The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Thursday, August 28, 2014


National Archives to House Infamous Nazi World War II Papers
Gen. George S. Patton Jr., right, presenting Huntington trustee Robert Millikan with an original 1935 typescript of the Nuremberg Laws signed by Adolf Hitler. AP Photo/The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens.

By: John Rogers, Associated Press Writer

SAN MARINO, CA (AP).- During the final days of World War II, as American soldiers were returning from Germany with swastika-inscribed helmets, flags and other Nazi memorabilia, Gen. George Patton was packing up his own set of souvenirs.

The legendary field commander took four pages of documents signed by Adolf Hitler that laid the legal framework for killing 6 million Jews — the so-called Nuremberg Laws.

On Wednesday, The Huntington Library, a sprawling complex of libraries, museums and botanical gardens in this leafy Los Angeles suburb, plans to hand over the documents to the government-run National Archives, thus concluding a 65-year-old odyssey.

The papers, which among other things rescinded the citizenship of German Jews and forbid them to marry non-Jews, are the only original pieces of Nuremberg trial evidence missing from the collection, said National Archives spokeswoman Susan Cooper.

Holocaust scholars have described them as priceless, saying they provide an outline of the beginnings of a movement that led to the most atrocious act of genocide in history.

It hasn't been lost on officials at The Huntington that Patton, a notorious war trophy collector, carried the papers out of Germany illegally.

"We were aware of the fact that General Patton, who had received the documents from his staff as a gift and deposited them at The Huntington, had not paid attention in his souvenir hunting to the orders of his commander in chief," library President Steve S. Koblik said.

The papers should have gone to the U.S. government, which was collecting evidence to use in the Nazi war crimes trials that took place in Nuremberg shortly after the war. Prosecutors had to use photocopies instead.

"Had General Patton not taken these documents, they would have been part of the collection the government was putting together in order to prepare for the Nuremberg trials," Koblik said.

Patton, instead, deposited the papers at The Huntington in 1945. The general grew up next door to the library and his father once worked for its namesake, railroad baron Henry Huntington.

The laws, which also forbade Jews from having sex with non-Jews, flying the German flag or hiring non-Jewish women to work in their homes, remained quietly filed away in a bombproof vault until 1999 when Huntington officials announced they had them.

After lending them for several years to Los Angeles' Skirball Cultural Center — whose mission is to promote Jewish culture and heritage — The Huntington announced this week it was handing them over.

The time had come to take them off display, Koblik said, adding the papers' fragility doesn't allow they be exposed to light indefinitely.

"We've never made them an official part of the Huntington collection," Koblik told The Associated Press on Tuesday. He said the nonprofit institution, known for such treasures as its priceless Gutenberg Bible and early editions of the works of Shakespeare and Chaucer, has very little material on 20th century Germany.

Although the laws didn't directly call for the execution of Jews, they laid the groundwork for that, several scholars said, by marginalizing a group of people, turning them into second-class citizens.

"It's important to our understanding of genocide that genocide is always a process," said Stephen Smith, executive director of the University of Southern California's Shoah Foundation Institute, which documents evidence of the Holocaust.

"That was not an order to murder the Jews, it was an order to exclude them from participation in society," Smith said of the Nuremberg Laws. "Once you start excluding a group for whatever reason you are on the path to the ultimate exclusion."


Copyright 2010 The Associated Press.

