The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Thursday, May 24, 2018

Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza Announces the Exhibition Monet and Abstraction
Claude Monet, "Sunset at Étretat", 1883. Musée des beaux-arts, Nancy.

MADRID.- This coming February, the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza and Fundación Caja Madrid are presenting the exhibition "Monet and Abstraction". It offers a survey of the work of the great French Impressionist painter from an innovative perspective and one never previously employed in the context of a temporary exhibition of this scale and importance, namely the artist's relationship with the development of abstraction in the second half of the 20th-century.

From his ethereal London landscapes to the monumental depictions of his garden at Giverny where he spent the last forty years of his life, the exhibition looks at how Claude Monet's permanent obsession with capturing the instantaneous led him to break down pictorial representation to the point of reaching the threshold of abstraction. It also analyses how, around the middle of the 20th-century, the young generation of European and American abstract artists rediscovered his art and elevated the figure of Monet to the status of undisputed prophet of the material-based trends within abstraction. Monet thus came to occupy the fundamental role within the history of art that he still maintains today.

Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning, Sam Francis, Joan Mitchell, Adolph Gottlieb, André Masson, Philip Guston and Gerhard Richter were among the young artists who turned back to Monet. The present exhibition now offers the chance to see their work in the context of a fascinating dialogue with that of the Impressionist master, revealing numerous connections. Exhibiting Monet's painting in this new way allows for an analysis of the important influence that he exerted on the development of certain aspects of abstraction in the second half of the 20th-century and hence his key role in the development of modern art.

More than 100 works have been assembled for this new project, jointly organised by the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza and Fundación Caja Madrid. It has benefited from the fundamental collaboration of the Musée Marmottan Monet in Paris, where the exhibition will be seen in the summer of 2010 after its Madrid showing. The French museum has lent a magnificent group of works from the major legacy of works by Monet that it houses. Also important are the numerous loans from museums and private collections around the world, particularly Europe and the USA.

Monet was undoubtedly the most celebrated and prolific of the French Impressionists, but he was also the most independent and innovative. His obsession with capturing a sense of the instantaneous, his interest in issues such as the perception of nature and his need to express his personal experience solely through pictorial means led him to break down pictorial representation into an almost abstract atmosphere. Monet's death in December 1926 passed almost unnoticed within the art world of the day. His Grandes Décorations comprising the "Water Lilies" series, donated to the French State by the artist himself in 1918 and placed on display in 1927, one year after his death, were largely ignored for decades in the Musée de l'Orangerie in Paris.

In the early decades of the 20th-century the norms of the new avant-garde movements prevailed, primarily based on the concept of "construction". As a result, Monet's work, like that of most of the Impressionist painters other than Cézanne, was considered out of date and was consequently forgotten. The rediscovery of Monet did not come about until the mid- 20th century when young artists of the triumphant Abstract Expressionism movement in the United States began to look at his works with a fresh eye. The emphasis on paint and its application in his work, his "all-over" technique, his loose brushstroke and sketchy forms were nothing less than a revelation both for the young generation of Abstract Expressionists in the States and for the followers of European Informalism.

As is habitually the case, the exhibition is divided between the galleries of the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza and those of Fundación Caja Madrid.


1. Mists and Variations

The exhibition opens with a room devoted to the impact that the work of Turner had on Claude Monet during the trips to London that Monet made between 1899 and 1901. A comparison of Turner's work with Monet's paintings of the Thames allows us to appreciate how the play of light across Turner's sparkling pictorial surfaces and his loose, free brushwork influenced Monet's subtle effects in his urban landscapes bathed in the London fog. In addition, the presence in this room of the work of Gerhard Richter, who also executed a series inspired by London, establishes a connection with contemporary abstraction.

2. Effects of Light
Monet's sunsets reveal his interest in depicting the changing and ephemeral effects of evening light on the picture surface. The way in which he transformed the rhythms of nature into the expression of his own emotions through a loose, free technique in which the study of colour became the true protagonist, anticipates the chromatic abstractions of later artists such as Mark Rothko and Adolph Gottlieb.

3. Reflections and Transparencies
In the rooms devoted to the subject of Water lilies - one of the most important chapters within the artist's late output - Monet reveals a growing interest in reconciling a representative type of art, which he never fully abandoned, and a defence of the material aspects of the paint surface. These works mark a shift in his art from narration to abstraction, a process that is related in the present exhibition to the subtle abstraction of the American painter Helen Frankenthaler.

4. Contrasts of Forms
The variations of light, time and atmosphere and the contrasts of forms that arise from the reflection of vegetation on tranquil water captured by Monet in a number of his series were crucial for later artists such as Clyfford Still and Barnett Newman. Their brilliantly coloured shapes with strong effects of backlighting must inevitably be related to the work of Monet.

5. Brushstroke and Gesture
The innovative technique used by Monet in the last years of his life paved the way for the abstract idioms of the 20th-century. In the final rooms of this first part of the exhibition, paintings from Monet's last period establish a dialogue with abstract works by Jackson Pollock, Lee Krasner, Mark Tobey, Philip Guston, Esteban Vicente, Willem de Kooning and Cy Twombly.


6. In the Garden at Giverny

Along with the water lilies, the flowers, trees and Japanese bridge in his garden at Giverny were Monet's preferred subjects during the last years of his life. The loose handling of these paintings, in which the paint sometimes runs across the surface of the canvas, anticipates the style and technique of the Abstract Expressionists many years later. During the 1950s various young artists such as Joan Mitchell, Jean-Paul Riopelle, Sam Francis, Zao Wou-Ki and Ellsworth Kelly made Monet's house and garden at Giverny a place of pilgrimage. As can be seen in this section of the exhibition, the discovery of works that remained in Monet's studio provided a crucial stimulus for many key figures of abstraction.

7. In the Wake of Monet
Monet's influence can be traced in the work of numerous abstract artists of the second half of the 20th-century for a wide variety of reasons. This room presents some of the clear affinities between the work of the French Impressionist painter and artists such as Jean Bazaine, Maria Elena Vieira da Silva, Robert Ryman and Gerhard Richter.

The second son of Adolphe Monet and Louise-Justine Aubrée Monet, Claude Monet was born in Paris on 14 November 1840. For financial reasons his family moved to Le Havre where he spent his childhood and where he met Eugène Boudin, who encouraged him to paint landscapes out of doors. In 1859 he moved to Paris to complete his training, attending the Académie Suisse. Following a stay in Algiers where he undertook his military service, and a brief stay in Le Havre, he returned to Paris. In the 1860s he coincided with Jongkind in Brittany, and with Bazille, Sisley, Renoir and Cézanne in Charles Gleyre's studio.

In 1870 Monet married Camille Doncieux, the model for his celebrated Déjeuner sur l'herbe. On the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, Monet went to London, as did Pissarro. After the war Monet settled in Argenteuil, then in Vétheuil in 1878, and Giverny in 1883.

In 1872 Monet produced his celebrated painting Impression. Sunrise which, two years later, was included in the first Impressionist Exhibition and whose title was coined for the group by the critic Louis Leroy. In the 1890s Monet enjoyed financial success and purchased the house that he had been renting in Giverny, in addition to an adjoining plot that he used to enlarge the garden with a water lily pond, as well as having more studio space built.

From 1888 he started to work in series. The first, devoted to haystacks, was followed by others on different motifs including Rouen cathedral, the Thames, Venice, and water lilies, the latter a subject he continued to paint until his death. In all these works Monet experimented with light at different times of the day. Between 1899 and 1901 he spent the winters working in London, painting his famous views of the Thames from the window of the Savoy Hotel where he stayed. Monet undoubtedly reworked all these compositions in the studio as what most interested him was not so much topographical accuracy as a study of atmospheric conditions. On the occasion of his 1904 exhibition, the critic Georges Lecompte stated that he had "never achieved such a vaporous subtlety, power of abstraction and synthesis."

The last twenty years of Monet's life were spent almost entirely at Giverny. The artist had cataracts, for which he was finally operated in 1923, subsequently embarking on a period of intense work. In a letter to his friend André Barbier of July that year, Monet apologised for not receiving him as: "I have to be free at ten in the morning to return to work. For me this is an unparalleled pleasure. Since your last visit my sight has improved enormously. I work like never before and I am very happy with what I am doing. If my eyes were even better, the only thing I would ask for would be to live to a hundred."

Sadly, this was not to be the case, and Monet died in his house at Giverny on 5 December 1926. His funeral service, which was private at his own request, was held on 8 December. A few months later at the L'Orangerie in the Tuileries, the French State opened to the public a permanent display of the large canvases of the Water Lily series that Monet had donated in 1918 and which were hung according to his instructions. They remained there, almost forgotten, for decades.

Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza | Fundación Caja Madrid | "Monet and Abstraction" | Claude Monet |

Last Week News

December 29, 2009

Museum of Macedonia Displays 9,800 Artifacts Excavated at Archaeological Sites in 2009

Metropolitan Museum Celebrates the Holidays by Opening on "Holiday Monday"

Important Americana to be Sold at Sotheby's in New York

National Gallery of Modern Art Presents "Bhutan: An Eye to History"

AIPAD Photography Show to be Held March 18-21 in New York

Marc Camille Chaimowicz Creates an Environment at Vienna's Secession

Fred Tomaselli Painting Purchased by Virginia Museum of Fine Arts

NYS Museum Exhibition Focuses on the Great Depression

New Book Includes William Klein Never-Before-Seen Fashion Pictures

Exhibition Discovers Valley's Black Population in Slavery and Freedom

Exhibition Invites Artists to Examine Issues of Social Justice in the Future

Von Lintel Gallery to Show "Library of Dust: Photographs by David Maisel"

New Hampshire's 'Old Man' Memorial Plans Fall on Hard Times

First Solo Show at Lori Bookstein Fine Art for Varujan Boghosian

Schuylkill Center presents a Juried Gallery Exhibition on Birds and their Habitats

Artists Wanted to Live Free in New York City

Elsewhere to Host Annual Convention of Artists, Collaborators on December 30

Mission San Luis's New Cultural Center Promotes Hispanic Heritage

Flemish Tapestries, Italian Nativity Scene Highlight Museum's Holiday Offerings

First Edition of the Marrakech Art Fair will Take Place October 9 to 11, 2010

December 28, 2009

Stolen Painting by Leonardo Goes Back on View at the National Galleries in Scotland

Tate Modern's Pop Life to Travel to Hamburger Kunsthalle in February

18th-Century Texas Mission Ranch Buried in Funding Limbo

Center for Fine Arts in Brussels Announces El Greco Exhibition

Kunsthal Charlottenborg Shows the Consequences of Globalization

Laurent Delaye Presents Waseem Ahmed's First Solo Exhibition in the UK

Exhibition of Prints by Artist Wayne Thiebaud at Greenfield Sacks Gallery

Photographers Offer their Vision of the Urban Landscape at Foam

The Huarte Center Holds the "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity" Exhibition

Photograph by Fashion Photographer Robert Voltaire Fetched $22,000.00

Pascale Marthine Tayou Invited by lille3000 to Present a Monumental Exhibition

Artium Presents Works by Winners of the 20th Edition of the Gure Artea Awards

"Hobby Life" by Sarah Baker, Galen Riley, Covadonga Valdes at Carter Presents

Michelle Hinebrook & Nicki Stager Exhibit at Like the Spice Gallery in Brooklyn

Lisa Viaene from Sijsele Wins the Sculpture by Clemens Briels

Michener Art Museum Takes Part in Greater Philadelphia Printmaking Celebration

Taiwanese Artist's Works Capture the Energy Flow of the Traditional Chinese Concept of "qi'

USC Fisher Museum to Highlight Works from Its Collection in Exhibition

Metropolitan Announces Exhibition of Drawings from the Tobey Collection

Cinema Latino Spotlights Best New and Classic Latin Films

December 27, 2009

Yale University Says Suit Over Vincent Van Gogh's Work Imperils Other Art

Juilliard Adds Extremely High Resolution Images of Two Manuscripts

Getty Museum to Exhibit Photographs by Frederick H. Evans

Peep-Hole Begins its Exhibition Program with a Solo Project by Ahmet Ogut

Extensive Solo Exhibition by Artist Elke Krystufek at kestnergesellschaft

Gallery Application for 16th Edition of Art-Athina Ends on January 10

Fúcares Gallery in Madris Presents Latest Works by Carlos Schwartz

Ambika P3 Announces Exhibition of the Most Significant British Artists

Transient Wonders and Everyday Bliss by Rinko Kawauchi to be Shown at Argos

Florence Griswold Museum Announces Tula Telfair's Landscapes in Counterpoint

Italian Fine Art Photographer Marco Sanges to Show "Big Scenes"

Steven Holl Architects Presents New Book Urbanisms: Working With Doubt

First Solo Exhibition at Galerie Nordenhake for Florian Slotawa

Exposure Gallery to Feature Works by Seven New Graduates

Cintas Foundation Program at FIU Frost Art Museum Announces 2010 Competition for Coveted Visual Arts Fellowship

Vancouver Art Gallery to Present Renowned Group of Leonardo da Vinci Drawings for the First Time

Kunsthalle Budapest Celebrates 50 Years of Balázs Béla Studio

National Academy Museum to Feature an Exceptional Array of Work in 185th Annual Exhibition

Seattle Asian Art Museum Presents Two Exhibitions of Recent Acquisitions

Museum Participates in a Citywide Influx of Cuban Culture with Two Cuban-Themed Exhibitions

December 26, 2009

Moderna Museet's New Venue in Malmo Opens to the Public at Renovated Power Station

'Burj Dubai' to be World's Tallest Building, How Tall? It's Still a Secret!

Underground Story of the "Jazz Loft" is Told in a New Multimedia Exhibition

Baltimore Museum Announces Exhibition to Explore Cézanne's Influence on American Art

Getty Exhibition Explores Three Cities through Three Contemporary Photographers

Artists Fashion their Global Identities at the Akron Art Museum

Iniva Launches 2010 with a Dynamic Multi-Voiced Exhibition

S.M.A.K. to Focus on Three Key Works by Dutch Ex-Painter/Artist Loek Grootjans

First Exhibition of Ceramic Installations by Edmund de Waal at Alan Cristea Gallery

Landmark Agreement Protects Artifact-Rich Utah Canyon

Yorkshire Sculpture Park will Present a Rich and Extensive Exhibition of Work by David Nash

Fashion Designer Tom Ford Swaps Fashion for Film with 'Single Man'

Magnolia Laurie's First Solo Show at Causey Contemporary in February

Center National de l'audiovisual Brings Together 7 Artists for Exhibition

Marie Fraser, New Chief Curator at the Musée d'Art Contemporain de Montréal

Werner Reiterer's Death in a Solution of Life on View at Galerie Krinzinger

The Wolfsonian will Turn the Museum Inside Out with New Digital Displays on Exterior Walls

Lisa Gralnick: The Gold Standard Announced at Bellevue Arts Museum

Albright-Knox Art Gallery will Exhibit Fifty Works for Fifty States

Project to Bring More Green to Mexico's Polluted Capital

December 25, 2009

15th Century Wooden Crucifix by Michelangelo Displayed at Diocesan Museum of Naples

Grand Palais Turns Itself Into a Fairytale with Fairground Attractions

Catholic Reformation Art to be Shown at Musée Jacquemart-André

The Boston Globe Names the ICA - "Biggest Arts Story of the Decade"

Prado Museum in Madrid Announces Schedule for 2010

Jeu da Paume to Open Exhibition of Photographs by Lisette Model

October Gallery to Show the Work of International Artist Aubrey Williams

Exhibition of Dutch Painting at the Art Gallery of Hamilton

International Design Museum in Munich Announces Giampaolo Babetto Exhibition

Watch Dan Perjovschi at Work at the Royal Ontario Museum in February

Exhibition of Works of Emerging and Established Artists on View at Platform 3

Jen P. Harris Solo Exhibition at Delaware Center for the Contemporary Arts

New Century Artists Gallery to Present Christopher J. Wilson Exhibition

Vassar Haiti Project will Present Haitian Art and Handcrafts

The Snite Museum of Art Announces the Exhibition The World of Piranesi

37 Mummies Found in Mexican Colonial-era Church

Redevelopment Agency Acquires Old Utah Theater

An Invaluable Contribution to the Musée d'art Contemporain de Montréal

Iconic, Historic Document to be Exhibited Dec. 27 at the NYS Museum

December 24, 2009

200 Photographs by W. Eugene Smith Included in Exhibition at La Lonja in Zaragoza

Polish Police Say Foreigner Behind Auschwitz Sign Theft

Nordstrom Announces Plans to Lease Space at Seattle Art Museum Building

Powerhouse Books Publishes Harry Benson: Photographs

Wales Acquires Joyful Painting for the Christmas Season

Alexander Rodchenko's Revolution in Photography Opens in Amsterdam

Van Gogh Museum Concludes 2009 Successfully with 1.45 Million Visitors

San Antonio Museum of Art Director Returning to Curatorial Role

5th Edition of Art Madrid will Receive 64 National and International Art Galleries

New Series of Sapphire Blue Paintings by Danny Rolph at Poppy Sebire

U.S. Firm Ordered to Turn $500 Million Treasure Over to Spain

First UK Solo Show of Bengali-American Artist Rina Banerjee Announced

Exhibition of Art by Offenders to Debut in the North West

Perpetual Appoints Sculpture by the Sea to Manage Helen Lempriere Scholarships

New Year's Eve Celebrated with 5th Annual Sardine Drop

Poland Earmarks More Money for Auschwitz Security

X-Ray Group Exhibition Gets Under Your Skin at ArtCenter/South Florida

Group Exhibition at Frankfurter Kunstverein to Revolve Around Questions of Mimesis

Cambridge Museum Buys a Painting with Bite

NY's Tavern on the Green to Sell Art, Chandeliers

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- New Rembrandt found after being bought at London auction

2.- Exhibition at Fotohof focuses on groups in society who are at risk of marginalisation

3.- John Brennan collection of Rock n Roll memorabilia offered at RR Auction

4.- A Bob Dylan guitar fetches $495,000 at auction

5.- Exhibition in San Francisco focuses on the latter half of René Magritte's career

6.- 'Mad' king Ludwig II of Bavaria lost gift to composer Richard Wagner gets rare show

7.- New Royal Academy of Arts opens in celebration of its 250th anniversary

8.- Researchers uncover Anne Frank's 'dirty jokes'in her diary

9.- New York art sales near $3 billion in two weeks as uber-rich hunt trophies

10.- Berlin's Ethnological Museum returns grave-plundered artefacts to Alaska

Related Stories

Extensive Survey of Impressionist Gardens Opens at Museo Thyssen‐Bornemisza

Photographer Mario Testino Exhibits His Works at the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum

Thyssen-Bornemisza Announces Exhibition of Photographs by Mario Testino

Survey of the Work of Claude Monet Opens at Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza in Madrid

Major Exhibition Devoted to "The Torments of Passion: The Dark Side of Sexual Desire"

First Major Monographic Exhibition Devoted in Spain to Henri Fantin-Latour

Thyssen-Bornemisza Examines Matisse's Work During the Central Period of His Career

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful