photo: DMC INAH/ H. Montano.
MEXICO CITY.- Recent explorations conducted by experts from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) point out that Plan de Ayutla Archaeological Site, in Chiapas, could have been the political center where the lineage that founded Bonampak originated,more than 1,400 years ago. This hypothesis is based on interpretation of inscriptions at different monuments.

The archaeological zone that will be open to public before 2012, according to the compromise of President Felipe Calderon, could have been in Prehispanic times one of the legendary cities didentified by epigraphic as Sak T’zi or Ak’e.

The first hypothesis regarding Plan de Ayutla identity points out that it might have been Sak T’zi, city that between 600 and 800 AD struggled with Maya metropolis of Tonina, Piedras Negras and Yaxchilan, informed archaeologist Luis Alberto Martos.

The site located in Ocosingo municipality “is key to understand development and political integration in Bonampak and Lacanha”, commented Martos, director of Plan de Ayutla Archaeological Project.

Sak T’zi (white dog in Maya) was described in different carved monuments, such as Lintel 2 at Yaxchilan were the defeat of the city by Yaxchilan and Bonampak, in 787 AD, is described.

According to inscriptions, Luis Alberto Martos recalled, “it must have been a site bigger than Bonampak but smaller than Yaxchilan. Some authors have traced its area of influence between seigniories of Yaxchilan, Bonampak, Piedras Negras, Tonina and Palenque, and given its features, Plan de Ayutla might have been Sak T’zi”.

“One of Sak T’zi rulers, K’ab Chan Te (the one who holds the sky), named himself seignior of 2 katunes, corresponding to 40 years approximately in our calendar, and warrior at the ballgame; this means ballgame was important at Sak T’zi.”

The aforementioned data makes sense if we consider the greatest ballgame court of High Usumacinta region is at Plan de Ayutla. Located at the center of the city, it measures, including the structures that limit it, 85 meters long and 40 wide. It has enclosed end-zones and is covered with slabs.

The second theory refers to Plan de Ayutla as the ancient city of Ak’e; Martos, also head of INAH Direction of Archaeological Studies, pointed out that this ancient political center was subordinated to Tonina in different stages.

We find at Plan de Ayutla architectural elements similar to those at Tonina, such as the aforementioned ballgame court, the frets that adorn Structure 13, and the frequent use of column altars, which could indicate this is ancient Ak’e, which means turtle in Maya.

Nearness with Bonampak (only 25 kilometers away) points out that if this is the ancient Ak’e, from where the founding lineage of Bonampak came from. Apparently, the dynasty moved out taking with them the “Ak’e” emblem glyph.

Dr. Luis Alberto Martos remarked neither place has been archaeologically located but, according to epigraphic studies, both were important in the history of the High Usumacinta region.

Archaeological evidence reveals there was human occupation at Plan de Ayutla since 150 BC, although its history as an integrated city began 100 or 150 years later. Regardless most of Usumacinta cities were abandoned towards 800-850 AD, material dated from 1000 AD have been located, which indicates the relevance of the site.

Part of the Sierra de Jalapa region, near the Biosphere Reserve of Montes Azules, this Maya site has particular features that provide its character, such as monumentality and quality of the Usumacinta style buildings.

Archaeologist Luis Alberto Martos remarked that Structure 13, located at Acropolis Norte, has the form of a hut. “It is a superb construction with two 8-meters-high roofed spans, an unusual feature in the region. Apparently, it was an observatory, since, from mid July (beginning of Maya calendar), it marks the zenithal passing of the Sun.

