The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Saturday, October 25, 2014


Researchers Find that Early Humans Ventured Farther North than Thought
Newly discovered of artefacts and fossils found in a United Kingdom river deposit, an ancestor mammoth tooth, center, a hyena dropping, left, and a jaw of extinct giant beaver, are displayed during a press conference to reveal the findings, at the Royal Institution in London, Wednesday, July 7, 2010. The finds, revealed in this week's Nature magazine, indicate that early humans were living in northern Europe more than 780,000 years ago and tell us more about the dispersal of early humans out of Africa and will likely prompt a re-evaluation of the adaptations and capabilities of early humans. AP Photo/Sang Tan.

By: Raphael G. Satter, Associated Press Writer

LONDON (AP).- Ancient man ventured into northern Europe far earlier than previously thought, settling on England's east coast more than 800,000 years ago, scientists said.

It had been assumed that humans — thought to have emerged from Africa around 1.75 million years ago — kept mostly to relatively warm tropical forests, steppes and Mediterranean areas as they spread across Eurasia.

But the discovery of a collection of flint tools some 135 miles (220 kilometers) northeast of London shows that quite early on man braved colder climes.

"What we found really undermines traditional views about how humans spread and reacted to climate change," said Simon Parfitt, a University College London researcher. "It just shows how little we know about the movement out of Africa."

About 75 flint tools have been found at the site near Happisburgh, a seaside hamlet in Norfolk, Parfitt and colleagues report in Thursday's issue of the journal Nature.

The researchers dated the artifacts to somewhere between 866,000 to 814,000 years ago or 970,000 to 936,000 years ago. That's at least 100,000 years before the earliest known date for British settlement, in nearby Pakefield.

Exactly what kind of humans made these tools is unknown.

"It is impossible to guess who those people were without fossil evidence," said Eric Delson, an anthropologist at Lehman College of the City University of New York, who was not involved in the research.

Mammoths and saber-toothed cats roamed the area at that time, and the River Thames flowed into the sea there — about 150 kilometers (90 miles) to the north of where its mouth is today. The climate was a little colder than now, at least during the winter.

The Natural History Museum's Chris Stringer, another of the paper's authors, said living in such an environment would have been challenging. Thick forests meant a poor supply of edible plants and dispersed prey. In the winter, there would be less daylight for hunting and foraging. Then, of course, there was the cold.

"For humans that have not long emerged from the tropic and the subtropics, that is something," Stringer said. "There's always been the view that that the cold was holding them back."

But the find suggests that it didn't. So how did these humans adapt? The researchers said the mix of a tidal river, marshes and coastline at the site might have helped, providing seaweed, tubers, and shellfish when prey was scarce.

"We could imagine these people exploiting the slow-flowing banks of the Thames, just as today," Stringer said.

Co-author Nick Ashton, with the British Museum in London, said there was still considerable uncertainty about how they adapted.

"Have they got effective clothing? Have they got effective shelters? Have they got controlled use of fire?" he said, adding that the find "provides more questions than answers."

Delson said that the discovery helped complete Europe's patchy prehistoric record.

"We don't know much, but we're increasing our knowledge of the earliest phases of what went on in Europe," he said. "It's one more piece of the puzzle."

Stringer, meanwhile, said he hoped more discoveries could be made along the coastline. He noted that he had already seen the chronology of human habitation in Britain pushed back, and then pushed back again.

"Now I'm thinking: 'Who knows, can we go back even further?'"



Copyright 2010 The Associated Press.

London | Eric Delson | Simon Parfitt |




Today's News

July 8, 2010

J. Paul Getty Museum Acquires Turner Masterpiece at Sotheby's for a Record $45.10 Million

Moscow Curators Face 3 Years in Prison for 2007 Exhibition

Researchers Find that Early Humans Ventured Farther North than Thought

Subway System Excavations Important for Archaeology

German Artist Gunter Demnig Revives Names of Holocaust Victims

Scientists Say Prehistoric Man Enjoyed 3D Cinema Too

Pipilotti Rist Presents New Works at Fundación Joan Miró

Paintings by New York Based Artists at Priska C. Juschka Fine Art

Gallery Launches Appeal to Secure First British Portrait of a Black African Muslim

SOFA WEST: Santa Fe 2010 Opens at the Santa Fe Convention Center

Rare Opportunity to View Seminal Event in the History of Chinese Painting

Mika Rottenberg's New Video Installation Debuts at SFMOMA

General Wolfe Triumphs Again, Painting Sells for 400,000 Pounds

Tenby Museum & Art Gallery Acquires Rare and Personal Gwen and Augustus John Material

Kendell Geers Presents an In Situ Production-Action in Murcia, Spain

White Cube Looks at the Pivotal Role of Drawing in Current Practice

"Good Design" in Europe and America, 1850-1950 at the Smart Museum

The Great Kings of India to Hold Court at the Art Gallery of Ontario

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Image of a Christ without a beard, short hair and wearing a toga unearthed in Spain

2.- Giant mosaic unearthed in mysterious tomb in Amphipolis in northern Macedonia

3.- Bonhams sale of 18th century French decorative arts to benefit Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco

4.- Paris flustered by erection of 'sex-toy' sculpture; Paul McCarthy slapped by a passer-by

5.- High art or vile pornography? Marquis de Sade explored in Orsay museum exhibition

6.- 'Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection' opens at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

7.- Greek culture minister says Elgin Marbles return a matter of 'global heritage'

8.- Vandals deflate Paris 'sex-toy' sculpture by American artist Paul McCarthy after outrage

9.- Exhibition at National Gallery in London explores Rembrandt's final years of painting

10.- 'Hans Memling: A Flemish Renaissance' opens at the Scuderie del Quirinale in Rome

Related Stories



Photography exhibition reveals life in India's coal belt at London's Gallery S O.

Gabriel Kuri: Before contingency after the fact exhibition at South London Gallery

New show at Ordovas Gallery in London examines artist Francis Bacon's debt to Rembrandt

Drift 10: London's Biennial Art Exhibition to Transform the River Thames

Some 70 Art Galleries from the UK and Around the World to Exhibit at the 12th Annual Art London

Some 70 Art Galleries from the UK and Around the World to Exhibit at the 12th Annual Art London

Tatiana Trouvé Creates a New Installation in the Main Gallery at South London Gallery

Photographer Rankin Celebrates 10 Seasons of Luxury Clothing Label Thomas Wylde

Imperial War Museum to Open Lord Ashcroft Gallery in November

Art London Returns to Chelsea this October with More than 70 Art Galleries



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site