The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Saturday, June 23, 2018

"Original" Reproductions by Marcel Duchamp at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art
Marcel Duchamp, L.H.O.O.Q., (1919) 1964. Assisted Readymade: pencil on a reproduction of Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa, 27/35, printed for Pierre de Massot's Marcel Duchamp: Propos et souvenirs. Published by: Galleria Schwarz, Milan , 1965.

TEL AVIV.- "Impossible for me to recall the original phrase", Duchamp noted alongside his signature on the replica of the readymade Bottle Rack in 1960. The first Bottle Rack that was found-chosen by Duchamp in 1914, was lost shortly after being chosen, and its caption remains unknown. The replica was purchased by Robert Rauschenberg for three dollars, following its presentation in the 1959 "Art and the Found Object" exhibition. It was preceded by two signed replicas (circa 1921; and 1936) and followed by three more approvals; but it was only in the act of signing this replica in 1960 that Duchamp made a double contradictory move: on the one hand, he re-applied the step of turning something into art—the signature—onto a mass-produced, practical object whose validity as an artistic object is based not on the appreciation of contemporary authorities (the scholar or the curator) but on its very announcement as such by the artist; on the other hand, he approved this replica, sold to Rauschenberg, as "an original" by the very sentence revealing the existence of a previous original.

Marcel Duchamp's (1887–1968) stance against the conventions of taste at the core of the versions and modes of expression of the artists of his generation was expressed with sharp clarity around the time of World War I—but his influence is especially decisive in the context of the generation of artists who began working in the late 1950s. (It is interesting to note, in this context, that the circumstances of creating most of his prints, including those presented here, entail the preservation and documentation of his activity for future generations). For the artists of late modernism, Duchamp's art and conduct presented a radical precedent to the conceptual approach in art and to the perception of the act of choice as equal to art-making, and, furthermore, the perception of the very artistic work as an act of choice. This mode of thinking was rephrased, during late modernism, in contemporary contexts and various versions—some in the spirit of Duchamp, others less radical—and became an accepted value in artistic practice. It seems that this thought is also reflected, in turn, in the critical references to Duchamp's art: his contradictory conduct, stemming from his practice of rethinking concepts of art while working within them and simultaneously playing with them and subverting them, obstructed the many attempts to gather the total of his oeuvre within one conceptual umbrella. In recent decades, the interpretive gaze focuses on this very contradictory method, and the contradictions are no longer discussed as problems requiring solutions.

Duchamp coined the term "readymade" in the early 1920s, as the opposite of his generation's accepted tastes. His objects, most of them useful, were deliberately chosen for their vagueness and commonness, and mostly "out of visual indifference", that is—as a realization of his attempts to exclude his personal taste from artistic considerations, and as an expression of his declared commitment to avoid repeating himself. He chose-made a smallish number of such objects as the illustration of the conceptual change he was aiming at, and ceased creating them at a fairly early stage in the early 1920s, having concluded the process had been exhausted. However, already in 1916 he made a photographed replica of his painting Nude Descending a Staircase, and henceforth was most generous in authorizing replicas of his work. He took care to enfold these replicas within the rules of artistic replication, i.e. a limited number of signed copies, and at the same time gave them a vague status, which invalidated the concept of status conferred by rarity: by the fine differences in the authorization of these replicas, each became "an original".

Many of Duchamp's prints are a further application of the readymade concept. Similarly to those common-chosen objects, the prints offer an image simultaneously with its criticism, with Duchamp using the medium's conventions to subvert their validity. Apart from the image in the etching Première Lumière, all the images in these prints are readymade images from his work, reproductions or details from previous works, in sizes or techniques that are different from the original. These images are made in characteristically artistic printing techniques. The etchings referring to The Large Glass (produced for Arturo Schwarz's book), were executed from transparencies of the miniature replica of The Large Glass included in Box in a Valise (1935–1941), ordered especially by Duchamp. In order to compensate for the reversal taking place during the printing process, the selected images were meticulously copied onto the obverse of the transparency, resulting in the print's characteristic linear, monotonous and mechanical drawing, described by Duchamp (in a 1958 interview with James Johnson Sweeney) as devoid of considerations of taste. This means, mechanically replicating the previous image, makes a good presentation of "the beauty of indifference".

Première Lumière was indeed created as an illustration for a poem, but its status as an image and an illustration is rather deceiving. We have a word-image executed as a picture-image, which as such again serves as an illustration to the book's text. Its context is not quite clear: is it an independent image, or some subtitle for the poem? Does the negation particle "NON" emphasize the negation of the retinal image, or should it be read as Duchamp's reaction to the poem's atmosphere and title? And, bearing in mind Duchamp's fondness of puns, might this also be such a pun, on the French negation particle "NON" and noun "NOM" (name), also referring to an absent signified and inviting an expression about the context-dependent meaning of words? The enigmatic, boundary-crossing image is thus discussed from various starting points. It seems that, in the spirit of the Duchampian principle placing art as a process of thought and change, all these queries may be said to be valid.

Tel Aviv Museum of Art | Marcel Duchamp | Robert Rauschenberg |

Last Week News

April 21, 2010

Rijksmuseum Launches Ambitious Restoration Program Before Reopening in 2013

Guggenheim Releases Video Announcement of The Hugo Boss Prize

Art Cologne 2010 Juxtaposes Art-Market Heavyweights with Innovative Galleries

Works by Abstract Painter Agnes Martin at Timothy Taylor Gallery

Apollo Theater Exhibit in Washington D.C. Shows Jackson's Hat

L&M Arts Opens "Yves Tanguy and Alexander Calder" with Important Loans

MoMA Exhibition Illuminates the Legacy of Visionary Experimental Filmmaker Maya

Jim Dine's "Heart" is the Common Denominator at Alan Cristea Gallery

Kunsthaus Zürich Presents Short Films on the Occasion of Its 100th Birthday

Exhibition of New Sports Stadiums by Architects at Pinakothek der Moderne

Exhibition of Antique Puzzles to Delight, Challenge, and Confound

Show at British Museum Unites Great Renaissance Drawing Collections

Palais des Beaux-Arts Opens a Room for Spanish Contemporary Art

Fresh Art Live at the Muskegon Museum of Art

Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art at Cornell University Presents Michael Ashkin

Biggest Work by Bouzanis to Appear at Auction at Bonhams Greek Sale

Third Season of Seasons of Beauty is on Display at the San Antonio Museum of Art

Live Music Returns to MoMA's Sculpture Garden in July and August

Miami Art Museum Appoints Collector Charles Cowles to its Board of Trustees

Ash Leads to Unplanned Magna Carta Display in New York

April 20, 2010

300 Picasso Works in Metropolitan Museum's Collection Featured in Landmark Exhibition

Paul Gauguin from Money Man to Myth Maker, Show Says

Los Angeles County Museum of Art Acquires Six Works

Christie's Announces Prints & Multiples Sale in New York

Rare Screens Believed to be from Chinese Imperial Palace for Sale at Bonhams

Artists Begin Registration to Compete for World's Largest Art Prize

"The Jesus Scandal: A Liebermann Painting in the Crossfire of Critics"

Exhibition Testifies to an Unknown Period in Stanley Kubrick's Career

Guggenheim Receives Grant for Panza Collection Conservation Initiative

First Retrospective of Artist and Critic Lil Picard Debuts at Grey Art Gallery

60,000 Pound Cadell 'Iona' at Bonhams this Week Classic Colourist Work for Sale

Howard Dodson, Jr. to Retire as Director of NYPL's Schomburg Center

Alice Channer Shows First Solo Scottish Exhibition at the Mackintosh Gallery

Au revoir to Masterpieces from Paris, the Most Successful Exhibition in Australian History

Cleveland will Premiere First Major U.S. Exhibition of Christian Relics and Reliquaries

Jeu de Paume Presenting Virtual Exhibition on the Internet

INAH Regrets the Loss of Enrique Nalda

Museum Presents Exhibition of Three Young Artists Working in Animation

Smart Museum Receives Grant to Support Major Traveling Exhibition "Echoes of the Past"