The Huntington Library | Steve S. Koblik | World War II | Adolf Hitler | Nazi Memorabilia |


Last Week News

August 24, 2010

Eli Broad Picks Downtown Los Angeles Site for Art Museum to Showcase His Collection

Newseum in Washington Retells Katrina Story 5 Years Later

Exceptional Bronzes, Sculpture and Paintings Lead Christie's Sale of Indian and Southeast Asian Art

Finders Keepers: A Tale of Archeological Plunder and Obsession

PBS Launches New "PBS Arts" Site to Expand Arts Content

Fine Chinese Ceramics and Works of Art at Sotheby's

Major International Art Project to Bring Dialogue Between the UK and Turkey

Haus Konstruktiv Celebrates 100-Year-Long History of Concrete, Constructivist and Conceptual Art

Group Representing Ansel Adams Sues Over Garage Sale Negatives

Egypt Culture Chief, Farouk Hosni, Sleepless Over Van Gogh Theft

Painting by Egon Schiele Stolen by Nazis Back in Austrian Museum

Empire State Building Cries Foul Over Proposed Rival Nearby

Spy Museum Adds Another Former Spy to Staff in Washington DC

Apply Yourself to Impressionist Gardens with New iPhone App

Large Scale Etchings by Richard Serra at Fabian & Claude Walter Galerie

The Whitney to Present Modern Life: Edward Hopper and His Time

Storm Knocks Down Monumental Tree that Cheered Anne Frank

Acropolis Open for Full Moon as Pay Dispute Solved

Who Shot Rock and Roll Ends Nation-Wide Tour at the Columbia Museum of Art

Trial Date Set in Associated Press-Shepard Fairey Dispute in NYC

Royal Caribbean's Allure of the Seas to Feature First Romero Britto Store at Sea

San Jose Museum Opens First Museum Survey Devoted to Work of Leo Villareal

Asian Art Dealers New York Announce Exciting Fall Schedule of Exhibitions

Sotheby's London to Hold First-Ever Sale of Chimneypieces

100% Success in Gstaad: Entire Peter F. Baumberger Motor Car Collection Sold by Bonhams

Harn Museum of Art Receives $4.2 Million Collection of Asian Art

Sotheby's Hong Kong To Offer The Bordeaux Collection from SK Networks

August 23, 2010

Pomeranian State Museum to Open Exhibition by Three Masters of German Romanticism

Painting by Egon Schiele Stolen by Nazis Back in Austrian Museum

Billionaire Eli Broad Chooses Los Angeles Site for Art Museum

Egypt Deputy Minister, Mohsen Shalaan, Detained Over Van Gogh Theft

Apply Yourself to Impressionist Gardens with New iPhone App

Large Scale Etchings 1981-1990 by Richard Serra at Fabian & Claude Walter Galerie

The Whitney to Present Modern Life: Edward Hopper and His Time

New Exhibition of African Art at the Dallas Museum of Art

Faulty Alarms Blamed for Van Gogh Theft at Mahmoud Khalil Museum in Egypt

Japanese Art Dealers Association Announces Asia Week Exhibitions

Park Avenue Armory Welcomes Yoshitomo Nara + YNG for Open Studio

Craftsman Seeks to Save Millennium-Old World of Chinese Lead Type

European Masterpieces Opening Soon at the Royal Academy of Arts

Art Fair Tokyo Announces New Organizational Structure

VIP Art Fair: The First Art Fair to Launch in January Exclusively Online

Anne Noble: At the End of the Earth Opens at Stills Gallery in Sydney

Resounding Success at this Year's Art Nocturne Knocke

LA Unveils $578M School, Costliest in the Nation, Fine Art Murals Included

Countdown to Auctions America Debut in Auburn

Chinati Foundation Names Dr. Thomas Kellein as Director

Group Exhibition of 8 Korean Media Artists to Open at Gallery Hyundai

New Orleans to Remember Hurricane Katrina with Richard Misrach Exhibition

New Installation by Trenton Doyle Hancock Takes Over the Seattle Art Museum's Olympic Sculpture Park

August 22, 2010

Faulty Alarms Blamed for Van Gogh Theft at Mahmoud Khalil Museum in Egypt

Park Avenue Armory Welcomes Yoshitomo Nara + YNG for Open Studio

Taiwan Craftsman Seeks to Save Millennium-Old World of Chinese Lead Type

European Masterpieces from Leonardo to Schiele Opening Soon at the Royal Academy of Arts

National Galleries of Scotland to Celebrate the Work of William McTaggart

The Morgan to Show Black-and-White Drawings by Roy Lichtenstein

Keith Haring and Andy Warhol to Star in American Pop Art Show

National Portrait Gallery Presents The John Partridge Sketchbook, 1823-27

Exhibition of North African Jewelry and Photography Announced in Philadelphia

James McNeill Whistler Prints on View at the University of Michigan

National Portrait Gallery to Commemorate the 60th Anniversary of "Peanuts" Debut

German Artist and Director Christoph Schlingensief Dies at Age 49

Kunsthaus Zürich to Show "Karl Moser: Art and Architecture"

Five Local-Born Artists in UK's Largest Painting Prize  

Per Kirkeby Creates Specific Work for Beulas Foundation's Art and Nature Center

Chinese Ceramics, Culture and Commerce on View at the Norton Museum of Art

Bonhams Scottish Sale Defies the Recession to Make £1,800,000

Arkansas Arts Center Presents Bigger, Better, More: The Art of Viola Frey

Dundee Contemporary Arts Presents New Works by Mary Redmond and Sara MacKillop in Two Solo Exhibitions

August 21, 2010

30 years of Development of Chinese Contemporary Art Since the Reform in New Exhibition

The National Galleries of Scotland to Celebrate the Life and Work of William McTaggart

The Morgan to Show Black-and-White Drawings by Roy Lichtenstein

Keith Haring and Andy Warhol to Star in American Pop Art Show

National Portrait Gallery Presents The John Partridge Sketchbook, 1823-27

Exhibition of North African Jewelry and Photography Announced in Philadelphia

Major Exhibition of James McNeill Whistler Prints on View at the University of Michigan

Modern Works by Artist Joan Miró to Be Displayed at the Metropolitan Museum

Finding Reveals Contact Between Teotihuacan and Costa Grande Region

Salvador Dalí Sculpture Stolen from Belfortmuseum in Belgium

United States Museum Slams Romania for 'Anti-Semitic' Coin

Art Taipei 2010, the Longest-Standing Art Fair in Asia, Opens

Exhibition Series Presents Anri Sala's Installation "Title Suspended"

Judge Rejects Fisk Deal to Sell Georgia O'Keeffe Share

Photographer and Associated Press Drop Claims Against Each Other

Smithsonian's National Portrait Gallery Presents "Americans Now"

Printmaking through the Ages at Christie's this September

Gold Bullion Stolen from Florida's Mel Fisher Maritime Museum

200 Faces, 200 Years Celebrates Mexican Bicentennial in Historic Photograph

World War II Warplane Raised from California Reservoir

Pay Row Kills Acropolis Moonlight Opening

Akron Art Museum Announces Re-Accreditation by the American Association of Museums

Rhode Island School of Design Museum to Open Renovated Galleries

70 Years on, Britain Remembers 'The Few'

August 20, 2010

Salvador Dalí Sculpture Valued at 100,000 Euros Stolen from Belfortmuseum in Belgium

United States Museum Slams Romania for 'Anti-Semitic' Coin

Art Taipei 2010, the Longest-Standing Art Fair in Asia, Opens

Exhibition Series Presents Anri Sala's Installation "Title Suspended"

Anthropological Exhibition in Mexico City Examines Ancient Diseases in Bones

Gold Bullion Stolen from Florida's Mel Fisher Maritime Museum

Printmaking through the Ages at Christie's this September

Archivist Finds 1794 Document in Eisenhower Papers

MIA Adds Prized Objects to its Sculpture and Decorative Arts Collection

Stolen Greek Statue Confiscated in Canada to Return Home to Egypt

Six Works Vie for Coveted Fourth Plinth Spot in Trafalgar Square

Divers to Pull World War II Plane from California Reservoir

Brooklyn Museum Announces Major Change in Hours Starting in October

Dr. Kent Lydecker Appointed New Director of the Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg

Smithsonian Scientists Help Create First Frozen Repository for Hawaiian Coral

Incredible Shrinking Moon Is Revealed by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter

Exhibition of 2000 Years of Southeast Asian Ancestral Art Opens in Canberra

National Portrait Gallery Launches First 'Interactive' Family Audio Guide

Tales of Resistance and Change: Artists from Argentina Exhibit in Germany

Hirshhorn to Present Major Guillermo Kuitca Retrospective

Serpentine Gallery to Show First Major UK Exhibition by Swedish Artist Klara Lidén

Queen Victoria's Christmas Presents to John Brown Makes £23,000 at Bonhams

Hold On! For Fath's Double World Championship Winning URS Sidecar at Bonhams

August 19, 2010

Archaeologists Find Aztec Remains During Drilling of New Subway Line in Mexico City

Six Works Vie for Coveted Fourth Plinth Spot in Trafalgar Square

Divers to Pull World War II Plane from California Reservoir

Brooklyn Museum Announces Major Change in Hours Starting in October

National Portrait Gallery Launches First 'Interactive' Family Audio Guide

Exhibition of 2000 Years of Southeast Asian Ancestral Art Opens in Canberra

Tales of Resistance and Change: Artists from Argentina Exhibit in Germany

Georgia Archaeologists Find Confederate Prisoner of War Camp

Love, Death, the Terrifying and Beautiful World of Otto Dix in Montreal

While Digging in their Back Yard, Brothers Find 1,300 Year Old Pots

Australia's Greatest Rock'n'Roll Band Comes to the Powerhouse Museum

Art Loss Register Recovers Three High-Value, Historic Coins

Kurt Vonnegut Memorial Library to Open in Indianapolis

Whisky Galore Bottle Makes £4,200 at Bonhams Scottish Sale

Michener Art Museum Presents Tales from the FBI's Real Indiana Jones

Important Early Photographs of Yokohama by Father of Photo Journalism for Sale

Nagual's Prehispanic Symbolism is Investigated by INAH

Contemporary Jewish Museum to Show Rarely Seen Old Master Paintings

SFMOMA Announces New Body of Work by R.H. Quaytman

Artist Andrea Zittel to Launch New Project at the Portland Museum of Art

Norton Simon Museum to Present Raphael's The Small Cowper Madonna

Bonhams Offers the Only 1948 'Woodie' Pontiac in Europe

Famous Ascher Studio Re-Launches with New Collection of Scarves

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Mystery over massive Alexander the Great-era tomb unearthed in northern Greece

2.- An ancient money box containing a large rare hoard of coins found in Israel

3.- Robin Williams' portrait installed today at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington

4.- The Baltimore Museum of Art announces three new contemporary exhibitions in fall

5.- New Aspen Art Museum designed by architect Shigeru Ban opens to the public

6.- New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art launches 82nd & Fifth app in 12 languages

7.- MoMA online-only publication features new research on Pablo Picasso and Cubism

8.- Volunteers needed for massive Smithsonian digitization project

9.- Tate Britain welcomes home John Everett Millais's Ophelia and Rossetti’s The Beloved

10.- Bogart estate: Hollywood golden age icon Lauren Bacall dead at 89 in New York

Related Stories



Gift from Brody Estate Expected to Yield More than $100 Million for the Huntington

Important Works by Andy Warhol from the Shapazian Collection Go to the Huntington

Huntington's First Comprehensive Fund-Raising Campaign Ends with Goal Greatly Surpassed

French Ceramics from the Boone Collection Go to the Huntington and LACMA

Huntington Acquires Newly Identified Portrait by Major French Artist

Huntington to be the First U.S. Venue for Important Renaissance and Baroque Bronzes Exhibition

Huntington Acquires Extensive Collection of Charles Dickens' Letters

Colorado River Photographs By Karen Halverson Explored in New Exhibition Space



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site