National Institute of Anthropology and History | Mexico | President Felipe Calderon | Bonampak Lineage | Chiapas |


Last Week News

September 14, 2010

Vatican Apostolic Library Reopens to Scholars After Three-Year and $11.5 Million Restoration

After 75 Years, Boeing Co. will Demolish Historic Plant 2

Ninth Edition of the Most Prestigious Art Show in the Americas Announced

Bonhams Launch Irish Art Department with First Sale in February

Chinese Emperor's Seal Expected to Make Millions at Bonhams

Christie's New York to Offer Extraordinary Collection of Unique Daguerreotypes

Transport: A Major Thematic Exhibition by Marc Newson at Gagosian

Global Positioning System? Mapquest? Not for Fans of Hand-Drawn Maps

The Menil Collection to Publish The Catalogue Raisonné of the Drawings of Jasper Johns

Bonhams & Butterfields to Offer the J.D. Collection of Saint-Gaudens $10 Eagles

"Notorious & Notable" Fashion Exhibit Pays Homage to New York Style Icons

Bay Area Artist Nellie King Solomon Exhibits at Brian Gross Fine Art

Art of the 1980s: A Düsseldorf Perspective at Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen

Elements, Objects and Groupings by Jean-Pascal Flavien at Galerie Michel Rein

Tom Leighton "Appropiation of Space" Opens at Cynthia Corbett Gallery

Sotheby's Announces Third Offering From The James S. Copley Library

Roman Bronze Helmet, Found with a Metal Detector, to Be Offered at Christie's

Medal Awarded to Carpathia Crew for Rescue of Titanic Survivors to Sell

Picasso Graphics Museum Celebrates 10th Anniversary, Changes Name

Strong Group of Works by The Glasgow Boys to Open Sotheby's London Sale

Origins and Mysteries of the Inca's Gold Explored at Pinacothèque de Paris

New Works by Christof Mascher at Galerie Michael Janssen

Gallery's Detective Work Shows Two Portraits Painted at the Same Time

Works by Ryan Leigh, Sam Knowles and Nick Bailey at Simon Oldfield Gallery

80 Coloured Ink Paintings Made by Josephine King at Riflemaker

Yul Brynner's Photographic Oeuvre Shown for the First Time

Exhibition Presents Photographs of José A. Figueroa's "Other" Life in Cuba

The Biography and Complete Catalog Raisonné on William Bouguereau Out this Week

Art Institute of Chicago Appoints Daniel Walker Chair of Two Curatorial Departments

Columbia University Buys 1st Amendment Crusader's Papers

September 13, 2010

Landmark Exhibition of Siqueiros Landscape Paintings at the Museum of Latin American Art

A Remarkable Roman Bronze Helmet, Found with a Metal Detector, to Be Offered at Christie's

Pablo Picasso Graphics Museum Celebrates 10th Anniversary, Changes Name

Medal Awarded to Carpathia Crew for Rescue of Titanic Survivors to Sell at Bonhams

Tom Leighton "Appropiation of Space" Opens at Cynthia Corbett Gallery

Origins and Mysteries of the Inca's Gold Explored in New Exhibition at Pinacothèque de Paris

Sotheby's Announces Third Offering From The James S. Copley Library

Art of the 1980s: A Düsseldorf Perspective at Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen

Gallery's Detective Work Shows Two Portraits Painted at the Same Time

Works by Ryan Leigh, Sam Knowles and Nick Bailey at Simon Oldfield Gallery

Strong Group of Works by The Glasgow Boys to Open Sotheby's London Sale of Scottish Pictures

"Notorious & Notable" Fashion Exhibit Pays Homage to New York Style Icons

Bay Area Artist Nellie King Solomon Exhibits at Brian Gross Fine Art

Elements, Objects and Groupings by Jean-Pascal Flavien at Galerie Michel Rein

Solo Exhibition of Photographic Project by Andrzej Maciejewski Opens at Sticks Cultural Centre

New Art Collection Arrives at Four Seasons Hotel in Washington

Second Solo Exhibition for Eric Fertman at Susan Inglett Gallery

Pedro Barateiro's "Theatre of Hunters" at Kunsthalle Basel

First Museum Exhibition in Switzerland of Work by Eccentric Landscape Artist Carl Wilhelm Kolbe

Twenty Works on Canvas and Paper by Joan Mitchell at Manny Silverman Gallery

New Works by Jennifer Steinkamp at Lehmann Maupin

Retrospective Exhibition Marks the Centennial of Morris Graves' Birthday

Faith Ringgold's Paintings of the 1960s are the Focus of an Exhibition

The Meadows Museum Presents El Greco's Monumental Painting, Pentecost

A Year in the Painting Life of Joan Snyder at Cuningham Gallery

Duncan Miller Gallery Shows Both Sides of Ansel Adams Dispute

"Nueva York" Turns Lens South to New York Hispanic Roots

Tate Announces First Major Retrospective of Joan Miró in Fifty Years

Hot Dogs, Lobbies, Football and Ouagadougou at PDNB Gallery

European Abstraction Post World War II Opens at Bechtler Museum of Modern Art

Tallest Free-Standing Bronze in London to Be Installed on Tuesday

British Museum Gets $38 Million Gift from John Sainsbury

Jack Rutberg Fine Arts Presents U.S. Debut Exhibition by Spanish Artist Jordi Alcaraz

September 12, 2010

Comprehensive Nam June Paik Retrospective Opens at Museum Kunst Palast in Dusseldorf

Tate Announces First Major Retrospective of Joan Miró in Fifty Years

The Meadows Museum Presents El Greco's Monumental Painting, Pentecost

Duncan Miller Gallery Shows Both Sides of Ansel Adams Dispute

"Nueva York" Turns Lens South to New York Hispanic Roots

New Works by Jennifer Steinkamp at Lehmann Maupin

Tallest Free-Standing Bronze in London to Be Installed on Tuesday

Twenty Works on Canvas and Paper by Joan Mitchell at Manny Silverman Gallery

Faith Ringgold's Paintings of the 1960s are the Focus of an Exhibition

European Abstraction Post World War II Opens at Bechtler Museum of Modern Art

Retrospective Exhibition Marks the Centennial of Morris Graves' Birthday

A Year in the Painting Life of Joan Snyder at Cuningham Gallery

Hot Dogs, Lobbies, Football and Ouagadougou at PDNB Gallery

British Museum Gets $38 Million Gift

Fine Chinese Paintings Autumn Sale 2010 Announced at Sotheby's

Sotheby's Hong Kong Announces Autumn Contemporary Asian Art Sale

Dusseldorf's Quadriennale 2010 Opens with Joseph Beuys Exhibition

Large-Scale Installation by Sol LeWitt at Gladstone Gallery in Brussels

Exhibition of Paintings and Works on Paper by Lari Pittman at Regen Projects

Artists Explore Otherworldly Depths of the Imagination in New Exhibition

Gasser Grunert Gallery Presents Tim Rodas "Games of Antiquities"

Contemporary Art Foundation Announces New Director of Development

Side by Side: Oberlin's Masterworks at the Phillips Collection

Exhibition Focuses on Berlin's Weimar Era in Jeanne Mammen: City of Women

Science, Religion and Politics: The Royal Society at the National Portrait Gallery

New Embroidery Paintings and Sculpture by Angelo Filomeno at Galerie Lelong

Works by David Kapp and Tom Burckhardt at Tibor de Nagy Gallery

New Works by Chinese Artist Liao Yibai at Mike Weiss Gallery

'Easy Riders' On Display in Massey Gallery Exhibition

Le Mont Rouge: Large Contemporary Sculpture Installed at the University of Utah

Neuberger Museum of Art Presents 40-Year Survey of Pat Steir's Exploration of Drawing

September 11, 2010

Brazilian Architect Oscar Niemeyer Receives the Order of Arts and Letters Award

Sotheby's Hong Kong Announces Autumn Contemporary Asian Art Sale

Dusseldorf's Quadriennale 2010 Opens with Joseph Beuys Exhibition

New Embroidery Paintings and Sculpture by Angelo Filomeno at Galerie Lelong

Large-Scale Installation by Sol LeWitt at Gladstone Gallery in Brussels

Side by Side: Oberlin's Masterworks at the Phillips Collection

Science, Religion and Politics: The Royal Society at the National Portrait Gallery

Contemporary Art Foundation Announces New Director of Development and Communications

Fine Chinese Paintings Autumn Sale 2010 Announced at Sotheby's

Artists Explore Otherworldly Depths of the Imagination in New Exhibition

Gasser Grunert Gallery Presents Tim Rodas "Games of Antiquities"

Exhibition of Paintings and Works on Paper by Lari Pittman at Regen Projects

Exhibition Focuses on Berlin's Weimar Era in Jeanne Mammen: City of Women

Bonhams Sells Royal British Legion Replica Spitfire Ahead of Auction

Debbie Reynolds' Hollywood Memorabilia Set for Auction

Experimental Filmmaker Ben Russell Exhibits at Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago

Whitney Site-Specific Installation Designed by Barbara Kruger Now On View

Radical New Installation by Yoko Ono at Haunch of Venison in Berlin

Cyrus the Great Artifact to Be Displayed in Iran's National Museum

Modern Science Reveals Secrets of Nelson-Atkins 2,500-Year-Old Mummy

First Century of Research at Teotihuacan to Be Celebrated

California-Based Artist Ingrid Calame Exhibits at James Cohan Gallery

Sotheby's Announces a Special Exhibition in New York

Major Presentation of the German Artist Anselm Kiefer at Louisiana

Sotheby's Announces an Exceptional Array of Greek Art this Winter

Revolution Museum Settles on Philadelphia After 11 Years

Curate Your Own Membership: A New Approach to Museum Membership at the Whitney

Artists Protest Looming Cuts to United Kingdom Culture Budget

Christie's to Offer the Magnificent Art Collection of Computing Pioneer Max Palevsky

Tate Liverpool Announces René Magritte: The Pleasure Principle

September 10, 2010

Sotheby's London To Hold a Sale of Magnificent Books, Manuscripts and Drawings

Major Presentation of the German Artist Anselm Kiefer at Louisiana

Sotheby's Announces an Exceptional Array of Greek Art this Winter

Christie's to Offer the Magnificent Art Collection of Computing Pioneer Max Palevsky

Curate Your Own Membership: A New Approach to Museum Membership at the Whitney

Artists Protest Looming Cuts to United Kingdom Culture Budget

Radical New Installation by Yoko Ono at Haunch of Venison in Berlin

Tate Liverpool Announces René Magritte: The Pleasure Principle

Cyrus the Great Artifact to Be Displayed in Iran's National Museum

Sotheby's Announces a Special Exhibition in New York

California-Based Artist Ingrid Calame Exhibits at James Cohan Gallery

First Century of Research at Teotihuacan to Be Celebrated

Modern Science Reveals Secrets of Nelson-Atkins 2,500-Year-Old Mummy

The Phillips Collection Launches "Give by Cell" Campaign to Support Repairs

Tate Proves Value of Public Investment by Sharing its Collection

10,000 Lives: The Eight Gwangjou Biennale Now Open to the Public

Revolution Museum Settles on Philadelphia After 11 Years

Solo Quintet (1897-1979): A New Exhibition by Tim Lee at Lisson Gallery

Scientists Find Fossil of a New Dinosaur that Sports a Noticeable Hump

Tourist Crowds Threaten Vatican's Sistine Chapel Says Vatican Museums Chief

Skeleton of 18th Century Whale Found by Archaeologists in London

Krannert Art Museum Focuses Exhibition on Chicago Imagism

Adi Da Samraj "Orpheus and Linead" Opens at Sundaram Tagore Gallery

Astronomical Observation to Be Held at Tula Archaeological Zone

Co-Owner of Missing Corot Painting Charged with Fraud

Baghdad, 5 March 2007: A New Display with Jeremy Deller

"Girl with an iPod" is Visitors' Favorite Painting at BP Portrait Award Exhibition

Virginia Philanthropist, Art Collector, Billionaire John Kluge Dies

Sotheby's Announces Contemporary Asian Art Autumn Sale

Dutch Archive Finds Stock Share from 1606

September 9, 2010

Takashi Murakami's Brightly-Colored Pop Art Arrives at the Château de Versailles

Tourist Crowds Threaten Vatican's Sistine Chapel Says Vatican Museums Chief

Scientists Find Fossil of a New Dinosaur that Sports a Noticeable Hump

Skeleton of 18th Century Whale Found by Archaeologists in London

Baghdad, 5 March 2007: A New Display with Jeremy Deller

"Girl with an iPod" is Visitors' Favorite Painting at BP Portrait Award Exhibition

