NEW YORK, NY.-
Contemporary Art from the Collection, a complete reinstallation of The Museum of Modern Art
s 14,740-square-foot galleries for contemporary art, offers a focused examination of artistic practice since the late 1960s and how current events from the last 40 years have shaped artists work. On view from June 30, 2010, to September 12, 2011, the installation presents approximately 130 works by over 60 artists, including Lynda Benglis, Daniel Buren, Paul Chan, General Idea, the Guerrilla Girls, David Hammons, Yoko Ono, and Kara Walker. Contemporary Art from the Collection is the most recent installation of these galleries, which are regularly reconfigured and reinstalled to display the Museums vast collection and to allow visitors to explore the art of today. Many of the works are on view for the first time since their acquisition, including works by Hammons, Kalup Linzy, Pino Pascali, and Robert Rauschenberg, among others. Contemporary Art from the Collection is organized by Kathy Halbreich, Associate Director, and Christophe Cherix, Curator, Department of Prints and Illustrated Books, The Museum of Modern Art.
As part of the exhibition, several projects are on view throughout other parts of the Museum, including the Donald B. and Catherine C. Marron Atrium, The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Sculpture Garden, and Cafe 2, where a series of performances will take place beginning in January 2011. Kara Walkers 50-foot-long wall installation Gone: An Historical Romance of a Civil War as It Occurred btween the Dusky Thighs of One Young Negress and Her Heart (1994) is on view in the Marron Atrium through November 29, 2010. First exhibited in her 1994 New York debut, the piece inaugurated the artists signature medium: meticulous black cutout silhouettes of caricatured antebellum figures arranged on a white wall in uncanny, sexualized, and often violent scenarios. In the works elaborate title, Gone refers to Margaret Mitchells 1936 best-selling melodramatic novel Gone with the Wind, set during the American Civil War. While Walkers narrative begins and ends with coupled figures, the works tragicomic chain of turbulent imagery refutes the promise of romance and confounds straightforward definitions of power.
Across from Walkers installation in the Marron Atrium, Yoko Onos Voice Piece for Soprano (1961/2010) is also on view through November 29, 2010. A microphone stands near a set of instructions silkscreened onto the atrium wall: Scream: against the wind, against the wall, against the sky. Throughout the run of the installation, MoMA visitors are invited to follow the instructions, and, in addressing both the public and the institution, become participants in the work. Additional interventions by Ono are also on view, including Wish Tree (1996/2010), installed within the Sculpture Garden. For this piece, visitors are provided with a pen and paper; after writing a wish, they then attach the paper tag to the tree. The wish tags are removed from the tree intermittently and collected all together in a large box displayed within the second-floor galleries.
Within the exhibition galleries, works follow a chronological path, with pieces by Robert Rauschenberg, George Maciunas, Pino Pascali, Adrian Piper, and Gordon Matta-Clark, among others, on view in the exhibitions opening galleries. On view for the first time at MoMA, Rauschenbergs Currents (1970) is a 60-foot-long screenprint composed of press clippings from that time period. A Maciunas workdrawn from the Museums recent acquisition of the Gilbert and Lila Silverman Fluxus Collectionfeatures hundreds of empty containers from products that Maciunas consumed during one year, systematically stacked in tall columns and displayed against the wall. A notable piece from Pascali is on view for the first time at the Museum: Bridge, a 26-foot-long sculptural installation composed of steel wool braided by the artist.
Also drawn from the Museums Fluxus Collection, a series of screenprinted canvases from Alison Knowless The Identical Lunch (1969) show the artists friends and colleagues each eating the same lunch of a tuna fish sandwich. In conjunction with this presentation, Knowles will perform this work in the Museums Cafe 2, beginning in January 2011. The artist will serve MoMA visitors the identical lunch twice a week at an assigned table within the restaurant. Starting January 3, 2011, MoMA visitors can sign up at moma.org/contemporarygalleries for one of the scheduled seatings.
One gallery is devoted to Paul Sharitss Ray Gun Virus (1966). Sharits, a key figure in a group of structural filmmakers that emerged in the 1960s, rejected conventional cinematic techniques of illusionism and narrative. In creating Ray Gun Virus, Sharits filmed monochrome sheets of colored paper and edited the footage into precisely syncopated visual rhythms, creating an oscillating effect that produces a range of optical phenomena in the spectators vision.
A section of the exhibition focuses on the late 1960s and early 1970s and the role of painting and sculpture at that time, including works by Daniel Buren, Simon Hanta´, Agnes Martin, Marisa Merz, Keith Sonnier, and a sculpture by Jackie Winsor. While some artists, such as Mel Bochner, rejected painting and the sculptural object outright, calling for a dematerialization of the art object altogether, Sonnier and Merz collapsed the distinctions between painting and sculpture, employing commercial or industrial materials to tie their work more closely to the life of the street. With a similar skepticism, Hanta´ responded to Abstract Expressionism by reinterpreting its processes using a technique in which he crumpled a canvas into a large bunch, painted the exposed areas, then stretched it to reveal large abstractions. In Untitled (Suite Blancs) (1973), Hanta´ also engages both sides of the canvas, using the back of an earlier oil painting as his support; faint color patches from the original work are visible within the colorful pattern, fulfilling the artists desire to draw out the qualities of the reverse. Buren similarly found a way around the artists traditional, heroic confrontation with the blank canvas, choosing readymade fabrics as his supports and developing rigorous conceptual systems to guide his practice. On view are Burens White Acrylic Painting on White and Anthracite Gray Striped Cloth (1966) and Black and white striped cloth. External white bands covered over with white paint, recto-verso (1970).
The following section of the exhibition is dedicated to the 1980s, a time in which many artists adopted strategies of reproduction, repetition, and appropriation, building on Andy Warhols self-proclaimed desire to be a machine. This generation came of age as digital technology entered the marketplace, and with computers dramatically increasing both access to information and the amount of information available, artists began to question the necessity of inventing new imagery. Instead, they began to adapt or recontextualize existing material, drawing equally from popular sources and art history. On view is Sherrie Levines Untitled (Mr. Austridge: 2) (1989), one of a series of paintings which are identical except for the grain of the wood support. Lifted from the popular Krazy Kat cartoons of the 1920s, the ostrich character at the center of the work avoids the challenges of the world around it by burying its head in a can. Drawn by George Herriman, who was born to a Creole African-American family but whose death certificate identified him as Caucasian, the Krazy Kat comic strips depict a love triangle whose characters shift gender and ethnicity. By borrowing the language and techniques of mass media, Levine and other artists analyzed and exposed previously hidden relationships among the production, presentation, and commodification of art. With a lacerating irony, they also examined the ways in which the mass media and art shape collective and individual identities.
The irony that replaced faith in the formulas of the past for many artists of this generation betrays the melancholy of a period in which the AIDS crisis continued, hitting the arts community with particular ferocity. General Ideas AIDS (Wallpaper) (1988), which replaces Robert Indianas iconic LOVE slogan with the repetition of the word AIDS, is on view. Several works in this section address other social, political, or cultural concerns, including a selection of posters by the artist collective Guerrilla Girls that question the role of women in museums and the art world; David Hammonss African-American Flag (1990), which replaces the colors of the American flag with red, black, and green, the colors of the Pan-African flag; and Bruce Naumans sexually and violently explicit large-scale drawing Punch and Judy II Birth & Life & Sex & Death (1985). Similarly, Felix Gonzales-Torres confronted the personal and political dimensions of the crisis, with Untitled (Supreme Majority) (1991). In Gonzales-Torress installation seven paper cones are arranged on the floor, appearing simultaneously fragile and piercing. The works title recalls both the Supreme Courts 1986 decision to uphold the criminalization of homosexuality and the political potency of the rising Moral Majority.
In an adjoining gallery Glenn Ligons 23-minute video The Death of Tom (2008) plays in a continuous loop. For this project, Ligon had initially intended to create a reconstruction of the last scene of a 1903 silent film adaptation of Harriet Beecher Stowes famous 1852 novel Uncle Toms Cabin. After Ligons film was processed, he discovered that the film was blurred and that his original imagery had disappeared. Recognizing an affinity between this spectral film footage and his earlier non-video work dealing with legibility, Ligon left the footage unedited and added a commissioned score played by the jazz pianist Jason Moran, based on the vaudeville song Nobody.
The works in the final section, most produced within the last decade, hint at a willful mistranslation of earlier forms of painting and object-making and a critique of artistic practice itself; an ambivalent relationship to any sense of classical order pervades. On view in this section is Huang Yong Pings Long Scroll (2001), a 50-foot-long scroll of which 12 feet will be viewable at any one time. A Chinese expatriate who resides in France, Huang uses sources drawn from Western and Chinese art history in order to reveal the polyvalent nature of global modernity. This particular work takes the form of a traditional Chinese scroll and is executed in a style that reveals Huangs classical training. A kind of self-portrait, the work is a nonhierarchical visual compendium of the artists career and wide-ranging influences, including Marcel Duchamp. Also on view is Lucy McKenzies untitled painting from 2002, which combines references as diverse as the traditions of socialist mural painting, the Braun appliance logo, bawdy graffiti, and the history of feminist labor. In this vein, painters such as Sergej Jensen take modern painting as both model and myth; Jensens torque hemp canvas, Untitled (2008), is an ironic rethinking of the exacting geometric compositions of midcentury modern painters. Gedi Sibonys sculpture of collapsed vertical blinds, The Middle of the World (2008), suggests the challenges of vision, both literally and metaphorically.
The exhibition concludes with an assembled archive by Paul Chan, related to his restaging of Samuel Becketts 194849 play Waiting for Godot on the streets of New Orleans shortly after Hurricane Katrina. In assembling an archive rather than producing art objects, Chan stresses the collaborative community-oriented process involved in the project, and shows how, in the face of social, political, and environmental collapse, there might be an antidote to the alienation of contemporary life in such collaborations.