The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Monday, November 24, 2014


100 Years After Henri Rousseau's Death, the Guggenheim Devotes First In-Depth Exhibition
Senior curator of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum Susan Davidson points at Henri Rousseau's "The Football Players", during the presentation of the exhibition "Henri Rousseau" at the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao May 24, 2010. The exhibition, coinciding with the centenary of the French artist's death in 1910 and showing Rousseau's influence on subsequent modernist and avant-garde movements begins on Monday and runs until September 12, 2010. REUTERS/Vincent West.
BILBAO.- One hundred years after the death of the French artist Henri Rousseau (1844–1910), the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is devoting an exhibition to this pioneer of Modernism—the first occasion that Rousseau has been seen in depth in Spain.

Organized by the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao in co-operation with the Fondation Beyeler, Henri Rousseau presents a selection of approximately thirty masterpieces that provide a concise overview of the development and diversity of his oeuvre. From his famous jungle paintings in the later stages of his career, to the views of Paris and its environs, figures, portraits, allegories, and genre paintings, the exhibition gives a unique insight into the essential visual world of Rousseau.

A customs official by vocation, Rousseau initially took up painting in his free time and received no formal art training. Many years passed before his art, not academic and long considered naive, found recognition in the Paris art salons.

His importance within art history lies in his groundbreaking compositional mechanisms and painstaking technique, which greatly influenced younger generations of artists. Along with Claude Monet, Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh, and Paul Gauguin, Rousseau’s visual inventions paved the way for the twentieth-century’s nascent Modernist movement.

A new visual idiom
For his works, which combined highly diverse themes of urbanity and the natural world adapted to his own visual conception, Rousseau mined resources beyond the academic tradition, relying heavily on postcards, photographs, and popular journals. His imaginary dreamlike jungle landscapes also took their inspiration directly from books on botany and his visits to gardens, woods and zoos.

The works included in the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao reveal his unique working method of transferring individual motifs such as leaves and trees, figures, and entire compositional schemes from picture to picture, and combining them to create new visual compositions, painted with a painstaking, naturally refined technique.

Rousseau redefined the picture space by staggering pictorial elements from background to foreground, a method that would later be adopted by the Cubists. This built-up pictorial structure, in the form of painted collage, anticipated the autonomy of the picture plane that would become characteristic of Modernism. Younger artists, such as Pablo Picasso and Fernand Léger, both of whom admired and collected his work, were captivated by his technique.

A tour of the exhibition
Initially, Rousseau painted mostly small-format pictures depicting the French suburbs and the surrounding countryside of his immediate environment. In these landscapes, wilderness is represented by dense wooded areas on the background that the artist used to separate the visual realm by means of either a fence or behind a fortification wall, as in House on the Outskirts of Paris (Maison de la banlieue de Paris, ca. 1905, Carnegie Museum of Art). Gradually, he moved away from this rationally organized civilization toward an unorganized, wild depiction of nature. This passage from the well ordered and familiar to the unknown and alien defined his later work as can be seen in Landscape (Paysage, 1905–10, Philadelphia Museum of Art).

In his famous jungle paintings, Rousseau, who never actually set foot in a jungle, finally succeeded in leaving the sphere of domestication behind for his imaginary wilderness. Now working in a significantly larger format, Rousseau lent these invented landscapes a compelling visual reality. The culmination of the exhibition is formed by a significant assembly of Rousseau’s famous jungle pictures. Of special mention is the monumental painting The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope (Le lion, ayant faim, se jette sur l’antilope , 1895/1905, Fondation Beyeler) included on the occasion of Rousseau’s first appearance at the Salon d’Automne in Paris in 1905. In March 1906, art dealer and collector Ambroise Vollard acquired the sensational painting—the first Rousseau ever to enter the art trade—in which the artist’s talent for creating an imaginary new world comprised of various figures set against a stage like environment are shown.

In addition, the exhibition illustrates Rousseau’s well-documented interest in photography for source material. A few of his compositions, such as Old Junier’s cart (La carriole du père Junier , 1908, Musée l’Orangerie) were definitively based on photographs. In the course of transferring the photographic image to the canvas, he created an entirely new visual world, arranging its elements into another image layer by layer in front of his imaginary camera lens.

Yet for all his reliance on photographic realism, Rousseau always strove to keep the depicted world at a distance. This is especially seen in The Wedding (La noce, 1904–05, Musée l’Orangerie), a large-format painting whose distortions of scale and proportions with respect to the original model are immediately obvious. Indeed, the simultaneity of character and dream in Rousseau’s paintings, the flatness and lack of perspective, and his peculiar manner of lighting the picture plane, with both brilliant sun and shadowless figures, all combine to give his images a highly tuned Surrealist quality.

After the Impressionist painters and the succeeding generation created a new way to look at the visible, Rousseau introduced into his paintings a new approach to imaginative vision. His perception of reality was based primarily on observation, imitation and transformation of the visible. In this way, he taught modern artists how the unknown could be constructed using the building blocks of the known. He established a new logic and mechanics of compositional structure that profoundly affected subsequent generations of artists, most notably the Surrealists Max Ernst and René Magritte.

Many renowned museums and collections in Europe and America have contributed to the success of the exhibition by their generous provision of loans. These include the Musée national de l’Orangerie, the Musée d’Orsay, and the Musée national d’Art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, in Paris; The Mayor Gallery, London; Fondation Beyeler, Riehen/Basel; the Nahmad Collection, Switzerland; the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York; the Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Massachusetts; the National Gallery of Art and the Phillips Collection, in Washington, D.C.; the Philadelphia Museum of Art; the Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh; the Kunsthaus Zürich; and a number of private collections.

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao | Henri Rousseau | The Cubists |




Last Week News

May 24, 2010

Exhibition Focuses on the Works Referred to by Le Corbusier's 1928 Lecture in Madrid

Oberlin to Send Masterworks by Rubens, ter Brugghen, Turner to the Phillips

Royal Institute of British Architects International Awards Winners Announced

Unpublished Images of India's History Recovered from Yellow Crates

Rare Preliminary Watercolor from Pinocchio on the Auction Block

Exhibition of Landscape Photographs at Galerie Wagner + Partner

New York Skyscraper Wins Highest "Green" Certification

Yerba Buena Center for the Arts to Screen Robert Adanto's Pearls on the Ocean Floor

10 Museums Form Partnership to Celebrate Overground East London Line

Nasher Sculpture Center Presents Rachel Whiteread Drawings

Group Show of Work by Forty Artists in All Media at Ferrin Gallery

St Ives and the International Avant-Garde Opens at Tate

Exhibition of Photographs from the Struggle for Civil Rights Opens at ICP

Delaware Art Museum Announces New Trustees

Indian Artist Ravender Reddy Featured at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts

IKEA Presents Sustainability Report 2009: More Innovation - More Programs and Partnerships

Sublime Works by Sally Gabori to Open at The Gallery in Cork Street

The Heckscher Museum of Art Presents The Heckscher at 90: Then and Now

Nicola Carrino at A arte Studio Invernizzi, Milan

Create10 Launches the Bank of America Merril Lynch Create Art Award 200

May 23, 2010

World's Largest Exhibition of the Stellar New York Artist James Rizzi Opens in Bremen

Getty Museum Debuts Cutting-Edge Technology to Showcase Cabinet

Canadian Museum of Nature Unveils Renewed Historic Public Exhibitions Site

Impressive Line-up of Contemporary Art at Villa Grisebach's Spring Auctions in Berlin

ICP Opens Inaugural Installment of a New Annual Series of Exhibitions

Montreal Presents World Premiere of Runa Islam's "Magical Consciousness"

