The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Friday, August 29, 2014


100 Years After the Death of Henri Rousseau, Fondation Beyeler Celebrates with Exhibition
"L'Enfant a la poupee" by French painter Henri Rousseau (1844-1910) can be seen at Fondation Beyeler in Switzerland. The exhibition will be open through May 9, 2010. EFE/Georgios Kefalas.
BASEL.- One hundred years after the death of the French artist Henri Rousseau (1844-1910), the Fondation Beyeler is devoting an exhibition to this pioneer of modernism. Forty outstanding works provide a concise overview of the development and diversity of his oeuvre. A customs official, Rousseau had no formal art training and initially painted in his free time. Many years passed before his art, non-academic and long considered merely naive, found recognition in the Paris salons. In addition to the legendary jungle pictures characteristic of his late work, Rousseau also painted views of Paris and environs, as well as figures, portraits, allegories and genre scenes. With Monet, Cézanne, van Gogh and Gauguin, Rousseau was one of the artists whose visual inventions paved the way for incipient modernism. After the great Impressionists and their direct heirs had developed a new view of the visual world, Rousseau tapped sources beyond the academic tradition for modern artists to come. Never having attended an art school and supposedly naive, he brought genres such as the imaginary, dreamlike landscape to an unexpected culmination in his jungle paintings.

The exhibition illustrates how Rousseau brought together aspects of civilization and nature and adapted highly diverse themes to his visual conception. Individual motifs such as leaves and trees, but also figures and entire compositional schemes or elements were transferred from picture to picture. These basic patterns, expanded by means of combination and variation into a rich range of motifs and genres, were applied both to French and exotic subject matter. Rousseau defined the picture space by staggering pictorial elements from background to foreground, a method that would later be adopted by the Cubists. This additive pictorial structure, in the form of painted collage, anticipated the autonomy of the picture plane that would become so characteristic of modernism and fascinated young artists such as Pablo Picasso and Fernand Léger.

In order to bring out these special aspects of Rousseau’s oeuvre, the exhibition employs two forms of presentation. On the one hand, it shows Rousseau’s thematic focuses on the basis of groups of works distributed among the different exhibition rooms. An introductory documentation room is followed by rooms devoted to portraits and the small-format French landscapes, and finally by the large hall, whose effect is primarily determined by the jungle pictures. Within this arrangement, space is reserved for a selection of special groupings and pairs of paintings in which the conventional genre borderlines are purposely transcended. This enables us to trace the migration of motifs and play of oppositions that are so typical of Rousseau. For instance, the late jungle painting Forêt vierge au soleil couchant, c. 1910, is directly confronted with the figurative Les joueurs de football, 1908. The ball hovering over the players recalls a setting sun, spirited from the forest picture – a well-nigh surrealistic composition that would later inspire Max Ernst and René Magritte.

Also for the first time in the present exhibition, three major Rousseau works will be shown in immediate proximity with one another, works in quite different genres yet based on a nearly identical compositional scheme: the rural scene La noce, 1904-05, La muse inspirant le poète, 1909 (from the series known as “portrait landscapes”), and Joyeux farceurs, a jungle painting of 1906.

Initially Rousseau painted mostly small-format pictures representing French suburbs and the surrounding countryside in his immediate environment. There gradually crystallized out a special interest in motifs in which transitional zones from rationally organized civilization and unorganized, wild nature came to the fore. In the small French landscapes, the wildnerness appears in the form of dense woods in the background, a separate visual realm where nature is visible through a fence or behind a fortification wall. In L’octroi, c.1890, for example, the transition point is marked by one of the customs offices in which the Douanier served until 1893. This passage from the well-ordered and familiar to the unknown and alien was an ongoing and crucial feature of Rousseau’s compositions, as can be seen in Promeneurs dans un parc, 1907-08. In his famous jungle paintings the artist, who had never actually set foot in a jungle, finally succeeded in leaving the sphere of domestication behind – at least in imagination – and taking sides with the wilderness. Using much larger formats than previously, Rousseau lent these dreamed-of forests a compelling visual reality.

The culmination of the exhibition is accordingly formed by a significant group of Rousseau’s renowned jungle pictures. Apart from his very first work in this genre, Surpris! of 1891 (National Gallery, London), the major, mysterious La charmeuse de serpents, 1907 (Musée d’Orsay, Paris) deserves mention. A direct link with the Beyeler Collection is formed by the monumental major work Le lion, ayant faim, se jette sur l’antilope, 1895/1905, shown at Rousseau’s first appearance at the Salon d’Automne in Paris in 1905. In March 1906, Ambroise Vollard acquired the sensational painting – the first Rousseau ever to enter the art trade. It came into Ernst Beyeler’s collection in 1988, and, upon the inauguration of the Fondation Beyeler in 1997, the painting was given a room to itself and thus a special place of honor.

In addition, the exhibition focuses on Rousseau’s well-documented interest in photography. A few of his compositions – such as La carriole du père Junier, 1908 – were provably based directly on photographs. In the course of the painting process he created an entirely new world, arranging its elements into an image layer by layer in front of his imaginary camera lens. Yet for all his photographic realism, Rousseau always strove to keep the depicted world at a distance, as in La noce, 1904-05, whose distortions of scale and proportions with respect to the original model are immediately obvious.

Rousseau introduced a new approach to imaginative vision into painting. His perception of reality was based primarily on observation, imitation and transformation of the visible. In this way, he taught modern artists how things unknown could be constructed using the building blocks of the known. He established a new logic and mechanics of compositional structure that profoundly affected subsequent artists, all the way down to the Surrealists. Among the first to realize Rousseau’s outstanding significance were his close friend, the young Robert Delaunay, and Wassily Kandinsky. The “Banquet Rousseau”, held in his honor at Picasso’s studio in the Bateau-Lavoir in Montmartre in November 1908, has since become legendary. The guests included George Braque, Guillaume Apollinaire, and Gertrude and Leo Stein. To reflect this link, works from the collection by Cubist artists, Picasso and Léger will be on view in adjacent rooms. This provides viewers with an opportunity to trace the way in which Rousseau’s methods were adopted and developed by following generations.

Many renowned museums and collections in Europe and America have contributed to the success of the exhibition by their generous provision of loans. A great number of pictures come from the Musée national de l’Orangerie and Musée d’Orsay in Paris. Further lenders are the Musée national Picasso and Musée national d’art moderne / Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; the National Gallery, The Samuel Courtauld Trust / The Courtauld Gallery, and The Mayor Gallery, London; The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the National Gallery of Art and the Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.; the Philadelphia Museum of Art; The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg; the Kunstmuseum Basel; the Kunsthaus Zurich; and a number of private collections.

The exhibition and accompanying catalogue were conceived by Philippe Büttner, Curator at the Fondation Beyeler, in collaboration with Christopher Green, Professor emeritus for Art History at the Courtauld Institute, London. Green was co-curator of the exhibition “Henri Rousseau: Jungles in Paris,” shown in 2005-06 at the Tate Modern, the Grand Palais, Paris, and the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Fondation Beyeler | Henri Rousseau | Modernism | Philippe Büttner |


Last Week News

February 6, 2010

Christie's New York to Sell Major Works from the Collection of the Late Michael Crichton

Gauguin Tahitian Masterpiece on Sale at TEFAF Maastricht

Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art Receives Impressionist Collection

Wall with Maya Seignior Glyphs Discovered at Archaeological Zone

Design Installation Focuses on Objects that Relate to the Passing of Time

Gilbert & George Present First Major Exhibition in Spain After 10 Year Absence

Harn Museum of Art to Present Timely Exhibition "America at Work"

Over 2 Million Dollars Raised at Art Auction Benefiting Homeless Children

Painting of Haiti Capital to Sell at Bonhams to Aid Damaged Country

Hamza Walker and Artur Zmijewski Win $100,000 Ordway Prize

Photographic Exhibition Marks Centenary of Scott's Voyage to South Pole

Center for Fine Arts in Brussels Announces El Greco Exhibition

Masterpiece London Confirms Planning Permission for Former Chelsea Barracks

Phillips Collection Examines Georgia O'Keeffe from a Fresh Perspective

Lehman College Art Gallery Shows Chinese Contemporary Art

SFMOMA Presents First U.S. Retrospective of the Work of Luc Tuymans

St. Stephen's Art Show, Once a Simple Hot Dog Stand, Now a Nationally Important Event

Birds of New York Opens at the New York State Museum

Jia Zhangke Retrospective at MoMA Presents Contemporary Chinese Films

Tourists Visit Museums, Monuments Before Snow

February 5, 2010

Spanish Minister of Culture Opens El Greco Exhibition at the Center for Fine Arts in Brussels

Philanthropist Evelyn Haas, Widow of Levi Strauss & Co. CEO, Dies at Age 92

Ben Lewis Investigates the Rise and Fall of the Contemporary Art Market

Vanities from Caravaggio to Damien Hirst at Musée Maillol

Ron Mueck's Sculptural Work Arrives at Manchester Art Gallery

National Galleries of Scotland to Reunite Three Early Paintings by Vermeer

Egypt's Antiquities Chief Unveils Renovations at Oldest Monastery

Second Solo Exhibition by Cornelius Quabeck at Stephen Friedman Gallery

New Art Auction Record May Not be End, Experts Predict

First Exhibition Devoted to Wyndham Lewis Opens in Spain

MCA Announces 2010 Exhibition Program as Record Attendance Continues

National Galleries of Scotland Announces Diana and Acteon Scottish Tour

National Gallery to Show First Exhibition of Paintings by Christen Kobke

First Bilingual, Collaboratively Authored Guide to Chinese Contemporary Art Launches

Freer and Sackler Galleries Launch First Web Resource of "Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy"

Saskatoon-Born Artist Luanne Martineau Exhibits at the Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art Raises $250 Million for Expansion and Endowment

National Postal Museums New Online Collection Features American Sports

100 Masterpieces from the Stadel Museum on View at Fondation de l'Hermitage

Judith Jamison Legacy Dances into the Smithsonian

Extinct Ethnic Group Vestiges Discovered in Chihuahua

February 4, 2010

Alberto Giacometti's Walking Man I Sells for a Record-Breaking $104,327,006 at Sotheby's

Tate Modern Opens First Major Theo van Doesburg Exhibition in the UK

United States, British Architects Win Israel's Wolf Prize

Museum Directors Engage in 2010 Super Bowl Wager

ART HK 10 Presents the Strongest Ever Line-Up for an Art Fair in Asia

Hauser & Wirth to Open New Mayfair Gallery Autumn 2010

Claremont Rug Company Exhibits Rare Assemblage of 19th Century Art Rugs

Annely Juda Fine Art Presents 20 New Paintings by Edwina Leapman

MoMA to Host 9th Annual Festival of International Nonfiction Films

Rats, Murder and Secret Wartime Bunkers...Archive Goes Online

Thomas Dane Gallery Presents First London Exhibition of John Gerrard

Historic Flag which Graced the Sky at President Mandela's Inauguration for Sale

Paintings from the 1950s & 1960s by Theodore Mendez at Whitfield Fine Art

Exceptional Garden Statuary and Ornaments on Sale at Christie's

Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein Celebrates Gotthard Graubner's 80th Birthday with Exhibition

Etienne Zack's Innovative and Vibrant Paintings at the Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal

Exhibition and Symposium Explore Legacy of Work Wear in American Fashion

Extraordinary 1,700 Year Old Sarcophagus Cover on View in Israel

Christie's Announces the 2010 Inaugural Green Auction to Benefit the Environment

Frye Art Museum/Arts Corps Collaboration Invited to White House

National Design Museum to Present "Doodle 4 Google"

February 3, 2010

Christie's London Sale Hits Target as Unseen Picasso Sells for $13 Million

Exhibition Celebrates A Collector Who Transformed The National Gallery Of Art

Magnum Photos Announces Partnership with Michael Dell for Its Archive Collection

Internationally Acclaimed Artist Jeff Koons to Create BMW Art Car

Christie's Sale Presents Exciting Selection of Post-War & Contemporary Art

Photocollages at the Metropolitan Reveal Wit and Whimsy of the Victorian Era

Marika Rivera, Daughter of Artist Diego Rivera, Dies in England

Zach Feuer Gallery Presents Group Exhibition "Spontaneous Generation"

Freeman's Auctioneers to Sell Remainder Of Lehman Brothers Art Collection

Eli Klein Fine Art Focuses on Emerging and Established Chinese Contemporary Artists

MoMA will Host Opening Night Benefit for the Armory Show 2010

La Fabrica Galeria in Madrid will Show Work by Shirin Neshat

Museum Tinguely Pays Ttribute to the Basel Fasnacht

Florida Campus Restoration Revives Frank Lloyd Wright's Vision

Bidder Confidence Strong with English Decorative Arts and Russian Faberge

Hajj Terminal in Saudi Arabia Selected to Receive 2010 AIA Twenty-five Year Award

Leandro Erlich to Inaugurate New Series of Exhibitions at Museum of Latin American Art

Plains Art Museum to Acquire Rosenquist's The North Dakota Mural

National Endowment for the Arts Announces $25,000 Logo Design Competition

Tony Bennett Paints 2010 Jazz Fest Poster

February 2, 2010

Schirn Kunsthalle Presents First Survey in Germany of Georges Seurat's Work

Smithsonian Fiscal Year 2011 Federal Budget Request Totals $797.6 Million

Getty Museum to Explore Representations of Medieval Architecture

Alberta Creates an Art Gallery of National Significance

MoMA Commissions Artists to Create Multichannel Videos for Lobby Screens

Portrait of J.D. Salinger by Robert Vickery on View at the National Portrait Gallery

Wide Range of Attractive Design to be Featured at Christie's Sale

First Solo Exhibition of Michail Pirgelis in Berlin at Sprüth Magers

NRW-Forum in Düsseldorf Organises Major Robert Mapplethorpe Retrospective

The Santa Fe International Folk Art Market Returns for Its Seventh Year

Nasher Sculpture Center Opens First Exhibition of the Work of a Living Artist

Exhibition of Drawings by Sky Pape to Open at June Kelly Gallery

Nature Evokes Spirituality and Design in Exclusive Meijer Gardens Exhibition

Crocker Art Museum to Open the New Anne and Malcolm McHenry Works on Paper Study Center in 2010

New Sculpture Acquisition at the KIA Showcases African-American Artist

Marianne Moore and Alice In Wonderland-Inspired Installation at the Rosenbach Museum & Library

Collectors' Evening Secures Four New Acquisitions for the High

London Galleries Bank on Rush for Russian Art

Obama, a Year in Pictures, Going on Display in New York City

National Museum of American History Marks 50 Years of Lasers

February 1, 2010

Millennium-Old Sarcophagus Could Help Clarify Fall of the Maya Civilization

Original Works and Multiples by Joseph Beuys at Mary Boone Gallery

MACBA in Barcelona Presents 250 Works by Rodney Graham

Exhibition at Tate Liverpool Takes a Journey through the Black Atlantic

Egypt to Soon Announce King Tutankhamun DNA Test Results

Yvon Lambert New York Exhibits Koo Jeong-A Installation

After Success at Frieze, Philipp Goldbach Opens Exhibition at Annely Juda Fine Art

Nassau County Museum of Art Announces Exhibition by Fernando Botero

New Paintings and Oil Barrels by Shiva Ahmadi at Leila Taghinia-Milani Heller

Christian Hellmich Returns to N.Y. for Second Solo Show at Lehmann Maupin

Deals, Shapes and Void by Miguel Ángel Gaüeca at Artium

Rob Ryan and Stephen Walter Show their Views of London at Exposure Gallery

Nationally Touring Show Explores Japan's Traditional National Dress from Early to Mid 20th Century

Pinakothek der Moderne to Show Photographic Portraits by Peter Loewy

Large Scale Photographs by Lalla Essaydi on View at the Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum

Ambika P3 Announces Exhibition of New Works by Greco-Italian Artist Jannis Kounellis

Auto Italia South East to Screen Dan Graham's Rock My Religion

First Comprehensive Solo Exhibition by Cologne Artist Bettina Lockemann at Württembergischer Kunstverein

California Lists Moon Junk as Historical Resource

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Neanderthals and humans were both living in Europe for between 2,600 and 5,400 years

2.- First major exhibition to explore the historical legacy of African cultural astronomy opens at LACMA

3.- Carlo Mollino's idealized vision of the female form in new book published by Damiani/Crump

4.- Tate Britain displays works by Frank Auerbach from the collection of Lucian Freud

5.- In grave robber territory, locals abuzz over Alexander-era tomb; Largest of its kind ever discovered in Greece

6.- Lambert Collection opens an ambitious project housed at the Sainte-Anne Prison

7.- Centre for Contemporary Art Singapore announces the first 18 artists in the CCA Residencies progamme

8.- Historic Kings Theatre is transformed into major New York Performing Arts venue

9.- Thirteen's American Masters Series co-produces new documentary about photographer Dorothea Lange

10.- Sotheby's New York to offer 548 Edward Weston photographs as a single lot this September

Related Stories



Fondation Beyeler Marks Jean-Michel Basquiat's Fiftieth Birthday with Large Retrospective

Fondation Beyeler Opens Exhibition Including Works by Alberto Giacometti and His Family



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site