Virginia Philanthropist, Art Collector, Billionaire John Kluge Dies

Krannert Art Museum Focuses Exhibition on Chicago Imagism

Adi Da Samraj "Orpheus and Linead" Opens at Sundaram Tagore Gallery

Astronomical Observation to Be Held at Tula Archaeological Zone

Sotheby's Announces Contemporary Asian Art Autumn Sale

Solo Quintet (1897-1979): A New Exhibition by Tim Lee at Lisson Gallery

Sotheby's London To Hold a Sale of Magnificent Books, Manuscripts and Drawings

Jan Six Portrait by Rembrandt on Display at the Rijksmuseum

Dallas Museum of Art Discovers George Romney Painting in the Collections

Exceptional Works of South Asian Art to Be Auctioned at Sotheby's

American Artist Suzan Frecon Presents New Paintings at David Zwirner

Grand Rapids Awaits ArtPrize Crowds, Back for a Second Year

Royal Academy to Examine British Sculpture of the 20th Century

2010 No Dead Artists National Juried Exhibition Opens Group Show

Drawings and a New Sculpture by Rachel Whiteread at Gagosian in London

The Hammer and LAXART Join Forces to Organize the First Los Angeles Biennial

MoMA Announces Exhibition that Explores the Radical Transformation of Drawing

Major Eadweard Muybridge Retrospective Opens at Tate Britain

Sotheby's Hong Kong to Hold 20th Century Chinese Art Autumn Sale in October

The Royal Photographic Society Awards Centenary Medal to Albert Watson

Group Exhibition Featuring Works on Paper at Timothy Taylor Gallery

Tony Blair Book Party at Tate Modern Postponed Due to Demonstrators

Study Reveals that Elite of Yaxchilan Produced Exclusive Handcrafts

Exhibition of New Paintings by Allen Jones at Marlborough Fine Art

Post-War American Art: The Novak/O'Doherty Collection at IMMA

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Archaeologists discover Roman 'free choice' cemetery in the 2,700-year-old ancient port of Rome

2.- Romanians must pay 18 million euros over Kunsthal Museum Rotterdam art heist

3.- Hello Kitty designer Yuko Yamaguchi defends cute character as cat turns 40 years old

4.- eBay and Sotheby's partner to bring world class art and collectibles to a global community

5.- Exhibition on Screen returns with new series of films bringing great art to big screens across the globe

6.- Marina Abramović reaches half way point of her '512 Hours' performance at the Serpentine Gallery

7.- The Phillips Collection in Washington introduces a uCurate app for curating on-the-go

8.- United States comic icon Archie Andrews dies saving openly gay character

9.- New feathered predatory fossil, unearthed in China, sheds light on dinosaur flight

10.- Exhibition at Thyssen Bornemisza Museum presents an analysis of the concept of the 'unfinished'

Related Stories



Archaeologists find Maya ceramics and mural paintings in three underwater caves in Mexico

Pedro Ramirez Vazquez

Mexican archaeologists find Aztec temple platform at Mexico City's Templo Mayor ruin

Mexican Funerary Masks Travel to France for Exhibition at the Pinacothèque de Paris

Two Pyramids at Santo Nombre Archaeological Site were Restored by INAH

Mexican Archaeologists Say Tonina Ballgame Court may Be the One Described in Popol Vuh

Mexican Archaeologists Report Finding Prehispanic Objects at Nevado de Toluca

Archaeologists Discover Two More Human Skeletons Accompanied by a Rich Offering

Archaeologists Discover Two More Human Skeletons Accompanied by a Rich Offering at Chiapa de Corzo

Drawings and Sketches that Reflect Mexico's Independence Period Published



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Rmz. - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site