The First Art Newspaper on the Net   Established in 1996 United States Friday, May 25, 2018

Of Rage and Redemption: The Art of Oswaldo Guayasamín Opens
Oswaldo Guayasamín, El grito II / The Cry II, 1983, oil on canvas, (detail of triptych, 41 5/16 x 68 15/16 in.) Collection of Fundacion Guayasamín.

LONG BEACH, CA.- The Museum of Latin American Art presents today Of Rage and Redemption: The Art of Oswaldo Guayasamín, on view through August 16, 2009. The first exhibit of its kind in the United States in more than fifty years, Of Rage and Redemption: The Art of Oswaldo Guayasamín covers each of Guayasamín's major periods-his early paintings that reflect the plight of the indigenous peoples of the Andes, his more mature work that addresses human suffering in the context of war and injus-tice, and, finally, the paintings of his last period that embody the art-ist's hopeful affirmation of life and love. No less valid today than when he was commenting on the atrocities of World War II or the Spanish Civil War, Guayasamín's art is, in its whole, often made difficult by its violent honesty. The artist himself once observed: "My painting is to hurt, to scratch and hit inside people's hearts. To show what Man does against Man." Guayasamín's work evokes strong emo-tional responses to its subjects-the horrors of war, the injustices of inequality, discrimination, and oppression-and reflects his life-long commitment to peace and social justice. The paintings, prints, and drawings chosen for this exhibition speak to issues of war and peace, social conflict, and human compassion; they relate not only to specific realities of Latin American history, but also to political and ethical problems that the world faces today.

Guayasamín has been honored with some of the top awards and prizes that any artist can receive. He won prizes at biennials in Barcelona, São Paulo, and Mexico, received the French Legion of Honor, and was recognized by UNESCO with its José Martí Prize. His art has been shown in museums across the Americas and Europe, including the Museo de Bellas Artes in Mexico, the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Madrid, the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, the Petit Palais in Paris, the Museo de Arte Moderno de México, The Hermitage in St. Petersburg, the Altes Museum in Ber­lin, and the Musée du Luxembourg in Paris.

Guayasamín, born on July 6, 1919, was the eldest of ten chil-dren in a family of modest means. His father was a taxi driver, while his mother supported the family with a small grocery store, and, contrary to his father-who opposed his son's decision to pursue a career as an artist-she constantly encouraged Guayasamín to paint. In 1932, at the age of twelve, Guayasamín was admitted to Quito's famed Escuela de Bellas Artes (School of Fine Arts), where he could pursue his passion for drawing and painting. Guayasamín's deep-rooted connection with his mother is evident in works such as Mother and Child #1, and a later work of the same title from 1989, both of which are featured in this exhibition.

In 1932, Ecuador experienced a bloody four-day civil war, whose gore and casualties (one of his closest friends among them) had a profound impact on Guayasamín. We see this in many of his early paintings, such as Dead Children #11 (1942), a striking protest against violence that will remain a constant theme in his work.

After graduation from the school and a brief period during which he studied architecture, Guayasamín returned his attention to pur­suing a full-time career in art, leading to a major exhibit in the city of Guayaquil. It was, in fact, this exhibition in 1942 that caught the attention of Nelson Rockefeller, the head of the U.S. State Depart­ment Office of Inter-American Affairs, who was visiting Ecuador. Rockefeller bought five paintings from this exhibition and arranged for Guayasamín to receive a State Department grant to tour the United States with his art for seven months. These travels enabled the young artist to study a wide range of work at the leading art museums of North America. Guayasamín's work was also included in "Latin American Contemporary Art," an exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, during this period, alongside works by other increasingly influential Latin American artists such as Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros.