Grand Rapids Art Museum Presents Dutch Utopia: American Artists in Holland

Derek Eller Opens Liz Magic Laser's First Solo Exhibition at the Gallery

Aspen Art Museum Invites Eights Artists for Group Exhibition

Hillwood Announces New Executive Director Appointment

Joslyn Art Museum Outdoor Garden Galleries Showcases Three New Sculptures

St Martin-in-the-Fields Reaches Its 36 Million Pound Target

Russian Dagestan Village Defies Odds with Ancient Art

New Katharine Hepburn Stamp Adopted as Official Stamp for Kent State University Museum Exhibit

The Toledo Museum of Art Receives $2 Million Lead Gift to Renovate Its Former Glass Gallery

Israeli Art Detectives Crack a Forgery Riddle

Gareth Thomas Appointed Tate Trustee

Untouched Tomb to Unravel Secrets of Cyprus's Past

Another Picasso Stolen in French Fine Art Robbery

May 22, 2010

Birth of Impressionism: Masterpieces from the Musée d'Orsay Opens at the de Young Museum

Paris Heightens Museum Vigilance After Big Heist at Museum of Modern Art

Getty Museum Reopens North Pavilion Galleries with a Major Reinstallation

Enchanting British Watercolours & Paintings for Sale at Christie's

Guggenheim Museum Publications Receive Excellence Awards

Baroque Cabinets and Exceptional Sculpture Highlight Christie's Sale

Drawings 1963-1977 by Donald Judd at Maloney Fine Art

An Earl and Countess for the National Gallery of Victoria

Imperial War Museum Launches Innovative Explore History Centre

Artists Establish a Dialogue with Modernist Architects or Designers in Exhibition

Portland Museum of Art's Winslow Homer Illustrations to Debut Online

British Artist Claerwen James Debuts Her Work in NYC at Flowers

Morgan Exhibition Explores the Romantic Movement's Influence on Landscapes

Phillips de Pury & Company's London Photographs Sale Totals 901,375 Pounds

Iconic Work by Richard Avedon and Vintage Edward Weston, Lead Fine Photographs Sale at Bonhams

Struggling Statue Maker Feels Economic Heat

Mexican Codices will be Digitalized for their Study

Site-Specific Installation by Situ Studio to Inaugurate Newly Renovated 10,000-Square-Foot Gallery

Guggenheim Museum Appoints Jeffrey Weiss as Curator, Panza Collection

May 21, 2010

Five Masterpieces Stolen in $123 Million Paris Museum of Modern Art Heist

Exhibition Set to Reveal a New Picasso for a New Time

Getty Puts on View Painting Rescued from Abruzzo Earthquake

Rare Tintin Artifacts to Go Under the Hammer at Piasa Auction House

2010 Royal Institute of British Architects Award Winners Announced

From Boston to Singapore - A New Director for the Asian Civilisations Museum

Alex Katz Presents a Major Work to the Brandhorst Foundation

Sotheby's to Sell Three of Pablo Picasso's Greatest Prints

Art Fair Tokyo Announces Takahiro Kaneshima as New Executive Director

Craig Ruddy's Portrait of Warwick Thornton Wins Archibald People's Choice

Lewis Chessmen Open Scottish Tour at National Museum of Scotland

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Announces Opening of New Wing on November 20

Hammer Museum Present New Sculptural Work by Architect Greg Lynn

Mixed Media Paintings of Korean Artist Hyun Ju Park at Causey Contemporary

Most Extensive Overview of Michael Schmidt's Work to Date at Haus der Kunst

Yael Bartana Awarded the UK's Largest Art Prize

Van Gogh Museum and Kroller-Müller Museum Organise Van Gogh Exhibition in Japan

Images from the Khodorkovsky Trial Make U.S. Premier

California Attorney General Supports Claim for Art Seized in WWII

May 20, 2010

With Disabled Security System Thief Steals Five Paintings from Paris Museum of Modern Art

Archaeological Team of the Warriors of Xi'an Wins 2010 Prince of Asturias Award

Hirshhorn Present First U.S. Retrospective of Yves Klein's Work in Nearly 30 Years

Donor Surprises Florida Museum with a Painting by Georgia O'Keeffe

Exhibition of Recent Work by Zhang Huan at Pace Gallery in Beijing

IVAM Offers Bernar Venet His First Show in a Spanish Museum

Christie's Swiss Art: Masterpieces of Swiss Art from 1800 to 2010

Cyprus: Work Crews Stumble on 2-Millennia-Old Coffins

Warren Langley's Aspire Illuminates an Ugly Site in Sydney

Guggenheim Exhibition Celebrates Late Painter Kenneth Noland

Victorian Paintings on View at the Art Gallery of New South Wales

Rare Antique Maps in May 20 Auction Unfold History of Washington D.C.

Tlaltecuhtli Colossal Monolith was Moved to Templo Mayor Museum

New Paintings by Renowned Colorist Ron Ehrlich at Stephen Haller Gallery

Renowned Film Maker Harun Farocki Created Site Specific Work at Osram Art Projects

Monumental Sculptures by Manolo Valdés can be Seen on Broadway

Baroness' Glass Paperweights Smash Estimates to Make 574,080 Pounds at Bonhams

Romain Bernini Debuts His Work in the U.S. at Priska C. Juschka Fine Art

Exhibition by Spanish Artist Javier Riaño at Gabarron Foundation in New York

Venice Art Walk & Auctions to Raise Funds for the Uninsured

May 19, 2010

Earliest Mesoamerican Royal Tomb Discovered by Scientific Team inside Pyramid in Chiapas

Greek Police Seize Two Rare Statues From Two Farmers

Collecting the New: Recent Acquisitions to the IMMA Collection

Sotheby's to Sell Four Important Works by British Master L.S. Lowry

Select Works from the Salander O'Reilly Galleries to be Sold at Christie's

Georgia O'Keeffe Draws Art Lovers to Northern New Mexico

Bonhams to Sell Portrait of Greatest Pre-Nelson Military Hero

Artpace Presents Jens Hoffmann's Photos while Driving Around in Texas

Mickey Smith's New Language at Ogilvy & Mather's Chocolate Factory

Dutch Artist Lily van der Stokker Exhibits at Tate St. Ives

Jen Bekman Gallery Presents Thirty-Seven Photographs by Gregory Krum

Iceberg with Dutch Artist Ap Verheggen Artworks Breaks Loose

Oxford University Museum of Natural History Celebrates 150th Anniversary

Numerous Historical Curiosities and Rarities to Highlight Coins, Medals and Banknotes Auction

Kabul's Street Photographers Fade into History

High Museum of Art Announces First Academic Affiliation with Brenau University

Stories, a Captivating Mix Media Show, Opens at the Wolverhampton Art Gallery

Vienna Hosts Art and Architecture from the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Jerusalem Museum Excavation Damages Bones

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Greece holds breath as skeleton found in Alexander the Great-era tomb at Amphipolis

2.- Spain mourns the death of art collector Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, Duchess of Alba

3.- Meet the ancestors: Exhibition at Bordeaux gallery reveals faces of prehistoric humans

4.- Getty Foundation and partners launch free of charge online art collection catalogues

5.- Historic photos of dead Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara resurface in small Spanish town

6.- Exhibition showcases the first two 'Poesie' created by Titian following their restoration

7.- O'Keeffe painting sells for more than three times the previous world auction record for any female artist

8.- Crystal Bridges announces the departure of museum President Don Bacigalupi

9.- artnet Auctions offers a later example of Yayoi Kusama's important Infinity-Nets series

10.- 'Degenerate art' should go back to museums: German advisor Jutta Limbach

Related Stories



Most ambitious exhibition to date on the work of Brancusi and Serra at the Guggenheim in Bilbao

Haunted: Contemporary Photography/Video/ Performance at the Guggenheim in Bilbao

First Large-Scale Solo Exhibition in Spain Dedicated to the Work of Anish Kapoor

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao Shows a Selection of Works of Art from Its Own Collection

The Guggenheim in Bilbao Exhibits 60 Metal Sculptures by Robert Rauschenberg



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site