The First Art Newspaper on the Net Established in 1996 United States Thursday, July 31, 2014


Viewpoint of the Defeated Turns 50 Years Old
Miguel Leon Portilla. Photo: Mauricio Marat/INAH.
MEXICO CITY.- More than 5 decades have passed by since Miguel Leon Portilla decided, driven by his mentor Angel Maria Garibay, to learn Nahuatl language and study ancient Precolumbian codices, where he deciphered stories about the Conquest from the viewpoint of the overpowered. After some investigation he realized that the manuscripts possessed the defeated spirit and decided to focus research in what today is a paradigm: the viewpoint of the defeated.

The book published in 1959 is part of the University Student Library, and to celebrate its 50 years the National Council for Culture and Arts (CONACULTA), The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and the National College will conduct a commemorative act with the presence of Leon Portilla at the National Museum of Anthropology (MNA) in Thursday June 25th 2009.

Vision de los Vencidos represents a special circumstance for its author, because he found in the stories a voice that claims: “all of this happened among us, we saw it, we admired it, with this pitiful and sad fate, we found ourselves in anguish”; parting from here, a corpus developed to conform this work that tries, in essence to “give a face to those who had none”.

The UNAM emeritus researcher refers that in hundreds of documents consulted a humanist criteria is found, not from conquerors, but from those who came later, like Motolinia, Olmos, De las Casas and Sahagun, who devoted themselves to gather Nahua and Maya testimonies, so Vision de los Vencidos represents the indigenous chronicles of the Conquest.

Not all manuscripts have the same importance, age or extension, but all helped studying features of the image that chroniclers had about the Conquest: Anonymous Chronicle of Tlatelolco, Bernardino de Sahagun’s Chronicle, codices such as Florentino, Aubin and Ramirez, the Tlaxcala Canvas and many others that gave form to this work, commented the historian.

Leon Portilla considers that among main contributions of his texts is the concept of “the other” or “otherness”, since until before 1950 only manuscripts with conquerors version `were known, such as Hernan Cortes or Diaz del Castillo chronicles. So this study shows disagreements and contradictions of winners.

The historian thinks Jose Vasconcelos was wrong when he said that Mesoamerican peoples left nothing to Universal culture; on the contrary, they are universal. Miguel Leon Portilla concludes that his study pretended no more than “keep the memory” of those who saw and suffered the Conquest.

Writer Jose Emilio Pacheco declared that Vision de los Vencidos is the great epic poem of our ancient tradition, a chant similar to the Troy loss one, with scenes of great realism.

Historian Alfredo Lopez Austin commented that the book impressed him very much when he was a student, “it presents the Conquest in a different way than the traditional, bringing in a voice that had not been listened”.

Archaeologist Eduardo Matos Moctezuma affirms that “it is a privilege to give words to the oppressed, whose sources were traduced by Garibay and conformed by Leon Portilla so they could be known in many spheres. These voices can be heard in all its pain and tragedy”.

The 50th anniversary ceremony will count with the participation of specialists Eduardo Matos Moctezuma, Fernando Curiel Defosse and Pilar Maynez Vidal, and will take place in June 25th at 19:00 hours.

National Institute of Anthropology and History | Miguel Leon Portilla | Angel Maria Garibay | Nahuatl | National Council for Culture and Arts | National Autonomous University of Mexico |


Today's News

June 25, 2009

Homme a l'epee Sells for 7 Million and Leads Sotheby's Sale of Impressionist & Modern Art

Retrospective of Pioneering Artist Dan Graham Opens at Whitney Museum

Hospital Radiologists Analyze Brooklyn Museum's Mummies and Make Discovery

Seattle Art Museum Presents an Intimate Tribute to the Late Andrew Wyeth

First Major U.S. Exhibition in Nearly 40 Years to Focus Exclusively on Joaquín Torres-García

Two Northwest Arkansas Museums Receive IMLS Grant

Alte Pinakothek Hosts Exhibition by Viennese Architects Christian Jabornegg and András Pálffy

Mexico's INAH Publishes Bio Cultural Heritage in Indigenous Hands Book by Eckart Boege

Chip Kidd to Design Poster for Inaugural Boston Book Festival

Gerard Hemsworth's Hidden Agenda on View at the Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art

New Photography Exhibition by Lucinda Chua on View at Bermondsey Square

Exhibition Examines the Intriguing but Relatively Unappreciated Aspect of Medal Work

Viewpoint of the Defeated Turns 50 Years Old

Royal Institute of British Architects Present Robin Hood Gardens Exhibition

National Museum of African Art "Artful Animals" Exhibition Includes Activities for People Who Are Blind

Discount Package Makes Brandywine Valley this Summers Hot Spot

Terra Foundation for American Art Teaching Fellowships and Visiting Professorships Recipients

Minervamation Animation Camp July 13 through 17 at the Clark

Museum Shortlisted for The National Lottery Awards

CalArts' Redcat and the Getty Co-Present the West Coast Premieres of Yvonne Rainer's Ros Indexical and Spiraling Down

Most Popular Last Seven Days



1.- Archaeologists discover Roman 'free choice' cemetery in the 2,700-year-old ancient port of Rome

2.- Romanians must pay 18 million euros over Kunsthal Museum Rotterdam art heist

3.- Hello Kitty designer Yuko Yamaguchi defends cute character as cat turns 40 years old

4.- eBay and Sotheby's partner to bring world class art and collectibles to a global community

5.- Exhibition on Screen returns with new series of films bringing great art to big screens across the globe

6.- Marina Abramović reaches half way point of her '512 Hours' performance at the Serpentine Gallery

7.- The Phillips Collection in Washington introduces a uCurate app for curating on-the-go

8.- United States comic icon Archie Andrews dies saving openly gay character

9.- New feathered predatory fossil, unearthed in China, sheds light on dinosaur flight

10.- Exhibition at Thyssen Bornemisza Museum presents an analysis of the concept of the 'unfinished'

Related Stories



Archaeologists find Maya ceramics and mural paintings in three underwater caves in Mexico

Pedro Ramirez Vazquez

Mexican archaeologists find Aztec temple platform at Mexico City's Templo Mayor ruin

Mexican Funerary Masks Travel to France for Exhibition at the Pinacothèque de Paris

Two Pyramids at Santo Nombre Archaeological Site were Restored by INAH

Mexican Archaeologists Say Tonina Ballgame Court may Be the One Described in Popol Vuh

Mexican Archaeologists Report Finding Prehispanic Objects at Nevado de Toluca

Archaeologists Discover Two More Human Skeletons Accompanied by a Rich Offering

Archaeologists Discover Two More Human Skeletons Accompanied by a Rich Offering at Chiapa de Corzo

Drawings and Sketches that Reflect Mexico's Independence Period Published



Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .

 

Founder:
Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher: Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Rmz. - Marketing: Carla Gutiérrez
Special Contributor: Liz Gangemi - Special Advisor: Carlos Amador
Contributing Editor: Carolina Farias

Royalville Communications, Inc
produces:

ignaciovillarreal.org theavemaria.org juncodelavega.org facundocabral-elfinal.org
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
Hommage
to a Mexican poet.
Hommage
       

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site