Following his tour of the United States, Guayasamín made a pro­longed visit in 1943 to Mexico, where he met the muralist José Cle­mente Orozco and kindled a lifelong friendship with the Chilean poet Pablo Neruda. Guayasamín's connection with the Mexican muralists is clearly evident, particularly in his period of work known as Hua­cayñán, or Path of Tears. Composed of a mural and 103 paintings executed between 1946 and 1952, this series of works focuses on the main ethnic groups of Latin America: the black, the Indian, the mestizo (the offspring of Spanish and Indian parents) and the mulato (the offspring of white and black parents). The Bull and the Con­dor (1957), a later work added to this period, is a good example of Guayasamín's interest in depicting conflicts that to this day are inher­ent in a society where race and ethnic origin play a prominent role. This large painting captures a dramatic moment in a festive Andean ritual. For Guayasamín, it represents the struggle between the indig­enous peoples (the condor) and their conquerors (the bull), but, in its depiction of the condor as prevailing, the long history of colonialism is reversed.

In the 1960s, Guayasamín's art became increasingly political. This period, known as the Age of Wrath, brought the artist's critical eye upon a number of world events and conditions. Paintings such as the large-scale, five-part work Meeting at the Pentagon (1970) and Napalm (1976), both included in this exhibition, reveal his condem­nation of U.S. imperialism and international policy. One of the most iconic works from this period, also featured in the exhibition, is The Tortured I-III (1976-77), inspired by the brutal torture and murder of the Chilean activist folk singer Victor Jara at the hands of fascist forces a few days after a U.S.-backed military coup overthrew the socialist government of President Salvador Allende in 1973. "I have painted as if I were screaming in desperation," Guayasamín wrote, "and my screams have joined the screams that express the humilia­tion of so many, and the deep anguish for the times we have had to live in." From this same period, this exhibit presents Waiting III, VII, VIII (1968-69) and The Cry I-III (1983).

Guayasamín also became the artist of preference of celebrated figures-whose portraits he painted-such as Pablo Neruda (1952), Gabriela Mistral (1956), Fidel Castro (1961, 1981, 1985, 1996), Gabriel García Márquez (1984), François Mitterrand (1984), and King Juan Carlos of Spain (1985). Guayasamín painted more than 800 portraits throughout his career. In this exhibition, besides two early sketches of himself (1942 and 1943) and his striking Self Portrait (1950), we find portrayals of the renowned Spanish guitarist Paco de Lucía (1994) and Nobel Peace Laureate and indigenous leader Rigoberta Menchú (1996).

With his growing recognition, Guayasamín also began to worry about protecting his artistic legacy. Toward this end, he created the Fundación Guayasamín between 1975 and 1977. He gave the foun-dation the land for a museum and numerous paintings; over the years, he continued transferring his paintings and sculptures, as well as his archaeological and colonial art collections, to the foundation. Today, the foundation plays a major role in Ecuador's cultural life as a museum, art gallery, and comprehensive cultural center.

By the mid 1980s, Guayasamín had entered La Ternura, or Ten-derness, his term for what became the final period in his work. Paint-ings from those years are characterized by a return to themes of maternal love and a form of humanistic hope that dwells less on the horrors of mankind's past that dominated much of his earlier work. Here we see brightly colored paintings of intertwined faces such as The Lovers and Mother and Child, both from 1989 and included in the exhibition. This period also marks Guayasamín's creation of what would become his final contribution to the art and culture of Latin America, the Capilla del Hombre (Chapel of Man), a secular chapel dedicated to the unity of Latin America and the dignity of all human-ity, that he started but never lived to see completed, as he died, in Baltimore, on March 10, 1999.

Guayasamín opened the door to mankind's darkest heart, to mankind's bleakest tragedies and heart-rending moments of loss; throughout his work, he explored the disasters of war and the scan­dals of injustice; in the end, his art asserted the redemptive nature of solidarity and love. Guayasamín's art, like the man himself, was far reaching and complex: an intricate ensemble of passion, aesthetics, politics, and the talent of a true genius. --Carlos A. Jáuregui, Edward F. Fischer, and Joseph S. Mella, From the catalogue Of Rage and Redemption: The Art of Oswaldo Guayasamín.

Last Week News

April 17, 2009

Amedeo Modigliani Exhibition Opens Today at The Art and Exhibition Hall in Bonn

The Morgan Library & Museum Exhibits Superb Collection of Recent Acquisitions

The National Gallery of Canada Opens Today Nomads Exhibition

Rediscovered Cuban Masterpiece By Mario Carreno Leads Christie's Latin American Art Sale In May

The Exhibition "Made in Korea" Opens Today in Hanover

Greenville (SC) Museum Receives Major Painting by Andrew Wyeth

Found and Lost Opens at Museum of Contemporary Art Puerto Rico

Agnieszka Kalinowska: Draughty House at Museum Moderner Kunst

Christie's Rich Array of Irish and Spoting Art in May 2009

SOFA New York Opens Today at The Park Avenue Armory

Sixth Edition CIGE 2009 In Beijing Energizes the Art World

The San Diego Museum of Art Presents 28th Annual Art Alive

Off The Wall: Contemporary Installation at Manhattanville College Gallery of Fine Art

Historical Works from the Bass Museum of Art Together with Contemporary Works Form Exhibition

Kind Of, But Not Really: Emily Kozik, Alex Zak and Noelle Sharp

Healing through Art - Local Artists to Show Work at Relay for Life

The Bronx Museum of the Arts Announces Three New International Artists in Residence

The Weekend Australian Art Melbourne: Affordable & Collectable

Light in the Attic: 2009 Senior Thesis Exhibition Opens at the University of Richmond Museums and Artspace Gallery

April 16, 2009

Maison Européenne de la Photographie Celebrates Henri Cartier-Bresson's Centennial

National Portrait Gallery Acquires Newly Discovered Portrait of First Poet Laureate

Oakland Museum of California Reinventing Visitor Experience with Reinstallation of Collections

Sotheby's To Offer Five Important Works by Vilhelm Hammershoi in its Sale of Scandinavian Art in June

Art Gallery of Ontario Appoints Tony Gagliano as New President

Tsarist Treasures to be Sold at Sotheby's Russian Art Sales

IVAM Shows Alberto Corazon Retrospective at the Vietnam Museum of Fine Arts

Dorestad. World City in the Middle Ages on View at the National Museum of Antiquities

Saint Louis Art Museum Responds to Economy with Reductions

Mississippi Museum of Art Presents Eudora Welty in New York, New Exhibition Marks Welty Centennial

Plains Art Museum and Red River Watercolor Society Present 16th Annual National Watermedia Exhibition

Everson Presents Syracuse's Young Artist Project: Sitting Still

New Orleans Museum of Art and THNOC Present Women Artists in Louisiana, 1825-1965: A Place of Their Own

Major Awards in British Columbia Visual Arts Announced

Sir Brian McMaster One of Four New Barbican Board Members

Roxy Paine Creates Monumental Sculpture for 2009 Installation of Metropolitan Museum's Roof Garden

Smithsonian American Art Museum Presents Monumental Installations by Jean Shin

Intern Development Program Advisory Committee Selects Recipients of IDP Firm Award and IDP Outstanding Firm Award

April 15, 2009

Freelon Adjaye Bond/SmithGroup Chosen to Design New Smithsonian Museum

Grosz Heirs File Suit Against MoMA for Artworks Unlawfully Taken During Nazi Era

First Large-scale Showing of Futurism in Britain in Thirty Years at Tate Modern

Monet's Iconic Water Lilies from the Museum of Modern Art Going to Atlanta this Summer

In a Dream: Film Tells the Story of Philadelphia Artist Isaiah Zagar

Peabody Museum Announces Masked Festivals of Canton Bo, Southwest Ivory Coast

Everson to Welcome Frank Warren's Postsecret Exhibition

Major Work by Contemporary Artist Focuses on Stanford Family

Victoria & Albert Museum Announces Maharaja: The Splendour of India's Royal Courts

35 Works on Video by 22 Artists, All from Latin America to be Shown in Zurich

Mississippi Museum of Art Announces New Exhibition

Colorado River Photographs by Karen Halverson Explored in New Exhibition Space at the Huntington

American Icon Merce Cunningham Celebrates 90th Birthday on April 16

Conversation with Artist-in-Residence Zhang Peili at the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum

Just Added! Tom McCarthy in Person! at George Eastman House

Maryhill Museum of Art Receives $2 Million Bequest From Mary Hoyt Stevenson

Art and Power in the Central African Savanna at the de Young Museum

Plains Art Museum Assistant Director of Education and Curator of Outreach Receive Professional Development Grants

Frist Center Kicks Off 2009 Fridaysconcert Series on May 29

April 14, 2009

Italian Earthquake in the Abruzzo Region Damages Art Treasures, Churches and Monuments

Smithsonian Photography Initiative Announces Its New Blog "The Bigger Picture"

Sotheby's Sales of Impressionist and Modern Art to be Held on May 5 & 6 in New York

Musee Rodin Presents Gillian Wearing, Confessions / Portraits, Vidéos

The Film Society of Lincoln Center to Present On the Edge: New Independent Cinema from China 2009

Live Music Returns to MoMA's Sculpture Garden in July and August

Pulitzer Prize Photographs to Open at the Overby Center for Southern Journalism and Politics

Modern Works' Titles Reveal Links to Classical Roots

Depleted Uranium OK for Iraqis and US Troops, but Not for North Carolina

Moscow Museum of Modern Art Presents Tatiana Selvinskaya "Playing Classics"

Argentinean Artist Alberto Montoreano to Show Paintings at Schody Gallery in Warsaw

Exhibitions Continue Exploration into Frye Collection

Rock Prophecies: Feature-length Chronicle of Conflicted Photographer Robert M. Knight

Performance, Video, Music, and Audio Features by Contemporary New York Artists Included in Metropolitan Exhibition

The American Institute of Architects Announces the 2009 COTE Top Ten Green Projects

The Window, Carlos Soríns Poignant, Bergman-Inflected Drama, has U.S. Theatrical Premiere at Film Forum

Artists Vie for Honors in Arts & Crafts Guild Competition

"America's Funniest Home Videos" Brings Laughter to the Smithsonian

Announcing the Establishment of The Július Koller Society

April 13, 2009

Governor Schwarzenegger Returns Holocaust-Era Artwork to Heirs of Jewish Family

Peter Zumthor of Switzerland Becomes the 2009 Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate

Nagoya/Boston Museum of Fine Arts Celebrates 10th Anniversary

New Morgan Exhibition Examines the Artistry and Innovation of Twentieth-century Stage Design

The Boston Athenaeum Presents "Portrait Week" in April

New Museum Presents Works by Fifty International Artists for First Edition of "The Generational"

Tomas Saraceno Looks to the Sky to Envision New Horizons

Sensitive Vision: The Prints of Beth Van Hoesen to Open at the Portland Art Museum

Oriental Theme on Tap for Spring Fundraiser La Table des Artistes: Chinoiserie on April 24

Robert Hull Fleming Museum to Open Quadricentennial Exhibition

Raymond Martinez Returns to the London Art Scene with Exhibition at the Gallery in Cork Street

Brooklyn Museum Celebrates Sufism with an Islamic Art Installation

"Fashion Forward: Photographs by Louise Dahl-Wolfe" At National Museum of Women in the Arts

The Georgia Museum of Art at the University of Georgia Launches Virtual Museum in Second Life

Seattle Art Museum to Present an Intimate Tribute to the Late Andrew Wyeth

National Gallery of Canada will Consult Photographic Community on Future of Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography

Michener Art Museum To Host Jim Henson's Fantastic World In New Gallery Space

Employment Opportunity at the Nevada Museum of Art, Museum Looking for Curatorial Assistant

Fashion Retailer Barbara Freeling Presents An Artful Approach to Dressing

April 12, 2009

MoMA Explores Relationship Between Built Environment and Surrounding Landscape

Como Shows Exhibition by Masters of Russian Avant-garde: Chagall, Kandinsky and Malevich

Monumental Roy Lichtenstein Sculpture Acquired by the Smithsonian American Art Museum

Matisse, Giacometti, and Miro to Highlight Christie's Spring Evening Sale of Impressionist and Modern Art

American Masters Exhibition Returns to the Salmagundi Club

Jimson Weed Returns from the White House and Georgia O'Keeffe: Beyond Our Shores

300 Portraits of Fourth-century Christian Saint Fabiola to be Shown at NPG in UK

Montclair Art Museum Announces Exhibition to Explore Influence of Cézanne on American Art

Snite Museum of Art Opens Italian Drawings Seminar Exhibition

Collectors and Decorators to Attend Antibes Antiquity Dealers Exhibition

First Museum Survey of the Artistic Work by Kalup Linzy on View at Studio Museum in Harlem

Seattle Art Museum Honors Titus Kaphar, Inaugural Fellowship Recipient, with a Solo Exhibition

Chazen Museum of Art Announces Exhibition of Kawase Hasui Color Woodcuts

London Auction to Offer Photographs from the Realms of Cutting-edge Contemporary Art and Fashion

Fleisher Art Memorial Celebrates 20th Anniversary Founder's Award Gala By Honoring Three Philadelphia-Based Artists

Artwithoutwalls - A New Arts Organization Launches

Exhibition Explores Glamour and Influence of Paris Fashion in the Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries

Peabody Essex Museum Launches Photography Program with Surfland: Photographs by Joni Sternbach

Milwaukee Art Museum Announces Art in Bloom Award Winners

New York State Museum Celebrates Earth Day on April 25

Most Popular Last Seven Days

1.- New Rembrandt found after being bought at London auction

2.- Exhibition at Fotohof focuses on groups in society who are at risk of marginalisation

3.- John Brennan collection of Rock n Roll memorabilia offered at RR Auction

4.- A Bob Dylan guitar fetches $495,000 at auction

5.- Exhibition in San Francisco focuses on the latter half of René Magritte's career

6.- 'Mad' king Ludwig II of Bavaria lost gift to composer Richard Wagner gets rare show

7.- New Royal Academy of Arts opens in celebration of its 250th anniversary

8.- Researchers uncover Anne Frank's 'dirty jokes'in her diary

9.- New York art sales near $3 billion in two weeks as uber-rich hunt trophies

10.- Berlin's Ethnological Museum returns grave-plundered artefacts to Alaska

Related Stories

Important Judaica and Israeli & international art bring a combined $7.9 million at Sotheby's New York

Tunisia to auction ousted despot's treasures

Andy Warhol's Mao portraits excluded from the Beijing and Shanghai shows next year

China criticises French Qing dynasty seal auction

Christie's announces auction marking the first half century of the popular and luxurious interiors shop Guinevere

Nine new exhibits debut at San Diego International Airport

Rembrandt masterpiece "Portrait of Catrina Hooghsaet" back on display at National Museum Cardiff

Amber: 40-million-year-old fossilised tree resin is Baltic gold

Egyptian artist Iman Issa wins the Ist FHN Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona Award

The main chapel of the Basilica of Santa Croce open for visits after five year restoration

Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Milestones, Digital Art, Architecture, Photography,
Photographers, Special Photos, Special Reports, Featured Stories, Auctions, Art Fairs,
Anecdotes, Art Quiz, Education, Mythology, 3D Images, Last Week, .


Ignacio Villarreal
Editor & Publisher:Jose Villarreal - Consultant: Ignacio Villarreal Jr.
Art Director: Juan José Sepúlveda Ramírez

Royalville Communications, Inc
Founder's Site. The most varied versions
of this beautiful prayer.
to a Mexican poet.

The First Art Newspaper on the Net. The Best Versions Of Ave Maria Song Junco de la Vega Site Ignacio Villarreal Site
Tell a Friend
Dear User, please complete the form below in order to recommend the Artdaily newsletter to someone you know.
Please complete all fields marked *.
Sending Mail
Sending Successful