The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Thursday, May 24, 2018

Twilight Visions: Surrealism, Photography, and Paris Illuminates City Moving from Tradition to Modernity
Ilse Bing. Danseusue-Cancan, Moulin Rouge, Paris, 1931. Gelatin silver print, 14 in. x 11 in. Zabriskie Gallery. © Ilse Bing Estate/Courtesy Edwynn Houk Gallery, New York.

PROVIDENCE, RI.- The Frist Center for the Visual Arts will present Twilight Visions: Surrealism, Photography, and Paris, opening Sept. 10, 2009, in the Upper-Level Galleries. The show, which offers a unique perspective on Surrealism by examining the intersection of documentary photography, manipulated photography and film, will be on exhibition through Jan. 3, 2010, when it will travel to the International Center of Photography in New York followed by the Telfair Museum of Art in Savannah, Ga.

Guest Curator Therese Lichtenstein, Ph.D., New York-based art historian and photography scholar, has organized the exhibition, working with Frist Center Curator Katie Delmez.

The exhibition of more than 150 works, which features a preponderance of photographs but also includes films, books and period ephemera, explores the city of Paris as the literal and metaphoric base of Surrealism in the wake of the World War I. It was believed by the Surrealists that unconscious dreams, chance encounters and actions and automatism freed “pure thought,” from all constraints imposed by conscious thought, reason or morals.

In conjunction with the exhibition, the Frist Center will partner with Nashville’s Belcourt Theatre and Vanderbilt University’s International Lens and the school’s French and film departments to present a Surrealism film series which will include the classic Un Chien Andalou (The Andalusian Dog) directed by Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí and several other rarely screened period films.

Paris was a hotbed of creative activity at the dawn of the 20th century, attracting artists and writers to its vibrant and wildly fertile art scene. Numerous galleries flourished during this period, fueling the immigration of many of the world’s most talented artists. During the 1920s and 1930s, a number of photographers associated with Surrealism, including Man Ray, Brassaï, André Kertész, Ilse Bing and Germaine Krull, turned their lenses on the city of Paris with its dance halls, cafés and characters. These seemingly ordinary people and places not only had social histories but also became psychologically charged “found objects.” In exploring the city’s commonplace as well as its monuments, these photographers used unusual viewpoints, manipulative lighting techniques and innovative technical processes to expose and examine “the marvelous” in the everyday.

As Dr. Lichtenstein writes, “The images in Twilight Visions form a collection of views of various urban spaces, filled with cultural artifacts. The viewer is invited to slowly contemplate the city—its architecture, its monuments, its public spaces and its denizens— as an ephemeral ruin, at once both of the past and the present.”

Twilight Visions comprises five sections: images of the city at night and in the day, the transformation of well-known public monuments, the influence of Eugène Atget on the Surrealists; Parisian nightlife after hours and surreal figures.

The first section, Marvelous Encounters, includes photographs of city streets, shop windows, ordinary people and found objects that invite viewers to discover “the marvelous” in common objects and familiar places. Many of the works in this section look both familiar and strange, as subjects were photographed from unexpected angles, using dim lighting, soft focus and abstracted views to create dreamlike images. Among the works in this section are photographs by Brassaï, Man Ray, Ilse Bing, André Kertész, Germaine Krull, Dora Maar and Joseph Breitenbach.

The second section of the exhibition, entitled Photography’s Transformation of the Monument, looks at the monuments of Paris, particularly the Eiffel Tower, to examine the ways they shape connections to past and future. Included in this section are works by André Kertész, Ilse Bing, Germaine Krull and Man Ray. The Eiffel Tower, constructed from 1887–1889, was designed to serve as the entry to the Paris World’s Fair commemorating the centennial anniversary of the French Revolution. The skeletal iron structure also was designed to be a radio transmitter and a beacon for commercial advertisements in the form of illuminated signs. In 1931 Man Ray created a series of photographs that were reproduced in a portfolio by the Paris Electric Company for an advertising booklet called Èlectricité, which was used to promote personal use of electricity. That same year, he photographed the tower at night and used the image as the basis for La Ville (The City, 1931), a multiple-exposure print and one of the images used in Èlectricité. The Eiffel Tower, built as a utilitarian homage to the past, is transformed. The magic of electricity makes the tower visible at night, but in so doing, renders it unstable and non-architectural. Ray’s photograph turns the magnificent Eiffel Tower into indecipherable electrified text. In addition to Man Ray’s work, there are photographs by Ilse Bing, Georges Hugnet, André Kertész, Germaine Krull, Raoul Ubac and various postcards of the city that interrupt traditional heroic views of the monument.

Section three, entitled Looking at Atget, examines the powerful work of Eugène Atget, a photographer who was “discovered” in the 1920s by Man Ray. Following a stint as a sailor, a brief career as an actor and an attempt at becoming a painter, he turned to photography. Working quietly and modestly, Atget documented the loss of “old” Parisian culture after the turn of the 20th century. But in so doing, his “poetry of the everyday” also became a personal expression of nostalgia for the world that was disappearing before his lens. His work was straightforward yet magical. Works include Pont Neuf (1902–1903), The Wine Seller), 15 Rue Boyer (ca. 1910) and Boulevard de Strasbourg (1926).

Section four, Portraits After Hours, explores the Bohemian avant-garde culture of Paris. In the 1920s and 1930s, the cafés and cabarets of Montparnasse and Montmartre were a part of the transition to modernity taking place in the city. The antibourgeois, often seedy places that were the comfortable haunts of Parisian artists and intellectuals were becoming tourist destinations… fetishized places of fantasy and desire. As these locales metamorphosed into tourist sites where “regular” folk could rub elbows with Parisian characters, increasingly, these locales became stage sets where the “actors” relived the past for the cameras of the tourists. Ilse Bing’s photographs of Cancan dancers at the famed Moulin-Rouge capture the color, flourish, nostalgia and exhilaration of the dance. Photographers represented in section four include: James Abbe, Ilse Bing, Brassaï and Man Ray.

Mutable Mirrors, the fifth section of the exhibition, investigates the subject of shifting identities that was a part of the Surrealists’ desire to alter consciousness and transform concepts of personal, social and group identity. Issues of gender and sexuality and the roles of masquerade and play are examined in the works of Lee Miller, Nusch Eluard, Dora Maar, Claude Cahun, Raoul Ubac, Hans Bellmer, Georges Hugnet, André Kertész, Man Ray and Brassaï who experimented with techniques of doubling, distorting, multiplying and fragmenting their images. Included in this section are André Kertesz’s Distortions (1933) a series of photographs of nude women reflected in distorting mirrors that transform them into dreamlike creatures. The series was commissioned by the editor of the Parisian humor magazine, Le Sourire (The Smile).

Frist Center for the Visual Arts | Telfair Museum of Art | Savannah | Luis Buñuel | Salvador Dalí | Man Ray | Brassaï | André Kertész | Ilse Bing | Germaine Krull |

Last Week News

July 19, 2009

Fundación Barrié de la Maza Presents George Nelson Retrospective from Vitra Museum

MoMA Exhibition Looks at the Role of Amsterdam in the Development of Conceptual Art

The Prado and "la Caixa" Sign a Collaborative Agreement

British Museum to Show Revolution on Paper: Mexican Prints 1910-1960

Newark Museum Unveils Installation by Yinka Shonibare MBE

Integral Cleaning of Olmeca Monumental Sculptures at La Venta Park Museum is Complete

First Exhibition Covering Entire Oeuvre of Herlinde Koelbl Opens in Berlin

Nasher Museum of Art at Duke to Present "Picasso and the Allure of Language"

The Heart and Soul of a Collector The JZ Knight Collection at Bonhams & Butterfields in September

Morris Museum Executive Director Curates: Abstract Art from the Permanent Collection

Second Nature: The Valentine-Adelson Collection at the Hammer

Artist Rigo 23 to Create Site-Specific Installation Inspired by Plight of Political Prisoners for New Museum's Shaft Pro

Mississippi Museum of Art Hosts 2009 Mississippi Invitational: Ten Artists Featured in Biennial Exhibition

Art Museum of the Americas to Show First U.S. Exhibition of the Work of Rogelio Salmona

Leading Contemporary Artist Chuck Close Headlines Summer Exhibition Series at the Nevada Museum of Art

Tacoma Art Museum to Examine Regional Art History and Trends with A Concise History of Northwest Art

Delaware Center for the Contemporary Arts Presents White Shadow, an Installation by Jin Lee

National Museum of American History Displays 1853 South Reading Quilt

Tate Modern Announces First Major Retrospective in the UK of John Baldessari's Work

July 18, 2009

Hermann Obrist: Sculpture, Space and Abstraction Opens at Pinakothek der Moderne

Beijing Stadium Wins Royal Institute of British Architects' Lubetkin Prize

Bob and Roberta Smith and Wolfgang Tillmans Appointed Tate Trustees

David Byrne Presents the UK Premier of his Interactive Sound Installation

Lyme Caxton Missal Goes on Public Display Thanks to Art Fund Help

Scholarly Detective Work Recovers Lost Burlington House Commodes

ZKM Presents Part 2 of Exhibition Dedicated to the History of German Video Art

Major Painting by Nicholaos Gysis to Lead Sotheby's November Greek Sale in London

Ex-aid Specialist to Lead Museum of London Communications Team

Carnegie Museum of Art Opens Documenting Our Past: The Teenie Harris Archive Project, Part Three

Frye Art Museum Brings The Old, Weird America to Seattle

Filmmaker Philip Haas Presents His New Films Commissioned by the Kimbell Art Museum

PAFA Faculty Win 1st and 2nd Place in Grand Central Academy of Art Sculpture Competition

National Museum of American History Acquires George Washington Letter

Lights Removed from Mexico's Teotihuacan Pyramids

Smithsonian Announces Archives of American Art Medal Recipients

SCOPE Art Show Inaugurates Its First Curatorial Committee

National Gallery of Victoria Opens Draw the Line: the Architecture of LAB

Filmmakers Nakamura, Ishizuka, Lin, Esaki to Discuss Watase Media Arts Center

July 17, 2009

Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí Acquires Important Early Work by the Master of Surrealism

Victoria & Albert Museum Announces Decode: Digital Design Sensations

Intimate Installation Highlights a Group of Nine Exceptional Early Modern European Paintings

The Discovery of Spain British Artists and Collectors: Goya to Picasso Opens at National Gallery

Neue Galerie Focuses on Oskar Kokoschka and Also Shows a Selection from the Permanent Collection

Grandson of TV Pioneer Offers World's Largest Private Collection of Pre War Televisions for Sale

Centre Pompidou Announces Five Week Festival of Artistic Encounters

Tiffany's Artistic Innovations Explored in Exhibition of Blown Favrile Glass Works at The Corning Museum

Van Gogh Museum Launches 'Ronald de Leeuw Research Grant'

The RISD Museum of Art to Present The Brilliant Line: Following the Early Modern Engraver

Ceramic and Lithic Vestiges Located at Las Labradas, Sinaloa

MCA Presents International Pairing Project Between Louisa Bufardeci & Zon Ito

The Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis Joins Bank of America Museum on Us Program

Appointment of New Director of the Royal Collection

Amon Carter Museum Receives Grants from King Foundation and Erwin E. Smith Foundation

The Montclair Art Museum Names Seven New Trustees

"Heroes of Horticulture" Photography Exhibition, Archival Photos of Reynolda Estate Open

The "Bittersweet" Struggle of the Bracero Is Revealed in a New Smithsonian Traveling Exhibition

Colombia's Nereo Shows his Photos in Spain

Bonhams Appoints Paul Inho Song Director, Coins and Banknotes

July 16, 2009

First Solo Exhibition in Brussels for Luc Tuymans at Wiels Contemporary Art Center

Christie's Launches New iPhone Application Allowing Optimized Access to Website

Tate Announces an Exhibition set to Reveal a New Picasso for a New Time

Getty Features Etruscan Bronze Masterpiece in Landmark Exhibition

Keith F. Davis Named Senior Curator of Photography at the Nelson-Atkins

Baltimore Development Cooperative Wins $25,000 Sondheim Artscape Prize

Leading Artists Donate to "Art for Africa Auction" at Sotheby's London

Su-Mei Tse Presents New Multi-Media Installation, at the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum

Susan Meiselas: In History Receives the 2009 Rencontres d'Arles Historical Book Award

A Large Stone Quarry from the End of the Second Temple Period was Exposed on Shmuel HaNavi St.

Smart Museum Announces Exhibition by Artists who are Redefining the Cultural Terrain of the American Heartland

Contemporary Works Provide Insight into Latino, Hispanic and Chicano Cultures

Canvas, Premier Magazine for Art and Culture from the Middle East, Goes Global with Canvas TV

Delaware Art Museum Presents Illustrating Her World: Ellen B. T. Pyle

Immigration Minister Retaliates Against Protest Over Artists' Visa Restrictions

Reynold Levy Selected as Design Patron Award Recipient of Cooper-Hewitt's 10th Annual National Design Awards

Royal Institute of British Architects' Research Symposium 2009: Changing Practices

Triangle Arts Trust Announced the Appointment of David Elliott as the Chair of the Board of Triangle Arts Trust

"Alan Bean: Painting Apollo, First Artist on Another World" Opens at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum

July 15, 2009

Getty Villa Presents Treasures from the Republic of Georgia, the Land of the Golden Fleece

Prints & Multiples: A Range of Style the Summer Sale at Christie's New York

The American Scene on Paper: Prints and Drawings from the Schoen Collection

Marilu Knode Named Executive Director at Laumeier Sculpture Park

Joseph Beuys Exhibition Marks Halfway Point of Artist Rooms on Tour with The Art Fund

Part II of the Famed Burton-Ching Collection Realizes Strong Prices at Bonhams & Butterfields in July

Museum Announces Exhibition of Raphael's High Renaissance Masterpiece

NEA to Convene National Summit on Careers in the Arts for People With Disabilities

Painting Discovered In A Devon Cottage Sells For 1.3 Million Pounds at Bonhams

The Courtauld Announces Exhibition Exploring Post-War London Building Sites by Frank Auerbach

Sharmin and Bijan Mossavar-Rahmani Fund New Gallery for Persian Art at Metropolitan Museum

Prehispanic Ceramics Workshop Imparted to Visually Challenged People

New Museum Presents First Major US Exhibition of Works by South African Photographer David Goldblatt in Over a Decade

David Hoffmann Named New Chair of the Contemporary Art Museum's Board of Directors

2009 Toledo Area Artists Award Winners Announced

Exhibition of Works by Marcel Duchamp and Joseph Cornell Announced at Museum of Contemporary Art in San Diego

The Royal Collection Announces The Heart of the Great Alone: Scott, Shackleton and Antarctic Photography

Program Series Highlights Relationship between the Smithsonian and the Republic of Panama

July 14, 2009

Andy Warhol's Portrait of Michael Jackson Temporarily Pulled from Auction in New York

Starting in September, the Colors of Ancient Rome will be on Show at the Scuderie del Quirinale

The Art Loss Register Acquires Register of Stolen Art and antiques from Trace

'The Hoerengracht' will Transform the National Gallery's Sunley Room

Exhibition Celebrates the Vision of Renowned 20th-Century Architects Charles and Henry Greene

Lee Sandstead Speaks at American Art Museum and Dallas Museum of Art this Week

Telling Tales: Fantasy and Fear in Contemporary Design

First Exhibition in Los Angeles for Vera Lutter at Gagosian Gallery

ShContemporary 09 to Launch its Third Edition in September

Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis Announces a Call to Artists for the Great Rivers Biennial 2010

World-class Art Nouveau, Art Deco Galleries will be On View in Expanded Virginia Museum of Fine Arts Next Year

Tara Donovan Opens in October at Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego's Downtown Location

Exhibition Explores Themes of Music in Paintings and Sculptures Made for India's Rulers

Amon Carter Museum to Present Views and Visions: Prints of the American West, 1820-1970

Abstract Earth: The Photography of Richard Woldendorp to Open at the Art Gallery of Western Australia

Artist Leon Jones to Auction Painting Autographed by Michael Jackson and Elizabeth Taylor on eBay

Logbook of the Greatest Scientific Expedition that Proved Darwin Right for Sale at Bonhams

The Fleisher Art Memorial Presents the Ella King Torrey Young Artist Prize to Brianna Tadeo

Contemporary Artist Zhang Huan to Design and Direct a New Production of Handel's Semele

Hattie's Café Express Now Open at the Akron Art Museum

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- New Rembrandt found after being bought at London auction

2.- Exhibition at Fotohof focuses on groups in society who are at risk of marginalisation

3.- John Brennan collection of Rock n Roll memorabilia offered at RR Auction

4.- A Bob Dylan guitar fetches $495,000 at auction

5.- Exhibition in San Francisco focuses on the latter half of René Magritte's career

6.- 'Mad' king Ludwig II of Bavaria lost gift to composer Richard Wagner gets rare show

7.- New Royal Academy of Arts opens in celebration of its 250th anniversary

8.- Researchers uncover Anne Frank's 'dirty jokes'in her diary

9.- New York art sales near $3 billion in two weeks as uber-rich hunt trophies

10.- Berlin's Ethnological Museum returns grave-plundered artefacts to Alaska

Related Stories

Egyptian treasures from the Brooklyn Museum exhibition opens at the Frist Center for the Visual Arts

First Major Museum Exhibition to Focus on the Hindu Deity Vishnu Opens in Nashville

Nashville Last Stop for Masterpieces Before Works Return to Paris

Dale Chihuly Works Featured in Eight-Month Exhibition at Frist Center

Contemporary Kinetic Sculpture by U-Ram Choe to be Featured at Frist Center

Exhibition of American Modernism from the MFA, Boston Opens

Frist Center One of Three Venues, Worldwide, for Exhibition from the Musée d'Orsay

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful