The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Monday, November 24, 2014


How Did Chinese Artists Learn and Practice Their Craft?
Bird Feet, Drawing; ink on paper, 13 x 14 15/16 in. (33 x 38 cm) Gift of Sarah Shay, 2005, 2005.411.240.
NEW YORK, NY.- A new installation at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Mastering the Art of Chinese Painting: Xie Zhiliu (1910-1997), demonstrates how Chinese artists learned, historically, from earlier masterpieces and from nature. It showcases more than 100 works—including paintings, sketches, drawings, calligraphies, and poetry manuscripts—by Xie Zhiliu (pronounced "shay jer leo"), one of modern China's leading artists and connoisseurs. It also marks the 100-year anniversary of his birth. A number of his sketches and copies will be accompanied by photographs of earlier works that inspired him and by his own completed works, in order to trace how he developed his unique style. Drawn primarily from a recent gift to the Metropolitan Museum from the artist's daughter Sarah Shay, the works on view comprise the first solo exhibition of Xie Zhiliu's works to be organized outside China.

"The field of Chinese painting is singularly lacking in examples of how traditional artists practiced their craft," said Maxwell K. Hearn, Douglas Dillon Curator in the Museum's Department of Asian Art. "This rich body of material provides a unique resource for studying one major artist's creative process in detail. Chinese paintings are often the freehand creations of master draftsmen who wielded a brush with confidence borne of years of practice. But Xie's preparatory drawings reveal another set of methods, in which a seemingly spontaneous work was often preceded by one or more sketches and a finished draft that could serve as a template for the final composition. Liberated from the need to visualize the completed work in advance, Xie was able to concentrate on making his brushstrokes in the finished work as dynamic and beautiful as possible."

Xie Zhiliu was a native of Changzhou, a city with a strong tradition of bird-and-flower painting, a genre in which Xie excelled. Moving to Chongqing to escape the Japanese occupation in 1937, he became a close friend of renowned painter Zhang Daqian (1899-1983), who introduced him to the Buddhist cave murals of the Silk Road oasis of Dunhuang. After the war, he became an advisor and preeminent connoisseur on painting and calligraphy for the Shanghai Museum as well as a professor of painting. Due to his access to the rich holdings of the museum, which enabled his close study of Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasty painting (a topic on which he published), Xie expanded his style. Between 1983 and 1990 he led a team of scholars in evaluating the collections of China's leading cultural institutions, a project that resulted in a 24-volume illustrated index of more than 70,000 paintings and calligraphies.

The installation will be divided thematically. The first two galleries, entitled "Tracing the Past," present Xie's early studies of figures, narratives, and bird-and-flower paintings of the Song dynasty (960-1279). His sketches of Buddhist figures based on his study of the Dunhuang murals are also included here. In the two galleries that follow, Xie's admiration for the master painter Chen Hongshou (1599-1652) and other bird-and-flower specialists is highlighted through a number of Xie's precise copies of these artists' paintings.

How Xie learned directly from nature will be illustrated in the fifth gallery. A number of studies of flowers and fruit will be featured, along with two groups of landscape sketches, capturing naturalistic compositions defined largely by contour lines with little interior modeling. Also on view in this section will be a pencil and ink sketch of a narcissus visualized from different angles, a work that shows how his lines were formed slowly and involved numerous adjustments and corrections.

Xie's appreciation for cursive calligraphy is the focus of the next section. A manuscript called Poems of Inner Mongolia (1961), as well as several copies including Select Characters from Huaisu's Autobiography of 1969 and Notes on Zhang Xu from the late 1960s—before the darkest period of the Cultural Revolution—document Xie's conscientious study of ancient models in the Shanghai Museum collection. The section ends with Five Poems (1990), which reflects the abiding influence of these earlier masters. And, the final gallery will feature Xie's integration of naturalism and stylization in his late years. Among the works on view will be a brightly colored album called Views of Yosemite National Park, California (1994), which the artist made with his wife, the painter Chen Peiqiu (b. 1923), in 1994.

Complementing the installation will be a display of some of the artist's seals, which constitute a valuable anthology of the seal carver's art by many of the leading practitioners of the late 20th century. This group also highlights one of the most innovative and important forms of calligraphy practiced since the late Ming dynasty.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art | Mastering the Art of Chinese Painting | Maxwell K. Hearn |




Today's News

February 9, 2010

Painting by Salvador Dalí, Made in the U.S., on Temporary Loan to the Dalí Foundation

Bob Dylan on Canvas: Exclusive Show of His Very First Works on Canvas

Nicolas Sarkozy's Father Exhibits Painting of Carla Bruni in Budapest

Gagosian Presents Major Group Exhibition Celebrating JG Ballard's "Crash"

Iran to Cut Ties with British Museum over Cyrus Cylinder Loan

Sotheby's Presents Its Second Sale of Turkish Contemporary Art

Anselm Kiefer Installation an International Coup for the Art Gallery of Ontario

Glasgow Art Fair 2010: Announces the 46 Selected Galleries

Celebrity Photographer Felice Quinto Dies at 80 in Rockville

Getty Announces Survey of Developments in Photographic Representations of Food

How Did Chinese Artists Learn and Practice Their Craft?

High Museum of Art Names Artist Renee Stout as David C. Driskell Prize Winner

Shaped by War: Photographs by Don McCullin at The Imperial War Museum

Charles Ryskamp's Romantic Drawings on View at the Yale Center for British Art

Yona Friedman, Thomas Lommée, and Navid Nuur Exhibiti at Stroom

Leiden University's Unique Photography Collection on View at the Hague Museum of Photography

Award-Winning Portrait Artist, Laurel Boeck, Starts Year with Another Honor

Provocative Kenyan-Born Artist to Tear Up Gallery Walls at AGO

Rare Collection of Woven Sculptures and Baskets Donated to Museum of Arts and Design

Guggenheim Foundation and Heirs Amicably Resolve Ownership of Malevich Work

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Greece holds breath as skeleton found in Alexander the Great-era tomb at Amphipolis

2.- Spain mourns the death of art collector Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, Duchess of Alba

3.- Meet the ancestors: Exhibition at Bordeaux gallery reveals faces of prehistoric humans

4.- Getty Foundation and partners launch free of charge online art collection catalogues

5.- Historic photos of dead Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara resurface in small Spanish town

6.- Exhibition showcases the first two 'Poesie' created by Titian following their restoration

7.- O'Keeffe painting sells for more than three times the previous world auction record for any female artist

8.- Crystal Bridges announces the departure of museum President Don Bacigalupi

9.- artnet Auctions offers a later example of Yayoi Kusama's important Infinity-Nets series

10.- 'Degenerate art' should go back to museums: German advisor Jutta Limbach

Related Stories



AXA Equitable donates Thomas Hart Benton's epic mural "America Today" to Met Museum

Exhibition of Forbidden City Treasures Goes on View at Metropolitan Museum in February

New Installation Features Cabinets and Caskets from Metropolitan Museum's Collection

New Installation Features Cabinets, Caskets, and Cases from Metropolitan Museum's Collection

Gifts Enhance Metropolitan Museum's Scholarly Activities in Cycladic and Early Greek Art

Metropolitan Museum to Undertake Major Redesign and Reconstruction of its Fifth Avenue Outdoor Plaza and Fountains

Alexander McQueen's Iconic Designs to be Celebrated in Spring 2011 at the Metropolitan

Metropolitan and Egypt Announce Initiative to Recognize Egypt's Title to Objects from Tut's Tomb

Sculptural Installations by Contemporary Icelandic Artist Katrin Sigurdardottir on View at Metropolitan

Innovative Furniture by American Designer Charles Rohlfs Displayed at Metropolitan Museum



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site