The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Tuesday, September 2, 2014


Rarely Seen Architectural Drawings by Andrea Palladio Go on View at The Morgan
Plaster model of Villa Rotunda. Model by Timothy Richards, Bath, England.
NEW YORK, NY.- Andrea Palladio (1508–1580) is considered among the most significant and influential architects in the Western world. His clean, elegant interpretation of the architecture of classical antiquity was to spread throughout Europe and North America, and his finished buildings, drawings, and writings have become cultural touchstones.

Now, for the first time in New York, a collection of thirty-one rarely seen drawings by Palladio from the outstanding collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects Trust is on view in a special exhibition at The Morgan Library & Museum entitled "Palladio and His Legacy: A Transatlantic Journey", from April 2 through August 1, 2010.

The drawings, together with Palladio’s architectural texts and pattern books, highlight the growth of his design sensibility. They range from early studies and sketches to perfectly executed later drawings of villas and other commissioned works. Also on view are a number of detailed architectural models, demonstrating the spread of Palladio’s architectural theories to America, most notably in the work of Thomas Jefferson and in designs for monumental buildings in Washington, DC.

Palladio was born in Padua, then part of the Republic of Venice, and early on worked as a stonecutter in sculpture studios in the Veneto. He would later be drawn to architecture and studied Roman ruins as well as the work of the classical author Vitruvius. In 1570, Palladio published his seminal "I Quattro Libri dell’Architettura" (Four Books on Architecture), which fully lay out his architectural theory and demonstrate his core beliefs in the beauty and harmony of classical architecture.

Primarily known for his villas and palaces for the aristocracy, Palladio also designed buildings for wealthy merchants and untitled landowners. These structures include churches, apartment blocks in Venice, and even barns. Throughout, he was able to incorporate classical design elements while exploiting Renaissance-era advances in engineering and construction technique.

The exhibition begins with five drawings from Palladio’s early career and his intensive study of the architecture of antiquity. His sketch of the warehouses of Trajan at Ostia shares many design elements found in his later Basilica in Vincenza. A drawing of the antique bases of columns in the Lateran Basilica shows that they were intended to add height to preexisting columns that were too low. He adopted this approach in the interior of the church of San Giorgio Maggiore in Venice. Assisi’s Temple of Minerva is a rare example of a classical building with columns on high pedastals. Palladio’s study of this temple anticipates his design of the giant pillars on pedestals at the Palazzo Valmarana. This section of the exhibition also includes a model of the Pantheon in Rome, which Palladio measured and found a particular source of inspiration in terms of proportions and detail.

The only extant Roman text on architecture in Palladio’s day was De Architectura by Vitruvius, for which the original illustrations had not survived. Several drawings in this portion of the exhibition demonstrate how Palladio “interpreted” the text, including a plan and elevation for his Vitruvian Peripteros Temple.

The exhibition also presents drawings that demonstrate Palladio’s creative process. On view are rough sketches, with unfinished areas and traces of earlier ideas, for the Villa Mocenigo and the reconstruction of the Mausoleum of Augustus. Juxtaposed with these are perfectly executed drawings made for some of Palladio’s patrons, including an elevation drawing of a villa that demonstates the effect of sunlight on the building. Several of the architectural drawings are complemented by modern basreliefs that express in three dimensions what the drawings represent.

Since its publication in 1570, Palladio’s landmark text, I Quattro Libri dell’Architettura, has exerted enormous influence on architects. The book’s graphic design and sequencing of text and illustrations became a model for subsequent architectural publications. The autograph sheets in the exhibition shed light on Palladio’s creative process in designing the text, beginning with studies of how to integrate a building’s plan and elevation, followed by preliminary studies for the woodcut illustrations.

Palladio and America
Palladio’s influence on the architecture of the United States is examined in the final section of the show, which consists of a series of specially commissioned models of key American buildings. During the eighteenth century, Palladio’s impact was almost entirely on domestic architecture, as house design increasingly incorporated classically proportioned porticoes. Thomas Jefferson’s design for his famous home, Monticello, in Charlottesville, Virginia, is one of the best examples of this. Jefferson also incorporated Palladian principles into his design for the Virginia State Capitol in Richmond as well as in an unsuccessful competition submission for The White House.

Palladio’s restoration drawings of ancient Roman monuments, presented in the fourth book of I Quattro Libri, became the primary source of inspiration for some of America’s most ambitious public buildings of the late-nineteenth and early twentieth-century American Renaissance. These include the Supreme Court and National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., and the New York Stock Exchange.

The Morgan Library & Museum | Palladio and His Legacy | Andrea Palladio |


Today's News

April 2, 2010

Leading Representative of Conceptual Art, Liam Gillick, Opens Exhibition in Bonn

Michael Crichton Collection Features World-Class Artists

'Red' Examines Rothko's Art, the Artist, the Act of Creation

Matisse's Celebration of The First Bastille Day to be Offered by Sotheby's

Allentown Art Museum Names J. Brooks Joyner President and CEO

Sculptures by Jonathan Prince on View at Cynthia Reeves

Rare Character Toys from Estate of KB Toys Co-Founder to Be Auctioned

Asian Art Week Sales at Christie's London to Be Held in May

Government of Peru Reopens Machu Picchu After 2 Month Closure

Steve Wolfe on Paper On View at The Menil Collection

Kelly M. O'Brien Named Executive Director of Development at Philadelphia Museum

Adrian Paci Continues his Interest in Symbolic and Cultural Rites at Peter Blum

New Museum Presents REDUX, Third Stage of Evolving Exhibition

Collection of 850 Carved Mineral Easter Eggs to be Unveiled at Bonhams & Butterfields

Rarely Seen Architectural Drawings by Andrea Palladio Go on View at The Morgan

National Portrait Gallery has Best Year Ever for Visitor Figures

John Moores Judging Underway - Contemporary Painting Prize Receives Nearly 3000 Entries

PAFA Acquires Works by Mark Bradford, Philip Evergood, and Lilly Martin Spencer

American Artist Barbara Kruger to Appropriate Art Gallery of Ontario Facade

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Neanderthals and humans were both living in Europe for between 2,600 and 5,400 years

2.- First major exhibition to explore the historical legacy of African cultural astronomy opens at LACMA

3.- Carlo Mollino's idealized vision of the female form in new book published by Damiani/Crump

4.- Tate Britain displays works by Frank Auerbach from the collection of Lucian Freud

5.- In grave robber territory, locals abuzz over Alexander-era tomb; Largest of its kind ever discovered in Greece

6.- Lambert Collection opens an ambitious project housed at the Sainte-Anne Prison

7.- Centre for Contemporary Art Singapore announces the first 18 artists in the CCA Residencies progamme

8.- Historic Kings Theatre is transformed into major New York Performing Arts venue

9.- Thirteen's American Masters Series co-produces new documentary about photographer Dorothea Lange

10.- Sotheby's New York to offer 548 Edward Weston photographs as a single lot this September

Related Stories



Manuscripts by Composers Such as Mozart and Beethoven, Available on The Morgan Library & Museum's Web Site

The Morgan Library and Museum's Landmark McKim Building to Reopen October 30

The Morgan Library and Museum's Landmark McKim Building to Reopen October 30

Superb Selection of Drawings by Edgar Degas at the Morgan

Mark Twain: A Skeptic's Progress Opens at the Morgan Library

The Morgan to Show Black-and-White Drawings by Roy Lichtenstein

The Morgan to Show Black-and-White Drawings by Roy Lichtenstein

Morgan Exhibition Explores the Romantic Movement's Influence on Landscapes

Show Features All the Morgan's Works by One of the World's Iconic Artists

Morgan Library's McKim Building to Undergo Restoration



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site