April 19, 2010

Collector Julia Stoschek Exhibits Her Collection in Public for the First Time at Deichtorhallen

Comprehensive Exhibition of Neo Rauch's Oeuvre Opens in Munich and Leipzig

MoMA Offers Intimate Installation Featuring Sculptures by Lee Bontecou

PHotoEspaña 10 Announces Over 120 Activities for this Year's Edition

Bill Viola Presents "Emergence" at the Galleria dell'Accademia

Peter Fischli and David Weiss to Receive Wolfgang Hahn Prize Cologne 2010

Artwork from the Collection of Henry T. Hopkins on the Auction Block in May

Maya Lin Presents a Series of Four Videos About Mass Extinction

"Havana Revisited: An Architectural Heritage" Just Released by Norton

Scannograms by Jack Robinson on View at Gallery Nine5

Lombard-Freid Projects Transforms Main Gallery Space into a Cinema

Venetia Dearden's Portraits Taken at Glastonbury Festival on View in London

Causey Contemporary Features Two Solo Debut Exhibitions

Kunsthalle Basel Opens an Exhibition by Lili Reynaud Dewar

Whitfield Fine Art Presents an Exhibition of New Work by Ilona Szalay

Parks Department Plan will Bring Chaos to Union Square, Say Street Artists

Tel Aviv Museum of Art Announces 12th Felicja Blumental International Music Festival

Art Museum's Own Collections Star in Upcoming Exhibit

Blanton Museum of Art Presents Picasso: A Graphic Inquiry

April 18, 2010

European Masterpieces from The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Travel to Tokyo

Major Survey of the Work of Gabriel Orozco Opens at Kunstmuseum Basel

Renowned Polish Sculptor Magdalena Abakanowicz Exhibits at Marlborough

BBC Partners with the Victoria & Albert Museum for Modern Masters Exhibition

National Gallery of Art Acquires Works by McCracken, Paik, Torres-García

Works Exhibited at the Residence of the U.S. Ambassador to Sweden

Center for Architecture Opens Exhibition on Plans for the Domino Sugar Refinery

Important Maritime Collection Brings a Record Price at Bonhams

The Kennedys: Portrait of a Family on View at the Peabody Essex Museum

Mixed Media Sculptures and Installations by Jac Leirner at Yvon Lambert

MOCA Publishes a New Book about Contemporary Art for Young Audiences

PDNB Gallery features Photographs by Dallas Photographer Bob Chilton

Solo Exhibition by Tamar Halpern Opens at D'Amelio Terras

Metal Sculptures Loaned by Office of William J. Clinton

A Rare 16th Century Viola to Highlight Christie's Fine Musical Instruments Sale

Sawdust Mountain: Photographs by Eirik Johnson at Aperture Gallery

American Academy in Rome Announces 2010-2011 Rome Prize Winners

Restoration of Mural in Tlatelolco Uses Nanotechnology

The Whitney Celebrates Tenth Anniversary of the Bucksbaum Award

April 17, 2010

Collectors and Auctioneers See Signs that Art Market is on the Verge of Solid Recovery

National Gallery Announces Exhibition of Fakes, Mistakes and Discoveries

MoMA Asks Visitors to Leave After Touching Nude Performers

Mark Rothko and Henri Matisse Among Top Lots at Sotheby's NY

Guggenheim Museum Launches "Contemplating the Void" Competition

Peter Eleey Appointed Curator of P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center

LED Technology Artist, Jim Campbell, Exhibits at Bryce Wolkowitz Gallery

Constance H. Williams Announced as New Chair of the Philadelphia Museum of Art

Sotheby's to Offer Works by Rembrandt Bugatti from the S. Joel Schur Collection

Mughal Hookah Bubbles Up 234,000 Pounds at Bonhams Islamic & Indian Sale

Over 250 Pieces of the Leonardo Patterson Affair are a Sham

MoMA Pays Tribute to Iris Barry, Its First Curator of Film, with Exhibition

New York City Seeks Limits on Art Vendors in Popular Parks

Friedrich Kunath Creates a Salon-Like Installation at the Hammer Museum

Danziger Projects Presents Matthias Schaller's First U.S. Gallery Show

Fellini Legacy Lives on through Singapore Retrospective

Contemporary Gowns by Michelle Berkowitz Serve as Counterpart to Hollywood Costumes Exhibit at Michener Art Museum

Whitney to Launch Series of Art Projects at Site of Future Downtown Building

Russian Art Drawing Interest Despite Rocky Economics

April 16, 2010

London's Victoria and Albert Museum Showcases Grace Kelly's Glamorous Wardrobe

First Comprehensive Survey of Soviet Non-Conformist Art at Haunch of Venizon

NYPD Called About Rooftop Art Confused for Jumpers

Christie's New York April Photography Week Totals $9.2 Million

Sotheby's Second Contemporary Art: Turkish Sale Achieves 2.4 Million Pounds

Tel Aviv Museum of Art Presents Exhibition Including Degas' 74 Known Bronzes

Andrew Shire Gallery Presents "Mind Game", a Group Exhibition

Photographers' Gallery is the Exclusive Launch Venue for New Polaroid Film

Brian Jungen Wins the 2010 Gershon Iskowitz Prize at the AGO

Masters of Photography Sale, Including 275 Items, at artnet Auctions

Vivienne Westwood Fashion Image to Sell at Bonhams Photography Auction

Ringling Museum Names Matthew McLendon Associate Curator of Art

Gilberto Zorio, Protagonist of the Arte Povera Phenomenon, Exhibits in Spain

Sprüth Magers Opens Exhibition by Self-Taught Photographer Jean-Luc Mylayne

Christie's Presents the Spring Sale of 500 Years: Decorative Arts Europe

Solo Exhibition Featuring the Work of Chakaia Booker at Galerie Pfriem

Theaster Gates Artist Installation To Speculate Darkly Reinterprets Craft and Fosters Community

New Silver Swan "Coins It In" at The Bowes Museum

Hines Commissions Royal Academician Tom Phillips to Create Permanent Public Art Work for Mayfair Building

Picasso and the Avant-Garde in Paris Extended at the Philadelphia Museum of Art

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- Porsche Super Speedster offered for first time in 50 years at RM Sotheby's Porsche 70th Anniversary Auction

2.- Cummer Museum of Art & Gardens opens 'Storytelling: French Art from the Horvitz Collection'

3.- Gauguin: Voyage to Tahiti stars Vincent Cassel as the famed French artist

4.- Stunning colored diamonds expected to dazzle at Heritage Auctions' Summer Fine Jewelry Auction

5.- US designer Kate Spade found dead at 55

6.- Vincent Van Gogh painting sells for over 7 million euros: Artcurial auction house

7.- Sir Stanley Spencer painting discovered hidden under a bed during a drugs raid

8.- Oxford's Bodleian Libraries unveil UK's first major Tolkien exhibition in decades

9.- Major exhibition at the Guggenheim explores decades of work by Alberto Giacometti

10.- World's largest freshwater pearl goes for 320,000 euros

Related Stories

The Helene and Zygfryd Wolloch Collection of Modern Sculpture Donated to Tel Aviv Museum of Art

Tel Aviv Museum of Art Presents an Exhibition of Works by Moshe Gershuni

"Sam Havadtoy: Beauty is Mystery", New Exhibition Opens at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art

Tel Aviv Museum of Art Pays Homage to Avigdor Arikha with Exhibition

Tel Aviv Museum of Art Pays Homage to Avigdor Arikha with Exhibition

Meeting Points: Ronit Agassi, Gary Goldstein at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art

Cabinet Secrets: Exhibition of Prints and Drawings at Tel Aviv Museum of Art

Cabinet Secrets: Exhibition of Prints and Drawings at Tel Aviv Museum of Art

Creating Equilibrium between Self and World: Maia Zer's Landscape Paintings and Portraits

Tel Aviv Museum of Art Shows Works by Photographer David LaChapelle

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful