The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Friday, April 18, 2014


The Footprints of the Builders of the Lod Mosaic were Exposed
Recently the conservators were surprised to discover that the builders of the beautiful mosaic left their personal mark there: while working on the plaster bedding which is done before attaching the mosaic, the artisans trod on it wearing sandals and in their bare feet. Photo: Niki Davidov, courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority.
JERUSALEM.- Step by step, piece by piece, the conservation experts of the Israel Antiquities Authority detached the Lod mosaic from the ground and transferred it to the IAA conservation laboratories in Jerusalem.

The 1,700 year old mosaic, which is one of the largest and most magnificent ever seen in Israel, was exposed in the city of Lod in 1996 and was covered again when no resources could be found for its conservation. Thirteen years after efforts were made to raise the large amount required to treat the unique artifact, the IAA received a contribution from the Leon Levy Foundation that is specifically earmarked for the purpose of conserving and developing the site, in cooperation with the Municipality of Lod. The mosaic was re-excavated, exhibited to the public and is now being removed from the area for treatment in the IAA conservation laboratories. The mosaic, which constitutes a real archaeological gem that is extraordinarily well-preserved, is c. 180 sq m in size. It is composed of colorful carpets that depict in great detail mammals, birds, fish, floral species, and sailing and merchant vessels that were in use at the time. It is believed the mosaic floor was part of a villa that belonged to a wealthy man in the Roman period.

Recently the conservators were surprised to discover that the builders of the beautiful mosaic left their personal mark there: while working on the plaster bedding which is done before attaching the mosaic, the artisans trod on it wearing sandals and in their bare feet.

According to Jacques Neguer, head of the IAA Art Conservation Branch, “When removing a section of mosaic it is customary to clean its bedding, and that way study the material from which it is made and the construction stages. We look for drawings and sketches that the artists made in the plaster and marked where each of the tesserae will be placed. This is also what happened with the Lod mosaic: beneath a piece on which vine leaves are depicted, we discovered that the mosaic’s builders incised lines that indicate where the tesserae should be set, and afterwards, while cleaning the layer, we found the imprints of feet and sandals: sizes 34, 37, 42 and 44. At least one imprint of a sole resembles a modern sandal. Based on the concentration of foot and sandal prints it seems that the group of builders tamped the mortar in place with their feet”.

Neguer added, “The mosaic consists of three parts that different artists built, probably in different periods. There are different kinds of art here, and we can see that the hand that affixed the tesserae is different: a trained eye recognizes that the preparation which was done prior to the work is different. Besides the necessary professionalism, exposing the footprints is also the result of a lot of luck. It is not always possible to cut the layers of the mosaic precisely so that we discover such a clear picture of the plaster with the incising on it”.

Neguer states that, “the excitement here was great. It is fascinating to discover a 1,700 year old personal mark of people who are actually like us, who worked right here on the same mosaic. We feel the continuity of generations here”.

The hand and foot prints that were revealed will be removed from the area and will be conserved and returned to the site together with the mosaic, to the Shelby White and Leon Levy Lod Mosaic Archaeological Center.

The conservation of the site in Lod is meant to be a springboard that will boost tourism and a leverage that will alter the image of the city. The mosaic is located in the eastern part of Lod, next to the entrance at Ginnaton Junction. This intersection is easily reached from Ben Gurion Airport and from two of the country’s main highways: Highway 1, which connects Tel Aviv with Jerusalem, and Highway 6, which links the north of the country with the south. The site is situated between two streets: He-HalutzStreet, which leads to the marketplace and Struma Street, which leads to the city’s historic center. The location of the site next to the country’s main transportation arteries makes it highly accessible and will facilitate turning it into a site that is of interest to the entire country. The municipality, in cooperation with the Israel Antiquities Authority, plans to integrate it into a tourism circuit that will include a number of historic sites in the city.

Israel Antiquities Authority | Lod Mosaic | Jacques Neguer |


Last Week News

October 18, 2009

Warhol/Icon: The Creation of Image on View at The Byzantine & Christian Museum

Shepard Fairey Admits Using Key AP Photo for 'HOPE' Poster

Exhibition at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston to Unlock the Secrets of Tomb 10A

Exhibition Commemorates 10th Anniversary of the National Design Awards

Indianapolis Museum of Art Announced Staffers will Face Furloughs

SOFA Chicago Returns to Navy Pier's Festival Hall for Its 16th Year

Exhibition at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts Explores Concepts of "Masterpiece"

Dornier Museum Friedrichshafen Presents James Turrell's Light Installation

First Major Exhibition in Yerevan of Original Work by Artist Arshile Gorky

First Comprehensive Retrospective of Elizabeth Peyton's Oeuvre in Maastricht

Museum Celebrates 25th Anniversary with Arnaldo Roche Rabell Exhibition

LACMA Presents First Major Museum Showing of Indian Comics

MFAH Presents Most Comprehensive US Exhibition of Korean Photography

Brett Weston: Out of the Shadow at the Currier Museum of Art

Photography Installation at the Columbia Museum of Art Features Larry Clark's Gritty Images

Acquisition Enhances Gilcrease Museum's C.M. Russell Collection

Fundación Mapfre Presents Three Major Exhibitions to Mark the Start of the Season

Mirror, Mirror on the Gallery Wall: Contemporary Art Exhibition at BYU

Rare Works from the Masters Lead Christie's Fall Chinese Paintings Sale

New Berkeley Art Space Offers Eclectic Art Event on the Eve of the Day of the Dead

October 17, 2009

Museum of Fine Arts in Seville Shows Duchess of Alba's Private Art Collection

Major Retrospective of Ed Ruscha's Paintings at the Hayward Gallery

Celebrated Works by Warhol and Johns Lead Sale of Prints and Multiples

Man Who Reported Stolen Warhols Waives Insurance

Exhibition at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, to Offer Rare Show of Paintings

Shepard Fairey and Steve Shames Partner to Benefit Orphans in Uganda

Erwin Wurm Turns Real Objects into Sculptures at the Lenbachhaus

Steven Charles Holds His Second Solo Exhibition at Marlborough

Kunsthaus Zürich to Show 'Van Gogh, Cézanne, Monet - The Bührle Collection'

City of Dallas to Dazzle with New Performing Arts District

The Great Inca Road, A Spectacular Photography Exhibition

Rarity and Beauty of Asian Art at Christie's London this November

Sotheby's Sales of 20th Century Italian Art and Contemporary Art Realize $32,799,234

National Gallery of Canada Pays Tribute to Kinngait Studio Artists

Internationally-Acclaimed Artist Makes U.S. Solo Debut at Peabody-Essex Museum

Museum in St.Louis Announces New Exhibition by Stephen Prina

Sotheby's Four-Day Romano Sale Achieves $15,435,780

Aboriginal Artwork for Vancouver Olympics Medals

21c Museum Hotel in Louisville, KY Voted #1 Hotel in U.S.

October 16, 2009

Leopold Museum Explores Love, Fear and Death in Edvard Munch's Work

Berlin's Neues Museum will be Inaugurated Friday by German Chancellor

Christie's to Auction Restituted Painting by Camille Pissarro in November

Frieze Art Fair: Stand Prize Winner Announced, Tate Acquires New Work

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Gives Major Gift to Smithsonian Museum

Swiss Curator Tops Art Power List, Damien Hirst Slumps

Georgia O'Keeffe Museum to Host Susan Rothenberg Exhibition

A New Wave of Vauxhall Collective Commissions are Announced

Monumental Sculptures by Red Grooms on View at Marlborough Chelsea

Donald Kaufman, K-B Toys Co-Founder, Revered Antique Toy Collector Dies

The Courtauld Opens Exhibition Exploring Post-War London Building Sites

Seattle Art Museum is the Only U.S. Venue for Michelangelo Drawings from Florence

Internationally Renowned Australian Artist Ricky Swallow Exhibits in Australia

Exhibition Presents Variety of Fresh Perspectives on the Irish Museum of Modern Art

SMU's Meadows School of the Arts Announces Recipients of Inaugural Meadows Prize

High will Premiere New Exhibition of Digital Portraits by Photographer Robert Weingarten

Young Tate Presents a Halloween Homage to Destruction at Tate Liverpool

Experts Find Rare Crusader-Era Murals in Syria

British Sculptor Involved in Tragic Accident Dies

October 15, 2009

Frieze Art Fair: Magnet for the Art World's Most Important Players Opens in London

First Major Exhibition of Works by Edward Hopper Opens at Palazzo Reale in Milan

Christie's to Unveil Major Works by Basquiat, Doig and Warhol

Leonardo Fingerprint Reveals Painting May be Worth $150 Million

Taubman Museum of Art Awarded 2009 International Architecture Award

Seattle Art Museum Exhibition Traces 50 Years of Alexander Calder's Career

Museum Honors the Life and Work of Its Co-Founder, Serge Sabarsky

London Three-Month Art Project that Put People on Plinth Ends

Tate Modern Replaces Nude Image of 10-Year-Old Brooke Shields

First Time Kunsthalle Wurth Shows All Paintings by Max Ernst in Its Collection

Beatles to Bowie: The 60s Exposed at the National Portrait Gallery

Discover a New Face of Contemporary Art Using Glass as a Medium

Historic Judaica from West Country Set to Make 60,000 Pounds at Bonhams

MCA Presents First Solo Exhibition in Australia of Danish-Icelandic Artist Olafur Eliasson

Scope Art Fair/Perpetual Art Machine's Lee Wells Joins Judging Panel

Museum Acquires Monumental Early Renaissance Horse and Man Armors

William Smith Pledges Second Major Gift to Detroit Institute of Arts

Smithsonian Plans to Open Human Evolution Hall

First Solo Exhibition in a Major European Institution for Jim Hodges

New Amon Carter Museum Galleries, Web Site Spotlight Remington and Russell

October 14, 2009

British Artist Damien Hirst Presents New Paintings at the Wallace Collection

Pompidou Celebrates Pierre Soulages, Indisputably the Greatest Living French Painter

Picasso and Degas Highlight Christie's Impressionist & Modern Art Sale

Denver Art Museum Appoints Christoph Heinrich as New Director

Museum To Present Two Bruce Nauman Installations from the Venice Biennale

Museum in Basel Shows Rauschenberg's Sculptural Oeuvre of the Late Eighties

Comprehensive Exhibition of Works by Anselm Reyle at Kunsthalle Tübingen

Helly Nahmad Gallery Opens Claude Monet Retrospective Exhibition

First Session of the Romano: A Century as Antique Dealers Sale Totals $6,941,785

Rudimentary Telescopes, Galileo Texts on View at Vatican Museums

Exhibition Featuring the Work by Artist Matthew Buckingham Opens

Metropolitan Opens American Stories: Paintings of Everyday Life, 1765-1915

Bonhams Specialsts Uncover Rare Imperial Roman Glass Vase

Oliver Beer is the Winner of this Year's New Sensations Prize

Tobias Tovera's Stunning Repertoire of Work on View in San Francisco

National Museum of Women in the Arts Launches Web 2.0 Initiative

Tel Aviv Museum of Art Opens Exhibition of Alex Kremer's Oil Paintings

'Impossible Exchange', a Project Commissioned for Frieze Projects

HKIAAF 09: Robust Sales Indicates Signs of Recovery in the Asian Art Market

Amon Carter Museum Announces New Public Programs Manager

October 13, 2009

Tate Modern Presents Tenth Commission for Turbine Hall by Miroslaw Balka

Christie's Presents Important Southeast Asian Modern and Contemporary Paintings

Iran Said on Monday that British Museum Broke Pledge on Artifact

Gagosian Announces Exhibition of Two Recent Sculptures by Richard Serra

Scottish National Portrait Gallery Invites Supporters to Join Its Gallery of Stars

Chinese Art Market Soul-Searches as Prices Plummet

Abrams Publishes Altermodern by Leading Critical Theorist Nicholas Bourriaud

Sotheby's London To Offer Property From Carlton Towers

Tate Modern Opens Most Extensive John Baldessari Retrospective in the UK

Singapore Art Museum Announced Chun Kaifeng as Winner of SAE 2009 Prize

New Georg Baselitz Exhibition Deals with the Subject of Dresden and its History

Adopt and Old Master: Display of Rarely Seen Paintings in Need of Conservation

Tensta Konsthall in Sweden Shows Exhibition by Tris Vonna-Michell

Green Walls Taking Root in Green Building Design

Marc Quinn and Jake and Dinos Chapman in Conversation with Tim Marlow

Delaware Art Museum Presents Two Maxfield Parrish Exhibitions

Tacita Dean Installations Honoring Merce Cunningham on View in Montreal

Artist Maria Gaspar Explores Public Celebrations at Chicago's MCA

First Solo Exhibition of Paintings by Roya Akhavan at LTMH Gallery

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- 'World's oldest message in a bottle', tossed in sea 101 years ago, reaches granddaughter

2.- East-West/West-East: Qatar unveils desert sculpture by American artist Richard Serra

3.- Ming-era 'chicken cup' sells for $36.05 million breaking record for Chinese porcelain

4.- United States pastor Kevin Sutherland convicted over Damien Hirst fake paintings

5.- Major exhibition at Pinacothèque de Paris explores the myth of Cleopatra

6.- Fondation Vincent van Gogh Arles opens with inaugural exhibition "Van Gogh Live!"

7.- Landmark exhibition opens in New York exploring the ancient kingdoms of Southeast Asia

8.- Palm-sized scroll that mentions Jesus's wife is ancient: Harvard Theological Review

9.- Hitler's wife Eva Braun may have had Jewish ancestry: British television documentary

10.- Bonhams to sell Madame de Pompadour's favourite porcelain which surfaced in Devon after 350 years

Related Stories



A 1,800 Year Old Bathing Pool was Discovered Beneath a Miqve by Israeli Archaeologists

Google Partners with Israel Antiquities Authority to Bring Dead Sea Scrolls Online

Archaeologists in Israel Find a 1,500 Year Old Samaritan Synagogue

Rare Bronze Horned-Bracelet, 3,500 Years Old, Found in Israel

A Magnificent Pagan Altar was Exposed at the Barzilai Hospital Compound

2,000 Years of Water in Jerusalem

The Re-Inauguration of Jaffa Gate in the Old City in Jerusalem

A Rare 1,200 Year Old Arabic Inscription was Discovered in Excavations

Israel Uncovers the Earliest Building Ever Found in Tel Aviv

International Workshop of Experts Dealt with Risks Facing World Heritage Sites



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Rmz. - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site