The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Thursday, June 21, 2018

Stadel Museum Shows Prints from Its Collection Made by Edvard Munch
Exhibition view. Photo: Alexander Heimann.

FRANKFURT.- The Städel Museum’s Department of Prints and Drawings holds more than 80 prints by the Norwegian Edvard Munch (1863–1944), among them donations by the artist and many acquisitions already made during his life-time. Presenting these impressive treasures, the exhibition “Edvard Munch. Prints in the Städel Museum” pays tribute to the outstanding expressiveness of Edvard Munch’s prints and illustrates their landmark importance for twentieth-century art. Like in his paintings, Munch mainly gave expression to psychological states and interior processes in his prints, too. With his scenic descriptions and symbolic mental landscapes, he created sheets thematizing moods and life experiences such as love, jealousy, anxiety, disease, loneliness, or grief. Portraits, however, also play an important role within Munch’s work as a printmaker. He captured friends from the bohemian world such as Henrik Ibsen, Stéphane Mallarmé, or August Strindberg in psychologically profound pictures. The show contextualizes this oeuvre by confronting it with selected positions of artists such as Beckmann, Gauguin, Heckel, Klinger, Redon, or Toulouse-Lautrec as they become manifest in works from the Städel’s collection. The exhibition will be on show in the Department of Prints and Drawings from 3 July until 18 October 2009. The Städel Museum will set up a special microsite under, which offers detailed information on the various printing techniques, the life and work of the Norwegian artist, and the works by Edvard Munch in its collection.

Edvard Munch began to dedicate himself to printing at the age of 31 when he lived in Berlin. The year was 1894. The extensive oeuvre of prints he produced in Germany, Paris, and Norway throughout the following decades into his old age mirrors both his life and his fascination with the specific qualities of the chosen means of expression. Fond of experiments, he succeeded in combining the peculiar possibilities of the etching, the lithograph, and the woodcut with complex contents in a masterly and innovative way.

Most of the motifs he chose resemble those of his paintings executed before. In 1894, Munch was as well known as he was controversial. It was especially the scandal around the exhibition of his paintings at the Association of Berlin Artists in 1892 – which was closed down because of the public’s and the critics’ outrage – that provoked a discussion on the free treatment of his objects’ colors and forms. Like the French Impressionists, the Scandinavian was vehemently rejected by the conservative voices in the Berlin of that day.

Doing without color, Munch at first translated decisive motifs of his paintings like “The Girl by the Window,” “The Day After,” or “The Sick Child” into etchings in Berlin. These early dry-point works made in the knowledge of contemporary masterpieces such as the etchings by Max Klinger (1857–1920), but obviously without having received any lengthy instructions show an astounding quality and evince Munch’s promising talent. Together with five other engravings, these works are part of a portfolio with intaglio prints by Edvard Munch published by Julius Meier-Graefe in Berlin in 1895 and unsuccessfully offered for sale at the time. The Städel has been in the possession of the complete portfolio of a special edition printed on rice paper in only ten copies.

Munch’s first lithographs date from as early as 1894 when he did his first etchings. The more than 30 examples in this technique presented in the exhibition include impressive pictures depicting changing moods of love (“Sea of Love,” “Separation,” and “Vampire”). Two lithographed versions of “Jealousy” (1896) suggest a comparison with the later painting of the same name in the gallery of the Städel. Munch’s “Cordon” offers a visionary commentary on the “female as an object of desire” that has a forebear in Henri Toulouse-Lautrec’s lithographic oeuvre.

In an unrivaled way, Munch captures difficult-to-grasp psychological states and emotions between the sexes. It is hardly perceptible how his motifs transcend the everyday world and find their equivalent in today’s emotional life. As simple as his symbolically condensed feelings seem to be, as profound is the meaning pervading them.

Both Eros and Thanatos are among the fundamental experiences of life which occupied the artist throughout his career. The pictures of his 15-year old sister Sophie’s demise in 1877, which he witnessed and depicted again and again in varied forms in paintings and prints, number among his most powerful documents concerning the subject of death. In Paris, where he took up residence in 1896/97, he had “Death in the Sickroom” (in black on blue-grey deckle-edged paper) and “The Sick Child,” an incunabulum of color lithography, printed by Auguste Clot. It was under Clot’s hand, who, commissioned by Ambroise Vollard, began working on series of prints by Les Nabis (Pierre Bonnard, Édouard Vuillard, Maurice Denis) at that time, that color lithography blossomed as a new late-nineteenth-century achievement in printing technology.

Many of Munch’s lithographs are empathic portraits of contemporaries. He rendered his patron and friend “Harry Graf Kessler” as a subtle aesthete in 1895, working with the model in front of him and drawing directly on the stone. The portfolio “From the Linde Villa,” a special kind of family portrait, was executed on behalf of the Lübeck ophthalmologist and significant sponsor Max Linde in 1902. Since the work was intended exclusively for the family’s personal use, only a few copies were printed, which is why it is only rarely to be found in public collections. The exhibition also includes a number of portraits of his bohemian comrades such as the Polish poet Stanisław Przybyszewski, the writer Henrik Ibsen, and the Swedish playwright August Strindberg – the latter Munch’s partner “in regard to the feminine, in drinking, and in neurosis,” as Meier-Graefe put it in 1915.

After having done etchings and lithographs, Munch began to try his hand at woodcuts, too, in 1896. Comparing the dry-point work “Two People” from 1894 with a color woodcut exploring the same subject from 1899 reveals the technically caused differences. But such juxtapositions also disclose how the atmosphere of silence and isolation translates into the idiom of the respective printing medium – a creative process always accompanied by the condensation of the pictorial idea and its expression in increasingly concrete terms.

There were only a few artists such as Paul Gauguin and Félix Vallotton who, like Munch, in those days made use of the Japanese woodcut as the oldest known printing technique against the background of the interest developed for it in Paris. As Gauguin, thanks to his experimental attitude, began to break new ground for the woodcut around 1895, Munch also developed innovative methods of production in this field. While he printed his color woodcut “Seascape” (1897) from two blocks in the traditional way, “Two People” (1899) and “To the Forest II” (1915) are the result of a procedure hitherto unknown in this technique. Munch cut up the block with a fretsaw to apply different colors to the various parts and achieve a wide range of variants after assembling them like a puzzle. The influence Munch would exercise on subsequent artists was also based on this method, which would be taken up by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner.

Today, the Städel Museum’s Department of Prints and Drawings holds 81 prints by Edvard Munch. Edvard Munch was still alive, when, under Georg Swarzenski’s directorship, the outstanding color lithograph “The Sick Girl” and two etchings were purchased for the Städtische Galerie. Further acquisitions could be made in 1912, 1914, 1916, and 1918. After the artist himself had donated 11 lithographs and woodcuts to the collection in the early 1930s, the holdings had increased to 40 works. While two of three paintings by the artist purchased in the 1920s were confiscated as “degenerate” in 1937, his prints were spared. The losses to be lamented by the Städel in the field of Expressionist prints were generously made up for by Dr. Carl Hagemann’s legacy after World War II in 1948. The transferred prints of his collection also included works by Edvard Munch. Since those days, well-considered purchases were made at auctions to complement and extend the extant holdings in a reasonable manner.

When the Städelsches Kunstinstitut presented its exhibition “Edvard Munch. Prints” with well over 100 works from 12 October to 23 November 1952, most of them were loans from a German private collection. Today, after more than 50 years, the Städel can draw on its own treasures to pay tribute to the outstanding expressiveness of Edvard Munch as a printmaker.

Stadel Museum | Edvard Munch | Ernst Ludwig Kirchner | Paul Gauguin | Félix Vallotton | Henrik Ibsen |

Last Week News

July 20, 2009

London's Natural History Museum to Open "Giant Cocoon" that will House Darwin Centre

New Andy Warhol Perfume, $cent as $eductively $weet as a Dollar Sign

Agnes Martin Exhibition Opens at the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art

Trafficked & Black Brittania: Inspiring Exhibitions at the International Slavery Museum

Twilight Visions: Surrealism, Photography, and Paris Illuminates City Moving from Tradition to Modernity

A Glass Act, Museum of Arts and Design Exhibits Pioneering Glass Jewelry from Around the World

Singapore Art Museum to Present President's Young Talents

Shynola, a Group of Visual Artists, Direct New Coldplay Video "Strawberry Swing"

TEFAF Maastricht 2010 Invites Dealers to New Works on Paper Section

RISD Museum to Present an Installation by Ceramic Sculptor Arnie Zimmerman and Architect Tiago Montepegado

Mississippi Museum of Art Presents Ed McGowin: Name Change

For the Blind Man in the Dark Room Looking for the Black Cat That Isn't There

Block Highlights Photography Collection

Carnegie Museum of Art Announces Palm Springs Modern: Photographs by Julius Shulman

17th Century Mural Painting at El Carmen Museum Fully Restored

Gallery Espace Announces the Grand Finale of its Path-breaking Art Presentation, Video

PHotoEspaña 2009: Interview with Karen Knorr: "Photography of all Types and Places Interests Me"

Mari Funaki, Works 1992-2009, on display at the Art Gallery of Western Australia

Exhibition to Merge Modern-day Patterns with Tradition

July 19, 2009

Fundación Barrié de la Maza Presents George Nelson Retrospective from Vitra Museum

MoMA Exhibition Looks at the Role of Amsterdam in the Development of Conceptual Art

The Prado and "la Caixa" Sign a Collaborative Agreement

British Museum to Show Revolution on Paper: Mexican Prints 1910-1960

Newark Museum Unveils Installation by Yinka Shonibare MBE

Integral Cleaning of Olmeca Monumental Sculptures at La Venta Park Museum is Complete

First Exhibition Covering Entire Oeuvre of Herlinde Koelbl Opens in Berlin

Nasher Museum of Art at Duke to Present "Picasso and the Allure of Language"

The Heart and Soul of a Collector The JZ Knight Collection at Bonhams & Butterfields in September

Morris Museum Executive Director Curates: Abstract Art from the Permanent Collection

Second Nature: The Valentine-Adelson Collection at the Hammer

Artist Rigo 23 to Create Site-Specific Installation Inspired by Plight of Political Prisoners for New Museum's Shaft Pro

Mississippi Museum of Art Hosts 2009 Mississippi Invitational: Ten Artists Featured in Biennial Exhibition

Art Museum of the Americas to Show First U.S. Exhibition of the Work of Rogelio Salmona

Leading Contemporary Artist Chuck Close Headlines Summer Exhibition Series at the Nevada Museum of Art

Tacoma Art Museum to Examine Regional Art History and Trends with A Concise History of Northwest Art

Delaware Center for the Contemporary Arts Presents White Shadow, an Installation by Jin Lee

National Museum of American History Displays 1853 South Reading Quilt

Tate Modern Announces First Major Retrospective in the UK of John Baldessari's Work

July 18, 2009

Hermann Obrist: Sculpture, Space and Abstraction Opens at Pinakothek der Moderne

Beijing Stadium Wins Royal Institute of British Architects' Lubetkin Prize

Bob and Roberta Smith and Wolfgang Tillmans Appointed Tate Trustees

David Byrne Presents the UK Premier of his Interactive Sound Installation

Lyme Caxton Missal Goes on Public Display Thanks to Art Fund Help

Scholarly Detective Work Recovers Lost Burlington House Commodes

ZKM Presents Part 2 of Exhibition Dedicated to the History of German Video Art

Major Painting by Nicholaos Gysis to Lead Sotheby's November Greek Sale in London

Ex-aid Specialist to Lead Museum of London Communications Team

Carnegie Museum of Art Opens Documenting Our Past: The Teenie Harris Archive Project, Part Three

Frye Art Museum Brings The Old, Weird America to Seattle

Filmmaker Philip Haas Presents His New Films Commissioned by the Kimbell Art Museum

PAFA Faculty Win 1st and 2nd Place in Grand Central Academy of Art Sculpture Competition

National Museum of American History Acquires George Washington Letter

Lights Removed from Mexico's Teotihuacan Pyramids

Smithsonian Announces Archives of American Art Medal Recipients

SCOPE Art Show Inaugurates Its First Curatorial Committee

National Gallery of Victoria Opens Draw the Line: the Architecture of LAB

Filmmakers Nakamura, Ishizuka, Lin, Esaki to Discuss Watase Media Arts Center

July 17, 2009

Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí Acquires Important Early Work by the Master of Surrealism

Victoria & Albert Museum Announces Decode: Digital Design Sensations

Intimate Installation Highlights a Group of Nine Exceptional Early Modern European Paintings

The Discovery of Spain British Artists and Collectors: Goya to Picasso Opens at National Gallery

Neue Galerie Focuses on Oskar Kokoschka and Also Shows a Selection from the Permanent Collection

Grandson of TV Pioneer Offers World's Largest Private Collection of Pre War Televisions for Sale

Centre Pompidou Announces Five Week Festival of Artistic Encounters

Tiffany's Artistic Innovations Explored in Exhibition of Blown Favrile Glass Works at The Corning Museum

Van Gogh Museum Launches 'Ronald de Leeuw Research Grant'

The RISD Museum of Art to Present The Brilliant Line: Following the Early Modern Engraver

The Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis Joins Bank of America Museum on Us Program

Ceramic and Lithic Vestiges Located at Las Labradas, Sinaloa

MCA Presents International Pairing Project Between Louisa Bufardeci & Zon Ito

Appointment of New Director of the Royal Collection

Amon Carter Museum Receives Grants from King Foundation and Erwin E. Smith Foundation

The Montclair Art Museum Names Seven New Trustees

"Heroes of Horticulture" Photography Exhibition, Archival Photos of Reynolda Estate Open

The "Bittersweet" Struggle of the Bracero Is Revealed in a New Smithsonian Traveling Exhibition

Colombia's Nereo Shows his Photos in Spain

Bonhams Appoints Paul Inho Song Director, Coins and Banknotes

July 16, 2009

First Solo Exhibition in Brussels for Luc Tuymans at Wiels Contemporary Art Center

Christie's Launches New iPhone Application Allowing Optimized Access to Website

Tate Announces an Exhibition set to Reveal a New Picasso for a New Time

Getty Features Etruscan Bronze Masterpiece in Landmark Exhibition

Keith F. Davis Named Senior Curator of Photography at the Nelson-Atkins

Baltimore Development Cooperative Wins $25,000 Sondheim Artscape Prize

Leading Artists Donate to "Art for Africa Auction" at Sotheby's London

Su-Mei Tse Presents New Multi-Media Installation, at the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum

Susan Meiselas: In History Receives the 2009 Rencontres d'Arles Historical Book Award

A Large Stone Quarry from the End of the Second Temple Period was Exposed on Shmuel HaNavi St.

Smart Museum Announces Exhibition by Artists who are Redefining the Cultural Terrain of the American Heartland

Contemporary Works Provide Insight into Latino, Hispanic and Chicano Cultures

Canvas, Premier Magazine for Art and Culture from the Middle East, Goes Global with Canvas TV

Delaware Art Museum Presents Illustrating Her World: Ellen B. T. Pyle

Immigration Minister Retaliates Against Protest Over Artists' Visa Restrictions

Royal Institute of British Architects' Research Symposium 2009: Changing Practices

Reynold Levy Selected as Design Patron Award Recipient of Cooper-Hewitt's 10th Annual National Design Awards

Triangle Arts Trust Announced the Appointment of David Elliott as the Chair of the Board of Triangle Arts Trust

"Alan Bean: Painting Apollo, First Artist on Another World" Opens at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum

July 15, 2009

Getty Villa Presents Treasures from the Republic of Georgia, the Land of the Golden Fleece

Prints & Multiples: A Range of Style the Summer Sale at Christie's New York

The Courtauld Announces Exhibition Exploring Post-War London Building Sites by Frank Auerbach

Sharmin and Bijan Mossavar-Rahmani Fund New Gallery for Persian Art at Metropolitan Museum

Marilu Knode Named Executive Director at Laumeier Sculpture Park

Joseph Beuys Exhibition Marks Halfway Point of Artist Rooms on Tour with The Art Fund

Part II of the Famed Burton-Ching Collection Realizes Strong Prices at Bonhams & Butterfields in July

Museum Announces Exhibition of Raphael's High Renaissance Masterpiece

NEA to Convene National Summit on Careers in the Arts for People With Disabilities

Painting Discovered In A Devon Cottage Sells For 1.3 Million Pounds at Bonhams

The American Scene on Paper: Prints and Drawings from the Schoen Collection

David Hoffmann Named New Chair of the Contemporary Art Museum's Board of Directors

Exhibition of Works by Marcel Duchamp and Joseph Cornell Announced at Museum of Contemporary Art in San Diego

New Museum Presents First Major US Exhibition of Works by South African Photographer David Goldblatt in Over a Decade

Prehispanic Ceramics Workshop Imparted to Visually Challenged People

2009 Toledo Area Artists Award Winners Announced

The Royal Collection Announces The Heart of the Great Alone: Scott, Shackleton and Antarctic Photography

Program Series Highlights Relationship between the Smithsonian and the Republic of Panama

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- Porsche Super Speedster offered for first time in 50 years at RM Sotheby's Porsche 70th Anniversary Auction

2.- Cummer Museum of Art & Gardens opens 'Storytelling: French Art from the Horvitz Collection'

3.- Gauguin: Voyage to Tahiti stars Vincent Cassel as the famed French artist

4.- Stunning colored diamonds expected to dazzle at Heritage Auctions' Summer Fine Jewelry Auction

5.- US designer Kate Spade found dead at 55

6.- Vincent Van Gogh painting sells for over 7 million euros: Artcurial auction house

7.- Sir Stanley Spencer painting discovered hidden under a bed during a drugs raid

8.- Oxford's Bodleian Libraries unveil UK's first major Tolkien exhibition in decades

9.- Major exhibition at the Guggenheim explores decades of work by Alberto Giacometti

10.- World's largest freshwater pearl goes for 320,000 euros

Related Stories

"Beckmann & America" at the Stadel Museum highlights Max Beckmann's late works

Topping-Out Ceremony at the Städel Museum, Shell for Expansion Completed

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Retrospective Opens with Copies Due to Volcanic Ash

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Retrospective Opens at Stadel Museum

Botticelli Exhibition at Stadel Museum Ends with Record Visitor Numbers

Stadel Museum Examines Works by Frankfurt Artist Who Died at Age 23

The Stadel Museum will Show the First Monographic Exhibition on Sandro Botticelli

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful