The most renowned artwork in the Akron Art Museum
s collection is Linda, a nine-foot tall, unflinchingly realistic painting of a womans face. Its creator, Chuck Close (born 1940, Monroe , WA ), happens to be one of the most important American artists of our time.
Familiar Faces: Chuck Close in Ohio Collections, on view at the Akron Art Museum September 5, 2009 January 3, 2010, offers visitors a singular opportunity to see Linda in the context of over 35 other works by Close, including paintings, handmade paper pulp pieces, photographs, a tapestry and various types of prints. Many are well over life-sized, but there are also more intimately scaled prints and studies. The images range from colorful, abstracted visages to black and white, realistic self-portraits and from recent works to old favorites.
For the first time, the artists works in Ohio public collections can be seen together. They have been sent from all corners of the statefrom the Cleveland Museum of Art, Allen Memorial Art Museum, Butler Institute of American Art and Akron Art Museum in Northeast Ohio to the Toledo Museum of Art in the west and Wexner Center for the Arts, Wright State University Galleries and Cincinnati Art Museum in the south. These public holdings will be joined by rarely seen pieces from private collections around the state.
Starting in the late 1960s, Close re-invented and re-invigorated portraiture. At the time, cutting-edge art was focused on concepts, systems and process rather than representation and the skill of the artists hand. Close merged those seemingly antithetical approaches in his meticulously crafted, monumental painted heads. He gave portraiture, then regarded by critics as academic and outdated, up-to-the moment relevance.
In December 1988, at age 48 and at the height of his career as a portrait painter, Close was stricken with a spinal blood clot that left him a quadriplegic. Many thought his career was over. He came to grips with life in a motorized wheelchair, unable to move from the neck down. Not only did he return to painting, but he marked his place as one of the great American painters of our time.
Process is clearly central to Closes way of working. Few artists have experimented with as many different media. Familiar Faces will present works in oil on canvas, acrylic on canvas, ink and graphite on paper, handmade paper with shaded paper pulp, spitbite and aquatint with softground etching, computer-generated printing, linocut, screenprinting, ukiyo-e tradition woodcut, Polaroid photography, traditional color photography and even rubber stamp and tapestry. The works he painted with an airbrush are mysterious and reveal little evidence of the artists hand or process. By contrast, some of his other paintings and prints, when seen close up, seem to be all about gesture and mark-making. Appearing pixilated, they are grids filled with tiny abstract colored shapes, individual brushstrokes or even the artists fingerprints. When viewed from a distance, the individual marks miraculously resolve into a surprisingly realistic face.
Close usually depicts only his friends and family and returns over and over again to those familiar faces. Because of that, a survey of his work demonstrates not just how his own aesthetic has developed but also how his subjects faces and demeanors have been altered by time and circumstance. The earliest work in the exhibition dates from 1970; the most recent was completed just last year. In Familiar Faces, the painter Alex Katz is seen in 1987, 1991, 1992, 1993 and 1996, depicted in Polaroid photography, woodcut, reduction screenprint and computer generated printing. The exhibition also contains multiple images spanning years in the lives of composer Philip Glass, artist Lucas Samaras, Leslie Close and the artists daughter Georgia. The largest gallery of the exhibition will be filled with self-portraits.
Despite focusing on the portrait, Close has said that he regards his art as predominantly about formal issues. I leave it to others to read it otherwise. Many of us do just that. We regard these heads as portraits, depictions that are simultaneously documentary and revealing, dispassionate and intense. Or they can be seen as examinations of photographys relationship with painting and printmaking in an era when the cameras view dominates our visual environment, seeming more natural and real than human vision. Familiar Faces will provide us the chance to stand before these canvases, prints and photographs and decide whether the faces in them mirror the soul, or just the body, of the sitters.
Close earned his B.A. from the University of Washington , Seattle in 1962 before studying at Yale University School of Art and Architecture (B.F.A., 1963; M.F.A. 1964). Upon graduation, he was awarded a Fulbright grant and studied at the Akademie der Bildenen Kunste, Vienna .
Honored by numerous cultural institutions, Closes work can be found in prestigious museums worldwide including: Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo; Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto; Art Institute of Chicago; Australian National Gallery, Canberra; Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh; Des Moines Art Center; High Museum of Art, Atlanta; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC; International Museum of Photography, George Eastman House, Rochester; Library of Congress, Washington, DC; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Musée national dart moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Museum Moderner Kunst, Vienna; The Museum of Modern Art, New York; National Portrait Gallery, Washington DC; Osaka City Museum; Philadelphia Museum of Art; Seattle Art Museum; Staatliche Museum, Berlin; Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; and Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, among others.