The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Friday, September 19, 2014


National Archives to House Infamous Nazi World War II Papers
Gen. George S. Patton Jr., right, presenting Huntington trustee Robert Millikan with an original 1935 typescript of the Nuremberg Laws signed by Adolf Hitler. AP Photo/The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens.

By: John Rogers, Associated Press Writer

SAN MARINO, CA (AP).- During the final days of World War II, as American soldiers were returning from Germany with swastika-inscribed helmets, flags and other Nazi memorabilia, Gen. George Patton was packing up his own set of souvenirs.

The legendary field commander took four pages of documents signed by Adolf Hitler that laid the legal framework for killing 6 million Jews — the so-called Nuremberg Laws.

On Wednesday, The Huntington Library, a sprawling complex of libraries, museums and botanical gardens in this leafy Los Angeles suburb, plans to hand over the documents to the government-run National Archives, thus concluding a 65-year-old odyssey.

The papers, which among other things rescinded the citizenship of German Jews and forbid them to marry non-Jews, are the only original pieces of Nuremberg trial evidence missing from the collection, said National Archives spokeswoman Susan Cooper.

Holocaust scholars have described them as priceless, saying they provide an outline of the beginnings of a movement that led to the most atrocious act of genocide in history.

It hasn't been lost on officials at The Huntington that Patton, a notorious war trophy collector, carried the papers out of Germany illegally.

"We were aware of the fact that General Patton, who had received the documents from his staff as a gift and deposited them at The Huntington, had not paid attention in his souvenir hunting to the orders of his commander in chief," library President Steve S. Koblik said.

The papers should have gone to the U.S. government, which was collecting evidence to use in the Nazi war crimes trials that took place in Nuremberg shortly after the war. Prosecutors had to use photocopies instead.

"Had General Patton not taken these documents, they would have been part of the collection the government was putting together in order to prepare for the Nuremberg trials," Koblik said.

Patton, instead, deposited the papers at The Huntington in 1945. The general grew up next door to the library and his father once worked for its namesake, railroad baron Henry Huntington.

The laws, which also forbade Jews from having sex with non-Jews, flying the German flag or hiring non-Jewish women to work in their homes, remained quietly filed away in a bombproof vault until 1999 when Huntington officials announced they had them.

After lending them for several years to Los Angeles' Skirball Cultural Center — whose mission is to promote Jewish culture and heritage — The Huntington announced this week it was handing them over.

The time had come to take them off display, Koblik said, adding the papers' fragility doesn't allow they be exposed to light indefinitely.

"We've never made them an official part of the Huntington collection," Koblik told The Associated Press on Tuesday. He said the nonprofit institution, known for such treasures as its priceless Gutenberg Bible and early editions of the works of Shakespeare and Chaucer, has very little material on 20th century Germany.

Although the laws didn't directly call for the execution of Jews, they laid the groundwork for that, several scholars said, by marginalizing a group of people, turning them into second-class citizens.

"It's important to our understanding of genocide that genocide is always a process," said Stephen Smith, executive director of the University of Southern California's Shoah Foundation Institute, which documents evidence of the Holocaust.

"That was not an order to murder the Jews, it was an order to exclude them from participation in society," Smith said of the Nuremberg Laws. "Once you start excluding a group for whatever reason you are on the path to the ultimate exclusion."


Copyright 2010 The Associated Press.

The Huntington Library | Steve S. Koblik | World War II | Adolf Hitler | Nazi Memorabilia |


Today's News

August 25, 2010

Mexican Archaeologists Extract 10,000 Year-Old Skeleton from Flooded Cave in Quintana Roo

Christie's Presents Highest Value South Asian Art Sale Ever Offered

Bavarian State Library: First Worldwide to Offer Precious Digitalized Key Books

Jeff Koons' Infamous "Made in Heaven" Series to Go Back On View at Luxembourg & Dayan

Relics from Captain Scott's Fatal Last Epedition to Be Offered at Christie's

Larry Gagosian to Present Masterpieces from His Private Collection

Bacardi Celebrates Ties to Architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

National Archives to House Infamous Nazi World War II Papers

Norman Foster Designs First Office Headquarters in Argentina

Marlborough in London Presents the Work of Caroline Walker

Newseum in Washington Retells Katrina Story 5 Years Later

Sculptures and Paintings Lead Christie's Sale of Indian and Southeast Asian Art

Finders Keepers: A Tale of Archeological Plunder and Obsession

Group Representing Ansel Adams Sues Over Garage Sale Negatives

Haus Konstruktiv Celebrates Concrete, Constructivist and Conceptual Art

Egypt Culture Chief, Farouk Hosni, Sleepless Over Van Gogh Theft

Major International Art Project to Bring Dialogue Between the UK and Turkey

Fine Chinese Ceramics and Works of Art at Sotheby's

PBS Launches New "PBS Arts" Site to Expand Arts Content

United Kingdom Show Explores Jimi Hendrix's Links to Handel

United States Funds Restoration of Global Islamic Sites

Leonardo's Last Supper by Peter Greenaway at Park Avenue Armory

Nokuthula Ngwenyama Named 2010 Taft Museum of Art Duncanson Artist-in-Residence

Annual Auction of Modern & Vintage Sporting Guns at Gleneagles Fetches £375,063

Copper Cast of Lady Liberty's Nose Up for Auction

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Fever mounts as stunning statues found at Alexander The Great-era tomb

2.- Hi-tech underground scans reveal vast complex of monuments at Britain's Stonehenge

3.- National Geographic Museum opens exhibition featuring shark-munching Spinosaurus

4.- First major New York City exhibition to explore Vienna Actionism opens at Hauser & Wirth

5.- Elizabeth I 'airbrushed' for 18th century make-over and a bug is found in Edward VI

6.- Award winning Swedish director Daniel Fridell to direct Kalliope Films' Vincent Van Gogh biopic

7.- Comprehensive retrospective exhibition of Joan Miró's work opens at the Albertina

8.- Synchrotron radiation technology in art conservation: Science to the rescue of art

9.- Mona Kuhn's first solo exhibition in the US opens at Edwynn Houk Gallery

10.- Sotheby's announces details of its sales series for Property from the Collection of Mrs. Paul Mellon

Related Stories



Gift from Brody Estate Expected to Yield More than $100 Million for the Huntington

Important Works by Andy Warhol from the Shapazian Collection Go to the Huntington

Huntington's First Comprehensive Fund-Raising Campaign Ends with Goal Greatly Surpassed

French Ceramics from the Boone Collection Go to the Huntington and LACMA

Huntington Acquires Newly Identified Portrait by Major French Artist

Huntington to be the First U.S. Venue for Important Renaissance and Baroque Bronzes Exhibition

Huntington Acquires Extensive Collection of Charles Dickens' Letters

Colorado River Photographs By Karen Halverson Explored in New Exhibition Space



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site