|The First Art Newspaper on the Net
||Established in 1996
|| Sunday, February 25, 2018
|A Rare 2,000 Year Old Hebrew Document Written on Papyrus was Seized in an Operation |
The Scroll Conservation Laboratory, Israel Antiquities Authority.
JERUSALEM.- A document thought to be an ancient text written on papyrus was seized in an operation led by the Intelligence Office of the Zion Region and the Undercover Unit of the Border Police in Jerusalem, in cooperation with the Unit for the Prevention of Antiquities Robbery and the Archaeological Staff Officer in the Civil Administration.
The document is written in ancient Hebrew script, which is characteristic of the Second Temple period and the first and second centuries CE. This style of the writing is primarily known from the Dead Sea scrolls and various inscriptions that occur on ossuaries and coffins. The document itself is written on papyrus. The papyrus is incomplete and was in all likelihood rolled up. It is apparent that pieces of it crumbled mainly along its bottom part. The holes along the left part of the document probably attest to the damage that was caused to it over time. The document measures 15 x 15 centimeters.
Fifteen lines of Hebrew text, written from right to left and one below the other, can be discerned in the document. In the upper line of the text one can clearly read the sentence Year 4 to the destruction of Israel. This is likely to be the year 74 CE in the event the author of the document is referring to the year when the Second Temple was destroyed during the Great Revolt. Another possibility is the year 139 CE in the event the author is referring to the time when the rural settlement in Judah was devastated at the end of the Bar Kokhba Revolt. The name of a woman, Miriam Barat Yaaqov, is also legible in the document followed by a name that is likely to be that of the settlement where she resided: Misalev. This is probably the settlement Salabim. The name Miriam Bat Yaaqov is a common name in the Second Temple period. Also mentioned in the document are the names of other people and families, the names of a number of ancient settlements from the Second Temple period and legal wording which deals with the property of a widow and her relinquishment of it.
According to Amir Ganor, director of the Unit for the Prevention of Antiquities Robbery in the Israel Antiquities Authority, Theoretically, based on the epigraphic style, the material the document is written on, the state of preservation and the text, which includes a historic date that can be deciphered, we are dealing with a document that appears to be ancient as defined by the Antiquities Law. Since this object was not discovered in a proper archaeological excavation, it still must undergo laboratory analyses in order to negate the possibility it is a modern forgery. Ganor adds, The document is very important from the standpoint of historical and national research. Until now almost no historic scrolls or documents from this period have been discovered in proper archaeological excavations. A historic document that can be definitely dated based on a reference to a historical event such as the destruction of Israel has never been discovered. Much can be learned from this document about the names of people, their surnames names and the locations of settlements in Israel during this period. From an initial reading it seems that this document deals with the property of Miriam Bat Yaaqov, who was apparently a widow. The deciphering of the entire document by expert epigraphers and historians may shed light on how the people of the period managed their affairs and supplement our knowledge about their way of life. What we have here is rare historic evidence about the Jewish people in their country from more than 2,000 years ago, during the days following the destruction which sent the people of Israel into exile for a very long time until the creation of the State of Israel.
May 11, 2009
ArtDaily Opens its Archives and Exhibits Past Front Pages at the Disposal of Art Lovers
Cleveland Museum of Art Announces Asian Art and the Legacy of Sherman E. Lee Exhibition
Exhibition Focuses on the Science of Fine-Arts Conservation
Sotheby's Sale of American Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture to be Held May 21, 2009
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Receives Archive of Legendary Fashion Illustrator Kenneth Paul Block
Inventing the Shuttlecocks Illustrates Creative Process Behind Badminton Birdie Sculptures
Serpentine Gallery Presents First UK Survey of the Work of Jarman Award Winner Luke Fowler
Exceptional Works from Renowned Dealer Mallett Leads Christie's Sale
Singapore Art Museum Publishes the Book Latiff Mohidin: The Journey to Wetlands, and Beyond
A Rare 2,000 Year Old Hebrew Document Written on Papyrus was Seized in an Operation
Maxfield Parrish Historian in Spotlight for Tyler Museum Art Spring Lecture Series Program May 14
The Whitney to Present Georgia O'Keeffe: Abstraction
Carnegie Museum of Art Announces Dan Byers as Assistant Curator of Contemporary Art
Dia Art Foundation Announces Appointment of Yasmil Raymond as Curator
Legion of Honor to Show John Baldessari: A Print Retrospective from the Collections of Jordan D. Schnitzer
ART HK Presents Unparalleled Opportunity to See Most Exciting Work being Produced Around the World Today
MCA Denver Presents Two Exhibitions Exploring on Popular Culture
Indianapolis Museum of Art Announces the Appointment of Katherine Campbell Nagler as Manager of Donor Relations
Expressions 2009: Art by DC Youth at the Corcoran Gallery of Art
Most Popular Last Seven Days
1.- The Morgan explores the Medieval world's fascinating approach to the passage of time
2.- Experts discover hidden ancient Maya structures in Guatemala
3.- Egyptian archaeologists unveil tomb of Old Kingdom priestess Hetpet
4.- The Speed Art Museum and Italian Ministry reach loan agreement on ancient calyx-krater
5.- Major exhibition features artistic masterpieces from the glorious Church of the Gesù
6.- From Beowulf to Chaucer, the British Library makes 1,000 years of rich literary history freely available online
7.- Truck damages Peru's ancient Nazca lines
8.- Trish Duebber is new Coordinator of Youth Programs at Boca Raton Museum Art School
9.- Exhibition examines the way art, like language, was used to articulate a rhetoric of exclusion
10.- The Dallas Museum of Art announces gift of three major European works
Important Judaica and Israeli & international art bring a combined $7.9 million at Sotheby's New York
Tunisia to auction ousted despot's treasures
Andy Warhol's Mao portraits excluded from the Beijing and Shanghai shows next year
China criticises French Qing dynasty seal auction
Christie's announces auction marking the first half century of the popular and luxurious interiors shop Guinevere
Nine new exhibits debut at San Diego International Airport
Rembrandt masterpiece "Portrait of Catrina Hooghsaet" back on display at National Museum Cardiff
Amber: 40-million-year-old fossilised tree resin is Baltic gold
Egyptian artist Iman Issa wins the Ist FHN Museu dArt Contemporani de Barcelona Award
The main chapel of the Basilica of Santa Croce open for visits after five year restoration
Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .
|Royalville Communications, Inc|
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.