The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Thursday, November 27, 2014


Picasso's Themes and Variations Offers Unique View into Artist's Creative Process
Pablo Picasso, Minotauromachy. 1935. Etching and engraving, Plate: 19 1/2 x 27 3/8" (49.6 x 69.6 cm) Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Fund. © 2010 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.
NEW YORK, NY.- The Museum of Modern Art presents Picasso: Themes and Variations, an exhibition exploring Pablo Picasso’s creative process through the medium of printmaking, from March 28 to August 30, 2010. It features approximately 100 works from the Museum’s superlative collection of the artist’s prints. The exhibition is organized by Deborah Wye, The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Chief Curator of Prints and Illustrated Books, The Museum of Modern Art.

Pablo Picasso’s insatiable curiosity and tireless urge to create art often led him to mediums beyond painting. He fully explored sculpture and drawing, as well as printmaking and ceramics. This exhibition looks at Picasso’s engagement with printmaking over the course of his long career, and the ways it fostered his creativity by encouraging a thematic approach to his subjects and by allowing for constant experimentation.

As a young artist, Picasso (Spanish, 1881–1973) bought a small printing press, and prints became part of the ongoing development of his work. His first series of etchings and drypoints was devoted to themes of the Blue and Rose periods. Examples include Frugal Repast (1904), a well-known scene of a destitute couple at a sparsely-filled dining table. Others depict itinerant circus performers known as saltimbanques. As Picasso went on to forge his Cubist style, he made prints intermittently, cross-fertilizing related drawings and paintings. One series of his abstracted images was conceived in 1910 to illustrate St. Matorel, a book by poet Max Jacob, who was among his closest friends during the first years in Paris.

While prints played a small but continuing role in Picasso’s early work, by the late 1920s and early 1930s, he became truly engaged in the medium, and remained so for the rest of his life. It was at that time that he grasped the narrative potential in his printmaking. He enjoyed propping up his copperplates and conjuring up compositions that led his invented characters from one scene to another. Later he would call this manner of printmaking his own way of “writing fiction.”

Picasso created tales of the Minotaur, of fauns and satyrs, and of bullfighting. In Minotauromachy (1935), he combined the Minotaur myth and the violence of the bullfight in a highly symbolic, enigmatic scene that is considered a milestone of modern printmaking. Especially under the influence of Surrealism, such motifs became entangled with events in Picasso’s personal life, particularly those involving his relationships with women. These entanglements are also a factor in other themes he explored, from scenes of the artist in the studio, to portrayals of sexual aggression, to tableaux in which one figure watches the other sleep.

Picasso’s focus on the women in his life also involved portraiture. Each time he became involved with a new woman, he absorbed her features into his artistic vocabulary, depicting her over time in a manner reflecting his own changing moods. The exhibition includes a range of prints inspired by these women, from the 1905 Head of Woman, which portrays Madeleine, a lover known only by her first name, to a late series of linoleum cuts presenting a complex and evolving portrait of Jacqueline Roque, the artist’s second wife and companion until his death in 1973. Also included are the young Marie-Thérèse Walter, whose face constitutes a mysterious presence; Picasso’s first wife, Olga, whose stirring portrait, which was recently acquired, exemplifies her role as muse of the Neo-Classical period; the Surrealist photographer Dora Maar, who served as model for the monumental Weeping Woman of 1937; and Francoise Gilot, the aspiring painter who spent the postwar years with the artist, and whose likeness evolves over time to show Picasso’s changing relationship to her.

Picasso continued making prints with great enthusiasm until the last years of his life. During seven months in 1968, he created Suite 347, named for the number of prints it contains. It represents an intense period of printmaking in a range of etching techniques, exploring a variety of themes. Among the subjects is the artist’s reflection back on his long life, with figures of varying scale in compositions filled with spatial disparities that suggest a flood of memories.

The master printers with whom Picasso worked provided not only technical expertise, but also stimulating collaborative partnerships. Roger Lacourière tutored him in intaglio techniques (etching, drypoint, engraving, and aquatint) in the early 1930s, as he reached a new level of complexity in such prints as Faun Unveiling a Sleeping Girl (1936). Fernand Mourlot championed Picasso’s work in lithography after World War II. The printers at Mourlot’s shop in Paris fostered Picasso’s seemingly endless experimentation with developing images, like those in the Bull series, which begins with a naturalistic rendering and ends with a few simple lines. In linoleum cut, Hidalgo Arnéra spurred Picasso on at his workshop in the South of France in the 1950s and 1960s. Picasso created masterworks like Portrait of a Young Girl in this medium, which until then had been considered secondary. Finally, in his last years, Picasso collaborated with Aldo and Piero Crommelynck, who set up an etching workshop near his residence in the Mougins to accommodate his demanding schedule.



The Museum of Modern Art | Picasso | Deborah Wye |




Last Week News

March 27, 2010

Singer/Songwriter Sam Leach Wins Both the Archibald and the Wynne Prizes

Never Before Seen Work by Photographer Catherine Opie at Gladstone Gallery

Turner's Masterpiece Modern Rome - Campo Vaccino to Be Offered For Sale

Aztec and Roman Empires Confronted at the Getty Villa

New Works by Sarah Morris on View at Gallery Meyer Kainer

Technicolor Donates Archive to George Eastman House

Playboy Celebrates 50th Anniversary of Iconic Bunny with Exhibition

Artexpo New York Showcases Exciting, Emerging and Established Artists

New York's Fenimore Museum Unveils Sargent's Women

Kimbell Art Museum Mourns the Death of Foermer Director Edmund Pillsbury

Denmark's Famed Little Mermaid Begins Trip to the World Expo

Marty Lederhandler, Associated Press Photographer for 66 Years, Dies

American Academy of Arts and Letters Announces 2010 Award Winners

JFK Library to Show Salinger Letter to Hemingway

New Films from Germany at MoMA's Survey of German Cinema

Rihanna Picture Featured in Exhibition by Young Talent at the Walker Art Gallery

Expanded Pixar Exhibition to Open at Transformed Oakland Museum of California

Glenn W. Ekey Named Director of Development for Miami Art Museum

Cab Drivers Know their Monet from their Mascherano

Pop-Up Museum Offers Flash of English Eccentricity

March 26, 2010

Prado Museum Rediscovers Paintings from Its Collection with Opening of New Galleries

United Kingdom Arts Institutions to Government: Don't Ax Funds

Nolan's Ned Kelly Masterpiece Breaks Australia's Auction Record

Commission Unveils Design Concept for National Eisenhower Memorial

Sotheby's to Sell Newly Discovered Ottoman Ivory and Turquoise-Inlaid Box

South African Art Sale Exceeds Expectations at Bonhams

Discursive Painting from Albers to Zobernig at MUMOK

Guggenheim Exhibition Explores Memory, Trauma and Return to the Past

High Museum Explores Salvador Dalí's Late Work in August 2010

Ian Johnson's 'TimeScale' on View at Gooden Gallery in London

VMFA Appoints Geza von Habsburg as Guest Curator of Faberge Collection

Major Retrospective Exhibition of the Work of Rupert Bunny Opens in Melbourne

Ballet Dancer Dame Margot Fonteyn's Dress for Sale at Bonhams

Discover America's Roots In First-Ever Charles Deas Retrospective

Modigliani Drawing Brings $84,000 at Swann Galleries' Auction

MoMA's 2010 Party in the Garden to Honor Ronald and Jo Carole Lauder

National Gallery of Canada Realigns Its Organization

Chinesca Culture Offering Found in Tepic

Stolen Henry Moore Sculpture Found in Toronto

London Art Event Seeks to Help Asian Elephants

March 25, 2010

Painting by Paul Klee Stolen from NYC in 1989 is Found by Montreal Gallery Owner

Christie's to Offer Valuable Collection of Illuminated Manuscripts

Henry Moore's Butterfly Moved to a Factory for Restoration

Qatar Museums Authority Unveils Jean Nouvel Design for New Museum

Major Works by Maxfield Parrish to Highlight Christie's Sale

First Major Exhibition in the U.S. for Tatiana Trouvé at Gagosian

Christian Boltanski to Create Monumental Installation at Park Avenue Armory

Thomas P. Campbell Welcomed to AFA Board of Trustees

Dallas Museum Announces Results of Groundbreaking Visitor Study

New Exhibition Gives an Insight into the Collection Frieder Burda

Monumental Commission for MoMA on View at the 53rd Street Entrance

Spectacular Sale of Photographs from Various Owners at Christie's

Max Mara Art Prize for Women 2010 Winner Announced

Weston's Nautilus Shell Leads Sotheby's Spring Photographs Auction

City Organizations Partner with AGO and No.9 to Bring Contemporary Art to Inner-City Students

Barbara Thumm Gallery Announces Representation of Anna Oppermann's Estate

London Science Museum Goes Climate Science Neutral

Raskols and Sing-Sing by Stephen Dupont at Jack Bell Gallery

New York Dealer Offers "Schindler's List" for Sale

Rock Photographer Jim Marshall Dies at 74

March 24, 2010

Cy Twombly: Third Contemporary Artist Invited to Install a Permanent Work at the Louvre

Museum of Modern Art Adds @ Symbol to Design Collection

Cornell University Study Super-Sizes the "Last Supper"

Christie's Presents Selections from the Baio Collection of Photographs this Spring

Jean Nouvel Commissioned to Design 10th Serpentine Gallery Pavilion

Sotheby's Sets Record for Classical Chinese Painting Sold in the US

Renaissance Rivals Brought Together for Rare Art Exhibition in Gothenburg

Abu Dhabi Launches Tender Competition for Louvre Museum

Awe-Inspiring Staffordshire Hoard Saved for the Nation

Signed Copy of Wind in the Willows Triumphs at Bonhams

First Museum Display Dedicated to Philip de Laszlo in Over 70 Years

Exhibition Dedicated to the Works of Women Artists Opens at The Chrysler

St. Louis Historical Museum to Host Vatican Collection

Solo Exhibition of New Paintings by Valerie Jaudon at Von Lintel Gallery

Americas Society Showing Work by Argentine Artist Marta Minujín

New Multichannel Video Installation by Alfredo Jaar on View at University of Connecticut

The Frick Collection Announces 75th Anniversary Celebrations

Nevada Museum of Art Garners National Funding Awards

National Endowment for the Arts Presents Live Webcast of its 169th National Council on the Arts Meeting

Gibbes Museum of Art Announces Short List of Finalists for the 2010 Elizabeth and Mallory Factor Prize

March 23, 2010

Johann Sebastian Bach Archive Center in Leipzig Reopens After Two Years of Renovation

Photographs by Robert Mapplethorpe Donated to Italian Museums

Major 20th-Century Works Enter Cantor Arts Center Collection

Mark S. Siegel Elected to Succeed Louise Bryson as Chair of Getty Board

Claremont Rug Company to Exhibit "Awe-Inspiring" Collection

Installation of Spiders Weaving Stars by Tomas Saraceno in Italy

New York City's Newest Art Space Opens With Rauzier 'Hyperphotos' Exhibition

Ship Bell from Lord Louis Mountbatten's HMS Kelly for Sale at Bonhams

New Works on Paper by Marine Hugonnier Inaugurate Max Wigram Gallery

SFMOMA to Offer a Fresh Look at Seminal 1975 Photography Exhibition

Documents Concerning Auschwitz Guards Found at a Nearby House

Romanesque Sculptures by Tacita Dean at Museo Reina Sofia

Design and the Art of Reduction at the Vitra Design Museum

PAFA's Board of Trustees Approves Design Concepts for Lenfest Plaza

Bonhams New York Presents An Important Private Maritime Collection This Spring

Curious George Saves the Day at the Jewish Museum

Field Museum Archaeologists Amend the Written History of China's First Emperor

Daniel Sheehy Named Director of Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage

Endowment for the Arts Announces Research on Informal Arts Participation in Rural and Urban Areas

March 22, 2010

Architect Frank Gehry Likes What He Sees with New Las Vegas Building

National Gallery in London Opens First Exhibition of Paintings by Christen Kobke

Ludwig Museum Opens PowerGames - An Exhibition by Danish Artists

The Emanuel Schlesinger Collection of Indian Art at Sotheby's

MOCA Presents Original Photographs and Film of the Las Vegas Strip

Dubai's Four-Day Contemporary Art Show Upbeat Despite City's Debt Woes

Prints and Studies by Anni Albers at Alan Cristea Gallery

Second Solo Exhibition with Jacqueline Humphries at Stuart Shave/Modern Art

Rare Exhibition of Maria Callas' Costumes, Jewelry, Photos and Memorabilia

Zhao Bo's Second Solo Exhibition in New York at Eli Klein Fine Art

Abstract Portraits and Clowns by Jim Torok on View at Pierogi

Polaroids as Chinese Ink Painting by Caroline Chiu at the Snite Museum of Art

Marcus Levine Makes Art with Hammer and Nails at Gallery 27

Controversial Portraits of American Soldiers Now in Washington D.C.

Cheekwood Botanical Garden & Museum of Art Opens Four New Exhibitions

Art of the Chicano Movement Opens at the Museo del Barrio

The 32nd Annual Museum Mile Festival Announced for June 8

A Roma Journey: Europeana Supports New Web Exhibition from The European Library

Local Landscapes by Community Photographers on Display at the Massey

Museum Takes New Look at Air, Water, Land and Life

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Greece holds breath as skeleton found in Alexander the Great-era tomb at Amphipolis

2.- Spain mourns the death of art collector Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, Duchess of Alba

3.- Meet the ancestors: Exhibition at Bordeaux gallery reveals faces of prehistoric humans

4.- Getty Foundation and partners launch free of charge online art collection catalogues

5.- Historic photos of dead Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara resurface in small Spanish town

6.- Exhibition showcases the first two 'Poesie' created by Titian following their restoration

7.- O'Keeffe painting sells for more than three times the previous world auction record for any female artist

8.- Crystal Bridges announces the departure of museum President Don Bacigalupi

9.- artnet Auctions offers a later example of Yayoi Kusama's important Infinity-Nets series

10.- 'Degenerate art' should go back to museums: German advisor Jutta Limbach

Related Stories



Recently Acquired Peformance Art Piece by Allora & Calzadilla Debuts at MoMA

Recently Acquired Peformance Art Piece by Allora & Calzadilla Debuts at MoMA

20th Century Modern Design from the Museum of Modern Art Coming to Atlanta Next Spring

MoMA Announces Exhibition of Picasso's Iconic Guitar Sculptures From 1912-1914

MoMA to Present the Most Extensive Exhibition of Weimar Cinema Ever Mounted in the U.S.

Christophe Cherix Appointed Chief Curator of Prints and Illustrated Books at MoMA

MoMA Appoints Laura Hoptman as Curator in the Department of Painting and Sculpture

MoMA Appoints Laura Hoptman as Curator in the Department of Painting and Sculpture

Broad Survey of Abstract Expressionism Draws from MoMA's Renowned Collection

Exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art Explores the Role of Contemporary Architecture



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site